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evil [is] riches kept by the owner to his
hurt (Ecclesiastes), 59; Let us live hap-
pily, though we call nothing our own
(Dhammapada), 83 ; Wealth, the perish-
ing, uncertain good.

The non-
possession of unnecessary goods the
greatest wealth.

Impossible to be
a lover of riches and a lover of Divin-
ity (Pythagoras), 87, 91, 93, 94 ; Endive
and gall not more bitter than poverty
(Ahikar), 105; Set not thy heart upon
thy goods. When thou art rich,
think upon poverty (Ecclesiasticus), 116,
121; Riches not to be reckoned amongst
goods (Cicero), 128 ; Where thy treasure
is, there will thy heart be (Jesus), 134;
I will despise riches as much when I have
them as when I have them not (Seneca),
141 ; Seek not riches basely (Raleigh),
257; Happy is he who, having nothing,
yet hath all (Wotton), 283 ; He is rich,
not that possesses much, but that covets
no more....

name is made up of the breath of num-
bers (Halifax), 314, 319; We are only
really alive when we enjoy the good will

of others (Goethe), 414.
Resentment. See Anger.
Resignation. See Contentment.
Resolution : Make few resolutions, but

keep them (Penn), 332. See, also, Firm-

ness, Doing, Persuasion, Stubbornness.
Respect. See Courtesy, Filial Duty, El-

ders, Authority, Honor.
Rest. See Bodily Care.
Retaliation. Revenge. Self-defence :

Smite not him who smites thee (Maha-
bharata), 96 ; Whosoever smiteth thee
on thy right cheek, turn to him the
other (Jesus), 132; The best way of
avenging thyself is not to become like
the wrong-doer (Marcus Aurelius), 160 ;
Glory in forbearance, because that is the
true strength and real victory (Maimon-
ides), 168; Hath any wronged thee?
be bravely reveng'd : slight it and the
work 's begun; forgive it and 't is finisht
(Quarles), 291 ; Write thy wrongs in
water (Browne), 302 ; Bo not provoked
by injuries to commit them (Penn), 329 ;
Never to do anything out of revenge

(Edwards), 367.
Reticence. See Speech.
Revels: Beware of secret corners and

night sitting up (Ascham), 220.
Revenge. See Retaliation.
Reverence. See Filial Duty, Elders, Au-

thority, Religious Injunctions.
Rhodes, Hugh. Rule of honest living,

from the “ Boke of Nurture," 206.
Ribaldry. — Obscenity : If anything ob-

scene be said, don't laugh at it (Eras-
mus), 217, 218; Let never word of ri-
baldry come out of your mouth (Sidney),

247. See, also, Modesty, Chastity.
Riches. - Wealth. Poverty. - Want :

Riches to be used as by a steward of the
good things of God (Ptah-hotep), 38;
The hand of the diligent maketh rich....
Riches profit not in the day of wrath.
He that trusteth in his riches shall fall.

There is that maketh himself rich,
yet hath nothing, &c. ... Wealth got-
ten by vanity shall be diminished.
Better is little with the fear of the
Lord (Proverbs), 51, 52, 53, 54; He that
loveth silver shall not be satisfied with
silver. ... When goods increase they are
increased that eat them. A grievous

Command thy money, lest
she command thee.... Be not too
greedy, &c. (Quarles), 290; A slave unto
Mammon makes no servant unto God.

Take no satisfaction in dying but
living rich. . . . Unto some it is wealth
enough not to be poor (Browne), 300, 301,
304 ; The things to be bought with money
are such as least deserve a price (Hali-
fax), 315; Seek not to be rich, but
happy; the one lies in bags, the other in
content (Penn), 328 ; Even riches shall
not make thee unhappy, if, &c. ...
The distribution is more equal than the
fool can believe (Chesterfield), 363, 364;
Gather gear by ev'ry wile that's justified
by honor (Burns), 422 ; It is a mercy to
the rich that there are poor. ...

are rich only through what we give
(Swetchine), 438 ; It is usually only when
we have lost our possessions that we be-
gin to find out their value (Schopen-

hauer), 444.
Richter, Jean Paul Friedrich. Quintus

Fixlein's “Rules of Life," 426.
Ridicule. — Sarcasm. -- Satire. -- Raillery;

Mocks follow them that delight therein
(Wyatt), 233 ; Be not scurrilous in con-
versation nor satirical in jests (Bur-
leigh), 243 ; Let your mirth be void of
scurrility and biting words. ... A
wound by a word often harder of cure
than that given with the sword (Sidney),
246 ; Jest not openly at those that are

simple (Raleigh), 255; Let wit rather lon), 343; Resolutions for self-commu-
serve for a buckler to defend than a nion (Edwards), 368-372; The happy
sword to wound (Osborne), 295.

man ... in contemplation is his bliss
Righteousness. Rectitude. · Upright- (Cowper), 394.

