The Psychology of Number and Its Applications to Methods of Teaching Arithmetic


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Página 243 - ... can be expressed as integers, namely, 4 cents, 4 feet, 4 pounds, and so on, with kindred ideas and operations. 3. The Primary Practical Principle in Fractions. — It is clear that this complete expression for the number process is the fundamental principle employed in the treatment of fractions : if both terms of a fraction be multiplied or divided by the same number, the numerical value of the fraction will not be changed. This principle is usually " demonstrated " ; it is, however, involved...
Página 206 - The process of solving equations depends upon the following principles, called axioms : 1. If equals be added to equals, the sums are equal. 2. If equals be subtracted from equals, the remainders are equal. 3. If equals be multiplied by equals, the products are equal. 4. If equals be divided by equals, the quotients are equal. 5. Like powers or like roots of equals are equal. NOTE. Axiom 4 is not true if the divisor equals zero.
Página 5 - ... of commodities; just as a knowledge of anatomy, physiology, pathology has transformed medicine from empiricism to applied science, so a knowledge of the structure and functions of the human being can alone elevate the school from the position of a mere workshop, a more or less cumbrous, uncertain, and even baneful institution, to that of a vital, certain, and effective instrument in the greatest of all constructions — the building of a free and powerful character. Without the assured methods...

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