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tude, take his stand on a broken arch of London Bridge to sketch the ruins of St. Paul's. *

Review of Ranke's History of the Popes. The Puritans hated bear-baiting, not because it gave pain to the bear, but because it gave pleasure to the spectators.t

History of England. Vol. i. Ch. 2.

* The same image was employed by Macaulay in 1824, in the concluding paragraph of a review of Mitford's Greece— When travellers from some distant region shall in vain labour to decipher on some mouldering pedestal the name of our proudest chief, shall hear savage hymns chanted over some misshapen idol over the ruined dome of our proud temple.'

Who knows but that hereafter some traveller like myself will sit down lipon the banks of the Seine, the Thames, or the Zuyder Zee, where now in the tumult of enjoyment, the heart and the eyes are too slow to take in the multitude of sensations. Who knows but he will sit down solitary amid silent ruins, and weep a people inurned and their greatness changed into an empty name.-Volney's Ruins, ch. ii.

At last some curious traveller from Lima will visit England, and give a description of the ruins of St. Paul's, like the editions of Baalbec and Palmyra.-HORACE WALPOLE, Letter to Mason, Nov. 24, 1774.

Where now is Britain ?

Even as the savage sits upon the stone
That marks where stood her capitols, and hears
The bittern booming in the weeds, he shrinks
From the dismaying solitude.

HENRY KIRK WHITE. Time. In the firm expectation, that when London shall be an habitation of bitterns, when St. Paul and Westminster Abbey shall stand, shapeless and nameless ruins in the midst of an unpeopled marsh; when the piers of Waterloo Bridge shall become the nuclei of islets of reeds and osiers and cast the jagged shadows of their broken arches on the solitary stream, some transatlantic commentator will be weighing in the scales of some new and now unimagined system of criticism the respective merits of the Bells and the Fudges, and their historians.-SHELLEY. Dedication to Peter Bell.

+ Even bear-baiting was esteemed heathenish and unchristian ; the sport of it, not the inhumanity, gave offence.--HUME. History of England. Vol. i. Ch. lxii.

374

IRVING-PARKER-AMES-HOLMES.

WASHINGTON IRVING.

1783-1859.

FREE

REE-LIVERS on a small scale; who are prodigal

within the compass of a guinea.

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I

CONSIDER biennial elections as a security that

the sober, second thought of the people shall be law.

Speech on Biennial Elections.

O. W. HOLMES.

BOSTON
OSTON State-House is the hub of the Solar

system. You couldn't pry that out of a Boston man if you had the tire of all creation straightened out for a crowbar.

The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table, P. 143.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Greek Proverb.

Herod. i. 166.

'A CADMEAN victory.?

Συμμισγόντων δε τη ναυμαχίη, Καδμείη τις νίκη τοισι Φωκαιεύσι εγένετο. .

A Cadmean victory was one in which the victors suffered as much as their enemies, so called from the victory of the Thebans (then called Cadmeans) over the celebrated Seven, which was avenged shortly afterwards by the descendants of the vanquished, the Epigoni.

· Fools that do not know how much more the half

is than the whole.'

Νήπιοι' ουδέ ίσασιν όσο πλέον ήμισυ παντός. .

Hesiod. Works and Days, v. 40.

"To leave no stone unturned.'

IIávta kuņoal TÉTpov.-EURIPIDES, Heraclid. 1002. This may be traced to a response of the Delphic Oracle, given to Polycrates, as the best means of finding a treasure buried by Xerxes's general, Mardonius, on the field of Platæa. The Oracle replied, IIávta Ndov kivel, Turn every stone.

Corp. Paræmiogr. Græc. i. p. 146.

'The blood of the Martyrs is the seed of the Church.'

Plures efficimur, quoties metimur a vobis; semen est sanguis Christianorum. TERTULLIAN. 4pologet. C. 50. Every man is the architect of his own fortune. Sed res docuit id verum esse quod in carminibus Appius ait, ‘Fabrum esse suæ quemque fortunæ.'

Pseudo-Sallust. Epist. de Rep. Ordin. ii. 1. This Appius Claudius Cæcus was the earliest Roman writer whose name has come down to us, and in his censorship, B.C. 312, began the Appian Way from Rome to Capua.

"Cæsar's wife should be above suspicion. Cæsar was asked why he had divorced his wife. 'Because,' said he, ‘I would have the chastity of my wife clear even of suspicion.' PLUTARCH.

Vit. Cæs. c. 10.

Where the shoe pinches.' In the life of ' Æmilius Paulus, Plutarch relates the story of a Roman being divorced from his wife. “This person being highly blamed by his friends, who demanded,,was she not chaste? was she not fair? holding out his shoe asked them whether it was not new ? and well made? Yet, added he, none of you can tell where it pinches me.'

6

Nation of Shopkeepers.' From an oration, purporting to have been delivered by Samuel Adams at the State-House in Philadelphia, August 1st, 1776. Philadelphia, printed, London, reprinted for E. Johnson, No. 4 Ludgate Hill, MDXXLXXVI.*

* No such American edition has ever been seen, but at least four

'Appeal from Philip drunk to Philip sober '* Inserit se tantis viris mulier alienigeni sanguinis: quæ à Philippo rege temulento immerenter damnata, Provocarem ad Philippum, inquit, sed sobrium.

Val. Maximus. Lib. vi. cap. 2.

When at Rome, do as the Romans do.' St. Augustine was in the habit of dining upon Saturday as upon Sunday; but being puzzled with the different practices then prevailing (for they had begun to fast at Rome on Saturday), consulted St. Ambrose on the subject. Now at Milan they did not fast on Saturday, and the answer of the Milan saint was this :

“When I am here, I do not fast on Saturday; when at Rome, I do fast on Saturday.'

'Quando hic sum, non jejuno Sabbato: quando Romæ sum, jejuno Sabbato.'

ST. AUGUSTINE. Epistle xxxvi. to Casulanus. When they are at Rome, they do there as they see done.

BURTON. Anatomy of Melancholy. Part iii.

Sec. 4. Mem. 2, Subs. I.

' The sinews of war.' Æschines (Adv. Ctesiph., ch. 53) ascribes to Demosthenes the expression υπoτέτμηται τα νεύρα των πραγμάτων, , the sinews of affairs are cut. Diogenes Laertius, in his Life of Bion (lib. iv. c. vii., sect. 3), represents that

copies are known of the London issue. A German translation of this oration was printed in 1778, perhaps at Bern,—the place of publication is not given.'—Wells' Life of Samuel Adams.

* Refers to Philip of Macedon.

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