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commence a general massacre.—Many of them suffered horrible punishments.
Another conspiracy discovered among two gold mining companies of slaves in North Carolina. Their plan was to commence at the gold mines, and kill all the whites there : thénce one company was to go to Rutherfordton, the other to Morgan. ton, and take the towns. There they expected to get arms and amunition to carry on their opera. tions.
A female slave hung in Norfolk for poisoning two colored women.
Henry Isbell, of Bean Creek, Fairfield District, S. C., on receiving doubtful information that two runaway slaves were in the lane leading to his house, in the evening, went forth with gun and dogs to destroy them. He deliberately fired at one of them, and killed him. Instead of a slave, the victim proved to be a friend and neighbor of the murderer!
A colored man, named Thomas Mitchell, who had resided as a freeman two or three years in Ohio, on being seized by his master, precipitated himself from the fourth story of one of the hotels in Cincinnati, in which he had been put for safe keeping, and expired in a few hours.
A general insurrection of the slaves in Jamaica. One hundred and fifty plantations were burnt, between two and three thousand slaves killed, and a large number of whites ; and the whole loss occasioned by the rebellion and attempts to suppress it, valued at five millions of dollars.
But it were useless to multiply facts of this kind. The reader is referred for further information upon this subject to Holme's Annals, and also to Lectures on slavery by Rev. A. A. Phelps.
The above must be sufficent to convince any mind susceptible of conviction, that the greatest danger arises, not from freedom granted, but from freedom withheld.
THE U. STATES A SLAVEHOLDING NATION. Thousands of Americans now enslaved in the
1. More than twenty thousand Americans are now held in slavery, by the laws of Congress, in the Territories and District of Columbia.
On the 230 December, 1788, Maryland passed an act, to cede to the Congress "any district in the State, not exceeding ten miles square, which the Congress may fix upon, and accept for the seat of government of the United States."
A similar act was passed by Virginia, on the 3d of December, 1789, in these words
And the same is hereby forever ceded to the Congress and Government of the United States, in full and absolute right, and EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION as well of soil as of persons residing or to reside thereon, pursuant to the tenor and Effect of the eighth section of the first article of the Constitution.
Accordingly, on the 16th of July, the year following, Congress accepted the cession of Maryland and Virginia, and passed a law which ordained, that the existing laws of those two States should remain in force " until Congress shall otherwise provide."
Hence, by that very act, Congress established slavery in the "ten miles square," because it not only refused to revoke those laws of Maryland and
Virginia, by which slavery had been established there before, but it ordained that they should remain in force till Congress should repeal them. The following is an extract from one of these laws; it is true, it has been repealed in Maryland, but it “ REMAINS" in full force in the District of Columbia to this day :
Every sheriff that now hath, or hereafter shall have, committed into his custody, any runaway servants or slaves, after one month's notice given to the master or owner thereof, of their being in his custor!y, if living in this province, or two months' notice if living in any of the neighboring provinces, if such master or owner of such servants or slaves do not appear within the time limited as aforesaid, and pay or secure to be paid, all such imprisonment fees due to such sheriff from the time of the commitment of such servants or slaves, and also such other charges as have accrued or become due to any person for taking up such runaway servants or slaves, such sheriff is hereby authorized and required (such time limited as aforesaid, being expired,) immediately to give public notice to all persons, by setting up notes at the church and court-house doors of the county where such servant or slave is in custody; of the time and place for sale of such servants or slaves, by him to be appointed, not less than 10 days after such time limited as aforesaid being expired, and at such time and place by him appointed, as aforesaid, to proceed to sell and dispose of such servant or slave to the highest bidder, and out of the money or tobacco which such servant or slave is sold for, to pay himself all such imprISONMENT FEES as are his just due, for the time he has kept such servant or slave in his custody, and also pay such other charges, fees or reward as has become due to any person for taking up such runaway servant or slave, and after such payments made, if any residue shall remain of the money or tobacca such'servant or slave was sold for, such sheriff shall only be accountable to the master or owner of such servant or slave for such residue or remainder as aforesaid and not otherwise.- Laws of Maryland, act of 1719, (May session,) chap. 2.
And that this barbarous law is not a dead letter, there is abundant evidence to prove. In a memorial of the inhabitants of the District of Columbia, signed by one thousand of the inost respectable citizens of the District, and presented to Congress March 24, 1828, then referred to the Committee on the District, and on the motion of Mr. Hubbard of New Hampshire, Feb. 9, 1835, ordered to be printed, the following statement is introduced :
A colored man, who states that he was entitled to freedom, was taken up as a runaway slave, and lodged in the jail of Washington City. He was advertised, but no one appearing to claim him, he was, according to law, put up at public auction for the payment of his jail fees, and sold as a SLAVE for LIFE. He was purchased by a slave-trader, who was not required to give security for his remaining in the District, and he was soon shipped at Alexandria for one of the southern states, An at tempt was made by some benevolent individuals to have the sale postponed until his claim to freedom could be investigated; but their efforts were unavailing; and thus was a human being sold into PERPETUAL BONDAGE, at the capital of the freest government on earth, without even a pretence of trial, or an allegation of crime.
According to the testimony of Mr. Miner of Penn. in Congress, in 1829, there were no less than five persons thus sold, in the year 1826–7. Special recognition of slavery in the District of
Columbia. 2. Slavery in the District of Columbia, has been acknowledged, and its existence recognized there by special laws of the United States.
June 12, 1834, a bill was passed by the House of Representatives, giving the right to Edward Brooke, a resident of the District, to bring into it two slaves, and retain them as his property. This bill passed by a vote of 106 to 47.
Slavery perpetuated by the property of the United
States. 3. The property of the United States' Government is used to perpetuate slavery and the slave trade in this country. In 1826, Congress appropriated out of the public treasury $5000" for the purpose of altering and repairing the jail in the city of Washington,” and $10,000 to build “a county jail for the city and county of Alexandria.”
For what purposes those prisons are used, the following notices will show :
Notice. Was committed to the prison of Washington Co.D.C., on the 19th day of May, 1834, as a runaway, a negro man who calls himself David Peck. He is 5 feet 8 inches high. Had on, when committed, a check shirt, linen pantaloons, and straw hat. He says he is free, and belongs to Baltimore. The owner or owners, are hereby requested to come forward, prove him, and take him away, or he will be sold for his prison and other expenses, as the LAW DIRECTS.
JAMES WILLIAMS, Keeper of the Prison of Washington Co., D. C.
For ALEXANDER HUNTER, M. D. C. The above is but a specimen. One keeper of the jail in Washington has stated that in five years, upwards of four hundred and fifty colored persons had been lodged there for safe keeping, i. e. until they could be disposed of in the course of the slave trade ;-besides nearly three hundred, who had been taken up and lodged there as runaways. Revenue received by the General Government
from Slavery. 4. The government of this nation receives a constant revenue, for licenses granted to slave dealers in the District of Columbia.
“For a license to trade or traffic in slaves for profit, whether as agent or otherwise, four hundred dollars:"