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truly: and Modely's purse is dictator.' judgment, an answer • Is he the patron- Of his lordship? The great resources on most assuredly.'
found to be an oracular am “Pen looked astonished, but said nothing. part of the presiding divinity, or At length, Lady Bab Cento, in passing to which, with a little ingenuity, may her carriage, which had just been announced sequently twisted in any manner mosi in thunder, and re-echoed up the vaulted suitable to existing circumstances ; such as, staircase, repeated her hope of being ho- • I have merely looked it over I hardly noured by Mr Pen Owen's attendance at know what to say there are certainly some her select parties ; to which he bowed in good things ;' or, ' I know something of silence, and again turning to his Asmodeus, the author, and it would not be fair to in. observed, that if what his friend had said fluence public opinion one way or another." were true, this lady, with all her preten. Thus, by an admirable display of cautious sions, formed her judgment only at second criticisin and polished candour, his lordship
or her ladyship is enabled to take advantage 6. There again, at your old Grub-Street of the first wind that blows, in order to sail notions. We have now everything at se- with the general current.” • And is Lady cond hand, except our clothes, and there Bab a woman of character ?'
That is ralies the important change in the constitution ther a Gothic question ; but I will tell you of society. Do you think, if this woman in confidence, she is a very phænix of judged for herself, she wouldn't have found chastity, and therefore consumes the chayou out at dinner?' 'I doubt whether she racter of every other woman in the flame would,' said Pen, laughing ; but I am of her own purity ! "I mean to ask, is such a novice, that I should hardly suppose she a moral woman?' “Why, as to moa professed critic, and patron of letters, rality, brother Joseph," a woman who has would openly borrow the scales in which no feeling to gratify, but that of personal others had placed the weights. You vanity and ambition, to which she would haven't hit the figure; justice was running sacrifice every tie in life, has little merit in in your head, whilst instinct would have preserving a decorum she has no temptabetter suggested the expedient.' • Instinct ! tion to infringe, and which it would be as how, pray ? • Do you remember ruinous to outrage. I never heard that she the proboscis of the gadfly dissected by the committed murder, or even petty larceny, microscopic skill of our friend Dr Micron. except on literary subjects; but I believe it ous ? Pen laughed. • These arbiters of would be equally difficult to detect a single taste,' continued Sparkle,“ possess the same act of real charity or benevolence, sort of organs; and, like the doctor's, their may write her own epitaph for me,' cried greatest ingenuity is displayed in keeping Pen, indignantly. She has done that althem out of sight.
• I'm too dụll to com- ready; and if not framed, glazed, and hung prehend you,' sighed Pen. “And too blind over the parlour chimney, like that of to see Micronous's Tabanus without an in- Goody Primrose, it is at least fairly tran strument, but I am behind the scenes, and scribed upon smooth vellum paper, and dewill be your microscope. Drawers of wa. corated with stamp allegories of her imter and hewers of wood are, in spite of their plied virtues.'. " What! an epitaph before ancient origin, still low-lived beings; but death! . It is on her virtues,' returned there are fetchers and carriers of another Tom, laughing." description, who sleep on down and live on These two extracts must be quite the fat of the land. These are your male
enough to satisfy any one who has any and female antennæ, or feelers, which are thrown out before our great devourers of thoughts of seeing the book itself. W authors, to pick up, and convey all the li
cannot answer quite so effectually the
demand of those, who, when they reterary, political, and private gossip, spread over the surface of the town. Why, sir,
ceive this Number of Maga on the there's not a good thing uttered, or a faux
Banks of Indus or Ganges, or Oxley, pas committed, between Westminster and wish to God (after coming thus far) B Hyde Park Corner, in the morning, that
we had sent them the three volumes F isn't carefully docketted, and laid by for of Pen Owen along with it. Indeed, house in the common-place books and escru- we cannot pretend to give them any
toires of these literary cormorants by the thing more than a slight snatch of the evening. The opinions of A, B, and C, delight whịch, in its fulness, awaits upon a new play, a new poen, or a new
the perusers of these worshipful vopamphlet, are safely lodged in this choice
lumes. But we can afford to extract ' repertory, before there is a chance of one of those learned arbiters of taste being com
one more passage, and in doing so, we mitted by an unwary criticism. Sometimes,
shall take care to select one, which he indeed, upon a sudden defect or stoppage
that handles Pen Owen himself here in thesc sources, an unfortunate question after, will not grudge reading a second may be unexpectedly started; and as prompt time-no, nor a tenth time; and which decision is the very quintessence of superior our readers, whether they are or are
age, in the general in. himself. And so, in the only instance of we; as each individual in these rights being literally reduced to prac. utcessarily sacrifice a portion tice in later times, universal suffrage appendence to secure the liberty of pears to have been the harbinger of univer.
