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68 Moses entertaineth Jethro. EXODUS. God's message to the people.

3 And her two sons; of which the name I give thee counsel, and God shall be with of the one was Gershom ; (for he said, 1 thee: Be thou for the people to Godhave been an alien in a strange land :) ward, that thou mayest bring the causes

4 And the name of the other was Eli- unto God : ezer ; (for the God of my father, said he, 20 And thou shalt teach them ordi-, was mine help, and delivered me from nances and laws, and shalt shew them the sword of Pharaoh :)

the way wherein they must walk, and the 5 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, work that they must do. came with his sons and his wife unto Mo 21 Moreover, thou shalt provide out of ses into the wilderness, where he encamp- all the people, able men, such as fear God, ed at the mount of God:

men of truth, hating covetousness; and 6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father- place such over them to be rulers of thouin-law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy sands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of wife, and her two sons with her.

fifties, and rulers of tens: 7 4 And Moses went out to meet his 22 And let them judge the people at all father-in-law, and did obeisance, and kiss- seasons: and it shall be, that every great ed him: and they asked each other of their matter they shall bring unto thee, but welfare: and they came into the tent. every small matter they shall judge: so

8 And Moses told his father-in-law all || shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh, || bear the burden with thee. and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and 23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God all the travail that had come upon them command thee so, then thou shalt be able by the way, and how the Lord delivered to endure, and all this people shall also them.

go to their place in peace. 9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the good- 24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of ness which the Lord had done to Israel, his father-in-law, and did all that he had whom he had delivered out of the hand of said. the Egyptians.

25 And Moses chose able men out of all 10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, Israel, and made then heads over the peo who hath delivered you out of the hand ple, rulers of thousands, rulers of hunof the Egyptians, and out of the hand of dreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people 26 And they judged the people at all from under the hand of the Egyptians. seasons: the hard causes they brought

11 Now I know that the Lordis greater | unto Moses, but every small matter they than all gods : for in the thing wherein judged themselves. they dealt proudly, he tuas above them. 27 || And Moses let his father-in-law de

12 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, part; and he went his way into his ownland, took a burnt-offering and sacrifices for

CHAP. XIX. God: and Aaron came, and all the elders 1 The people come to Sinai. 3 God's mesof Israel to eat bread with Moses' father- sage to them out of the mount. 8 Their in-law before God. 13. And it came to pass on the mor: Inofermer were gone forth out of the

answer. 16 His fearful presence. row, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the land of Egypt, the same day came they morning unto the evening.

into the wilderness of Sinai. 14 And when Moses' father-in-law saw 2 For they were departed from Rephi

that he did to the people, he said, | dim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, What is this thing that thou doest to the and had pitched in the wilderness; and la people? Why sittest thou thyself alone, there Israel encamped before the mount. and all the people stand by thee from 3 And Moses went up unto God, and morning unto even?

the LORD called unto him out of the 15 And Moses said unto his father-in- | mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to law, Because the people come unto me to the house of Jacob, and tell the children inquire of God:

of Israel ; 16 When they have a matter, they 4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Ecome unto me, and I judge between one gyptians, and how I bare you on eagles and another, and I do make them know wings, and brought you into myself. the statutes of God, and his laws.

5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my 17 And Moses' father-in-law said unto voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then him, The thing that thou doest is not ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me good.

above all people : for all the earth is 18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both | mine : thou, and this people that is with thee: 6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou of priests, and an holy nation. These are art not able to perforin it thyself alone. the words which thou shalt speak unto

19 Hearken now unto my roice, I will " the children of Israck

AND God spake all these words, say

God's fearful presence.

CHAP. XX. The ten commandments. 69 7 ŞAnd Moses came and called for the near to the Lord, sanctify themselves, elders of the people, and laid before their lest the Lord break forth upon them. faces all these words which the LORD 23 And Moses said unto the LORD, commanded him.

The people cannot come up to mount Si8 And all the people answered togeth- | nai : for thou chargedst us, saying, Set er, and said, all that the Lord hath || bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. spoken we will do. And Moses returned 24 And the LORD said unto him, Athe words of the people unto the LORD. | way, get thee down, and thou shalt come

9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, up, thou, and Aaron with thee : But let I come into thee in a thick cloud, that not the priests and the people break the people may hear when I speak with through, to come up unto the Lord, lest thee, and believe thee for ever. And he break forth upon them. Moses told the words of the people unto

25 So Moses went down unto the peothe LORD.

ple, and spake unto them. 10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go

