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ADVERTISEMENT

TO THE

THIRD EDITION.

ANIMATED by the very favourable reception which two large impressions of this work have had', it has been my study to make it as perfect as I could in this edition, by correcting some inaccuracies which I discovered myself, and some which the kindness of friends or the scrutiny of adversaries pointed out. A few notes are added, of which the principal object is, to refute misrepresentation and calumny.

To the animadversions in the periodical Journals of crit. icism, and in the numerous publications to which my book has given rise, I have made no answer. Every work must stand or fall by its own merit. I cannot, however, omit this opportunity of returning thanks to a gentleman who published a Defence of my Journal, and has added to the favour by communicating his name to me in a very obliging letter.

It would be an idle waste of time to take any particular notice of the futile remarks, to many of which, a petty national resentment, unworthy of my countrymen, has probably

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· Boswell in the *Advertisement' to the second edition, dated Dec. 20, 1785, says that 'the whole of the first impression has been sold in a few weeks.' Three editions were published within a year, but the fourth was not issued till 1807. A German translation was published in Lübeck in 1787. I believe that in no language has a translation been published of the Life of Johnson. Johnson was indeed, as Boswell often calls him, a trueborn Englishman'—so English that foreigners could neither understand him nor relish his Life. V.-1

given

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Advertisement to the Third Edition.

given rise; remarks which have been industriously circulated in the publick prints by shallow or envious cavillers, who have endeavoured to persuade the world that Dr. Johnson's character has been lessened by recording such various instances of his lively wit and acute judgment, on every topick that was presented to his mind. In the opinion of every person of taste and knowledge that I have conversed with, it has been greatly heightened; and I will venture to predict, that this specimen of the colloquial talents and extemporaneous effusions of my illustrious fellow-traveller will become still more valuable, when, by the lapse of time, he shall have become an ancient; when all those who can now bear testimony to the transcendent powers of his mind, shall have passed away; and no other memorial of this great and good man shall remain but the following Journal, the other anecdotes and letters preserved by his friends, and those incomparable works, which have for many years been in the highest estimation, and will be read and admired as long as the English language shall be spoken or understood.

J. B. LONDON, 15th Aug. 1786.

CONTENTS.

CONTENTS.

DEDICATION.
ADVERTISEMENT.
INTRODUCTION. Character of Dr. Johnson. He arrives in Scot-

land.
August 15. Sir William Forbes. Practice of the law. Emigra-

tion. Dr. Beattie and Mr. Hume. Dr. Robertson. Mr.
Burke's various and extraordinary talents. Question con-
cerning genius. Whitfield and Wesley. Instructions to po-
litical parties. Dr. Johnson's opinion of Garrick as a trage.

dian.
August 16. Ogden on Prayer. Aphoristick writing. Edinburgh

surveyed. Character of Swift's works. Evil spirits and witch-

craft. Lord Monboddo and the Ouran-Outang.
August 17. Poetry and Dictionary writing. Scepticism. Eternal

necessity refuted. Lord Hailes's criticism on The Vanity of
Human Wishes. Mr. Maclaurin. Decision of the Judges in

Scotland on literary property.
August 18. Set out for the Hebrides. Sketch of the authour's

character. Trade of Glasgow. Suicide. Inchkeith. Par-
liamentary knowledge. Influence of Peers. Popular clam-

ours. Arrive at St. Andrews.
August 19. Dr. Watson. Literature and patronage. Writing and

conversation compared. Change of manners. The Union.
Value of money. St. Andrews and John Knox. Retirement
from the world. Dinner with the Professors. Question con-
cerning sorrow and content. Instructions for composition.

Dr. Johnson's method. Uncertainty of memory.
August 20. Effect of prayer. Observance of Sunday. Professor

Shaw. Transubstantiation. Literary property. Mr. Tyers's

remark on Dr. Johnson. Arrive at Montrose.
August 21. Want of trees. Laurence Kirk. Dinner at Monbod-
do. Emigration. Homer. Biography and history compared.

Decrease

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Decrease of learning. Causes of it. Promotion of Bishops.

Warburton. Lowth. Value of politeness. Dr. Johnson's

sentiments concerning Lord Monboddo. Arrive at Aber-

deen.

August 22. Professor Thomas Gordon. Publick and private edu-

cation. Sir Alexander Gordon. Trade of Aberdeen. Pre-
scription of murder in Scotland. Mystery of the Trinity.

