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according action adopted ages allowed American ancient Anglican appear army authority become believe belongs body called carried character citizen civil liberty common common law considered consists constitution course court desire despotism election element England English equality essential established Ethics executive exist express fact forms France freedom French frequently give given guarantees hand humanity idea important independence individual instance institution interest judge jury justice late legislative legislature living lord matter means ment mentioned monarch natural necessary never observed officer organic parliament party passed penal period person political popular position possible practical present principle prisoner protection question reader reason reference remarkable representative requires rule self-government senate sense society speaking taken term things tion treated trial tribe true United vote whole
Página 196 - that the freedom of speech, and debates or proceedings in parliament, ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of parliament.
Página 171 - place the executive power in the same hands, we may readily simplify government. We may easily bring it to the simplest of all possible forms, a pure despotism. But a separation of departments, so far as practicable, and the preservation of clear lines of division between them, is the fundamental idea in the creation of all our
Página 170 - The first object of a free people is the preservation of their liberty, and liberty is only to be preserved by maintaining constitutional restraints and just divisions of political power. Nothing is more deceptive or more dangerous than the pretence of a desire to simplify government. The simplest governments are despotisms; the next simplest limited monarchies;
Página 170 - all republics, all governments of law, must impose numerous limitations and qualifications of authority, and give many positive and many qualified rights. In other words, they must be subject to rule and regulation. This is the very essence of free political institutions. " The spirit of liberty is, indeed, a bold and fearless spirit; but it is also a sharp-sighted spirit; it is a
Página 101 - Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or confession in open court. 2. " Congress shall have power to declare the
Página 135 - raising and keeping a standing army within the kingdom in time of peace, without consent of parliament, and quartering soldiers contrary to law.
Página 83 - The establishment of the writ of habeas corpus, the prohibition of ex post facto laws and of titles of nobility, to which we have no corresponding provisions in our constitution, are perhaps greater securities to liberty than any it contains;
Página 262 - the grand principle of the Saxon polity, the trial of facts by the country," says, " from this principle (except as to that preposterous relic of barbarism, the requirement of unanimity) may we never swerve—may we never be compelled in wish to swerve—by a contempt of their oaths in jurors, a disregard of the just limits of their trusts.
Página 53 - its objects. ~\ We come thus to the conclusion that liberty applied to political man, practically means, in the main, protection or checks against undue interference, whether this be from individuals, from masses, or from government. The highest amount of liberty comes to signify the safest guarantees of undisturbed legitimate