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action amount angle apparatus applied arrangement atmosphere axis becomes body called causes centre charge column conductor connected consists containing continuous copper corresponding cylinder denote density described determined diminished direction distance earth effect electricity employed equal example expansion experiment fact fall force given gives glass gravity greater heat Hence horizontal increase indicated kind latter length less light liquid lower machine magnet mass means measured mercury metal method mirror motion move needle negative object observed obtained opposite parallel passes piston placed plane plate poles portion position potential pressure principle produced proportional quantity raised rays receiver reflected regarded represented resistance result rotation seen shown side solid sound space substance suppose surface temperature thermometer tion tube turned unit usually vapour vertical vessel vibrations volume weight wire
Página 286 - Its banks and its bottom are of cold water, while its current is of warm. The Gulf of Mexico is its fountain, and its mouth is in the Arctic seas. It is the Gulf Stream. There is in the world no other such majestic flow of waters. Its current is more rapid than the Mississippi or the Amazon, and its volume more than a thousand times greater.
Página 437 - Q are related by р/с' = constant, where y is the ratio of specific heat at constant pressure to specific heat at constant volume, for compressible fluids.
Página 633 - Unlike sea water, brackish waters differ in quality, quantity, and composition not only from place to place, but also from time to time even at a given location.
Página 910 - R' P', SP, will have a constant ratio ; or the sines of the angles of incidence and refraction are in a constant ratio.
Página 218 - The resistance which is opposed to a pump rod in raising water, is ~equal to the weight of a column of water whose base is the area of the piston, and...
Página 315 - A GLACIER is AN IMPERFECT FLUID, OR A VISCOUS BODY. WHICH IS URGED DOWN SLOPES OF A CERTAIN INCLINATION BY THE MUTUAL PRESSURE OF ITS PARTS.
Página 9 - The principle of inertia is an abstract principle which must be considered as applicable to a single isolated particle. It may be enounced in the following terms: — An isolated 'material point cannot change its state, whether of rest or motion. That is to say, if it be at rest it will remain at rest; if it be in motion it will continue to move in the same direction and with the same velocity.
Página 92 - If a vessel full of water, closed on all sides, has two openings, the one a hundred times as large as the other, and if each be supplied with a piston which fits exactly, a man pushing the small piston will exert a force which will equilibrate that of a hundred men pushing the Pig. 49.— Pascal's Principle. piston which is a hundred times as large, and will overcome that of ninety-nine.