Cuom, cuom, now,' interrupted sal slaughter, where the constituents and me grazier,' that would be a strange soit, their free-chosen representatives were al. howsomever ; a caunt consent to that by no ternately victims and butchers. manner o' means. I maun chuse my oune parliament, man, cuom what wull'I 66 • Why should the same excesses follow don't know where the deuce the gentleman from a reform in this country ?' • Because is running,' cried the stranger. I run at the same causes will generally produce the nothing, sir,' answered Pen. I have as- same effects; because, in the present moserted, and do assert again, that the mere ment, the cause is advocated upon the same mode of election is a matter of comparative principles, appeals to the same dangerous indifference; I say comparative, so long as passions of man, and opens the same means the property of the country is duly repre- of gratifying them; because, erroneous as sented ; so long as the representatives of was the principle upon which those men that property, in some shape or another, acted, many good, honest, and patriotic in. are sent to parliament. As to the qualities dividuals, were sincere in their adoption of and principles of men, they will differ as them. Whereas there is not one,-no, sir, much after your projected reforms as be- not one-among the present leaders of pofore, and will so continue to do until hu- pular delusion, who does not anticipate geman nature itself be reformed. Common neral havoc and destruction, which the safety is the real bond of political union; others never contemplated; who does not and those who possess property, individual. look' to revolution when he cries REFORM ? ly, will be most anxious to preserve proper- They only hoped to effect reform, when ty, upon the whole.'
• Why is property,' they found themselves plunged in REVO. demanded his opponent why is property LUTION.' • It is'nt fair, sir, to stigma. to be the only thing represented ?' Sim- tize, in this sweeping manner, thousands ply because property is the first thing to be of your countrymen.' I would say the secured upon a permanent basis ; for with- same if they were my brothers, and merita out this, liberty can be nothing but licen- ed it as truly,' answered Pen, coolly. tiousness. • And so the rich are everlast- 66. The short of the matter, then, is, sir, ingly to grind the poor ?' * How that fol- said the stranger, ' you would have no re lows, I am at a loss to conceive,' replied form at all.' . I object to reform no where, Pen, who began to grow warm in his sub- sir,' replied Per, when it is necessary ; ject, unless you conclude government un- but I must be convinced of its necessity by der every form to be a tyranny.' • Pretty better arguments than I have heard to. near the mark,' retorted the stranger. night, before I give my voice to so hazard• Then we need argue no further, sir,' cried ous an experiment.' • Necessity! why, Pen, starting upon his legs; • if you un- hav'nt you yourself admitted the fact, that derstand the force of your inference, you seats in parliament are bought and sold ; are the advocate of pure anarchy; and and what have you urged in defence of it? none but a madman will reason from such-moonshine-an opinion-Moonpremises.' I mean---I mean no such shine, --my opinion, sir! Are you aware thing, sir ; it is you that are the madman, -No offence, no offence intended ; I think.' • Sir !' exclainned Pen. "I but opinions are but opinions, and, as you mean no offence, sir ; but when you talk yourself observed just now, cannot weigh of the electors of Westminster electing against facts.' • Facts ! true; but you members for Cornwall, and at a sweep get must call your facts by their right names.' rid of the glorious franchise of
• They are still facts, call them as we will; sir ! you confound hypothesis with argu. but let that pass. I only ask you, sir, why a ment. I never meant to recommend such few great overgrowu landholders are to moa measure, but to illustrate my opinion nopolize all power, and grind down the that even such a mode of election would be great mass of the people, as if they were more consonant with the first principles of mere slaves of the soil ?' • I should rather the constitution than your bewildering chi. ask you to prove your fact, before I can be mera of universal suffrage.' • Right is called upon to account for it.' "Who are right, sir ; every man has a right to vote our law-makers, but those imperious lords for representatives in parliament. • Pray, who combine to rivet our chains ?' • They sir, may I ask where you find this right ? may be law-makers, without either impo
In the constitution.' • In the clouds ! sing chains or rivetting them ; but, perShew me, sir, something more tangible; haps, by this pretty figure of speech, you stew it me in the practice of the constitn- design to represent the laws altogether tion. It needs no shewing; it is among • The laws in these hands I certainly do the first rights of man.' • So is eating bis • Then, sir, we understand each other. brother, if he be stroug enough to slaugh. You would prove that anarchy is preferable ter him ; if not, he must submit to be eaten to any regular form of government, and it
necessarily follows that laws are but types ly omitted in the of slavery.' Give me leave to say, sir, through the agency of you do not understand me, at least. No "Wasn't that an insufie man has a greater reverence for the laws, or sir ?' is more firmly attached to the constitution, 666 It might be so, sir, in your opin than myself. Only, that, like the man but we are speaking of the pure periode o who had grown so attached to his knife that the constitution, to which your reformers he bestowed a new blade and then a new look back with such tender yearnings, handle to it, you would renew it altogether.' when, instead of a grievance, it was consi• No, sir, I say what I think, and what I dered as a relief from a burthen. I must feel. I am not bound to uphold the faults not, however, be interrupted, sir. Land, and defects, though I may love the consti- I repeat, was then the representative of the tution as sincerely as you do.' • Depend property of the country, but as the rights upon it, sir, our love begins to slacken of individuals came to be better ascertainominously, when the faults of the objected—when the professions were opened to are more visible to our perception than its men of every rank and station in life beauties; one step more, and our love is when the spirit of adventure brought the turned to hate.'