CHAP. XX. imto the people, and sanctify them to-day | 1 The ten commandments. 22 Idolatry and to-morrow, and let them wash their forbidden. 24 Of what sort the allar clothes,

should be. 11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down ing, in the sight of all the people upon mount 2 I am the LORD thy God, which have Sinai

brought thee out of the land of Egypt, 12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the out of the house of bondage. people round about, saying, Take heed to 3 Thou shalt havenoother godsbefore me. yourselves, that ye go not up into the 4. Thou shalt not make unto thee any mount, or touch the border of it : whoso graven image, or any likeness of any thing ever toucheth the mount shall be surely that is in heaven above, or that is in the put to death :

earth beneath, or that is in the water un13 There shall not an hand touch it, || der the earth : but he shall surely be stoned or shot 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to through : whether it be beast or man, it them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquilong, they shall come up to the mount. ty of the fathers upon the children unto

14 And Moses went down from the the third and fourth generation of them mount unto the people, and sanctified the that hate me ;. people ; and they washed their clothes. 6 And shewing mercy unto thousands

15 And he said unto the people, Be of them that love me, and keep my comrealy against the third day: come not at mandments. your wives.

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the 16 9 And it came to pass on the third | LORD thy God in vain : for the LORD day in the morning, that there were thun- will not hold him guiltless that taketh his ders and lightnings, and a thick cloud up- name in vain. on the mount, and the voice of the trump- 8 Remember the sabbath-day to keep et exceeding loud; so that all the people it holy: that cvas in the camp trembled.

9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all 17 And Moses brought forth the peo- | thy work : ple out of the camp to meet with God; and 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath they stood at the nether part of the mount. of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not

18 And mount Sinai was altogether on do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy a smoke, because the LORD descended daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maidupon it in fire: and the smoke thereof as- || servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger cended as the smoke of a furnace, and the that is within thy gates : whole mount quaked greatly.

11 For in six days the LORD made hear19 And when the voice of the trumpet en and earth, the sea, and all that in them wounded long, and waxed louder and is, and rested the seventh day : wherefore louder, Moses spake, and God answered the LORD blessed the sabbath-day, and him by a voice.

hallowed it. 20 And the LORD came down upon 12 Honour thy father and thy mother ; mount Sinai, on the top of the mount : | that thy days may be long upon the land and the LORD called Moses up to the top which the LORD thy God giveth thee. of the mount ; and Moses went up.

13 Thou shalt not kill. 21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. down, charge the people, lest they break 15 Thou shalt not steal. through unto the LORD to gaze, and ma- 16 Thou shalt not bear false witness ny of them perish.

against thy neighbour. 2. And let the priests also which come '17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's

70 Laws for servants.


Divers laws. house, thou shalt not covet thy neigh- 8 If she please not her master, who hatii bour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his betrothed her to himself, then shall he let maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange any thing that is thy neighbour's. nation he shall have no power, seeing he

18 4 And all the people saw the thun- hath dealt deceitfully with her. derings, and the lightnings, and the noise 9 And if he have betrothed her unto his of the trumpet, and the mountain smok- son, he shall deal with her after the maning: and when the people saw it, they ner of daughters. removed, and stood afar off.

10 If he take him another wife ; her 19 And they said unto Moses, Speak food, her raiment, and her duty of marthou with us, and we will hear : but let riage shall he not diminish. not Ged speak with us, lest we die.

11 And if he do not these three unto 20 And Moses said unto the people, her, then shall she go out free without Fear not : for God is come to prove you, money. and that his fear may be before your faces, 12 He that smiteth a man, so that he that ye sin not.

die, shall be surely put to death. 21 And the people stood afar off, and 13 And if a man lie not in wait, but Moses drew near unto the thick darkness God deliver him into his hand; then I where God vas.

will appoint thee a place whither he shall 22 And the LORD said unto Moses, || flee. Thus thou shalt say unto the children of 14 But if a man come presumptuously Israel; Ye have seen that I have talked upon his neighbour, to slay him with with you from heaven.

guile; thou shalt take him from mine al23 Ye shall not make with me gods of tar, that he may die. silver, neither shall ye make unto you 15 And he that smiteth his father, or gods of gold.

his mother, shall be surely put to death. 24 | An altar of earth thou shalt make 16 | And he that stealeth a man, and unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy | selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, burnt-offerings, and thy peace-offerings, he shall surely be put to death. thy sheep, and thine oxen : in all places 17 s And he that curseth his father, where I record my name I will come un- or his mother, shall surely be put to to thee, and I will bless thee.

death. 25 And if thou wilt make me an altar | 18 | And if men strive together, and one of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn smite another with a stone, or with his fist, stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, and he die not, but keepeth his bed : thou hast polluted it.

