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H. OF R.
Compensation of Members.

MARCH, 1816. that, as far as can, consistently with policy, they should mend any alterations in the laws relating to the proof be placed in circumstances of relative ease and comfort. necessary to place the officers and soldiers of the militia

The resolution instructs them to inquire into the ex- on the pension list, other than to put them on the same pediency of increasing the pensions of the officers and footing in that regard with the officers and soldiers of soldiers' disabled in the late war with Great Britain the regular army. The rules at present prescribed for only. In doing this, they have unavoidably been that purpose are not more rigid than is necessary to obliged to consider the cases of all persons who have guard with sufficient care against frauds on the Govbeen disabled whilst in the military service of this ernment, and, as these rules have been long established, Government, and they have not been able to discover they are known to the public in some degree, and will any difference in their claims, They think no distinc- be acted on; whereas, if new ones were established, tion should be allowed to exist, but that whatever pro- they would, perhaps, only tend to confuse without benvisions are made should relate equally to all invalids. efitting the applicant. To effect the above object, they

The committee are in favor of a partial increase of report a bill. pensions; but as it may be satisfactory to the House

COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS. to see the effect of this increase on the Treasury, they have ascertained the number of pensioners now

The engrossed bill to change the mode of comon the list, what number are officers, and what pri- pensation to the members of Congress, was read vates, distinguishing those of both denominations who the third time, and the question stated, “ Shall were of the Revolutionary army, and the amount of the bill pass ?")" pensions at present paid, and find there is paid an- Mr. Wright said, intending to vote for the nually the sum of $119,624 05 for that object; that increase of the compensation to members, I shall there are 185 officers, and 1,572 non-commissioned vote for this bill to effect that object, só necesofficers and soldiers of the Revolutionary army, and 52 sary to preserve a republican representation in officers, and 391 non-commissioned officers and soldiers Congress of honest, independent, and honorable who have become disabled since the Revolution, mak.

men ; and, although I might prefer the mere ing an aggregate of 237 officers and 1,963 nun-com- increase of the daily wages, without converting missioned officers and privates, and a total of 2,200 it into an annual compensation, yet, sir, I am pensioners.

satisfied with the act of a majority in the change, The above statement extends to as late a date as the and bound to admit that the strong reasons af4th of January last. Since tha time it is probable signed by the friends of that measure are enti: many applications have been made to the War De- tled to great weight, and satisfactorily justified partment for pensions ; and there are, also, from the by ihe provision of the bill to deduct a ratea. best judgment the committee can form from the papers able proportion of the salary for every day's ab. now before them, from 80 to 100 cases which will be added to the number during the present session. What sence from Congress, during its sessions. sir, the number springing out of the late war remains to be denunciation in the public prints of the dilatory presented cannot be stated. The committee, however, proceedings of Congress, and the long speeches deem it proper to observe that the Revolutionary cases, of its members, for the purpose of prolonging the compose the great mass of those already on the list sessions, and increasiog the compensation of its which, from the course of nature, cannot very long re- members

, was as devoid

of truth, as it was offensive main a charge on the Government. The very circum- to the honorable feelings of the Representatives stance of the advanced age of most of the pensioners, of the people. And it is a well-known fact, that and the consequent diminution of their ability to add many of the most valuable members of Congress, much by their personal exertions to their own support, balancing between the painful separation from seems to strengthen their claim to an increase of pen their families and the great expense beyond the sions. The pensions now allowed to captains, and means of men of moderate fortunes to sustain, those above that rank, the committee think are suffi- had retired, and many more had contemplated it. cient to discharge the obligations of gratitude and duty It may not be extraordinary to find men of weaith, which the Government owe them, and to place them such as the honorable gentleman, (Mr. HUGER,) not only above actual want, but in tolerable comfort. opposed to the increase of the compensation. It They, therefore, do not deem it necessary to increase is by such means, Mr. Speaker, that the men of their pensions; but as this is not the case with the other officers and soldiers, they deem it proper to re-them here, will by this indirectly work out men

wealth, who alone possess the funds to support commend to the House to increase their pensions so as to allow to them the following sums, per month, in lieu of moderate fortunes, and thereby lead to the most of those to which they are now entitled, viz :

dangerous consequences ; as the Government, To a first lieutenant

$17 00

once in the hands exclusively of the wealthy, To a second lieutenant

would reader insecure the rights of the common

15 00 To a third lieutenant

14 00

people, and endanger the happiness of the ReTo an ensign

13 00

public. Sir, the devotion of Congress to their To each private

8 00

duty at the last session-having omitted to sit but For the highest degree of disability, and for all less one Saturday during the session, and having sat degrees, a sum proportionably less. The effect of this every day till near night; and, sir, the like conwould be an increase of sixty per cent. on the pen- duct during this session, having practised the same sions of the soldiers, and about an average increase of assiduity when sitting on the six-dollar compentwenty-one per cent. on the pensions of the officers, sation-must satisfy every one of the wickedness and would require about the sum of $200,000 per and that, when our time is our own, and the

of the said denunciation, so offensive to us all; annum.

