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29. Obv.-A. Bull kneeling, left, on left knee, and look
Rev.-Helmet in shallow incuse square.
grs. Pl. IV. fig. 5.
AR. 6; wt. 38.7
There can be little doubt that this coin should be attributed to Acanthus. The name Dokimos is probably that of a magistrate, who may have been an ancestor of the celebrated Macedonian general of the same name, who founded the town of Dokimeum in Phrygia. AMPHIPOLIS, MACEDONIE.
30. Obr.-Head of Apollo laureated, full-face, turned towards right; in field, right, dog seated, left.
Rev.-AMPIOAITEON on a square frame, in the centre of which is a torch: in field, right, A. R. 1; wt. 220.5 grs. Pl. IV. fig. 6.
A magnificent didrachm of the Macedonian standard, in a perfect state of preservation, and of the finest period of art. OLYNTHUS, MACEDONIE.
31. Obv.-Horse galloping, right.
Rev.-OAYN. Incuse square, in which eagle with spread wings devouring serpent. R. 6; wt. 36 grs. Pl. IV. fig. 7.
This specimen is of an early style, though it cannot be said to be archaic. It belongs to the period when the so-called Macedonian standard was in use throughout this district (Brandis, p. 223). No coins bearing the name of Olynthus are known of the period during which it played so important a part in the political history of Greece. It is, however, probable that some of the coins of the Chalcidean League were struck in this city. If this be admitted, it would of course account for the absence of any coins of the fine period bearing the name of Olynthus.
Cadalvene (Pl. I. 28) engraves a small silver coin of the Chalcidean type with the letters OAYNO round the head of Apollo on the obverse.
32. Obv.-NRHKIOй. Man, wearing Macedonian kausia and short tunic, holding by the bridle a horse prancing, right.
Rev.-Shallow incuse square divided by diagonal lines.
There is a coin of this type in the Mus. de Luynes (Brandis, p. 529). The usual type of the coins of the Oreskii is a Centaur carrying off a woman. These people are supposed to have inhabited the Pangæan mountain range. "In the midst of these mountains," says Leake, "stood the oracular temple of Bacchus, the priests of which were Bessi. Here, probably, the coins of the Oreskii were struck, and from hence emanated that worship of the Mountain Bacchus, which spread over Greece. (Num. Hell. Europe, s. v. Orescii.)
33. Obv.-Female head, right, hair rolled.
Rev.-TPIKKAION. Asklepios seated, right, on sella, holding out a bird to a serpent coiled and erect before him. Æ. 8. Pl. IV. fig. 9.
The female head on the obverse is probably Tricca, a daughter of the river-god Peneius, from whom the city received its name (Steph. Byz. s. v.). The reverse type alludes to the famous temple of Asklepios at Tricca, said by Strabo to have been one of the most ancient and illustrious of all the temples of the god (Strab. ix. p. 437). A college of medical priests seems to have been attached to this temple, which was frequented by persons suffering from all sorts of maladies.
ALEXANDER III. (The Great).
34. Obv.-Bust of Alexander the Great, laureated, right, as Herakles wearing lion's skin over shoulders, knotted in front.
Rev.-[A]AEEA[N] in two lines; between which, lion
walking, right. N. 35; wt. 18.1 grs. Pl. IV. fig. 10.
This curious little piece of fine workmanship and good art, nevertheless, is not Greek in style, and must be classed with the remarkable gold medallions of the Trésor de Tarse and the small silver pieces.
Alexander, with and without lion's skin. Rev.-AAEEAN APOY; lion walking. All these appear to be Roman reproductions, struck, possibly, in Macedon in honour and in commemoration of Alexander the Great by Caracalla or Severus Alexander, of which last emperor Lampridius remarks, cap. xxv. : "Alexandri habitu nummos plurimos figuravit; et quidem electreos aliquantos, sed plurimos tamen aureos." Concerning the gold medallions of the Trésor de Tarse above alluded to, see Rev. Num., 1868, p. 310.
35. Obv.-Cow standing, right, and suckling calf; above, ΔΑΜΑΡΧΟΣ.
Rev.-ΑΠΟΛ ΑΡΙΣΤΟΚΛΕΟΣ written on the sides of a square, within which are the gardens of Alkinoos. AR. 7; wt. 51 grs.
36. Obv.-Burning hillock; above and below, in two lines, AI NEA.
Rev.-АПоАAQ NIATAN, in two lines, between which, pedum, left. R. 5; wt. 23.5 grs.
37. Obv.-Head of Apollo, left, laureated; in front, AMPINNUX. Rev.-ΑΠΟΛ. Three nymphs dancing, hand in hand, round a burning hillock; in exergue, OINIAN. AR. 85; wt. 59.8 grs.
38. Obv.-Head of Pallas, left, in front ANAPONOΣ.
Rev.-AПОAAQ NIATAN, in two lines, between which, obelisk, on either side of which, in two lines, TI ΜΗΝ. Æ. ·6; wt. 29-3 grs.
The city of Apollonia rose to great importance during the century before the Christian era, and to this period most of its coins belong. The type of gardens of Alkinoos is borrowed from the coins of its mother city, Corcyra. The burning hillock, or Nymphæum, in the neighbourhood of the city, was sacred to Pan and the Nymphswhence the pedum on the coins. (Leake, Num. Hell. s. v. Apollonia.) This natural fire is described by Dion. Cassius (1. xli. r. 291) and by Pliny (ii. cvi.).
39. Obv.-Head of Zeus laureated, right.
Rev.-AYP. Tripod, on either side of which, in two lines,
40. Obv.-Head of Helios, radiated, right.
Rev.-Prow, right, above and below, in two lines, Σ02-
Uncertain of ILLYRICUM ?
41. Obv.-Barbarous male head nude, right.
Rev. Figure in military costume standing facing, head turned towards left, resting with left upon spear, and holding in extended right uncertain object; on either side, TA NOS. Æ. ·65.
This coin, from its close resemblance in style to those of Ballæus, has been classed to an uncertain King of Illyricum, but judging from the form of the letters, I confess that I have not much faith in this attribution.
42. Obv.-Young male head laureated, left.
Rev. A. Kantharos. E. 75 grs.
CASSOPE AND MOLOSSI, EPIRI.
43. Obv.-KAZZQIAION, in three lines, beneath which the mon. : the whole in wreath of laurel.
Rev.-MOAOΣON and mon. Ein laurel wreath. E. 1. The Molossian territory bordered upon that of Cassope, and at the period when this coin was struck, there may have been but one coinage for the two peoples.
44. Obv.-Head of Zeus, laureated, left.
Rev.-IIAN. Thunderbolt within a wreath of oak.
45. Obv.-Head of young Herakles laureated, right, lion's skin tied round throat.
Rev.-HPAKAEQ TAN. Altar or table composed of the attributes of Herakles, strung bow, quiver, club,
&c. ; in field, left, uncertain object or mon A. Æ. 6.
The type of this coin is very remarkable, and it is with hesitation that I have described it thus:
46. Obv.-Head of ox, filleted for sacrifice.
Rev.-ONY MAP XOY, in three lines, within laurel wreath.
47. Obv.-Head of negro, right.
Rev.-Ram's head, right, beneath which a dolphin, right; the whole in incuse square. R. 35; wt. 11.5 grs. The negro's head is supposed by Numismatists to be that of Æsop, who is said to have been an Ethiopian slave; he was sent by Kroesus to consult the oracle at Delphi, and having irritated the inhabitants by the freedom of his language, was precipitated by them from the summit of a rock.