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in stream, but all of them hidden, or nearly long stride, firm step, and broad breast,

so, in the clefts and caverns. nord who, on the open field, would have over

"TheShepherd who had given the alarm thrown the marshalled line, and gone first had lain down again in his plaid instantly and foremost if a city had to be taken by on the greensward upon the summit of storin. these precipices. A party of soldiers were « As the soldiers were standing together immediately upon him, and demanded what irresolute, a noise came upon their ears like signals he had been making, and to whom; distant thunder, but even more appalling; when one of them, looking over the edge and a slight current of air, as if propelled of the cliff, exclaimed, “See, see! Hum- by it, past whispering along the sweetphrey, we have caught the whole Taberna- briars, and the broom, and the tresses of dle of the Lord in a net at last. There they the birch-trees. It came deepening, and are, praising God among the stones of the rolling, and roaring on, and the very Cartriver Mouss. . These are the Cartland land Craigs shook to their foundation as if Craigs. By my soul's salvation, a noble in an earthquake. • The Lord have mercy Cathedral !', Fling the lying Sentinel upon us--what is this ?And down fell over the cliffs.: Here is a canting Cove, many of the miserable wretches on their nanter for you, deceiving honest soldiers knees, and some on their faces, upon the on the very Sabbath day. Over with him, sharp-pointed rocks. Now, it was like the over with him out of the gallery into the sound of many myriad chariots rolling on pit.' But the Shepherd had vanished like their iron axles down the stony channel of a shadow; and mixing with the tall green the torrent. The old grey-haired minister broom and bushes, was making his un. issued from the mouth of Wallace's Cave, seen way towards a wood. Satan has and said, with a loud voice, · The Lord saved his servant; but come, my lads. God terrible reigneth.' A water-spout follow me I know the way down into the had burst up among the moorlands, and bed of the stream and the steps up to the river, in its power, was at hand. There Wallace's cave. They are called the Kit- it came-tumbling along into that long tle Nine Stanes.” The hunt's up. We'll reach of cliffs, and in a moment filled it be all in at the death. Halloomy boys with one mass of waves. Huge agitated halloo !!

clouds of foam rode on the surface of a The soldiers dashed down a less pre- blood-red torrent. An army must have cipitous part of the wooded banks, a little been swept off by that flood. The soldiers below the craigs,' and hurried up the perished in a moment but high up in the channel. But when they reached the altar cliffs, above the sweep of destruction, were where the old grey-haired minister had been the Covenanters--men, women, and chil. seen standing, and the rocks that had been dren, uttering prayers to God, unheard by covered with people, all was silent and so- themselves, in that raging thunder. litary-pot a creature to be seen. Here

Here we close our extracts. The vois a Bible dropt by some of them, cried lume from which they have been made a soldier, and, with his foot, spun it away stands in no need of our praise,

and into the pool. A bonnet-a bonnet,'- therefore we shall leave these few pagcried another now for the pretty sancti. Med face that rolled its demure eyes below sages to speak for themselves. The it'. But, after a few jests and baths,

the author appears throughout in the most Boldiers stood still, eyeing with a kind of amiable character. Every page overmysterious dread the black and silent walls flows with images of the most pure of the rock that hemmed them in, and heare and beautiful tenderness. Occasionaling only the small voice of the stream that ly he displays a deep knowledge of the sent a profound stillness through the heart sterner and more troubled passions. of that majestic solitude. "Curse these His faults are the faults of exuberance cowardly Covenanters-what, if they tum- never of poverty; and we have a ble down upon our heads pieces of rock confident hope that ere long, by exertfrom their hiding-places ? Advance ? Or ing all his great powers together, and

retreat ?' There was no reply. For a concentrating their energies on some the slight fear was upon every man ; musket work of a more extensive character, he

or bayonet could be of little use to men obliged to clamber up rocks, along slender will take boldly the high place that is paths, leading, they knew not where; and

his due. The intelligent reader of they were aware that armed men, now-a

these little tales will be delighted, but days, worshipped God,-men of iron hearts, certainly will not be surprised, in who feared not the glitter of the soldier's receiving a MASTERPIECE from his armsm-neither barrel nor bayonetmen of hands.

