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NOTICE

OF

JEROME MUZIANO.

Jérome Muziano often called Mutian, was born in 1528, at the seat of Aqua-Fredda, near Brescia. A pupil of Romanini, he greatly studied Titien's paintings, and even knew how to imitate his colours. He then went to Rome, and displayed very happy dispositions for landscape. This study did not however prevent his application to the figure, under Michel-Ange. This great painter protected him, and caused him to be known by cardinal Este for whom he performed many paintings at Tivoli.

Jérome Muziano was of a serious cast, circumspect, decent and pious; which induced him to paint religious subjects. During his stay at Rome, he connected a friendship with Frédéric Zuccaro, and made in company with him a number of figures drawn from the antique. He also finished the designs of the Trajan column, begun by Jules Romain, and engraven by Villamena.

It may be rightly said Muziano equally possessed every part of painting. He has a noble design, his heads are pleasing and of a good stamp; the placing of his figures is easy, they are skilfully draped; his colouring true and vigorous, his landscapes are as remarkable as Carrache's.

He has greatly contributed to the establishment of the academy of Saint-Luc at Rome, and was still willing to be useful to it after his death, having willed dispositions in its

NOTICE

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FRANÇOIS ZURBARAN.

François Zurbaran naquit, en 1598, à Fuente de Cantos, dans l'Estramadure. Son père, simple laboureur, voyant ses dispositions, l'envoya à Séville, chez Jean de las Roelas, où il fit des progrès rapides.

Il étudia beaucoup la nature, et peignit souvent des draperies blanches jetées sur le mannequin. Des tableaux de MichelAnge Caravage ayant été envoyés à Séville, Zurbaran les étudia et les copia avec succès, ce qui lui fit donner le nom de Caravage espagnol.

Zurbaran finit en 1625 les grands tableaux dont il avait été chargé pour l'autel de Saint-Pierre à la cathédrale de Séville. Il partit ensuite pour la Guadeloupe, où il exécuta douze lableaux représentant presque tous des sujets de la vie de saint Jérôme.

Revenu en Espagne, il fut chargé de nombreux travaux, parmi lesquels on cite le saint Antoine qu'il fit pour le couvent des Pères de la Merci déchaussés, à Séville, et que nous avons donné sous le no. 130.

Le roi lui ordonna aussi de peindre les Travaux d'Hercule dans le palais de Retiro.

Zurbaran mourut en 1662.

NOTICE

OF

FRANÇOIS ZURBARAN.

François Zurbaran was born in 1598, at Fuente de Cantos in Estramadura. His father, a plain husbandman, seeing his son's dispositions sent him to Seville to Jean de las Roelas where he made a rapid progress.

He greatly studied nature, and often painted white drapery thrown on mannikin. Some pictures of Michel-Ange Caravage having been sent to Seville, Zurbaran studied and success fully copied them, which was the cause of giving to him the name of Caravage the spaniard.

Zurbaran finished in 1625 the great pictures which he was charged to perform for the altar of Saint Peter at the cathedral of Seville; he afterwards set sail for la Guadeloupe, where he painted twelve pictures, exhibiting almost all of them the facts of Saint Jérome's life.

Being back to Spain, he had an order for a great number of paintings, among which is mentioned Saint Anthony, which he painted for the convent of the bare footed fathers of Mercy, at Seville, which we have given under the number 130.

The king ordered him also to paint Hercule's Labours in Retiro's palace.

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PIERRE TORRIGIANO.

Pierre Torrigiano naquit à Florence en 1470. ll modela long-temps sous les yeux de Bertoldi le Vieux, et fit un grand nombre d'études d'après les statues antiques que Laurent de Médicis réunissait dans sa galerie. Il devint si habile que Michel-Ange, dit-on, sut jaloux de son talent, et lui suscita tant de désagrémens qu'il fut forcé de s'expatrier.

Torrigiano fut accueilli à Rome par le pape Alexandre VI, qui lui confia des travaux à faire dans la tour de Borgia. Il alla ensuite à Pise, revint à Florence, puis passa en Espagne avec l'intention de former une école de sculpture à Grenade. Il fit pour la salle capitulaire de cette ville un médaillon qui lui fit honneur; et cependant il n'y resta que peu de temps, ayant été appelé à Séville, où il fit de grands travaux, pour le riche couvent des Hieronimites de Buenavista.

Torrigiano eut, dit-on, une vive discussion avec le duc d'Arcos, qui ne voulait pas payer convenablement une statue de Vierge faite par notre artiste. Il eut, dit-on, le courage de briser son ouvrage en présence du duc. Par suite de cette hardiesse il aurait été mis en prison, et y serait mort en 1522.

NOTICE

OF

PIERRE TORRIGIANO.

and

Pierre Torrigiano was born at Florence in 1740. He modelled a long while under the eye of Bertoldi the old, made a great number of models from the antick statues that Laurent de Médicis collected in his gallery. He became so skilful that, it was said, Michel-Ange was jealous of his talent, and worried him in such a manner that he was compelled to banish himself out of his country.

Torrigiano was welcomed at Rome by pape Alexander VI, who entrusted him with the performance of various works in the tower of Borgia. He afterwards went to Pise, returned to Florence, and then to Spain intending to establish a sculpture school at Grenade. He made for the chapter hall of this town a medallion which did him much credit; and yet he staid there but a short time, being engaged to go to Seville, where he performed great works for the rich convent of the Hieronimiters of Buenavista.

It is said that Torrigiano had a lively altercation with the duke of Arcos who would not give a reasonable price for a statue of the Virgin Mary executed by our artist; but he had the spirit to dash in pieces in the presence of the duke his work. In consequence of this bold action, he was put in

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