Dess: He that walketh uprightly (Psalm), Self-conceit. See Vanity.
46, 410; The Lord blesseth the habitation Self-control. – Equanimity. — Serenity. -
of the righteous. Righteousness de- Calmness. — Tranquillity : He that rul-
livereth from death. The tongue of eth his spirit is better than he that tak-
the righteous is as choice silver.

eth a city (Proverbs), 6; The doctrine
The righteous shall flourish as the green of self-control in ancient morals, 6-8;
leaf (Proverbs), 50, 52, 53; Blessed are Keep thyself calm when contradicted.
they that hunger and thirst after right-

Be not of an irritable temper. ...
eousness. ... Do not your righteous- He who agitates himself all day long has
ness before men (Jesus), 130, 132 ; Live not a good moment (Ptah-hotep), 33, 36,
that thy deeds be so rightful that no 38; E'en as a driver checks his restive
man shall blame them with reason (Wy- steeds . . . restrain thy passions. ...
clif), 196 ; Join gospel righteousness The man who keeps his senses in control
with legal right (Browne), 301 ; There is gains all the fruit of holy study. .
no such thing as a venial sin against mo- Self-subjugation included in the tenfold
rality (Halifax), 314; Resolutions to

summary of duty (Manu), 66, 69, 70;
strive for a life of strict righteousness Self-control,

self-restraint and pur-
(Edwards), 366-374. See, also, Good, ity, the greatest blessing.

Goodness, Honesty, Justice.

mind that shaketh not, without grief or
Robbery. See Theft.

passion, is the greatest blessing (Bud-
Rochefoucauld, Duke de la. Selections dha), 79, 80; He who lives without

from Sentences and Moral Maxims, 310. looking for pleasures, his senses well
Rudeness. See Courtesy.

controlled, Mâra will not overthrow.

Self is the lord of self (Dhamma-

pada), 82, 83; No one is free who has not
Sabbath. See Religious injunctions. the empire of himself (Pythagoras), 92 ;
Saint Louis. Instructions to his son, 174. Practice sobriety and self-control (Maha-
Scandal : Publish not

(Thomas à bharata), 98; Be tranquil in works and
Kempis), 203. See, also, Gossip, Speech. words (Ahikar), 104; Habits of per-
Schopenhauer, Arthur. Selections from

fected self-mastery are spoiled by excess
Aphorisms on the Wisdom of Life,” and defect (Aristotle), 108, 109; Tranh

quillity renders life happy (Cicero), 127;
Scorn. See Pride.

Suppose that only to be your own which
Secrets: Disclose not the secrets of an- is

your own [in your own power] (Epicte-
other (Proverbs), 56 ; If you know any- tus), 150 ; Live a rightful life. ruling
thing you wish to conceal, tell it by no well thy five senses (Wyclif), 196; He
means to your wife (Mediæval precept), that resisteth evil inclinations in their
179; What I would have kept as secrets birth shall more easily destroy them
I tell to nobody (Erasmus), 212; Keep when their roots are deep (Thomas à
secret what thou hearest (Mexican pre- Kempis), 203; Never to have a violent
cept), 224; It is wise not to seek a se- aversion or fondness for anything (Eras-
cret; honest not to reveal one (Penn), mus), 213; Grandeur of soul consists in
327, 331 ; Trust neither fools, kraves, knowing how to govern and circum-
women, or young men with secrets

scribe itself. ... Have


known how
(Chesterfield), 360–361.

to take repose ? You have done more
Self-communion, Meditation : Better to than he who has taken cities (Mon-
converse more with yourself than with

taigne), 250; In discovering your pas-
others (Pythagoras),

sions, give not way in little (Essex-
known how to meditate and manage Bacon), 274; Happy is he . . . whose
your life ? you have performed the passions not his masters are (Wotton),
greatest work (Montaigne), 250 ; Let your 282; Overcome your antipathies. ...
meditation always be systematic (Féne- Be master of yourself if you would be


Have you

master of others (Gracian), 285; Aim at to know yourself, not by contemplation,
conquering rather desires than fortune but action (Goethe), 413; More skillful
(Descartes), 297 ; Give no quarter unto in self-knowledge (Wordsworth), 429.
those vices which are of thy inward Self-praise. See Vanity.
family (Browne), 303; Resolutions for Self - reliance. Self - confidence. Self-
self-control (Edwards), 368–372; It be containment. Independence: Depend
seemeth not man to allow himself to be not on another. ... Never despise
ruled by mere instinct (Goethe), 414; thyself. . .