The committee do not deem it necessary to recom- compensation graduated by our diligence, that it

MARCH, 1816.

Compensation of Members.

H. OF R.

will insure it by the strongest ties—the interest covered with wounds and glory, with his favorof the individuals--and that the public business | ite war-horse, and his more favorite servant-his will more expeditiously be performed, and the attendant in the army, his nurse and necessary other expenses of the session decreased equal to assistant;-being unable to do anything for him. the augmentation of the compensation to the mem- self at the close of the session; being obliged to bers; so that the public will profit by the change. sell his war-horse or bis servant to close his acSir, I, as a Represeotative of Maryland, feel no counts, or to have recourse to his private funds to difficulty as to my vote on this subject. Indeed, clear him out? That this may not be considered sir, I feel in a certain degree instructed on the an exaggerated account, let any gentleman with subject. Sir, prior to the adoption of the present two horses and a servant try the case by one Constitution, under the Confederation, the States week's residence at Crawford's at Georgetown, fised the compensation of their respective mem- where many members reside, or Mr. Gadsby's in bers of Congress, and paid their own members. Baltimore, and live in the style of a gentleman,

Then, sir, the State of Maryland, gave her men and be will give unequivocal proof of the reality bers of Congress eight dollars per day for their of such an alternative. services, and paid the same io gold or silver. So Sir, if we go back to those times when the Le. that Congress, from the establishment of the pres- gislature of Maryland fixed the compensation of ent compensation, were in the receipt of two eight dollars to members of Congress, and two dollars per day less than the State of Maryland dollars to the State Legislature, you will find them by her law gave her members for the same ser- halcyon days, when for that compensation they vices upwards of thirty years ago, and when that lived like genilemen, and enjoyed a glass of gencompensation would purchase double what it erous wine, which cannot be afforded at this time would at this time of any of the articles neces- for the present compensation. sary for the comfort or accommodation of the Mr. Speaker, I hope this bill will pass, and that members. Again, sir, the compensation of a mem- honorable gentlemen who consider it unjust to ber of the Legislature of Maryland, at the time put their hands into the public Treasury for them. eighi dollars was allowed to a member of Con- selves will be excused from taking this increased gress, was not more than two dollars; but now, compensation, particularly when it might subsir, the sum of four dollars is the compensation ject ihem to the unkind remark that the receiver allowed by the State of Maryland to the members was as bad as the thief. of the State Legislature, as I understand. Thus Mr. Hoger again rose in opposition to the bill, sir, I show what was the former compensation 10 and argued to prove that the proposed change the members of Congress, and to the members of was in effect an increase of compensation of one the State Legislature; and I show that that Le hundred and fifty per cent., whicb, under the gislature has doubled the compensation to its present circumstances of the Government, while members, which I might surely consider as in- encumbered with an immense public debt, he struction to increase the compensation of mem- decidedly condemned. Mr. H. closed a long bers of Congress in the same ratio, which would speech, by moving to postpone the bill to Decembill now under consideration to be given to the | Mr. Grosvenor replied to Mr. Huger, and members, and I have no doubt would justify me advocated the bill. The Constitution, he said, with my constituents, who know the sacrifices bad provided that Congress should fix ils own I have made on the aliar of the Republic; many compensation, and he was opposed to postponeof whom, I am sure, would be glad to see me ia meni. He maintained that the pay was inade. official receipt of twenty-five thousand dollars, quate to the comfortable subsistence of the memand can never be induced to find fault with my bers; and it never was intended that they should vole. I, sir, shall not be governed by popular come here to live on hominy and molasses in motives in opposing this measure, as the purest hoveis, but to live like gentlemen. He wished principles of distributive justice command it ; not to put the seats in Congress up to the lowest nor shall I suffer the affectation of delicacy to bidder, but to induce those best qualified to fill overrule my judgment, in this case, because I am them; and would make such a compensation as interested. If it is right, it ought to be done; if would enable the poorest man to come here. it ought to be done, it must be done by Congress, The reverse of this, he said, would be anti-rewho alone can do it. Nor, sir, can I feel a pro- publican, and tend to bring those only of wealth. priety in giving it a prospective operation, in ex- Mr. RANDOLPH said he was sorry to see the clusion of the present Congress. "If it is proper time and talents of his friend (Mr. GROSVENOR) as to them, it is surely proper as to ourselves; and wisapplied, in answering the objections of the a momen's reflection shows that most of the same gentleman, (Mr. Huger,) and was surprised at members will be re-elected, so that the veil of ihe gentleman (Mr. Huger) persisting in his delicacy would be 100 thin io conceal the views course, after the good advice he had taken the of members to provide for themselves, though in liberty of giving him yesterday, though he could future.

