« AnteriorContinuar »
Our author's observations relative to the therapeutic ma. nagement of the disease, though not new, are judicious and well-founded ; and from the present, as well as a former fpecimen of his medical discernment, we entertain no doubt, that what 'he proposes to write hereafter on other chronic coinplaints, to which this treatise is a prelude, will afford equal fatisfaction, if not additional information, to the faculty.
A Sermon preached before the University of Oxford at St. Mary's,
on Easter Monday, March 31, 1777. By Robert Holmes,
M. A. Fellow of New College, Oxford. 410. Is. Rivington, THE HE text is, “Who shall change our vile . body, that it
may be fashioned like unto his glorious body;'. Phil. iji. 21. The argument in favour of Christ's resurrection is conducted in this manner : it is admitted, that Jesus was really put to death, that the sepulchre was made sure, &c. it was nevertheless asserted by a few, that he was returned to life, and that he shewed himself openly among men. Among those, whọ afferted his relurrection, Peter was the chief. He had made an early visit to the fepulchre ; but not finding the body, he departed, wondering in himself. If he had been embarked in any scheme of fraud, he had no occasion to repair to the se; pulchre for intelligence; and if such a design had been formed and executed by the disciples, it is astonishing, that the prin. cipal among them should be unacquainted either with their scheme, or their success. There could be no room for credulity, on the one hand, or fraud on the other. . What he had personally seen was a positive and perspicuous fa&t. His fin. cerity can hardly be questioned. The bare apprehension of suffering had induced him to deny his master ; and he was afe terwards assured, that an avowal of the truth would expose him to the pains of a bitter death (crucifixion). It is therefore unreasonable to imagine, that he would struggle with those very fears, which had so lately subdued him, and brave that death, from which he had fled before, in support of a wil. ful and deliberate falfhood,
From the resurrection of Christ, the author deduces the resurrection of our bodies ; and illustrates this doctrine by our Lord's transfiguration, giving this literal construction of the text: • Who shall transfigure the body of our humiliation, that it may become comfortable to the body of his glory. In explaining these words, he very reasonably supposes, that this uxpreffion owuc Tng dogns anté, the body of his glory, is
explained by what St. Luke says, ch. ix. 31. of our Saviour's glory on the mount, and of Moses and Elias who appeared in glory; that St. Peter, one of his disciples, who was pretent on the mount, refers to it, when he says, speaking plurally of himself, we were eye-witnesses of his majefty; and afterwards adopts the very expression used by St. Luke, He received from God the Father, honour and glory,' 2 Pet. i. 16, 17.
There are other circumstances, which, our author thinks, plead strongly in favour of a connection between this vision, and the refurrection. When our Lord before the transfigu: sation had hinted, that he should be killed, and raised again, St. Peter interpofed, · Be it far from thee, Lord.' But on the mount he had an opportunity of hearing Mofes and Elias speaking of his decease,' at the mention of which he had taken offencé ; and also of seeing his master clothed with that glory, which he erroneously imagined would be destroyed by his fufferings.
This supposed connexion seems very much supported by the express injunction of our Lord, tell the vision to no man, until the son of man be risen from the dead.' Why an aca count of the transfiguration would come with more propriety after, than before the resurrection, is difficult to fay, unless to tell the vision before the resurrection, "were' to make it precede that fact, with which it was connected, and to which përhaps it was designed to apply *.' !. After the resurrection our Lord retained the same body, which he had before his death. The fact of his identity was so very material, that it alone required absolute demonstration. It was therefore necessary, that he should plainly fhew him felf in substance, nature, and fashion, the fame individual, which the senses of men represented him. See John xx. 27. Luke xxiv. 39; 42.
The eleven disciples went up into a mountain of Galilee, where Jesus had appointed them, it may be to the very scene, where he had been transfigured, and there they saw, and worshipped him. The disciples, who had been favoured with a fight of his former appearance in glory, being at length al sured of his refurrection, were bound to tell the vision to their brethren, who were now also become capable of understanding and applying it properly; and from that application a system of evidence would arise, too strong and decisive to be re
and little doubt would remain, either that the dead are raised up, or with what body they corne,
* This word is used by several writers, as a neuter verb, in the fense in which it is here used by Mr. Holmes : bui, in our opinion, very improperly.
On the Mount, Christ's form of glory was assumed, and continued on his person, without destroying his identity; or, in other words, even under a change from bodily humiliation to bodily glory, he appeared fubftantially the fame ... Here were exhibited to the eyes of the apostles, mere men like themselves, wearing a glorious form, like that fafhion of glory in which their Lord then appeared... One of the two prophets had never seen death; and as in the person of Moses the buried part of mankind are represented, under an assumed body of glory, so also in the person of Elias, the like representation was made of those, who should be found alive at Christ's coming... Thus in the resurrection, the body is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body ... As we have borne, in our body of humiliation, the image of the earthy, we shall also bear, in the body of our glory, the image of the heavenly; 18 cargavie, of him that is in heaven ; for flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven... This great vision will inform us, that it is very poslible in the hand of Omnipotence fo to modify matter, as to induce a change, without destroying identity, and to preserve the sameness of a body of humiliation, even when it is transfigured to a body of glory.. It seems to result from the comparison, now made between these two important facts, that it was one great end of the transfiguration of Christ to give ample information in respect of the resurrection; and to prevent mistakes, which might be, and partly have been made in that point of doctrine, by arguments drawn from that body of Christ, in which he appeared after his resurrection, which was not truly and positively his body of glory:
This is the most ingenious sermon we have seen upon the fubject, and throws a new light upon that important doctrine, the resurrection.