... Think not on destiny, but
The passions may all become innocent if act thyself (Manu), 68, 69; Rouse thy-
well directed (Joubert), 418; A power self by thyself (Dhammapada), 84 ; To
which is our human nature's highest depend on oneself and on Divinity is
dower (Wordsworth), 429 ; A little self alone stable (Pythagoras), 93; Give
control at the right moment may pre not thy son ...

brother ..

.. friend
vent much subsequent compulsion (Scho power over thee (Ecclesiasticus), 124 ;
penhauer), 444. See, also, Self-improve Happy is he ... that serveth not an-
ment, Anger, Passions, Fortitude, Self-

other's will (Wotton), 282; Have but

little to do and do it thyself . Be not
Self-defence. See Retaliation.

tied to things without you.

Be free;
Self-esteem. See Self-respect, Self-know live at home, in yourselves (Penn), 328,
ledge, Self-reliance, Vanity.

332 ; Have the courage to be independ-
Self-examination : Plan for systematic ent (Stanislaus), 359; Never trouble

self-examination (Franklin), 379-384 ; another for what you can do yourself
Inspect the neighborhood of thy life (Jefferson), 411 ; Live with the world
(Richter), 427;

Ask thyself first: whoso hath nerve to make the world his
Wherein am I most faulty? ... Then purpose serve (Goethe), 416; Gather
inquire : whence comes this defect? gear . . . for the glorious privilege of
(Zschokke), 433. See, also, Self-know being independent (Burns), 422.

Self-respect. - Self-esteem : The soul is its
Self-improvement: Blow off the impurities own witness.

Grieve thou not thy
of self one by one, little by little (Dham soul (Manu), 66; Let reverence of thy-
mapada), 84; A man may mend his self thy thoughts control (Pythagoras),
faults with as little labor as cover them 87; People take a man at his own esti-
(Essex-Bacon), 271; If we would amend mate ; but he must estimate himself at
the world we should amend ourselves something (Goethe), 415.
(Penn), 328; On the overcoming of Self-watchfulness : If a man holds himself
faults (Zschokke), 432 ; I know of no dear let him watch himself carefully
more encouraging fact than the unques (Dhammapada), 83 ; A watch over the
tionable ability of man to elevate his senses is the foundation of purity, the
life by a conscious endeavor (Thoreau), discipline of peace (Thomas à Kempis),

203; Never open the door to an evil,
Self - knowledge. Self - examination : however small (Gracian), 285; Resolu-

Know thyself (Chilo), 76: Examine thy tions for self-watchfulness (Edwards),
self by thyself (Dhammapada), 84; With 368-372. See, also, Self-control.
reverence at thy own tribunal stand. Selfishness : If self the wavering balance

You are furious and insane in pro shake, it's rarely right adjusted (Burns),
portion as you are ignorant of yourself 421.
(Pythagoras), 89-91 ; Next to the know Seneca : Rules for a happy life, 138.
ledge of others comes the knowledge of Sensuality. See Chastity.
self. But it is not enough for a man only Serenity. See Self-control, Equanimity.
to know himself (Bacon), 266, 267; Know Seriousness. See Earnestness.
your pet faults (Gracian), 286 ; Read not Sermon on the Mount, The, 17, 130.
books alone, but men, chiefly thyself Servants, Treatment of: Command only
(Quarles), 290 ; Study thyself betimes to direct (Ptah-hotep), 38; The wages
and early find what nature bids thee to shall not abide with thee (Leviticus), 44;
be (Browne), 301 ; Resolutions for self Be not as a lion in thy house. ... Let
examination (Edwards), 368-372 ; Learn thy soul love a good servant (Ecclesiasti-


cus), 115, 118; Keep rather two too guile, take men as they are (Zschokke),
few than one too many (Burleigh), 241 ; 435. See, also, Earnestness, Falsehood,
If thou wouldst have a good servant, let Hypocrisy.
thy servant find a wise master (Quarles), Sinfulness. See Wickedness.
291 ; Servants may be looked upon as Skepticism : Buddhistic command against,
humble friends (Halifax), 317 ; Towards 79.
servants, never accustom yourself to Slander, —

– Evil-speaking. - Backbiting.-
rough and passionate language (Chat- Detraction: He that slandereth not
ham), 392.