19 If he rise again, and walk abroad 26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps upon his staff, then shall he that smote unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss not discovered thereon.

of his time, and shall cause him to be CHAP. XXI.

throughly healed. 1 Laws for servants, 12 for man-slaugh- 20 And if a man smite his servant, or

ter, 16 man-stealers, 17 cursers of pa- his maid, with a rod, and he die under his rents, and several others.

hand; he shall be surely punished. these are the judgments which 21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a thou shalt set before them.

day or two, he shall not be punished : for 2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six he is his money. years he shall serve: and in the seventh 22 If men strive, and hurt a woman he shall go out free for nothing.

with child, so that her fruit depart from 3 If he came in by himself, he shall go her, and yet no mischief follow : he shall out by himself: if he were married, then be surely punished, according as the womhis wife shall go out with him.

an's husband will lay upon him ; and he 4 If his master have given him a wife, shall pay as the judges determine. and she have born him sons or daughters; 23 And if any mischief, follow, then the wife and her children shall be her mas- thou shalt give life for life, ter's, and he shall go out by himself. 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand

5 9 And if the servant shall plainly say, for hand, foot for foot, I love my master, my wife, and my chil. 25 Burning for burning, wound for dren ; I will not go out free:

wound, stripe for stripe. 6 Then his master shall bring him unto 26 And if a man sinite the eye of his the judges; he shall also bring him to the servant, or the eye of his maid, that it door, or unto the door-post: and his mas- perish; he shall 'let him go free for his ter shall bore his ear through with an awl; eye's sake. and he shall serve him for ever.

27 And if he smite out his man-servant's 7 | And if a man sell his daughter to beatooth, or his maid-servant's tooth; he shall maid-servant, she shall not go out as the let him go free for his tooth's sake. men-servants do.

28 If an ox gore a man or a woman,


Divers latus

and ordinances.' 71 that they die : then the ox shall be surely 8 If the thief be not found, then the stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; | master of the house shall be brought unbut the owner of the ox shall be quit. to the judges, to see whether he have put

29 But if the ox were wont to push with his hand unto his neighbour's goods. his han in time past, and it hath been tes- 9 For all manner of trespass, whether tified to his owner, and he hath not kept it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, him in, but that he hath killed a man or or for any manner of lost thing which ana woman ; the ox shall be stoned, and other challengeth to be his: the cause of his owner also shall be put to death. both parties shall come before the judges;

30 If there be laid on him a sum of mon- and whom the judges shall condemn, he ev, then he shall give for the ransom of shall pay double unto his neighbour. his life whatsoever is laid upon him. 10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour

31 Whether he have gored a son, or an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast have gored a daughter, according to this to keep ; and it die, or be hurt, or driven judgment shall it be done unto him. away, no man seeing it:

32 If the ox shall push a man-servant, 11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be or maid-servant; he shall give unto their between them both, that he hath not put master thirty shekels of silver, and the his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and ox shall be stoned.

the owner of it shall accept thereof, and 33 [ And if a man shall open a pit, or he shall not make it goodl. if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, 12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall and an ox or an ass fall therein ;

make restitution unto the owner thereof. 34 The owner of the pit shall make it 13 If it be torn in pieces; then let him good, and give money unto the owner of bring it for witness, and he shall not make them; and the dead beast shall be his. good that which was torn.

35 And if one man's ox hurt another's 14 And if a man borrow. aught of that he die, then they shall sell the live | his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the ox, and divide the money of it, and the owner thereof being not with it, he shall dead or also they shall divide.

surely make it good. 36 Or if it be known that the ox hath 15. But if the owner thereof be with it, used to push in time past, and his owner he shall not make it good: if it be an hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay hired thing, it came for his hire. ex for ox, and the dead shall be his own. 16 | And if a man entice a maid that CHAP. XXII.

is not betrothed, and lie with her, he 1 0f theft. 5 Of damage. 7 of trespasses. shall surely endow her to be his wife.

14 Of borrowing. 16 of fornication. 17 If her father utterly refuse to give 18 Of witcherafi, and other offences. her unto him, he shall pay money accordlIf a man shall steal an ox,

or a sheep, and ing to the dowry of virgins.

18 4 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a 19 | Whosoever lieth with a beast shall sheep.

surely be put to death. 2 If a thief be found breaking up, and 20 | He that sacrificeth unto any god, de smitten that he die, there shall no save unto the LORD only, he shall be blood be shed for him.

utterly destroyed. 3 If the sun be risen upon him, there 21 | Thou shalt neither vex a stranshall be blood shed for him : for he should ger, nor oppress him : for ye were stranmake full restitution; if he have nothing, gers in the land of Egypt. then he shall be sold for his theft.

