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Doria, together with the Imperial faction, by his assistance he resolved to put the republick once more under the protection of that Monarch, hoping in return for that service to be entrusted with the principal share in the administration of government. But having communicated his scheme to a few chosen confidents, from whom he kept nothing secret, Verrina, the chief of them, a man of desperate fortune, cam pable alike of advising and executing the most audacious deeds, remonstrated with earnestness against the folly of exposing himself to the most aminent danger, while he allowed another to reap all the fruits of his success; and exhorted him warmly to aim himself at that pre-eminence in his country, to which he was destined by his illustrious birth, was called by the voice of his fellow- citizens, and would be raised by the zeal of his friends. This discourse opened such vast prospects to Fiesco, and so suitable to his genius, that abandoning his own plan, he eagerly adopted that of Verrina: The other persons present, though sensible of the hazardous nature of the undertaking, did not choose to cundemn what their pairon had so warmly approved. It was instantly resolved, in this dark cabal, to assassinate the two Dorias, as well as the principal persons of their party, to overturn the established system of government, and to place Ficsco on the ducal throne of Genoa. Time, however, and preparations were requisite to ripen such a desiga for execution; and while he was employed in carrying on these, Fiesco made it his chief care to guard against every thing that might betray his secret, or create suspicion. The disguise he assumed, was of all others the most impenetrable. He seemed to be abandoned entirely to pleasure and dissipation. A perpetual gaiety, diversified by the pursuit of all the amusements becoming his age and rank, engrossed, in appearance, the whole of his time and thoughts. But amidst this hurry of dissipation, he prosecuted his plan with the most cool attention, neither retarding the design by a timid hesitation, nor precipitating the execution by an excess of impatience. He continued bis correspondence with the French ambassador at Rome, though without communicating to him his real intentions, thát by his means he might secure the protection of the French armas, if hereafter he should find it necessary to call them to his aid. He entered into a close confederacy with Farnese Duke


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of Parma, who being disgusted with the Emperor for me fusing to grant him the investiture of that. dutchy, was eager to promote any measure that tended to diminish his influence in Italy, or to ruin a family so implicitly devoted to him as that of Doria. Being sensible that, in a maritime state, the acquisition of naval power was what he ought chief to aim at, be purchased four galleys from the Pope, who probably was not unacquainted with the design, which he had formed, and' did not disapprove of it. Under colour of fitting out one of these galleys to sail on a cruise against the Turks, he not only assembled a good number of his own vassals, but engaged in his service many bold adventurers, whom the truce between the Emperor and Solyman had deprived of their usual occupation and subsistence.

While Fiesco was taking these important steps, he preserved so admirably his usual appearance of being devoted entirely to pleasure and amusement, and paid court with sucha artful address to the two Dorias, as imposed not only on the generous and insuspicious mind of Andrew, but de ceived Giannetino, who, conscious of his own criminal intentions, was more apt to distrust the designs of others. So many instruments being now prepared, nothing remained' but to strike the blow. Various consultations were held by Fiesco with his confidents, in order to settle the manner of doing it with the greatest certainty and effect. At first, they proposed to murder the Dorias and their chief adherents, during the celebration of high mass in the principal church; but as Andrew was often absent from religious solemnities, on account of his great age, that design was laid aside. It was then concerted that Fiesco should invite the uncle and nephew, with all their friends whom they had marked out as victims, to his house; where it would be easy to cut them off at once without danger or resistance; but as Giannetino was obliged to leave the town on the day which they had chosen, it became necessary likewise to alter this plan. They at last

*) Peter Paul Farnese, erster Herzog von Perma und Piacenza, crhielt 1545 vom Pabst Paul III., dessen natürlicher Sohn er war, die genunnten Länder als päbstliches Lehen, gegen eine jährliche Abgabe von 8000 Thalern. Er lebte mit seinen Unterthanen und mit Keiser Karl 7. in Uneinigkeit und wurde armorder.

determined to attempt by open force what they found difficult to effect by stratagem, and fixed on the night between the second and third of January (1547), for the execution of their enterprize. The time was chosen with great proprielys for as the Doge of the former year was to quit his office, according to custom, on the first on the month, and his successor could not be elected sooner than the fourth, the republick remained during that interval in a sort of anarchy, and Fiesco might with less violence take possession of the vacant dignity.