(Psalm), 46, 410; He that uttereth a
Servility. See Flattery.

slander is a fool (Proverbs), 52 ; Buddhis-
Seven wise men of Greece, 76.

tic command against slander, 79; Keep
Shakespeare. Advice of Polonius to La- thy tongue from evil speaking (Ahikar),
ertes, 281.

104; Every other demon attacks in the
Shame. --Shamelessness : Life is easy for a front, but Slander (Spirit of Wisdom),

man without shame (Dhammapada), 84 ; 164; Let no one before thee speak evil
Commit no sin through shame (Spirit of of others behind their backs (St. Louis),
Wisdom), 164. See, also, Fame.

175; Beware of speaking evil (Wyclif),
Sidney, Sir Henry : Letter to his son, Sir 197; Forbear to speak evil of men,
Philip, 245.

though it be true (Raleigh), 255; It is a
Silence. See Speech.

more dextrous error to speak well of an
Simplicity: How few the things are that evil man than ill of a good man (Quarles),

give a life which flows in quiet like the 291 ; Abhor detraction, the sin of fallen
existence of the gods!... Do what is

angels (Penn), 333; Resolved, never to
necessary, ... the greatest part of what speak evil of any one (Edwards), 367,
we say and do being unnecessary (Mar- 369 ; Let your conversation be without
cus Aurelius), 158, 159; The simplicity

Speak not injurious words
of the life of the happy man described (Washington), 403, 404.
(Cowper), 394 ; Let your affairs be as two Sleep: How long, 0 sluggard ? ... Love
or three, and not a hundred or a thou- not sleep, lest thou come to poverty
sand. . . . Simplify, simplify (Thoreau), (Proverbs), 51, 55 ; The sleep of a labor-

ing man is sweet (Ecclesiastes), 59;
Sincerity. Candor. — Duplicity. — Pre- Practice not slothful sleep (Spirit of Wis-
judice : The superior man is anxious

dom), 164; Give not thyself to slumber
that his speech be sincere (Confucius),

(Mexican precept), 227 ; Let the end of
102; Examine the word in thy heart and

thy first sleep raise thee from repose
then utter it (Ahikar), 104; Let thy word

(Quarles), 290 ; If you do not rise early
be the same. . . . Let thy life be sincere you can never make any progress (Chat-
(Ecclesiasticus), 116; To thine own self

ham), 387.
be true. ... Thou canst not then be

Sluggishness. See Sleep, Industry.
false to any man (Shąkespeare), 281 ; Social Relationships. See Neighbors, Com-
Happy is he... whose armor is his hon-

panions, Friendship, Privacy, Fame,
est thought, and simple truth, &c. (Wot- Reputation, Honors, Courtesy, Manners,
ton), 282 ; Sincerity is an opening of the Familiarity, Benevolence, Giving.
heart; we find it in few (La Rochefou- Socrates, 13.
cauld), 310 ; Nothing needs a trick but a

Solon, Saying of, 76.
trick; sincerity loathes one (Penn), 329; Sorrow: Sorrow is better than laughter.
Have the courage to admit that you have

Better to go to the house of mourn-
been wrong (Stanislaus), 357; Think in- ing than to the house of feasting (Eccle-
nocently and justly ; speak accordingly siastes), 59; Blessed are they that mourn
(Franklin), 378, 379, 384 ; If obliged to (Jesus), 130. See, also, Afflictions.
differ, do it with all possible candor. Soul, The: There resides within thee a

Warning against obstinate adher- Being who inspects thy every act.
ence to false notions only because one The soul is its own witness ;

has declared for them (Chatham), 388, thou not thy soul (Manu), 66; Let no
389 ; To think what we do not feel is to example, ... no soothing tongue, pre-
lie to oneself (Joubert), 419; Be without vail upon thee ...

to do thy soul's

wise. ...

immortal essence wrong. ... In all Give every man thine ear, but few thy
things guard thy soul from wrong.