Letters on the Beauties of Hagley, Envil, and the Leafowes. Will
Critical Remarks : and Objervations on the modern Tafie in Gate dening. By Joseph Heely, Esq. 2 vols. small 8vo. 55. ferved.
LL who have visited the beautiful seats which are the sub
ject of these Letters, must acknowledge them to be de mongst the most elegant works of the kind, that this country can boast. Particularly favoured by nature, they have also received the choicest embellifhments of art, in such a style as displays, to great advantage, the excellent taste of those by byhom they were modelled and improved. Nor can it be Vol. XLIV. July, 1777.
reckoned a small addition to the pleasure which the fight of Hagley and the Leafowes inspire, that they were each the fa vourite residence of men distinguished for genius and virtue, and who were, as much as the villas they cultivated, the orna ment of their country.
The first four Letters in this colleâion contain general observations on gardening, in which the author juftly reprobates the absurd taste, that so much prevailed towards the end of the last, and in the beginning of the present century.
The author begins bis description of Hagley, the feat of lord Lyttelton, with a general account of the house, where he tells us he found every thing agreeable to the expectation he entertained: the rooms convenient, and in the justeft proportion; cieling pieces rich; cornices light, elegant, and fan.
the paintings numerous and well chofen; and the whole house furnished with propriety, modefty, and taste.
• This stately mansion, says he, stands upon easy rising ground, in the midst of a rich and capacious lawn: except on the North side, where for convenience, are the offices and kitchen garden : but these, by a very elegant fbrubbery, filled with variety of evergreens, and verged with luxuriant full grown limes, and other trees, totally conceal every offensive object, from any point of view throughout the whole of the park.
• Before I descended the noble flight of steps, (which I thought wanted the addition of a portico) an endless prospect, enriched with every variety, held me for some time in much pleasure : and when I took my way round the house to the centre of the North front, I again paused in admiration.
• The park from hence exhibits a landscape that would do honour to the peocil of a Pouffin :-an inexpressible glow of the sublime and beautiful, in all the fullness of their powers. Immediately oppofite, happily distanced, on the brow of a finely polithed lawn, stands a tall and light column, embo. fomed by a sweeping grove of pines and elms, falling down the hill, and seemingly connected with the trees that surround a small Gothic church, within about a hundred paces from the foot, Large oaks single, and others in groupes, from hence grace another swelling lawn, diverfified with patches of fern, extending itself in fine inequalities to a different and loftier compariment of a wood, ihat gradually diininishes to a light, airy grove, yet affording over its branches a precipitate flant of the green hills of Clent--boid, high, and picturesque.
* Bringing your eye back again to the column; the grove on the left, fteals down the hill just far enough to make it appear in the centre of an ample crescent; while another small grove, relieved from the body of the wood, as if drooped there by chance, lets in, on the extremity of the hill behind, a clump of firs : the lawn from thence gradually falls, forms the finest ground imaginable, and in a noble sweep, leads the eye up the stately hill of Witchberry.
• Though this part, which fo gracefully fills the landscape, be not within the pale of the park, it bears such an intimate relation to it, that it never can be considered otherwise than as the same : it is the great road only, that severs the fifter beauties; and this being so intirely secluded, you are no where apprized of it ; consequently the connection remains unbroken,
• These grounds are adorned in a lively and magnificent taste. Upon the brow of the first steep rising hill, appears a light, elegant portico, taken from a drawing of the temple of Theseus, covered behind by a deep, dark plantation of Scotch firs, extending and Thewing itself in great power down the precipitate sides of the hill in front: and on the left of the building, on a yet higher swell, in the midst of an irregular area of lawn, proudly stands an obelisk, rearing its ample head; beyond which, at the farthermost extremity of the ground, a venerable grove of ancient oaks, stretching down, and losing itself behind the shrubbery and limes that grace the fore-ground, completes one of the most ravishing views that ever was held up to the eye.'
One part of Hagley park was particularly the favourite of Mr. Pope, who used to call it his own ground, and, as we are told, never knew how to contain himself when he strayed over it. Near this spot, the late lord Lyttelton erected to his memory a handsome urn, embossed with emblematical figures, on the pedestal of which are these lines.
• Sacred to the memory
of English poets :
The severest satyrist of vice,
Ann. dom. 1744.'