not say that he had followed it himself. Mr. R. Sir, what would be the feeliogs of honorable said he now began to descry, through the fog of men towards the highly honorable mover of this debate, the latitude of the gentleman's argubill, (Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky,) who slew Te-ments-the speeches were perhaps intended to cumseh with his own hands; who came up here I meet his constituents. He scouted the idea of

H. OF R.

Compensation of Members.

MARCH, 1816.

plastering over a vote for the taxes by saving this relation to the Constitutional powers of the Premiserable pepper corn to the Treasury. The sident. The best and wisest men in this country gentleman had advised us to go home and con- have always thought his power so great as io sult our constituents. Consult them for what? render it ultimately dangerous. What then is to For four-pence-half-penny? Iostead of receiv- be done? To weaken it, would be to weaken ing instructions from his constituents on this the country; perhaps to endanger it. The only subject, Mr. R. said he should instruct them. He safe control is in the character, experience, and was an enemy, he said, to that self-denying prin- intelligence of this House. Whenever this House ciple which had given rise to the great military is properly composed, when it contains a suffiusurpation in England, which in the revolution cient number of men of ability, experience, and was one of the chief agents in the bands of that integrity, it of pecessity will give direction to hypocritical demagogue-a man whose talents public affairs; but a weak and inexperienced almost redeemed his vices-commonly called House necessarily falls under Executive control. Oliver Cromwell. Mr. R. adverted 10 ihe sala. The increased pay is calculated to draw men of ries of other officers of our Government, of whom abilities into this House; and, what is of equal even many clerks and doorkeepers received more importance, to keep them here until they are than the members of Congress, and said that matured by experience. What is the usual fact? Congress was the only branch of the Govern- Youog men of genius, without property, for in ment whose compensation had not been increased; four instances in five, such is the case with so that they could at least say they had not began genius, are elected ; being tempted into public with themselves. This, said he, we have let service by the honorable desire of acquiring disalone until the gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. tinction in the service of the country; they reJohnson,) with a gallantry that belongs to him, main here until they have acquired some experiflung himself into the breach to repair it or per- ence, and begin to be useful io the country, but ish in it. Another argument in favor of a lib. are finally compelled to return to private life eral salary was, that it is the only way to coun- from the inadequacy of the pay. It is a great teract Executive influence in this House—not the public misfortune; it is highly injurious to the necessary

and proper influence--by placing every proceedings of this House. Ever since he bad member above the temptation of office, &c. Mr. known the body, there had been no want of talR. said his only objection to the bill was that it ent; hut the want of experience had often been had not made the compensation $2,500, instead felt. If we are wise, we will, as far as possible, of $1,500; then a man might come here with a attract and secure ability and integrity in the prospect of something like the comforts of home. public service. Providence intended them, as the At present all the charities of life were broken best gift to the nation, for that purpose; and any by ii; wife, children, and family were all aban- people. as they use or negleci them, flourish or doned. He would also advert, ihough it was a decay. Another view of this subject, connected subject of some delicacy, to the demoraliziog with the great extent of our Republic, made it effect of being separated from home for six months expedient. A majority of the members come in the year. Nullius jurare in verba magistri ; from three to eight hundred miles. In serving he hoped the gentleman (Mr. Huger) would the country, they are not only obliged to be abpardon him for quoting Latin in that House. sent a great part of the year from their families; Mr. R. concluded by saying that the honorable but what is almost equally distressing, to be ab gentleman (Mr. HUGER) had greatly mistaken sent a great distance. We serve at the expense the powers of his logic and eloquence if he sup- of the best sympathies of our palute; we are far posed the bill could be overturned by them. removed from the centre of that system of social

