Imágenes de páginas

and vowels, to be decided by etymologists. To my mind, the chief argument against the reading ΓΟΡΤΥΝΙΩΝ ΤΥΠΟΣ exists in the comparative lateness of the style of art, for the coin clearly belongs to a period when such a legend would, to say the least, be improbable. The only other alternative is to consider IBOX as simply a magistrate's name, and as such it would doubtless have been generally accepted had it not been for the strangeness of such a proper name. W. H. Roscher, however, in an article on this subject in Curtius' Studien zur Griechischen u. Lateinischen Grammatik (Band ii., Heft i., pp. 154-5), gives a list of names to which Θίβος might be related, such as Θίβ-ρ-ων (Θίμβρων) and Θίβραχος.


73. Obv.-Head of Pallas wearing Corinthian helmet, right. Rev.-IP between the prongs of a trident. Æ. ·4.


74. Obr.-Head of Demeter veiled, right.

Rev.-EY BOIENN. Bull butting, right; above, a trident.
Æ. 7.

75. Obv.-Head of Hermes, right, wearing petasos; behind shoulder, top of caduceus.

Rev.-EY BOIEON. Ear of barley. Æ. 45.

[blocks in formation]

77. Obv.—Bunch of grapes with leaf on either side.

Rev.-Head of Herakles, left, wearing lion's scalp. The whole within a dotted incuse square. AR. '95; wt. 256 grs.

This coin is a tetradrachm of the Attic standard, which

must have been adopted by the island of Ceos soon after its introduction by Solon at Athens early in the sixth century B.C. The smaller coins with the same obverse type, but with an incuse reverse with no type, are earlier, and follow the Æginetan standard.


78. Obv.-Two naked Archaic male figures wrestling, their right arms raised with lekythi hanging from them by strings.

Rev.-Cuttle-fish or beetle (?) in an incuse square, within which a frame consisting of a line of dots between two plain lines. R. 6; wt. 62 grs. Pl. V. fig. 8.

This unique drachm, if it be of Goresia at all, which I think very doubtful, marks the transition at this town. also from the Æginetan to the Attic standard. The style of the obverse reminds us of some of the early coins of Macedon.


79. Obv.-Star.

Rer.-KI. Æ. ·45.

The type of the star Sirius is probably borrowed from the neighbouring Ceos, where Aristaos was worshipped as the averter of the heat of the dog-star, and the bringer of the cool breezes, Etesiæ, which blow for a fortnight in July and August over the entire Archipelago. (Preller, Gr. Myth., i. 358.)


80. Obv.-EIII TI HANKAEO2 TO г. Pomegranate.

Rev.-MHAION. Palladium, right, holding spear and shield. In field, right, IIII. Æ. 95.


81. Obv.—Head of young Dionysos, full-face, towards right, crowned with ivy-wreath, which hangs down on each side of his neck.

This coin is attributed by some to Trapezus.


Rev.-O NI.


Two ears of barley growing on one stalk.
Æ. 65.


82. Obv.-Egis, with head of Gorgon in the centre.

Rev.-AAOAI KEQ Nike, right, carrying filleted wreath and palm, in front, M. E. 75.

I can find no mention of any town of this name in Pontus, but the types both of the obverse and reverse, which are precisely those of Amisus and other Pontic cities, compel us to suppose that a town called Laodiceia must have existed in this district.


83. Obv.-Head of Pharnakes diademed, right.

Rev.-ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΑΡΝΑΚΟΥ. Divinity standing fullface, wearing petasos, chiton, chlamys which hangs behind him, and cothurni. He holds in left a cornucopiæ and caduceus, and in right a branch of vine, on which a doe is feeding. In field, left, crescent and star; right, mons. M, B, AP. R. 1.2; wt. 262-4 grs. Pl. V. fig. 9. M. Waddington in a paper on the Amasia find (Rev. Num., 1863, p. 217), describes a specimen similar to this one. He is unable to assign a name to the divinity on the reverse, which some have endeavoured to identify with Mên, to whom a celebrated temple at Kabira was dedicated.


84. Obv.-BACIAEWC HOAЄMWNOC. Head of Polemon II., right, diademed.

Rev.-ЄTOYC Kг. Head of Nero, right, wearing wreath of laurel with berries or olive (?) R.7; wt. 56·8. grs.

BOSPORUS. Rhescuporis I. and Tiberius, A.D. 13-16.

85. Obv.-TIBEPIOL ΙΟΥΛΙΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ PHLKOYRhescuporis standing, right, placing


[blocks in formation]

his foot upon a kneeling captive, and raising his right hand to his face; behind him another kneeling captive, and in front a trophy.

Rev.-MH within laurel(?)-wreath with berries on long stalks. E. 1.1.

Leake says the letters MH are the numerals 48, and mark the value, as IB (12) and KA (24) also occur.


86. Obv.-Young male head, right, wearing crested helmet. Rev.-AYA A PON. Parazonium with strap, right; in field, left, W. Æ. ·85.

This coin is published in Mionnet (Suppl., iv. 565). It is of considerable rarity. I find no mention of this town in the geographical dictionaries.


87. Obr.-Female head, left, wearing necklace and stephanos with floral ornament and surmounted by three turrets.



Diota, above which bunch of grapes. E. 55.

It is supposed that the female head on the obverse represents the Amazon Cromna, the founder of the town. SINOPE, PAPHLAGONIÆ.

88. Obv.-Head of nymph Sinope, left, wearing ear-ring and necklace, hair in sphendone.

Rev.-Eagle flying, left, with dolphin in its claws, above AIIO; below eagle HP; beneath, ▲ATAMA. Æ. ·7; wt. 90.9 grs.

This remarkable coin of Sinope is the only Greek coin. of this city that I know of which does not bear the name of the city. There are two coins of Sinope in the Museum with the name of an uncertain satrap in Phoenician characters (De Luynes, Num. des Satrapies, &c., Pl. v. No. 4). The present specimen must have been struck under the rule of Datames, the satrap of Cilicia, after he had reduced

to subjection Thyus of Paphlagonia, who had revolted from Artaxerxes Mnemon.


89. Obv.-Head of Philetarus, right, laureated, hair curly over forehead.

Rev.-IAETAIPOY. Pallas armed, seated, left, holding wreath in right; behind her a strung bow, and shield with Gorgon's head upon it; in field, left,

standard and mon. 4. AR. 1-25; wt. 254.8 grs.

The attribution of the series of the kings of Pergamus. has never been satisfactorily determined. The above specimen was assigned by Mr. Wigan to Attalus III., upon what grounds I do not know.


90. Obv.-ПIONITON. Bust of Pallas, right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.

Rev.-ENIA OY пƐ РKÖY ПONI (in exergue). Tetrastyle temple with dot in pediment, within the temple an uncertain statue. E. 65.

Pionia, under the Romans, was included in the district of Adramyttium, which was a conventus juridicus of the province of Asia. Lupercus was probably a member of the Gallia family. (Cf. the coins of C. Gallius Lupercus, who was one of the monetary triumvirs under Augustus, B.C. 9.)


91. Obv.-Female head, right, wearing necklace, hair enclosed in a net.




Dove standing, right; in front, œnochoë, right; behind dolphin, downwards, left. E. ·55.

This type is remarkable, and has not, as far as I am aware, been explained.


92. Obr.-COL. Branch divided into three and filleted.

« AnteriorContinuar »