voice (Shakespeare), 281 ; What is well
The Divinity has not a place more allied said is soon said (Gracian), 286; If thou
to his nature than a pure soul (Pytha desire to be held wise, be so wise as to
goras), 88, 89, 94 ; In every good work hold thy tongue (Quarles), 291 ; A man
trust thy own soul. . . . Prove thy soul strictly wise can hardly be called a so-
in thy life (Ecclesiasticus), 124.

ciable creature (Halifax), 315 ; If thou
Speech. Language. Words. Talk thinkest twice before thou speakest once,

ativeness. — Reticence: Do not repeat thou wilt speak twice the better (Penn),
extravagances of language ; nor scatter 327, 330, 331, 334 ; Have courage to speak
thy words'; nor speak with heat.

when necessary and to hold your tongue
Let thoughts be abundant and mouth when it is better (Stanislaus), 357 ; Of
under restraint (Ptah-hotep), 37, 38, 40; much speaking cometh repentance
In a multitude of words there wanteth (Chesterfield), 363 ; Speak not but what
not transgression. He that spareth may benefit others or yourself (Franklin),
his words hath knowledge. A fool

377, 379 ; Be a patient, attentive, and
when he holdeth his peace is counted well-bred hearer.... Dedicate the first

A word fitly spoken is like parts of life more to hear and to learn
apples of gold, &c. (Proverbs), 52, 54, (Chatham), 388; Think before you speak
56; Be not rash wi thy mouth (Eccle (Washington), 404 ; Be a listener.
siastes), 58 ; Pleasant speech the greatest Endeavor to establish the habit of silence
blessing (Buddha), 79; Be not hasty in (Jefferson), 409; Keep something to
thy tongue, and in thy deeds slack. ...

yoursel, ye scarcely tell to ony (Burns),
Honor and shame is in talk. ... Strive 421. See, also, Geniality, Conversation,
not with a man that is full of tongue. Gossip, Scandal, Doing.
... Learn before thou speak.


Spendthrift ways. See Expenditure.
that can rule his tongue shall live with Spirit of Wisdom, Opinions of the, 163.
out strife...: To slip upon a pavement Squandering. See Expenditure.
better than to slip with the tongue. . Stage, The : Abstain from stage plays
Not so many have fallen by the sword as (Buddhist commandments), 78.
by the tongue. Weigh thy words Stanislaus, King of Poland : Traits of moral
in a balance (Ecclesiasticus), 115, 116, courage in every-day life, 356.
119, 121, 122; Be for the most part “Stans puer ad mensam," 180.
silent (Epictetus), 152 ; Be not a man of Steadfastness. See Firmness.
many words (Marcus Aurelius), 158; Stinginess. See Giving.
Measure your words with judgment. . Stoic morality, 13-15.
Speak as one who seeketh to learn, and Strife. See Contention.
not as eager for victory. . . . Keep a Stubbornness. Obstinacy: A stubborn
bridle upon your tongue (Maimonides), heart shall fare evil (Ecclesiasticus),
166 ; He that keeps strict silence shall 114. See, also, Firmness.
not offend. Blessed is the pru- Study. See Education, Books.
dent tongue (Thomas à Kempis), 202, Success. Failure. Mistakes : People
203, 204; Abstain ever from words of make no mistakes who never wish to do
ribaldry. Love rather words profit anything worth doing (Goethe), 415 ;
able than eloquent and pleasant ; right They wha fa' in fortune's strife, their
words than flattering (Rhodes), 206 ; fate we should na censure (Burns), 421.
Great part of quarrels come from in Suffolk, William de la Pole, Duke of. Let-
temperance of the tongue (Erasmus), ter to his son, 200.
212 ; Keep silence; nothing is gained by Sullenness. See Good Nature.
talking (Mexican precept), 225 ; Be Surety, Giving : Warnings against (Pro-
rather a hearer. ... Think upon every verbs), 50, 51, 52, 55 ; (Thales), 76 ;
word. ... Remember how nature hath (Ecclesiasticus), 119, 123; (Burleigh),
ramparted up the tongue with teeth, 242; (Raleigh), 257 ; (Osborne), 294.
lips, &c. (Sidney), 247 ; He that is lavish Surrey, Earl of. Translation from Martial,
in words is a niggard in deeds (Raleigh), 143.
256; Give thy thoughts no tongue. Suspicion. See Trust.

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