22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or 4 If the theft be certainly found in his fatherless child. hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or 23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and sheep; he shall restore double.

they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear je If a man shall cause a field or vegard to be eaten, and shall put in his 24. And my wrath shall wax hot, and I beast, and shall feed in another man's will kill you with the sword; and your field of the best of his own field, and of wives shall be widows, and your children the best of his own vineyard shall he || fatherless. make restitution,

25 If thou lend money to any of my 6 fire break out, and catch in thorns, people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not so that the stacks of corn, or the standing | be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou COTTI, or the field be consumed therewith; || lay upon him usury. he that kindled the fire shall surely make 26 | If thou at all take thy neighbour's restitution.

raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it ?? If a man shall deliver unto his i unto him by that the sun goeth down: • neighbour money or stuff to keep, and 27 For that is his covering only, it is his

it be stolen out of the man's house ; if the raiment for his skin: wherein shall he thief be found, let him pay double. sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he

their cry;

unto me.


72 Of slander and false witness. EXODUS.

An Angel promised. crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am 15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavgracious.

ened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened 28 9 Thou shalt not revile the gods, pread seven days, as I commanded thee, nor curse the ruler of thy people. in the time appointed of the month Abib;

29 4 Thou shalt not delay to offer the for in it thou camest out from Egypt: first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors : and none shall appear before me empty :) the first-born of thy sons shalt thou give 16 And the feast of harvest, the first

fruits of thy labours, which thou hast 30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine sown in the field: and the feast of in-gathoxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it ering, which is in the end of the year, shall be with his dam; on the eighth day when thou hast gathered in thy labours thou shalt give it me.

out of the field. 31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: 17 Three times in the year all thy males neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn shall appear before the LORD God. of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to 18 | Thou shalt not offer the blood of the dogs.

my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither CHAP. XXIII.

shall the fat of my sacrifice remain until 1 0f slander and false witness. 2 Of other the morning.

offences and duties. 20 An Angel prom- 19 The first of the first-fruits of thy ised, with a blessing, if they obcy him. land thou shalt bring into the house of the "HOU shalt not raise a false report: Lord thy God. Thou shalt not seethe

put not thine hand with the wicked a kid in his mother's milk. to be an unrighteous witness.

20 9 Behold, I send an Angel before 2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude thee, to keep thee in the way, and to to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a | bring thee'into the place which I have cause to decline after many to wrest | prepared. judgment :

21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, 3 f Neither shalt thou countenance a provoke him not; for he will not pardon poor man in his cause.

your tansgressions: for my name is ini him. 4 | If thou meet thine enemy's ox or 22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his his ass going astray, thou shalt surely | voice, and do all that I speak; then I will bring it back to him again.

be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an 5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth | adversary unto thine adversaries. thee lying under his burden, and wouldest 23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, forbear to help him, thou shalt surely and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and help with him.

the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the 6 4 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment | Canaanites, and the Hivites, and the Jebof thy poor in his cause.

usites; and I will cut them off. 7 Keep thee far from a false matter; 24 Thou shalt not bow down to their and the innocent and righteous slay thou gods, r;or serve them, nor do after their not: for I will not justify the wicked. works : but thou shalt utterly over

8 And thou shalt take no gift: for the throw them, and quite break down their gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the images. words of the righteous.

25 And ye shall serve the LORD your 9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: God, and he shall bless thy bread, and for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing thy water; and I will take sickness away ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. from the midst of thee.

10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, 26 There shall nothing cast their young, and shalt gatlier i:1 the fruits thereof: nor be barren, in thy land : the number

11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it of thy days I will fulfil. rest and lie still; that the poor of thy 27 I will send my fear before thee, and people may eat: and what they leave, the will destroy all the people to whom thou beasts of the field shall eat. In like man- shalt come, and I will make all thine enener thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and mies turn their backs unto thee. with thy oliveyard.

28 And I will send hornets before 12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: the Canaanite, and the Hittite from bethat thine ox and thine ass may rest, and fore thee. the son of thy handmaid, and the stran- 29 I will not drive them out from beger, may be refreshed.

fore thce in one year; lest the land be13 9 And in all things that I have said come desolate, and the beast of the field urto you be circumspect: and make no multiply against thee. mention of the names of other gods, 50 By little and little I will drive them neither let it be heard out of thy mouth. out from before thee, until thou be in

14 Three times thou shalt keep a creased, and inherit the land. feast unto me in the year.

31 And I will set thy bounds from the

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