Mr. Calhoun said, so far as this bill proposed feelings, which at once constitutes the solace and to increase the compensation to members, he was ornament of our nature. The best dispositions in favor of it, because he thought the present pay are the most sensible to this sacrifice; and are very inadequate to the dignity of the station, by il most likely to be driven out of the councils and far short of the time, labor, and sacrifice re- of the nation. This state of things ought to be quired. He thought $1,500 would be found not counteracted as far as possible ; the condition of sufficient, and would prefer, on the ground of a a member ought to be made more desirable than due compensation, as well as regard to principle, at present; be ought at least to be able to have bis $2,500. He said on principle, for in the fixing family about him, which he cappot, at the present the pay of members heretofore, it had not been pay, without ruia, unless he be a man of propsufficiently attended to. Our extent, population, erly. For these reasons he thought the measure and wealth made a strong Executive necessary; a wise one, and to be highly republican. It bad and we accordingly find the framers of our Con- for a long iime been felt to be necessary. It was stitution have made that the preponderating part worthy of the disinterested gallantry of the memof our Government. li constitutes a branch of ber who had introduced it. the Legislature, and has besides the whole pat- Mr. King, of Massachusetts, was in favor of the ronage of Government, while the other branches bill, because it would shorten the sessions of Con. have naked power only, without patronage or in gress. If the measure was necessary at all, he fluence. He did not complain of any undue in- asked if it was not as necessary for the present as fluence of Executive power now; he wished not a fulure Congress ? For one, he was not afraid to be so understood, as he was speaking solely in to trust himself in making compensation; be

March, 1816.

Compensation of Members.

H. OF R.

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sides, he said, the country had extended and in the United States. The miserable creature who creased many millions in population; and the was generally appointed Vice President, was seweight and responsibility of the members had lected merely because he was totally unfit for the increased in proportion; those of the Speaker in Presidency; but he begged pardon of the House, a double proportion. Mr. K. said he knew not the as the office was now vacani: but the Speaker of sentimenis of his constituents on this subject, this House was much more proper for President nor was he bound to koow them ; but he was of the United States than the character who was not afraid to say, that they ought never to send a usually Vice President. The Speaker, he thought, person to Congress who deserved not this sum; ought be enabled to take a house and reside here, and if their present Representatives did not, they as a great officer should do. Mr. R. replied furwould have an opportunity to correct the proce-ther to Mr. Huger's arguments; and concluded dure. He maintained that the Representative of by saying, he did not think those who upposed thirty-five thousand high-minded people ought to the bill so violently, ought to accept the additional have enough to live as such a man ought to live. compensation; for his part, he would as soon be Gentlemen had boasted of their wealth, and per. caught with his hands in a gentleman's pocket, as haps thought that a little cider and brown bread receiving the pay after saying so much against it. would do for such as had no resources beyond Mr. HOPKINSON thought the gentleman (Mr. their pay. Mr. K. was in favor of the yeas and Johnson) who bad began this warfare, was entinays, that the gentleman might have an oppor- tled to the support of all who approved the bill, tunity, if he believed he had not earned his pay, and for that it was he rose. The principle being to put it on record, and let his constituents koow conceded that the Representatives are entitled to it. Some of us, said Mr. K., are poor men; we compensation, the question was, what ought that cannot keep here, to follow us about, iwo or three compensation to be? On this question, Mr. H. servants, two or three horses, and two or three said, he would meet gentlemen op fair grounds; dogs; but we desire to live as befits our station, not those of populariiy. The rule proper in dewithout loss, &c.

