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cated under a long course of philosophy in the strictest vir tué, and most unspotted innocence. Pulcheria was charmed with her conversation, and immediately made her reports to the emperor her brother Theodosius. The character she gave made' such an impression on him, that he desired his sister to bring her away immediately to the lodgings of his friend Paulinus, where he found her beauty and her conversation beyond the highest idea he had framed of them. His friend Paulinus converted her to christianity, and gave her the name of Eudosia; after which the emperor publicly espoused her *), and enjoyed all the happiness in his marriage which he promised himself from such a virtuous and learned bride. She not only forgave the injuries which her two brothers had done her, but raised them to great honours; and by scyeral works of learning, as well as by an exemplary life, made herself so dear to the whole empire, that she had many statues erected to her memory, and is celebrated by the fathers of the churcb as the ornament of her sex.
4) TIME, NOT TO BE SQUANDBRED **)
Virg. Aeneis, 6, y.566. I
was yesterday pursuing the hint which I mentioned in my last paper, and comparing together the industry of man with that of other creatures; in which I could not but observe, that notwithstanding we are obliged by duty to keep ourseļves in constant'employ, after the same manner as inferior animals are prompted to it by instinct, we fall 'very short of them in this particular. We are here the more inexcusable, because there is a greater variety of business to which we
*) Im Jahre 421 nach Christi Geburt. **) Guardian, Vol. II. no, 158. Friday, September 11, 1713. ***) Nach der Uebersetzung von Tufs :
Hier übt harten Befehl der Gnosierheld Rhadamanthus, Züchtiget streng, und verhört den Betrug und zwingt zu bekennen, Wenn in der obern Welt, der leeren Verheimlichung fröhlich, Einer bis spät zum Tod aufhob die begangenen Sünden!
may apply ourselves. Reason opens to us a large field of affairs, which other creatures are not capable of. Beasts of, prey, and I believe of all other kinds, in their natural state of being, divide their time between action and rest. They are always at work or asleep. In short, their waking hours are wholly taken up in seeking after their food, or in consuming it. The human species only, to the great reproach of our natures, are filled with complaints, that the day hangs heavy on them, that they do not know what to do with themselves, that they are at a loss how to pass away their time, with many of the like shameful murmurs, which we often find in the mouths of those who are styled reasonable beings. How monstrous are such expressions amung creatures, who have the labours of the mind, as well as those of the body, to furnish them with proper employments; who, besides the business of their proper callings and professions, can apply themselves to the duties of religion, to meditation, to the reading of useful books, to discourse; in a word, who may exercise themselves in the unbounded pursuits of knows ledge and virtue, and every hour of their lives make them, selves wiser or better than they were before!
After baving been taken up for some time in this course of thought, I diverted myself with a book, according to my usual custom, in order to unbend my mind before I went to sleep. The book I made use of on th occasion was Lucian, where I amused my thought for about an hour among the dialogues of the dead, which in all probability produced the following dream,
I was conveyed, methought, into the entrance of the infernal regions, where I saw Rhadamanthus, one of the judges of the dead, seated in his tribunal. On his left hand stood the keeper of Erebus, on his right the keeper of Elysium, I was told he sat upon women that day, there being several of the sex. lately arrived, who had not yet their mansions assigned them, I was surprized to hear him ask every one of them the same question, namely, what they had been doing! Upon this question being proposed to the whole assembly they stared one upon another, as not knowing what to answer. He then interrogated each of them separately. Madam, says he, to the first of them, you have been upon the earth about fifty years: what have you been doing there all this while? Doing? says she, really I don't know what
I have been dotag: I desire I may have time given me to recollect. After about half an hour's pause she told him, that she had been playing at crimp *); upon which Rhadamanthus beckoned to the keeper on his left hand, to take her into custody. And you, Madam, says the judge, that look with such a soft and languishing air, I think you set out for this place in your nine and twentieth year, what bave you been doing all this while? I had a great deal of busiz ness on my hands, says she, being taken up the first twelve years of my life, in dressing a jointed baby, and all the remaining part of it in reading plays and romances. Very well, says he, you have employed your time to good purpose, Away with her! The next was a plain country-woman; well mistress, says Rhadamanthus, and what have you been doing? An't please your Worship, says ske, I did not live quite forty years; and in that time brought my
