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ΘΕ archaic wheel, with the letters a second example of
IL which exists in the Museo Kircheriano at Rome, with the
No satisfactory explanation of this remarkable legend has as yet been hazarded, for that of the Duc de Luynes, who would read OEFI, and who attri. butes them to Veii, cannot surely be considered as such (Revue Num., 1859, p. 367). However this may be, the coins are certainly Etrurian. The sea-horse on the reverse of the present specimen would point to a maritime city, while its weight proves that it belongs to a different monetary system from that in use at Populonia.
TUDER UMBRIÆ. 5. Obr.-Young male head, right, wearing petasos with
flattened top, tied under the chin. Rev.—303TVT. Sow with three pigs, right. Æ. .95.
Pl. III. fig. 2. The obverse of this coin represents, according to Cavedoni, the head of Æneas (Caved. ad. Carell., Tab. xxi., Nos. 45 and 46); and the reverse, the renowned white sow which appeared to Æneas, and gave birth to thirty pigs on the spot where the town of Alba Longa was afterwards founded. It is not at once apparent, however, why this type should have been adopted by the town of Tuder.
The supposed nummus of Servius Tullius exhibits on the obverse a somewhat similar type, see the Duc de Luynes' article in the Revue Numismatique, 1859, p. 322. AQUINUM LATII. 6. Obv.-Head of Pallas in crested Corinthian helmet, left.
Rev.- AQVINO. Cock to left; above star. Æ. •75.
The coins of this town, which was situated on the Via Latina, on the borders of Latium, resemble those of Cales
Suessa, Teanum, and other towns of Campania. They are of considerable rarity.
7. Obr.-Head of Apollo, laureated, right, back hair hanging down neck in formal curl.
Half bull, swimming, right. Æ. 4.
8. Obv.-Head of Hermes, hair falling in curls over neck, wearing petasos, over his shoulder the caduceus; behind, star.
Rev.Я1 >]. ___ Man-headed bull walking right; above, star. Æ. 75. Pl. III. fig. 3.
This coin of Teanum is remarkable as presenting the unusual type of a head of Hermes with flowing hair.
9. Obv.-Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy, right; over his shoulder, the thyrsos.
Rev.-NEAП. Bunch of grapes between two vine-leaves, countermarked with caduceus.
E. 7. Pl. III.
The modern town of Polignano now occupies the site of this city.
10. Obv.-Horseman, right, wearing loose chiton and conical hat or helmet, holding reins with left, and with right about to strike with spear; horse prancing. Rev. 9AT. Taras riding on dolphin, left, holding in raised right uncertain object, beneath dolphin, cockle shell and waves. AR. 95; wt. 123 grs. Didrachm.
The style of the obverse of this coin is very different from that of the common didrachms of Tarentum, and it must be considered as the earliest example of the horseman type, and as belonging to the transitional style of art
between the archaic and the fine periods. It is engraved in Carelli, pl. cix. fig. 115.
11. Obv.-Naked youth seated on horse, right, crowning him; behind him, Nike placing a wreath upon his head;
Rev.-Taras naked, holding kantharos and trident, riding on dolphin, left. AR. 6; wt. 26.3 grs.
This coin is a hemidrachm. There is, in the Museum, a drachm of the same type and bearing the same magistrate's name, but no coin of a smaller denomination.
12. Obv.-Female head, left, wearing broad diadem, ear-ring, and necklace.
Rev.-Naked youth seated on horse, right, crowning him; in field, left, crescent beneath dolphin and TA. E. 7; wt. 66.7 grs. (formerly plated).
This coin is of precisely the same type as a silver didrachm in the Museum collection, and it is evident that it must at one time have been plated, and in current circulation as a didrachm. It is most unusual to find an ancient plated coin which has lost all traces of the plating. METAPONTUM LUCANIE.
13. Obv.- Head of Hygieia, right, hair turned up behind and bound with fillet, crossed, the whole within an olive wreath.
Rev.-ME. Ear of barley. R. 85; wt. 120.5 grs.
14. Obv.-Head of Demeter or Persephone, full-face, wearing diadem, wreath of corn, and necklace with large pendants; above, ΣNTHPIA.
Rev.-META. Ear of barley. R. 85; wt. 120.9 grs.
The first of these coins belongs to the fine period of art. The legend YTIEIA occurs on certain well-known specimens of precisely the same type.
The second is of later date, and is a good example of
As to the legend
the period of the decline of art. ZOTHPIA, Millingen remarks (Consid. sur la num. de l'anc. Ital., p. 25), "Au lieu de ΣOTEIPA, l'épithète ordinaire de cette déesse et de sa fille, elle est appelée ici 20THPLA comme étant le salut de la ville, et identifiée avec Salus, dont les Romains firent une divinité spéciale." Cavedoni (N. I. Vet., p. 80) prefers to consider ΣTHPIA as the local form of ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ. Cf. κόρια pro κόρα, Callim. in Dian., v. 233.
15. Obr.-Mask, right, hair rolled, and one long lock falling at the side.
Rev.-ME. Barley-corn. E. 5.
16. Obr.-Head of Pallas, left, wearing Phrygian helmet bound with olive wreath.
Rev.-YEA. Fore-part of lion, left, devouring ram's head; above, PA. Æ. 85.
17. Obr.-Head of Poseidon, left, laureated.
Rev.-. AHTON. Owl with wings spread. E. 55.
18. Obr.-KPOTONIATAN. Eagle with spread wings on laurel branch, left.
Rer. Tripod with two handles, having conical cover with one handle; in field, left, ear of barley with leaf
and; right, P and dolphin. R. 9; wt. RMI
Pl. III. fig. 6.
19. Obv.-0 KSMTAM. Herakles naked, seated, left, on rock, covered with lion's skin, holding laurel
branch, filleted, and club; behind him bow and quiver; in front, altar laureated.
VOL. XIII. N.S.
Rev.-KPOTON (in exergue). Tripod, the cross-bar of which is ornamented with pendent honeysuckle and lotus flowers; in the field, left, Apollo shooting an arrow at the Python, which is coiled and erect in field, right. R. 9; wt. 121-2 grs. Pl. III. fig. 7.
The letters on the obverse of this coin are archaistic, such as we not unfrequently find on coins of the finest period of art.
CROTON AND SYBARIS.
20. Obv.- PO. Tripod.
Rer.-MV (in exergue). Bull, right, looking back; border of radiating lines, the whole incuse. AR. 95; wt. 126-7 grs.
12. Obr.-IIANAOM SA. Female head, right (Nymph, Pandosia), wearing broad double diadem, hair in bunch behind, the whole in laurel wreath.
Rev.-River Crathis naked, standing facing with head towards left, holding in extended right patera, and in left olive branch; at his feet a fish leaping up towards the patera: in field, left, KPAM. AR. 85; wt. 104-7 grs. Pl. III. fig. 8.
The position of this town is said by Strabo to be a little above Consentia (vi. 256), an expression which has never been satisfactorily explained. He also calls it φρούριον ἐρυμνὸν * * * τρικόρυφον δ' ἐστὶ τὸ φρούριον, καὶ παραῤῥει ποταμὸς ̓Αχέρων. From this description we should conclude that Pandosia was situated on three heights in the immediate neighbourhood of Consentia, a supposition which is confirmed by the occurrence of a personification on this coin of the river Crathis, on which stood Consentia. Geographers are agreed in placing Pandosia on the river Acheron, but they differ as to the whereabouts of that stream, some supposing it to have been an affluent of the Crathis, which flows northwards