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material assistance towards building up a philosophical system of jurisprudence, but the law of supply and demand is imperious and inexorable, and for the present, at all events, that law exacts useful, simple, and complete practical text-books. Mr. Morgan's work is professedly of this class, and merits the highest commendation for its usefulness, simplicity, and completeness. This is an excellent example of the more recent and popular method. In order to explain the pleading, practice, and jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery, all the cognate statutes are collected and arranged in regular chronological order, beginning with the 2 & 3 Vict., c. 54, and descending through the series to the 23 & 24 Vict., c. 149. A separate chapter is devoted to the exposition of each Act. Appended to the several clauses are the explanatory decisions of the Bench, in the selection of which the author has shown much discrimination and sound judgment. Considering that the Acts and Orders which constitute the framework of the volume have already elicited somewhere about twelve hundred reported decisions, the profession must feel indebted to Mr. Morgan for obviating the necessity of "noting up" the cases, by the complete and pithy analysis of such as are of principal importance. In the present state of the practice and procedure of the Equity Courts a compendious handbook of this nature is an absolute necessity. When the rules of the Court had to be extracted from the tomes of Vernon or the manuscript notes of Lord Nottingham, such text-books as Maddock, and the older editions of Daniell, were not only useful but indispensable. "But now that, thanks to the energy of the Legislature and the Judges, nine-tenths of the whole practice can be summed up in six hundred small octavo pages, it may not unreasonably be hoped that the method adopted in this volume possesses at least as much to recommend it as that of the more elaborate but more cumbrous treatises of modern days." The practitioner will find in the pages of this book ample and at the same time terse and businesslike information upon almost all the questions that arise in the ordinary proceedings in Chancery. The later and more important cases are cited not only from the standard reports, but from those of the Law Journal, the Jurist, the Weekly Reporter, the Law Times, and Equity Reports. In the present edition the chapters on the following subjects have been revised and enlarged, viz., on Demurrers and Pleas, on Receivers and Injunctions, on Motions and Petitions, &c. &c. The volume is divided into two almost equal parts, the first being devoted exclusively to analytic comments upon the several statutes, and the latter to the enumeration and exposition of the Consolidated General Orders of the Court of Chancery. The substance of the notes as well as of the text is abbreviated in the margin, and the tables of the incorporated orders and regulations, as well as the general index, exhibit workmanlike completeness. The book does not assume to be a complete code of Chancery procedure, but is assuredly entitled to be received as a clear and accurate compendium of the New Practice, established by legislative enactment and illustrated by judicial authority.

Papers and Discussions on Jurisprudence: Being the Transactions of the First Department of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, London Meeting, 1862. London: Butterworths, 7, Fleet Street, E.C.

THE Transactions of the Social Science Association have hitherto been published in one octavo volume. The reputation of those volumes for the accuracy, and variety of the information communicated, having now been well established, the public are no doubt looking forward to the issue of the number for the present year with some interest. The last Congress, held in the Guildhall, when London was crowded with visitors, was attended by large audiences; and many will no doubt be glad to have reproduced in a permanent form, the information and impressions, which, by their swift succession, and on account of their very abundance, were too soon obliterated from the mind, or thrown into confusion. From the character of the papers which were read in Guildhall, and the discussions which followed, there can be little doubt that the popularity of the Transactions will be sustained, if not raised much higher. Embracing within its scope a great variety of subjects, it cannot be denied that to some readers many of these dissertations, however excellent in themselves, will have only a limited and subordinate interest. A plan has been adopted which will enable every reader to obtain the Transactions of either of the sections in a separate number. The papers which were read in the first section, on the "Principles of Jurisprudence and Legislation," have been published together in a pamphlet of convenient size, and will no doubt have a large circulation in the legal profession.