Satisfaction of Christ. Importance of old friendships.
August 23. Dr. Johnson made a burgess of Aberdeen. Dinner

at Sir Alexander Gordon's. Warburton's powers of invective.

His Doctrine of Grace. Lock's verses. Fingal.
August 24. Goldsmith and Graham. Slains castle. Education

of children. Buller of Buchan. Entails. Consequence of

Peers. Sir Joshua Reynolds. Earl of Errol.
August 25. The advantage of being on good terms with relations.

Nabobs. Feudal state of subordination. Dinner at Strichen.

Life of country gentlemen. The LITERARY CLUB.
August 26. Lord Monboddo. Use and importance of wealth.

Elgin. Macbeth's heath. Fores.

August 27. Leonidas. Paul Whitehead. Derrick. Origin of

Evil. Calder-manse. Reasonableness of ecclesiastical sub-

scription. Family worship.

August 28. Fort George. Sir Adolphus Oughton. Contest be-

tween Warburton and Lowth. Dinner at Sir Eyre Coote's.
Arabs and English soldiers compared. The Stage. Mr. Gar-

rick, Mrs. Cibber, Mrs. Pritchard, Mrs. Clive. Inverness.
August 29. Macbeth's Castle. Incorrectness of writers of Trav-

els. Coinage of new words. Dr. Johnson's Dictionary.

August 30. Dr. Johnson on horse-back. A Highland hut. Fort

Augustus. Governour Trapaud.

August 31. . .

Anoch. Emigration. Goldsmith. Poets and sol-

diers compared. Life of a sailor. Landlord's daughter at

Anoch.

September 1. Glensheal. The Macraas. Dr. Johnson's anger at

being left for a little while by the authour on a wild plain.

Wretched inn at Glenelg.

September 2. Dr. Johnson relents. Isle of Sky. Armidale.

September 3. Colonel Montgomery, now Earl of Eglintoune.

September 4. Ancient Highland Enthusiasm.

September 5. Sir James Macdonald's epitaph and last letters to

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his mother. Dr. Johnson's Latin ode on the Isle of Sky.

Isaac Hawkins Browne.

September 6. Corrichatachin.

Corrichatachin. Highland hospitality and mirth.
Dr. Johnson's Latin ode to Mrs. Thrale.

September 7. Uneasy state of dependence on the weather. State

of those who live in the country. Dr. M.Pherson's Disserta-

tions. Second Sight.

September 8. Rev. Mr. Donald M'Queen. Mr. Malcolm M'Cleod.

Sail to Rasay. Fingal. Homer. Elegant and gay enter-

tainment at Rasay.

September 9. Antiquity of the family of Rasay. Cure of infidelity.
September 10. Survey of the island of Rasay. Bentley. Mallet.

Hooke. Duchess of Marlborough.

September 11. Heritable jurisdictions. Insular life. The Laird

of M'Cleod.

September 12. Sail to Portree. Dr. Johnson's discourse on death.

Letters from Lord Elibank to Dr. Johnson and the authour.

Dr. Johnson's answer. Ride to Kingsburgh. Flora M‘Donald.

September 13. Distresses and escape of the grandson of King James

II. Arrive at Dunvegan.

September 14. Importance of the chastity of women. Dr. Cado-

gan. Whether the practice of authours is necessary to enforce

their Doctrines. Good humour acquirable.

September 15. Sir George M.Kenzie. Mr. Burke's wit, knowledge

and eloquence.

September 16. Dr. Johnson's hereditary melancholy. His minute

knowledge in various arts. Apology for the authour's ardour

in his pursuits. Dr. Johnson's imaginary seraglio. Polygamy.
September 17. Cunning. Whether great abilities are necessary to

be wicked. Temple of the Goddess Anaitis. Family por-
traits. Records not consulted by old English historians.

Mr. Pennant's Tours criticised.
September 18. Ancient residence of a Highland Chief. Languages

the pedigree of nations. Laird of the Isle of Muck.
September 19. Choice of a wife. Women an over-match for men.

Lady Grange in St. Kilda. Poetry of savages. French Lit-

erati. Prize-fighting. French and English soldiers. Duelling.

September 20. Change of London manners. Laziness censured.

Landed and traded interest compared. Gratitude consid-

ered.

September

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