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ub, in AFTER reading these two pamphlets, Review | Professor Sandford is well we wish to say a very few words about known to have got what is called " a controversy winich has been going on first class degree" at Oxford, and, we apparently for some time, and with believe, one of the prizes for essay much bitterness, but of which until writing. He is also well known to now we had seen nothing at all have stood for a fellowship at Oriel, and what we say shall be altogether and not to have been successful as to in the spirit of peace-making; for, that object of his ambition. He is all in truth, we are of opiņion, that the so known to have been lately elected belligerents are clever young men, Greek Professor at Glasgow; and he and that they are both of them chiefly is reported to be discharging his duto blame, for having meddled with ties there in a manner equally honours matters they had nothing to do with. able to his talents and industry. But

And, in the first place, could any what are all these things ?' to what do thing be more absurd, than to begin a they amount? If they convinced the mighty fuss about a few paragraphs in * Close College” man's mind that this the Edinburgh Review, stuffed full of was the fittest judge to hold the baš spleen against Oxford in general, but lance, in regard to such a controversy more particularly against Oriel College? as the present, we can only say they The paragraphs were (although Pro. would have tended to convince us of fessor Sandford says they made him exactly the reverse. laugh very heartily when he read them) Thirdly, What could be more abintolerably dull--full of a sort of faint surd than first to choose a man your feeble fluttering aspiration after merri umpire, and then abuse him to his ment, but really and helplessly dull in face?s Close College" does little but every possible sense of the term. But sneer at Mr Sandford ; at the least, this even if they had not been dull, who was unwise. If you really thought he would have minded them? Dr Cop- had himself written the article in the plestone and the Edinburgh Reviewers Review, this is not the style in which had a paper war ten years ago, and the you should have dealt with him: but Reviewers were licked. What wonder, you knew very well he did not write then, if the Edinburgh reviewers are it. fond of having a cut at Oriel College, Fourthly, Could any thing be more and the Doctor's book on Predestina- absurd than for Mr Sandford, a young tiou, when opportunity serves ? But man who left Oxford only last year, this was not all. The article in ques- and cannot possibly have enjoyed any tion contained palpable proof of its very extensive opportunities of studybeing the production of some person, ing the relative merits and defects of whose personal feelings had, some how the different University-systems now or other, been extremely exacerbated, existing in Europe, to turn round in in regard to ORIEL COLLEGE. Was not this ungracious manner on his old this enough to clap an extinguisher Alma Mater, whose Champion had upon the torch he had flung-even had paid him so high a compliment? What it been a more blazing affair than it does Mr Sandford know about such really was?

people as Dr Copplestone and Mr DaSecondly, What could be more ab- vison, that he should talk about them surd than the Champion of Oxford, só briskly! Has he ever read five (since Oxford was to have one,) ma- pages of Copplestone on Predestinaking Professor Sandford the umpire tion? If he had done so, he must between Oxford and the Edinburgh have perceived that the head of Oriel

I. A Letter to Daniel K. Sandford, Esq. Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow, in answer to the strictures of the Edinburgh Review, on the open Colleges of Oxford. By a Member of a close College. Parker, Oxford, &c. 1822. 1

II. A Letter to the Rev. Peter Elmsley, A. M. in answer to the Appeal made to Professor Sandford, as umpire between the University of Oxford and the Edinburgh Review. 3y D. K. Sandford, Esq. Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow. Munday and Slatter, Oxford. 1822.


is no mark for clever lads of two-ande are pleased to tell us that Mr Brougham twenty to Aling their gibes, at, in six, knows no Greek. You yourself are penný pamphlets. A very few months no great shakes at English ; and I am ago, was not a fellowship in the much mistaken if three months laDoctor's College his own prime am- bour would not at any time enable Mr bition? Reconcile this inconsistency Brougham to catechise you as to your if you can. Besides, was Mr Sand Greek, in a style rather more severe ford so weak as not to see, that wható than your Oxford examining-masever he said, in his pamphlet or ters are up to. And on the other elsewhere, against Oriel, and against hand, Mr Sandford, be so good as Dr Copplestone, could not carry much to wait a little. Exert yourself viweight with it, after what had hap- gorously for twenty years, and if at pened? Copplestone and the College the end of that time you be either may have done a very unwise thing a Davison, or a Copplestone, or a for themselves, in not electing him. Millman, we shall all lend you our As it turns out, however, they have ears; but we have too good an opinion really by their rejection done him a of your nature, to expect that you will piece of excellent service :-At all then crave hearing upon any such toevents, he should have been wise pics as you have recently been discussenough to hold his tongue.