The essay "On the Importance of the Study of Jurisprudence," written with the subtilty and breadth of thought which characterises the author of the "Treatise on Evidence," forms a fitting introduction to those papers which profess to have a more practical object. The science of law is considered in this paper by Mr. Best under three divisions, viz., general, particular, and comparative. Devoted principally to the discussion of fundamental principles, the strictures upon the statute law of England, under the division of Particular Jurisprudence, are no less true than trenchant; and the gigantic evils in procedure and legislation are traced to a common cause, the neglect of the study of jurisprudence as a science.

Those who have turned their attention to the difficult questions involved in the theory of government by representatives, and to the able analysis of the same contained in Mr. Hare's "Treatise on the Election of Representatives," will be glad to find in a paper read at the Congress by the author a succinct account of the reception which his method has met with in different countries during the last three years. It would appear that in America, in the Australian colony, as well as on the European continent, the proposal to elect governing bodies by exhaustive majorities and unanimous quotas of the constituencies, has attracted many advocates. It is designed to

propose to the Council of the Canton of Geneva, the adoption of this method of election with a view to the proper representation of minorities in that assembly.

Mr. R. Denny Urlin's paper contains some very suggestive observations upon the "Conflict between the Laws of Ireland and England." The author contrasts the procedure in the Courts of Equity, the Court of Probate, the Court of Admiralty, the Courts Ecclesiastical, &c., and animadverts upon the embarrassing discrepancies in the laws of each country, maintaining that this conflict is not "a merely sentimental grievance, but a source of practical inconvenience to thousands."

It is anticipated that a determined, and we trust a successful, effort will be made in Parliament next session, to obtain the sanction of the Legislature to some scheme for the concentration of the courts and offices of Judicature. The paper read upon the subject by Mr. Thomas Webster, F.R.S., and the instructive discussion which followed, and over which Lord Brougham presided, may be consulted with advantage by those who desire information on the matter. We specially invite a perusal of Mr. Young's speech on account of the lucid and convincing statement it contains respecting the financial bearings of the project, upon which alone was grounded the opposition of the House of Commons to the bill of last year.

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Mr. G. C. Oke, in a paper on Magisterial Procedure," comments upon the extensive summary jurisdiction exercised by the magistracy in England-whether as police, stipendiary, or unpaid justices-in the numerous petty sessions and police courts; and points out the defects and diversities existing in the present practice.

The historical survey of the Marriage Laws of England and Ireland by Mr. Montague H. Cookson, D.C.L., is not the least interesting or valuable paper of the series. Within a small compass the author has succeeded in presenting an outline of the transitions through which the respective matrimonial laws of England and Ireland have passed, as well as cogent reasons in favour of their assimilation in several particulars. The antiquities and the inconsistencies of the Irish Law of Marriage are pointed out, and the disastrous results inevitably consequent upon clandestine marriage, are unsparingly exposed and severely criticised in this as well as in the complemental paper "On the Marriage Law of Scotland," by Mr. G. Harry Palmer. It is understood that the Committee of the Law Amendment Society have prepared a Report on the Marriage Laws of the United Kingdom, and that the subject will be considered at a general meeting of that Society early next session.

The Papers by Mr. A. Pulling, on "Private Bill Legislation;" by Mr. Vernon Lushington, on "The Law of Master and Servant ;" by Mr. T. Hare, Inspector of Charities, on "The Law of Charitable Trusts," &c., will be found to contain not only reliable information, but original suggestions well worthy of consideration. To the series of papers is added by way of supplement a concise summary of the discussions which took place both at Burlington House and in the Guildhall.

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Events of the Quarter.