husband seven daughters, made him nine thousand cheeses, and left my eldest girl with him, to look after his house in my absence, and who I may venture to say is as pretty a house - wife as any in the country. Rhadamanthus smiled at the simplicity of the good woman, and ordered the keeper of Elysium to take her into his care. And you, fair lady, says he, what have you been doing these five and thirty years? I have been doing, no hurt, I assure you, Sir, said she, That is well, says he, lut what good have you been doing? The lady was in great confusion at this question, and not knowing what to answer, the two keepers leaped out to seize her at the same tinge: the one took her by the hand to convey her to Elysium, the other, caught hold of her to carry her away to Erebus, But Rhadamanthus observing an ingenious mor desty in her countenance and behaviour, bid them both let her loose, and set her aside for a re-examination when he was at more leisure, And old woman, of a proud and sour look, presented herself next at the bar, and being asked what she had been doing? Truly, say she, I lived threescore and ten years in a very wicked world, and was so angry at the behaviour of a parcel of young flirts that I past most of my last years in condemning the follies of the times: I was every day blaming the silly conduct of people about me, in
*) Nach Johnson's Dictionary. ein jetzt aus der Mode gekom menes Kartenspiel,
order to deter those l/conversed with from falling into the like errors and miscarriages. Very well, says Rhadamanthus, but did you keep the same watchful eye over your own actions? Why truly, says she, I was so taken' up with publishing the faults of others,' that I had no time to consider my own. Madam, says Rhadamanthus, be pleased to file off to the left, and make room for the venerable matron that stands behind
you. Old gentle - woman, says he, I think you are fourscore? You have heard the question, what have. you been doing so long in the world? Ah, Sir! says she, I have been doing what I should not have done, but I had made a firm resolution to have changed my life, if I had not been spatched of by an untimely end. Madam, says he, you will please to follow
Y your leader; and spying another of the same age, interrogated her in the same form. To which the mar tron replied: „I have been the wife of a husband who was as dear to me in his old age as in his youth. I have beeti a mother, and very happy in my children," whom I endeavoured to bring op in every thing that is good, My eldest son is blest by the poor, and beloved by every one that knows him. I lived within my own family, and left it much more wealthy than I found it." Rhadamanthus, who knew the value of the old lady, smiled upon her in such a mander, that the keeper of Elysium, who knew his office, reached out his hand to her. He no sooner touched her but her wrinkles vanished, her eyes sparkled, her checks glow'd with blushes, and she appeared in full bloom and beauty. A young woman observing that this officer, who conducted the happy to Elysium, was so great a beautifier, long'd to be in his hands, so that pressing through the crowd, she was the next that appeared at the bar, And being asked what she had been doing the fire and twenty years that she bad past in the world, „I have endeavoured, says she, ever since I came to years of discretion, to make myself lovely and gain admirers, In order to it I past my time in bottling up may-dew, inventing white-washes, mixing colours, cutting out patches, consulting my glass, suiting my complexion, tearing off my tucker, sinking my stays" — Rba- , damanthus, without hearing her out, gave the sign to take her off. . Upon the approach of the keeper of Erebus her colour faded, her face was puckered up with wrinkles, and ber whole person lost in deformity.
I was then surprised with a distant sound of a whole troop of females that came forward laughing, singing and dancing, I was very desirous to know the reception they would meet with, and withal was very apprehensive, that Rhadamanthus' would spoil their mirth: but at their nearer approach the noise grew very great that it awakened me.
I lay some time, reflecting in myself, on the oddness of this dream, and could not forbear asking my own heart, what I was doing? I answered myself, that I was writing Guardians. If my readers make'as good a use of this work as I design they should, I hope it will never be imputed to me work that is vain and' unprofitable.
I shall conclude this papər with recommending to them the same short sell - examination. If every one of them frequently lays his hand upon his heart, and considers what he is doing, it will check him in all the idle, or, what is worse, the vicious moments of life, lift up his mind when it is run. ning on in a series of indifferent actions, and encourage him when he is engaged in those which are virtuous and laudable, In a word, it will very much alleviate that guilt which the best of men have reason to acknowledge in their daily confessions, of leaving undone those things which they ought to have done, and of doing those things which they ought not to have done.
S T E EL E. SIR RICHARD STEELE wurde 1676 von Brittischen Eldern zu Dublin erzeugt. Zugleich mit Addison, seinem B4senfreunde, in der Charter-house school zu London' erzogen, nahm er ums Jahr 1695 als Fähnrich Dienste bei der Garde, In diosar, einem feurigen und zu Ausschweifungen geneigten Jüngling gefährlichen Lage, schrieb er zu seinem Privatgebrauch ein Sittenbüchlein unter dem Titel the christian Hero, voll der dringendsten,, aus der Religion entlohnten, Bewegungsgründe zu einem tugendhaften Wandel. Dieser geheime Erinnerer sprach aber nicht laut genug, um ihn vor den Abwegen zu bewahren, die er zu betreten fürchtete. Er liefs