The Effects of the Principal Arts, Trades, and Professions, and of Civic States and Habits of Living, on Health and Longevity: With a Particular Reference to the Trades and Manufacturers of Leeds, and Suggestions for the Removal of Many of the Agents, which Produce Diseases, and Shorten the Duration of Life. From the London Ed., with Improvements

Porter, 1831 - 180 páginas

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Página 45 - The untimely labour of the night, and the protracted labour of the day, with respect to children, not only tends to diminish future expectations as to the general sum of life and industry, by impairing the strength and destroying the vital stamina of the rising generation, but it too often gives encouragement to idleness, extravagance and profligacy in the parents, who, contrary to the order of nature, subsist by the oppression of their offspring.
Página 85 - ... cheerfulness and colour, but these appearances rarely survive the age of manhood. Cuvier closes an eloquent description of animal existence and change, with the conclusion that
Página 8 - Slaughtermen, their wives, and their errand-boys, almost all eat fresh-cooked meat at least twice a-day. They are plump and rosy. They are, generally, also cheerful and good-natured, neither does their bloody occupation, nor their beef-eating, render them savage, as some theorists pretend, and even as the English law presumes.
Página 45 - ... years of age, roused from their beds at an early hour, hurried to the mills and kept there, with an interval of only forty minutes, till a late hour at night: kept, moreover, in an atmosphere impure, not only as the air of a town, not only defective in ventilation, but as loaded also with noxious dust. Health!
Página 85 - The father is anxious about his trade or his family, the mother is solicitous about her children. Each has little taste for recreation or amusement. . . . The various disorders, generally known under the name of indigestion, disorders dependent on a want of circulation of blood through the bowels, biliary derangements, constipation and headache, are well known to be the general attendants on trade, closely pursued. Indeed, in almost every individual, this absorbing principle produces one or other...
Página 103 - Almost unpeopling water, air, and land ; Beasts, fishes, birds, snails, caterpillars, flies Were laid full low by his relentless hand, That oft with gory crimson was distain'd : He many a dog destroy'd, and many a cat ; Of fleas his bed, of frogs the marshes drain'd, Could tellen if a mite were lean or fat, And read a lecture o'er the entrails of a gnat.
Página 46 - This abridgment was promptly adopted at other mills. Five minutes led to ten. It was found also that breakfast and " drinking" (afternoon meal) might be taken while the people were at work. Time was thus saved; more work was done; and the manufactured article consequently could be offered at a less price.
Página 5 - Myself and my pupils have personally and carefully inspected the state of the artizans in most kinds of manufacture, examined the agencies believed to be injurious, conversed on the subject with masters, overlookers, and the more intelligent workmen, and obtained many tables illustrating the character of the disorders prevalent in the several kinds of employ. From these sources collectively, I have drawn up statements, which, though avowedly imperfect, must, I conceive, approach to the truth.
Página 16 - It is apparent, even from observing only the expression of countenance, the complexion, and the gait, that the functions of the stomach and the heart are greatly impaired, even in those who consider themselves well. We see no plump and rosy tailors; none of fine form and strong muscle. The spine is generally curved...
Página 4 - But Ripon being subject in a degree at least to the evils of a town, we are required to compare the mortality at Leeds with that of an agricultural district, where the people and their habitations are not crowded. Pickering Lythe returned in 1821 a population of 15,232, and the number of burials 205; one death consequently in 74 persons. Taking, then, the mortality at Pickering Lythe as the natural one, there was an excess of 321 deaths in the borough of Leeds during the year 1821. And allowing for...

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