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held to service as aforesaid, with intent to make such negro or mulatto a slave, or shall land, or deliver on shore, from on board any such ship or vessel, any such negro or mulatto, with intent to make sale of, or having previously sold, such negro or mulatto, as a slave, such citizen, or person shall be adjudged a PIRATE, and on conviction thereof, before the circuit court of the United States for the district wherein he shall be brought, or found, shall suffer DEATH.- Approved, May, 15, 1820.

American slave trade. From the following extracts it will be seen, that the domestic slave trade, also now carried on in this nation, is most explicitly condemned by the law of these United States.

Whereas, the traffic in slaves is irreconcilable with the principles of humanity and justice, and whereas, both His Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing iheir efforts to promote its ENTIRE ABOLITION, it is hereby agreed that both the contracting parties shall use their best endeavors to accomplish so desirable an object. - Treaty of peace between His Britannic Majesty and !he United States of America signed at Ghent, Deci 24, 1814. Art. x.

This treaty shall be binding to both parties.- 1b. Art. xi. Now compare the above with the following :

All treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the Constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.- Constitution of the United States, Art. vi.

Hence it appears, that the “supreme law" of this land is opposed to the “traffic in slaves," and the good faith of the United States is PLEDGED TO promote its “entire abolition."

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CHAPTER XXII.

FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND OF THE PRESS.

The following extracts from the United States' Constituțion, and from the Bills of Rights, and Constitutions of the several states, will show how high an estimate was once put upon the freedom of · speech and of the press, by the fathers of our country.

Congress. Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. Constitution U. S. Art. iii. Amendments.

Maine. Every citizen may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of this liberty. No laws shall be passed regulating or restraining the freedorn of the press.

Massachusetts, The liberty of the press is essential to security of freedom in a state ; it ought not, therefore, to be restrained in this commonwealth.

New Hampshire. The liberty of the press is essential to the security of freedom in a state ; it ought, therefore, to be in. violably preserved.

Vermont. The people have a right to a freedom of speech, and of writing and publishing their sentiments con.

cerning the transactions of government, and there. fore the freedom of the press ought not to be retrained.

Connecticut. Every citizen may freely speak, write, and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

No law shall ever be passed to curtail or restrain the liberty of speech or of the press.

New York. Every citizen may freely speak, write, and pub. lish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right; and no law shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech, or of the press. In all prosecutions, or indictments for libels, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury : and if it shall appear to the jury, that the matter charged as libellous is true, and was published with good motives, and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted, and the jury shall have the right to determine the law and the fact.

Pennsylvania. The printing presses shall be free to every person who undertakes to examine the proceedings of the Legislature, or any branch of government, and no law shall ever be made to restrain the right thereof. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man; and every citizen may freely speak, write, and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

Delaware. The press shall be free to every citizen who un. dertakes to examine the official conduct of men acte ing in a public capacity; and any.citizen may print

on any such subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

Maryland. The liberty of the press ought to be inviolably preserved.

Virginia. The freedom of the press is one of the great bulwarks of liberty, and can never be restrained but by despotic governments.

North Carolina. The freedom of the press is one of the great bul. warks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be restrained.

South Carolina. The trial by jury, as heretofore used in this state, and the liberty of the press, shall be for ever invio. lably preserved.

Georgia. Freedom of the press, and trial by jury, as heretofore used in this state, shall remain inviolate ; and no ex post facto law shall be passed. Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Louisiana, and Illinois.

The printing presses shall be free to every person who undertakes to examine the proceedings of the legislature, or any branch of government; and no law shall ever be made to restrain the right thereof. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man; and every cit. izen may freely speak, write, and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty. Ohio. The printing presses shall be open and free to every citizen who wishes to examine the proceed. ings of any branch of government, or the conduct of any public officer; and no law shall ever restrain the right thereof. Every citizen has an indisputa. ble right to speak, write, or print upon any subject, as he thinks proper, being liable for the abuse of that liberty..

Mississippi. Every citizen may freely speak, write, and pub. lish his sentiment on all subjects, being responsible for the use of that liberty.

No law shall ever be passed to curtail or restrain the liberty of speech or of the press.

Alabama. Every citizen may freely speak, write, and pub. lish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

Missouri. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man; and every person may freely speak, write, and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

CHAPTER XXIII.

OBJECTIONS ANSWERED. 1. "The Bible recognizes, and of course in some circumstances, justifies slavery.”

One sentence is sufficient to dispose of this argu. ment. Slave holders refuse the Bible to their slaves.

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