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be peaked. He had a strong voice, and lively accent, with an air very intrepid, yet attempered with much gentleness : and there was something in his manner of address perfectly easy and obliging, which was, in a great measure, the result of the great candour and benevolence of his natural temper; and which, no doubt, was much improved by the deep humility which Divine grace had wrought into his heart, as well as his having been accustomed from his early youth to the company of distinguished rank and polite behaviour.

His picture was taken from an original, done by Van Deest, a Dutchman, brought into Scotland by general Wade, in the year 1727, which was the fortieth of his age, and is said to have been very

like him then, though far from being an exact resemblance of what he was when I had the happiness of being acquainted with him. Perhaps he would have appeared to the greatest advantage of all, could he have been exactly drawn on horseback ; as many very good judges, and among the rest the celebrated Mons. Faubert himself, have spoken of him as one of the completest horsemen that has ever been known: and there was indeed something so singularly graceful in his appearance in that attitude, that it was sufficient, as what is very eminent in its kind generally is, to strike an eye not formed on any critical rules.



COLONEL GARDINER was one of the most illustrious instances of the energy, and indeed I must also add, of the sovereignty of Divine grace, which I have heard or read of in modern history. He was, in the most amazing and miraculous manner, without any Divine ordinance, without any religious opportunity, or peculiar advantage, deliverance, or affliction, reclaimed on a sudden, in the vigour of life and health, from the most licentious and abandoned sensuality, not only to a steady course of regularity and virtue, but to high devotion, and strict though unaffected sanctity of manners ; a course-in which he persisted for more than twenty-six years, that is, to the close of life-s0 remarkably eminent for piety towards God, diffusive humanity and Christian charity, lively faith, deep humility, strict temperance, active diligence in improving time, meek resignation to the will of God, steady patience in enduring afflictions, unaffected contempt of secular interest, and resolute and courageous zeal in maintaining truth, as well as in reproving, and, where his authority might take place, restraining vice and wickedness of every kind; that I must deliberately declare, that when I consider all these particulars together, it is hard to say where but in the book of God he found his example, or where he has left his equal. Every one of these articles, with many more, I hope, if God spare my life, to have an opportunity of illustrating, in such a manner as to show that he was a living demonstration of the energy and excellency of the Christian religion; nor can I imagine how I can serve


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its interests better than by recording what I have seen and known upon this head, known to my edification as well as my joy.

But oh, how shall I lead back your thoughts, and my own, to what we once enjoyed in him, without too deep and tender a sense of what we have lost! To have poured out his soul in blood; to have fallen by the savage and rebellious hands of his own countrymen, at the wall of his own house; deserted by those who were under the highest obligations that can be imagined to have defended his life with their own; and, above all, to have seen with his dying eyes the enemies of our religion and liberties triumphant, and to have heard in his latest moments the horrid noise of their insulting shouts, is a scene, in the view of which we are almost tempted to say, Where were the shields of angels? where the eye of Providence ? where the remembrance of those numberless prayers which had been offered to God for the preservation of such a man, at such a time as this? But let faith assure us that he was never more dear and precious in the eye of his Divine Leader than in these dreadful moments, when, if sense were to judge, he might seem most neglected. That is of all others the happiest death, which may most sensibly approve our fidelity to God, and our zeal for his glory. To stand singly in the combat with the fiercest enemies, in the cause of religion and liberty, when the whole regiment he commanded fled; to throw himself with so noble an ardour to defend those on foot, whom the whole body which he headed were appointed to support, when he saw that the fall of the nearest commander exposed those brave men to the extremity of danger, were circumstances that evidently showed how much he held honour and duty dearer than life. He could

not but be conscious of the distinguished profession he had made under a religious character; he could not but be sensible how much our army, in circumstances like these, needs all that the most generous examples can do to animate its officers and its soldiers ; and therefore he seems deliberately to have judged, that although when his men would hear no voice but that of their fears, he might have retreated without infamy, it was better he should die in so glorious a cause, than have it thought that his regard to religion and liberty was but a mere profession, that was not strong enough to make him“ faithful unto death.” He had long felt the force of it, and had too high a value for his king and country to think of deserting the trust committed to him; too great a love for the Protestant religion to think of exchanging it for the errors of Popery; and rather than give way to a rebellious crew, by whose success an inlet would be opened to the cruel ravages of arbitrary power, and to the bloody and relentless rage of popish superstition, “ he loved not his life unto the death." And in this view his death was martyrdom, and has, I doubt not, received the applauses and rewards of it: for what is martyrdom, but voluntarily to meet death for the honour of God and the testimony of a good conscience ? And if it be indeed true, as it is reported on very considerable authority, that before he expired he had an interview with the leader of the opposite party, and declared in his

“ the full assurance he had of an immortal crown, , which he was going to receive,” it is a circumstance worthy of being had in everlasting remembrance; as, in that case, Providence may seem wonderfully to have united two seemingly inconsistent circumstances in the manner of his dying; the alternative of either of which



he has spoken of in my hearing as what with humble submission to the great Lord of life he could most earnestly wish : “That if he were not called directly to die for the truth,” which he rightly judged the most glorious and happy lot of mortality," he might either fall in the field of battle, fighting in defence of the religion and liberties of his country; or might have an opportunity of expressing his hopes and joys, as a Christian, to the honour of his Lord, and the edification of those about him, in his departing moments; and so might go off this earthly stage,” as, in the letter that relates his death, it is expressly said that he did, “triumphing in the assurance of a blessed immortality.”

How difficult it must be in our present circumstances to gain certain and exact information, you will easily perceive; but enough is known, and more than enough, to show how justly the high consolations of that glorious subject which we have been contemplating may be applied to the present solemn occasion.—From what is certain with relation to him, we may presume to say, that after he had adorned the gospel by so honourable a life, in such a conspicuous station, God seems to have condescended, as with his own hand, to raise him an illustrious theatre, on which he might die a venerable and amiable spectacle to the world, and to angels, and to men, balancing to his native land, by such an exit, the loss of what future services it could have expected, from a constitution so much broken as his was by the fatigues of his campaign in Flanders, where he contracted an illness from which he never recovered.

On the whole, therefore, whatever cause we have as indeed we have great cause—to sympathize with his wounded family, and with his wounded country;

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