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Sacrificial cap (galerus); in field, ΚΟΣΙΩΝ right, Q. E. 6. (Pl. XIV. 12.)
14. Obv.-Head of Demeter (?), veiled.
Rev.-ΣΥΡΚΟ ΣΙΩΝ (sic). Quiver with strap,
15. Obv.-Bust of Helios, radiate, right, with bow and quiver over shoulder.
Naked male figure, of Egyptian style, wearing modius, and holding branch and wreath (?). Æ. 75. (Pl. XIV. 11.)
16. Obv.-Head of Janus.
Rev.-ZYPAKO ZION. Object resembling a quiver, with a circular radiate top and two fillets attached to rings on each side. Æ. 6. (Pl. XIV. 13.)
17. Obv.-Head of Asklepios.
Rev.-EYPAKO ZION. Serpent entwined round a staff. E. ·5.
I have now traced, during the long course of three hundred years, the numismatic history of the most wealthy and populous of the cities of ancient Greece; a city which has left us an unbroken series of coins unrivalled for their artistic beauty by those of any other State, ancient or modern, although it must be confessed that in boldness, as well as in chastity of style, they are surpassed by individual specimens from Hellas and even from Macedon, notably by the splendid tetradrachm of Amphipolis with the head of Apollo, by some of the coins of Aenus in Thrace, and of Clazomenæ in Ionia. Nevertheless, as a continuous series, the coins of Syracuse offer to the art student a far greater variety of type and detail illustrative of the progress of Greek art, from its infancy to its decline and ultimate extinction, than those of any other Hellenic city. In the foregoing pages I have for
the most part confined myself to the consideration of the chronological sequence of the pieces of this magnificent series, leaving it to others more competent than I am, to amplify and elaborate the work,—to the art critic the task of determining the relative artistic merit of style and type, and to the student of mythology that of recording, and even sometimes of unravelling, the myths handed down to us in these beautiful though minute monuments of ancient metal-work. The artist may compare the styles of Eumenos and Soson, of Kimon and Evænetos, while the mythologist may decide whether the head represented is that of Arethusa, of Artemis Potamia, or of Kyane, the nymph of the fountain when Hades bore off the goddess Persephone into the realms of the underworld; or he may seek an explanation of the myth of Leukaspis.
To these and all who have neither the leisure nor the opportunity of consulting the coins themselves, I am glad to be able to offer a series of plates, which afford accurate and faithful reproductions of the monuments in their present condition, not adorned by the fancy and not misrepresented, as is so often the case, by the ignorance of the modern engraver.
In conclusion, I have to record my best thanks for the valuable assistance which I have received throughout the compilation of the foregoing catalogue from my friends and colleagues, Mr. R. Stuart Poole and Mr. Percy Gardner, without whose constant encouragement I should hardly have ventured to court the criticism of Numismatists by the publication of the above remarks; more especially after I became aware that on more than one important question, my opinion was at variance with the generally accepted judgment of some of the first Numismatists in Europe. BARCLAY V. HEAD.
(a) Table of the normal weights of Syracusan gold and electrum coins, in English grains and French grammes, together with their equivalent values in silver grains, grammes, and litræ.
PERIOD I.-PROPORTIONATE VALUE OF N.: AR. AS 1 : 15.
PERIOD II.-PROPORTIONATE Value of N.: A. AS 1 : 12.
N.B.-The weights of the electrum coins are printed in darker type.
(B) Table of the normal weights of the principal Syracusan silver coins in English grains and French grammes.
ON SOME UNPUBLISHED OR LITTLE KNOWN COINS OF THE ROMANS RELATING TO BRITAIN.
BY THE REV. PROFESSOR CHURCHILL BABINGTON, B.D., F.L.S., V.P.R.S.L., &c.
THE following paper comprises an account of Roman coins relating to Britain, such as are either unpublished, or vaguely included under a description which will embrace various forms; as well as those coins published by myself in the Transactions of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society. They are contained, with very few exceptions, in my own cabinet.
It is certainly much to be wished that a new work on this class of coins might be written. Mr. Akerman's valuable publication, "Coins of the Romans relating to Britain," the second edition of which appeared in 1844, was no doubt a great step in advance. But in the later part of the work the entire obverses of the coins are in many cases not given at all,-see more especially those of Carausius and Allectus; and different varieties are classed together under the same number in a manner not altogether satisfactory. Moreover, it was not at that time, so far as I am aware, even suspected that the coins reading PLN in the exergue were struck in London; so VOL. XIV., N.S.