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The ram's head and the dolphin are both symbols of Apollo. The one refers to his pastoral character as protector and leader of the flocks, in which capacity he bore numerous surnames, such as Καρνές, Νόμιος, Ποίμνιος. The other is in memory of the tradition according to which Apollo, under the form of a dolphin, conducted Kastalios and his Cretan colonists across the sea to the Gulf of Crissa, in the neighbourhood of which place, at Delphi, they erected a sanctuary to the god under the surname Δελφίνιος.


48. Obv.-Boeotian shield, upon which is a caduceus.

Rev.-A I, between the letters a diota, above which is a dot. R. 7; wt. 90.7 grs.

Delium, according to Strabo (ix. 403.), was a temple of Apollo, and a small town of the Tanagræans, TÔV Ταναγραίων πολίχνιον. The temple is also described by Livy (xxxv. 51). These notices would lead us to suppose that Delium was little more than a village which had grown up round a celebrated sanctuary of Apollo. Leake, who attributes Boeotian silver with AI to this town, says that its silver coinage indicates that it must have been a place of some importance. I do not however think this is a necessary consequence, although it is of course quite possible. Professor E. Curtius, in his Religious Character of Greek Coins" (Num. Chron., 1870), says that the earliest coins were probably issued from the treasuries of celebrated temples, and that, even after the establishment of a coinage, there were territories which had no other unity than that of a common religious worship, and where it was to the interest of the priesthood to cultivate and express this unity, not indeed

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merely by common annual and festival ordinances, but also by a district coinage issued from the temple treasury. It seems to me by no means impossible that the coinage of Delium may have been issued from the treasury of the Temple of Apollo. It is, however, extremely doubtful whether these coins should be attributed to Delium at all. AI for A H is, to say the least, unusual. ORCHOMENOS BOTIE.

49. Obv.-Female figure (Atalanta) wearing short chiton and Ætolian hat, which has fallen over her shoulders. She kneels to right on her right knee, her left hand is extended, and her right rests upon the ground; behind her is a dog seated.


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ION. Aphrodite(?) naked to the waist, reclining left, her head thrown back and looking upwards; at her feet an infant Eros (?) seated left, with arms extended towards Aphrodite. E. 75. Pl. V. fig. 1.

The attribution of this coin to Orchomenos rests apparently upon the evidence of Sestini, who reads. OPXOMENION upon a specimen which in other respects appears to be in very poor preservation, for he describes it wrongly, making the obverse Artemis and the reverse Aktæon chained to a rock (Lett., tom. ii. p. 47). I think there can be no doubt that the figure on the obverse is Atalanta (Cf. the coins of Etolia), and that on the reverse Aphrodite accompanied by Eros.


50. Obv.-Demeter, left, in a winged chariot drawn by serpents. She holds ears of corn.

Rev.-AOE. Pig, right; beneath, E. E. 6.


51. Obv.-Triptolemos in a winged chariot drawn by serpents. He holds ears of corn.

Rev.-EAEY. Pig, right, standing on torch. In exergue,

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Beulé, in his "Monnaies d'Athènes," remarks that the figure in the car appears to be sometimes Demeter and sometimes Triptolemos; he also suggests that this type may have been borrowed from some celebrated work of art which has not been noticed by historians.



52. Obr.-Head of Zeus, right, laureated.

Rev.-Monogram of Achaia, above club, right, in field, right, K; all within laurel wreath, the leaves of which point downwards. R. 65; wt. 38.7 grs.


53. Obv.-Zeus Homagyrios naked, left, holding Nike stephanephoros, and sceptre; behind, EENIA. Rev.-AXAION AMEATON. Demeter Panachaia seated, left, holding wreath and sceptre. . 8.


54. Obv.-Same type.


Æ. 75.


Same type.

The first of these coins of the League is of an uncertain mint, the occurrence of coins of Asea and Teuthis proves that these towns continued to exist after the foundation of Megalopolis, to which city the greater part of their inhabitants had migrated.