ing in a manner so utterly unworthy Fifthly, Can any thing be more ut- of yourself. terly ludicrous than the airs both of To conclude, We beg to assure these these pamphleteers give themselves ? doughty epistolizers, that all OXFORD one would really think some great does not lie within the sound of the matter were at issue, and none but great Tom of Christ Church. In every they could settle it. Their produc- town of England, in a thousand of her tions are equally full of the marks of hamlets, in a thousand of her halls, juvenile exultation-there is on both there are at this moment accomplishsides a wonderful deal of pretence ed men, clergymen and laymen, squires, pretence of lofty solemn serenity on and knights, and lords, who underthe part of “Close College,"_and pre- stand the merits of the university at tence of easy indifferent scavoir

faire which they were bred--and who, our and nonchalance on the part of the young friends may depend upon it, Glasgow Professor. The gravity of the will not, if ever her interests be really one is enough to make one laugh-the in danger, leave her“ tali auxilio et vivacity of the other is at least as defensoribus istis." These men are in amusing, -and for the gross terms in nở danger of saying like Protessor which they speak of each other—for Sandford, that they might as well havę epithets we would hate to repeat, oc- spent “ three years at Jerusalem” as cur continually on both sides—’tis at Oxford. -Good Heavens! what enough to make a horse chuckle to would Samuel Johnson, at the age hear such words from members either of sixty, and at the head of the Engof “close colleges," or of “open" ones. lish literature of his day, have said Such Billingsgate slang would not be if he had heard any body use such lansuffered by Jackson among the lads of guage? -Their hearts cling to the soil the fancy. 'Tis worse than Tom and where their heads were enlightened, Jerry.

and casting back eyes of respectful Young Gentlemen, it would be just love, they, as life and the affairs of life as well as if you would attend to the move on, duties of yourrespective stations--and, believe me, the University of Oxford

“ Still drag at each remove a length’ning and the world at large, will just go on

chain." as well as if you kept printing pam

When one thinks what a great prophlets every week, for a year to come. portion of all that is eminent at this When you, Mr Champion, have ever moment in England-in legislation exhibited one-fiftieth part of the ta- and in letters -stands connected by lent that Mr Brougham's worst speech the indissoluble ties of true knowledge in Parliament, or Mr Brougham's and true affection with this great seat worst article in the Edinburgh Review of learning, one may certainly be parcontained, you may then, if you please, doned for regarding, with some little open your mouth, and perhaps you indignation, the silly and inept crowmay get somebody to listen to you abouting and hooting of these new-fledged Mr Brougham'saccomplishments. You combatants. The old Oxford contr



versy (as it is called) was silly enough “ You squirrels that want inuts, what will --but there we had at least a Copple

you do?

ti stone on the one side and a Playfair on Pray do not crack the benches and we may the other. But now ! why « First« Hereafter fit your palates with a play." er Class Examinations,” and “Prize Es. says,” and Fellowship Examinations," are all very good things in their

J. C. B. way: but of all this more than enough

Durham, June 3, 1822. [We cannot refuse admission to anything J. C. B. sends but we really are quite ignorant as to all this matter, and should be glad to hear what the Belligerents” have to say for themselves.-C. N.]

us ;

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| DOUSTÉRSWIVEL'S INQUIRY INTO THE THEORY OF IMPOSTURE. In taking up a work of so much improved. But to the first chapters acuteness and originality, we feel that of the book none of these observations we are going to present to our readers can apply ; nor can it be said, that in à morsel, of which the flavour will not any single sentence of them is any, soon leave their palates, and which, strong illustration, except such as are although it has something of the taken from general nature, and from poignancy of garlic, has also a more instances with which every person is permanent claim to interest, in pos. acquainted.' When the Tartuffe, of sessing the sterling, value of truth.' Moliere was first represented, we bea We are well enough aware of what lieve there were hundreds of ecclesihas been said of the harshness of style astics in Paris who believed that Mo, in this publication—but really, after liere had been overlooking their conn all that has been complained of, we duct, as individuals, and meant to sam do not see reason why any person tirize them in particular. Nay, they should view the matter with exaspe- probably imagined that they recograted feelings. Here are general pro- nised some of their own expressions positions, and the investigation of cer- interwoven with his verses. tain forins in nature. We find the the conviction produced by truth, when latter chapters of the book) what no exhibited by a man of genius. With one can deny may give offence to the regard to the theoretical idea which feelings of individuals—but still we forms the ground-work of this essay, repeat, that if any general proposition we think it well expressed in the first appears to be exemplified in what is chapter ; and we cannot but admire passing around us, none but an enemy Mr Dousterswivel for the closeness and of truth can object to pointed illustra- firmness of apprehension with which tions, and to the bringing home of me- he retains an abstract idea, which he taphysical ideas to particular instances. has once understood, and goes on purn The interest which general truth ex- suing it through different instances. cites in the world is, for the most part, We shall translate his first exposition so slight, that he may almost claim of the subject, from the first chapter, praise for a benevolent action, who, in which is on the Original Idea of Im following the more abstruse walks of posture. scientific inquiry, refreshes his readers “ The observation of particular in with an appeal to facts, and to things stances is seldom enough to explain in which they are immediately inte- the theory of any thing in the world rested. This stimulus is required for so perfectly as to free the mind from re-awakening flagging attention. We perplexity about it. Abstract concep. laugh, and the world is improved. tions are necessary for this purpose. Thus the cloud of lethargy, which In attempting to throw a clear light on hangs over remote and obscure gene- the theory of Imposture, I shall begin ralities, is dispelled. Individual ex- by inquiring for the original idea of citement is produced, -and, we repeat it, which may be traced, through va again,-we laugh, and the world is rious examples, into the form of one