treasures of a new world to our shores, " • Aye,-well, I don't understand all and commerce and trade multiplied the these roundabout ways; I stick to my facts, sources of wealth, a strict adherence to and want only a plain answer to a plain the letter of the constitution would have question ; why, because men have monopo- excluded the whole, or greater part of this lized our land, should they have the power new property (inasmuch as it was extraneto monopolize our rights ?'
ous and independent upon the land) from question in this form is any thing but a being represented in parliament, and have question ; for you beg the whole of it, and subjected a large and daily increasing porthen demand a categorical answer. But tion of the people to the overruling and since you are determined to have one, I predominant influence of the landed inteanswer, in the first place, that those who rest. Without, therefore, imputing injushave the greatest stake are likely to be most tice to the landed interest, we may suppose interested in the welfare of the country, their ignorance of the true nature of merwhilst at the same time I readily admit, cantile or commercial transactions to be a that this predominance should be so ex- sufficient ground for some change in the tended as to prevent partial or unjust lean- original plan of representation. There was ing toward any particular class, or order of no opening, no provision made for this new men, in society. • There you have hit it; state of things. It was not because certain isn't that what I say ?' asked his opponent towns, rising into importance, and certain triumphally. "I fear not exactly,' an- ports, appropriate to commerce, might ocswered Pen ; ' for, by referring to the very casionally send men capable of watching grievance.--the canker which the nice op- their interests, that the great mass of pertics of the reformers have discovered in the sons unrepresented at all would be satisfied. system of close boroughs --we shall find These, as I said before, might assert local that the practice of the constitution, in de- rights and privileges ; but it was necessary,
; viating from the strict theory, has applied with a view to the country at large, and to the most effective means of preventing any the privileges of the constitution, that some undue preponderance of the landed interest essential change should be made in the over those of the moneyed, the commercial, general representation. Our ancestors were or trading part of the community. I will too wise to propose sweeping reforms. The not discuss with you, sir, the first principles constitution had been gradually forming itof government. I have already said, what self under the collective wisdom of succeedno man acquainted with the subject has ing generations ; and any sudden deviation ever denied, that the representatives of a froin its course was only likely to produce country, whose object is permanency and those rude convulsions which have, more security, must be the representatives of its than once, threatened the subversion of all property. This is the principle of English that has rendered us the wonder and admilegislation. When this was originally esta- ration of surrounding nations.' blished in our constitution, which, by the « « Bravo, bravo!' exclaimed the grazier, by, you, sir, seem to imagine a piece of who had been roused from a gentle slumold parchment, drawn up by some not- ber by the increasing energy of our hero. able lawyer, and declared regularly sign- • Auld England's worth 'em all shaken ed and sealed by somebody, at some parti- together.' cular date • I said no such thing,' " The machine,' continued Pen, who interrupted the stranger. * Your argu- hardly heard his cheerer, • was so well ments imply it, at least ; but when this put together, that it gradually adjusted it. principle was first understood and acted self to the new order of things. As ancient upon, land was the chief, if not almost boroughs decayed, or became rotten, if the the only representative of property ; so term please you better, they fell under the that even the boroughs were frequent- influence of small bodies, and even indivi