PARLIAMENT was prorogued by Royal Commission on the 7th of August. The session is spoken of, we observe, as one in which little work was accomplished; yet it was fertile in measures of interest to the legal profession. The Highways Act, the Joint Stock Companies Act, the Chancery and Lunacy Regulation Acts, will alone furnish a respectable addition to the statute-book. And in addition to these are the Transfer of Land and Declaration of Title Acts, destined, if successful, to commence a revolution in the practice of conveyancing. Will they be successful? Judging by the general tone of opinion, we should answer-No. But in reality any opinion is at present premature. The Chancellor is clearly determined that if his Act is a failure it shall not lie with him; he has made an appointment of Registrar, in Mr. Follett, Q.C., which commands the applause of the whole profession, and we believe that active exertions have been, and are being made, to bring the office into good working order. It was opened on the 15th of last month, at 34, Lincoln's Inn Fields, the habitat of the departed Insolvent Debtors' Court, which was recently swept out of existence by another great measure of the energetic Chancellor.

WE ought to note, too, that under the Bankruptcy Act just alluded to, the Queen's Prison has ceased to be. The debtors have been all removed to Whitecross Street. The time-honoured institution of imprisonment for debt is passing away under our eyes.

IN a little matter which has made some stir, Lord Westbury has not been so happy. A Mr. Jones, of Clytha in Monmouthshire, has assumed the surname of Herbert in the place of his original designation, having previously taken the arms appertaining to his new name. Lord Llanover, the Lord Lieutenant of the county, refuses to recognise the change, and will not permit Mr. Herbert to qualify as magistrate under the new appellation. Lord Llanover, attacked in more than one quarter for his decision, laid the case, or rather his case, before the Lord Chancellor, and received a short reply, stating unreservedly that no man can change his name without royal license. The soundness of this opinion is much questioned, and whether it be sound or not, it should hardly have been given on an ex parte statement. It may be added that Lord Llanover and Mr. Herbert are relatives, and that the dispute has been carried on with all the peculiarities of tone which generally distinguish a family squabble.

HER MAJESTY and the Emperor of the French, in order to define within their respective dominions and possessions the position

of commercial, industrial, and financial companies and associations, constituted and authorized in conformity with the laws in force in either of the two countries, have concluded the following articles :

I. The high contracting parties declare that they mutually grant to all companies and other associations, commercial, industrial, or financial, constituted and authorized in conformity with the laws in force in either of the two countries, the power of exercising all their rights, and of appearing before the tribunals, whether for the purpose of bringing an action, or for defending the same throughout the dominions and possessions of the other power, subject to the sole condition of conforming to the laws of such dominions and possessions.

II. It is agreed that the stipulations of the preceding article shall apply as well to companies and associations constituted and authorized previously to the signature of the present convention, as to those which may subsequently be so constituted and authorized. III. The present convention is concluded without limit as to duration. Either of the high powers shall however be at liberty to determine it by giving to the other a year's previous notice. The two high powers, moreover, reserve to themselves the power to introduce into the convention, by common consent, any modifications which experience may show to be desirable.

ALL our readers will be glad to know that a well deserved compliment has been paid to Mr. M. D. Hill, Q.C., Recorder of Birmingham. The town council have raised his salary from £300 to £400 a year in consideration of his "lengthened and distinguished services in the general administration of justice, and in the cause of criminal reform." We believe there was never a juster eulogy pronounced.

SIR JOHN D. HARDING, D.C.L., after holding the highly responsible and confidential office of Queen's Advocate, for ten years, has resigned, owing to failing health. Sir John Harding was appointed in 1852 by Lord Derby, as successor to Sir John Dodson, who succeeded to the judgeship of the Arches Court on the death of Sir Herbert Jenner Fust. Dr. Robert Phillimore is the new Queen's Advocate.

WE are glad to see that Mr. George Harris, well known in the profession and the literary world as the author of the "Life of Lord Hardwicke," and other works, has been appointed Registrar of the Court of Bankruptcy, at Manchester. The salary of the office, under the recent Act, is £1000 a year.

ON the 18th ult., Joseph Ormsby Radcliffe, Esq., LL.D., Q.C., expired at his residence in Dublin, after a short illness. Dr. Radcliffe discharged his onerous duties as Judge of the Consistorial Court with independence and ability, and was much respected by the profession. As Vicar General of the provinces of Armagh and Dublin he exhibited the same high qualities of mind, and will be

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