55. Obv.-O. . . . . Eagle with spread wings flying upwards and holding a large serpent in its beak and claws. The serpent, which is coiled round the body of the eagle, is attacking its head. The breast and right wing of the eagle are countermarked.

Rev. A 1. Nike, wearing long chiton, running, right, holding wreath in left, and raising the corner of her chiton with right. The whole in circular incuse. AR. 9; wt. 185.2 grs. Pl. V. fig. 2.

This is a didrachm of the Eginetan standard; it is of the archaic period, and of a good bold style.


56. Obv.-F A. Head of Hera, right, wearing stephane.

Rev.-Eagle's head, right, within wreath of laurel. R. 4; wt. 13.6 grs.

This obol is of good style, and of a type previously unrepresented in the Museum.


57. Obv.-Head of Hermes, right, wearing winged petasos: over shoulder, caduceus.


The petasos and the caduceus on the obverse are very indistinct.


58. Obr.-Head of Zeus laureated, left.

Rev.-II P, between the letters a pine-cone hanging from a branch with leaves. Æ. ·65.


59. Obv.-Head of Pallas, full-face, wearing Athenian helmet, car-rings, and necklace with pendants.

Rev.-ПYOON. Ram walking, right.


60. Obv.-Head of Demeter, right, crowned with corn and wearing ear-ring.

Rev.-M. Bunch of grapes with stalk and leaves; in field, right, AI in a small wreath. Æ. 7.


61. Obv.-Head of Cleomenes III., left, diademed. Rev.-A A. Archaic statue, right, wearing helmet, holding spear in upraised right and strung bow in left; at its side a goat, right; in field, left, laurel wreath. R. 1; wt. 255.5 grs. Pl. V. fig. 3. This celebrated coin is attributed to Cleomenes III., 5 The above is a wrong attribution: the coin belongs to Clazomenæ. I owe this rectification to Dr. Imhoof-Blumer.

King of Sparta, and is supposed to have been struck circ. 225, after his victory over the Achæans. (See Leake, Lacedæmon.) The statue on the reverse is in all probability that of Apollo Amyclæus, which is described by Pausanias (Lacon., xix. 2), as ἀρχαῖον καὶ οὐ σὺν τέχνῃ πεποιημένον· ὅτι γὰρ μὴ πρόσωπον αὐτῷ καὶ πόδες εἰσὶν ἄκροι καὶ χεῖρες, τὸ λοιπὸν χαλκῷ κίονί ἐστιν εἰκασμένον. ἔχει δὲ ἐπὶ τῇ κεφαλῇ κράνος, λόγχην δὲ ἐν ταῖς χερσί καὶ τόξον. A coin from the same die exists in the Bibliothèque Nationale at Paris. It is in better preservation than this specimen; on the lower part of the statue is an aplustre surmounted by a cock. Visconti supposes that these adjuncts, as well as the goat, may have been added to the statue after the naval victory of Sparta over Athens at Egospotami, and that they were still there in the time of Cleomenes III., 180 years afterwards. Pausanias does not mention them, but they may have been removed in his time.


62. Obv.-Half-wolf running, left.


Rev.-Around which K

A; beneath, a vase, on which Η Σ

NE; the whole in incuse square. . 6; wt. 37.7. The wolf is the symbol of Apollo Aúktos, to whom the most splendid of the temples in Argos was dedicated. This temple is said by Pausanias to have been built by Danaos after his strife with Gelanor for the kingdom of Argos, on which occasion a wolf rushed on a herd of oxen that were feeding before the walls and attacked the bull that was the leader of the herd. Hence the Argives likened Gelanor to the bull and Danaos to the wolf, and Danaos being of opinion that the wolf had been sent by Apollo, built this temple to Apollo Aúκios. (Pausanias, ii. 19, 3.)


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