The morning of that day, Fiesco employed in visiting his friends, passing some hours among them with a spirit as gay and unembarrassed as at other times. Towards evening, he paid court to the Dorias with his usual marks of respect, and surveying their countenance and behaviour with the ato. tention natural in his situation, was happy to observe the perfect security in which they remained, without the least foresight or dread of that storm which had been so loog a gathering, and was now ready to burst over their heads From their palace he hastened to his own, which stood by itself in the middle of a large court, surrounded by a high wall, The gates had been set: open in the morning, and all persons, without distinction, were allowed to enter, but strong guards posted within the court suffered no one to return. Verrina, meanwhile, and a few persons trusted with the tecret of the conspiracy, after conducting Fiesco's vassals, as well as the crews of his galleys into the palace in small bodies, with as little noise as possible, dispersed themselves through the city, and, in the name of their patron, invited to an entertainment the principal citizens whom they knew to be disgusted with the administration of the Dorias, and to have inclination as well as courage to attempt a change in the government. Of the vast number of persons who now filled the palace, a few only knew for what purpose they were assembled, the rest astonished at finding, instead of the preparations for a feast, a court crowded with armed men, and apartments filled with the instruments of war, gazed on each other with a mixture of curiosity, impatience, and terror.

While their minds were in this state of suspense and agitation, Fiesco appeared. With a look full of alacrity and confidence, he addressed himself to the persons of chief distinction, telling them, that they were not now called to par

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take of the pleasure of an entertainment, but to join in a deed of valour, which would lead them to liberty and immortal renown. He set before their eye the exorbitant as well as intolerable authority of the elder Doria, wbich the ambition of Giannetino, and the partiality of the Emperor to a family more devoted to him than to their country, was about to enlarge and to render perpetual. This unrighteous domination, continued be, you have it now in your power to subvert, and to establish the freedom of your country on a firm basis. The tyrants must be cut off. I have taken the most effectual measures for this purpose. My associates are pumerous. I can depend on allies and protectors if necessary, Happily the tyrants are as secure as I have been provident. Their insolent contempt of their countrymen has banished the suspicion and, timidity which usually render the guilty quick-sighted to discern, as well as sagacious to guard against the vengeance which they deserve, They will now feel the blow, before they suspect any hostile hand to be nigh. Let us then sally forth, that we may deliver our country by one. generous effort, almost unaccompanied with danger, and certain of success. These words, uttered with that irresistible fervour which animates the mind when roused by great objects, made the desired impression on the audience. Fiesco's vassals, ready to execute whatever their master should command, received his discourse with a murmur of applause. To many whose fortunes were desperate, the licence and confusion of an insurrection afforded an agreeable prospect. Those of higher rank and more virtuous sentiment, durst not discover that surprise or horror with which they were struck at the proposal of an enterprize no less unexpected than atro. cious; a$ each of them imagined the other to be in the secret of the conspiracy, and saw himself surrounded by persons who waited only a signal from their leader to perpetrate the greatest crime. With one voice then all applauded, or feigned to applaud the undertaking.

Fiesco having thus fixed and encouraged his associates, before he gave them his last orders, he hastened for a moment to the apartment of his wife, a lady of the noble house of Cibo, whom he loved with tender affection, and whose beauty and virtue rendered her worthy of his love. The noise of the armed men who crowded the court and palace, having long before reached her ears, she concluded some

bazardous enterprize to be in hand, and she trembled for her husband. He found her in all the anguish of uncertainty and fear; and as it was now impossible to keep his design concealed, he informed her of what he had undertaken. The prospect of a scene so full of horror as well as danger, completed her agony; and foreboding immediately in her mind the fatal issue of it, she endeavoured, by her tears, her entreaties, and her despair, to divert him from his purpose. Fiesco, after trying in vain to sooth and to inspire ber with hope, broke from a situation into which an excess of tenderness had unwarily seduced him, though it could not shake his resolution. „Farewell," he cried, as he quitted the apartment, „you shall either never see me more, or you sball behold to-morrow every thing in Genoa subject to your power.“

As soon as he rejoined his companions, he allotted each bis

proper station; some were appointed to assault and seize the different gates of the city; some to make themselves masters of the principal streets or places of strength: Fiesco reserved for himself the attack of the harbour where Doria's galleys were laid up, as the post of chief importance; and of greatest danger. It was now midnight, and the citizens slept. in the security of peace, when this band of conspirators, numerous, desperate, and well-armed, rushed out to execute their plan. They surprized some of the gates, without meeting with any resistance. They got possession of others after a sbarp conflict with the soldiers on guard. Verrina, with the galley which had been fitted out against the Turks, blocked up the mouth of the Darsena or little barbour where Doria's fleet lay. All possibility of escape being cut off by this precaution; when Fiesco attempted to enter the galleys from the shore to which they were made fast, they were in no condition to make resistance, as they were not only unrigged and disarmed, but had no crew on board, except the slaves chained to the oar. Every quarter of the city was now filled with noise and tumult, all the streets resounding with the cry of Fiesco and Liberty. At that name, so popular and beloved, many of the lower rank took arms, and joined the conspirators. The nobles and partisans of the aristocracy, astonished or affrighted, shut the gates of their houses, and thought of nothing but of securing them from pillage. At last, the noise excited by this scene of violence and confusion, reached the

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