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Theoric der Betrug von Jacob Dousters wivel, M. D. Leipsig und Frankfurt a. m. bei Wm. Nichtsagen. u. comp.' (May 1822.)


ponce notion which

thing surrounding or covering an- are separate from the interior. If I other, so that the interior object is - wished to give the image of a person words have gonesed for expressing imposture sition, I would represent him com

reference to this idea. Im- pletely overgrown with ivy, and vain

to place upon, refers to the ly struggling for breath through the same

the - clustering leaves, while the long pliant phrase over-reach;

creepers were binding his arms and meaningthere are also the phrases, fixing his position, so as to prevent to take in, and to get

round about ; him and, in the Latin, circumvenire. There that there was a living creature hidden is also the popular phrase to come over, within. Through these examples we or to get the advantage of any one, may return to the figure of the onion, as if, in cheating, a net were thrown which is the best image of imposture over the head of the person deceived. completed; for it is externally, neat Perhaps otherexamples might be found and tight on all sides, and expresses as and produced to support what I have little of its interior nature as the Phaadvanced ; but it is evident that, in risees or Round-heads said of their all these phrases, there is a reference private intentions. The whirlpool of to the same notion. The origiual idea the ocean says as little of the ship of imposture, therefore, is, that the which it has swallowed. The hog interior object is not the same with the may perhaps be a representation of exterior, but is covered and concealed the voracious and engulfing powers of by it, and from hence comes deception imposture; for its exterior coat of fat to the spectator. This is the origin of covers and encloses its flesh, so that it hypocrisy, which wears a mask, sepa- appears a large animal; but when cut rate from that which is within. The across, it presents a form like that of outer parts of an onion, concealing the the onion. But, as I said before, the inner part, present a good image of idea of imposture corresponds with hypocrisy. And the onion, when cut that of death; for, an animal or vegeacross, to shew what is within, exem- table, covered and shut in, must die, plifies the detection of imposture. Such and the apathy and stupor of animals are the forms of imposture, when ex- is generally in proportion to the thickternal appearances are used as the ness of their exterior coats. The pimeans of deceiving the spectator. But, leus, or hat of Mercury, who took in another point of view, the person charge of the dead, must have had a who is imposed on is like the interior particular relation to the idea of coobject which is over-reached and ta- vering, as expressing the power of imken in ; while the impostor is like the posture and stupefaction. The most serpent called the Constrictor, which appropriate symbol of death is the gets round about the animal it wants skull, which is the only osseous part to kill. The statue of Laocoon may that over-reaches and encloses. And represent a virtuous man struggling it will generally be acknowledged that with the impositions of the world. The imposture has a wonderful power of act of over-reaching resembles the act mortifying those who are taken in. of wearing a mask, in so far as it is in making these observations it will the placing of one thing upon another. easily be perceived, that I intend not And this resemblance is exemplified any refleetions against Messrs Gall and in nature, for the ivy, and other Spurzheim ; for, in examining into the climbing plants, which kill more ge- properties of the skull, they must nerous trees, are also seen spreading have been acting against imposture. over the walls of old buildings, to-co- The conceptions which I have here ver them with a mask of vegetation, brought together are for the purpose which is unlike the dead stones be- of making the abstract form of imposa bied. The Pharisees were compared ture clearly intelligible, as in the figure to whited sepulebres, covering old rot- of the onion. Imposture is better tem bones. It is remarkable, that in detected by a sort of intuition than by all cases, the idea of over-reaching and elaborate thought. But, in the transshutting in, corresponds with that of actions of this earthly stage, we must death. Life is the continuity of parts, examine, with too unrelenting an eye, forming an undivided whole. But the ordinary mundane impositions, this cannot be, if the exterior parts which are not malignant, nor followVOL. XI.

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