ciding this question was, justice to ourselves, not Mr. Ross said, from the arguments of those in extravagance. If on the one hand, we do not favor of the bill, it would appear, that it required come here to make money, how can the country more firmness to act on this than on any other expect us to come to make sacrifices? The truth question. Mr. R. defended himself from the op- is, we ought to be allowed to come here without probrious epitbets which had been heaped on any great sacrifice, and every one be enabled to ihose who were 100 cowardly to vote for this live in the style that he does at home. He spoke bill. He was not satisfied that the bill would be what all hearts would ackoowledge, that the attended with the beneficial effects predicted to comforts of home and family were superior to this House, and to the public business. He could what could be found here. Theintervals between not expect more talenis than were assembled in the daily sessions were spent in gloomy and sol. the present Congress, which had not been excelled itary meditation, or ia dissipation. This, he said, since the first. They did not come here for pay; would not be the case, if we were enabled to bring he whose mind ran on the grovelling idea of his a part at least of our families with us. He thought pay, would here feel the same sordid sentiments, men ought not to be driven from their seats here and would be looking for further promotion. Mr. for want of suitable support. There were, at the R. thought the consequence of giving a large sal present session, eighty new members in this House. ary would be to prompt adventurers to get into Such great changes must produce a fluctuation this House, while the man of intelligence, worthy of councils and of system. Legislation, said Mr. of serving, would fiod employment in his avo- H., requires experience as well as any other avocations at home. He, therefore, saw this measure cation; as well might a man attempt the lawyer in a very different light. As to the Speaker's without reading or learning. He maintained, salary, that was fixed higher, because of his du- that the compensation, as dixed by the former ties in the House, and because it was supposed Congress, was greater ihan wbat was now prohe ought to become better acquainted with the posed. Six dollars a day was even then expected members, that he might know which were fit for to be something more tban sufficient for the exthe various situations, and to acquire that knowl. penses of the members. It was reasonable that edge, it was necessary he should entertain them; their expenses should be less at that time than but since Jupiter Tonans (alluding to the former they are now. Mr. H. thought if they consulted Speaker, Mr. DAYTON,) took the Chair, the prac. what was strictly and justly due to themselves, tice of giving dinners had ceased, it being thought the bill would and ought to pass. that he could distinguish by intuition the quali- Mr. TUCKER said, that as the yeas and pays were fications of members. Mr. R. concluded some called on the passage of the bill, he felt it his duty further remarks, by demanding the yeas and pays. to state, in a few words, the reasons which induced

Mr. RANDOLPH rose to explain.—It might be him to vote against ii in committee and would inferred perhaps, from what he had said, that he lead him to adhere to that vote. He did so be. thought ibe Speaker of the House and President cause he did not wish to sbrink from a candid of the Senate received enough. I should, said expression of his opinion. He believed with Mr. R., have liked the bill beiter if it had given many others that the pay of members of Congress them fíve thousand dollars each ; they were great ought to be such as to enable, not the rich only, officers of the State ; they might be President of bui meo of merit, (however moderate their cir

14th Con. Ist Sess.-38

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H. OF R.
Compensation of Members.

Marca, 1816. cumstances) to take a seat in this House. It was right, he should vote for it dow; because if not the true Republican principle; for otherwise the applied to the present Congress, he did Dot know Governmeni would degenerate into an aristocracy. that it would ever do any good. He thought its But though such were his opinions on this subject, immediate operation was the best part of the plan, without deciding whether a per diem allowance and he should therefore vote for ii. or annual compensation were preferable, he could Mr. Sharpe wished publicly to express his not vote for any bill which gave additional com- gratitude to his friend and colleague (Mr. Jonnpensation to himself. He had been elected under Bon of Kentucky) for bringing forward the proihe expectation of receiving six dollars per day position ; and he was willing to go even furiber. for his services; he could not think himself jus. The Constitution had provided that the compen. tified in increasing it. Gentlemen had termed sation of Congress should be fixed by law, and if this a squeamish delicacy. He had from his child: this measure was right, as bad been conceded, hood been taught on all occasions of this kind was it proper to postpone ils application to a sucthat it was safest to err on the side of delicacy. ceeding Congress ? One word, he said, as to the He should therefore vote in the negative, though propriety of the compensation. If gentlemen he would have had no objection to an increase wished io arrive at civilization it was not by imi. of the allowance to members if its operation were rating savage life. The American people ought postponed to a future Congress.

to be known by another principle, and be distio. Mr. Gaston opposed the bill, not because he guished as weli for dignity of character, liberalily, thought the pay too high-he believed it not high and civilization, as for the wisdom of their politienough—but because it contemplated a mode cal institutions. The same solicitude ought to radically wrong. He thought the services of be felt in legislation to cherish talent, and to em. members ought to be paid for according to those ploy it, as in other branches of the Government. services, and not by an annual salary. To en- T'he question was then put, on the passage of force this opinion, Mr. G. used various argu- the bill, and decided in the affirmative-ayes 81, ments. He did not believe the country would be noes 67, as follows: benefitted by facilitating legislation ; even if it Yyas-Messrs. Alexander, Atherton, Baylies, Betts, were true that ihe bill would produce that effect; Birdsall, Bradbury, Breckenridge, Brown, Calhoun, which he did not believe; because no Congress, Champion, Chappell, Chipman, Clarke of North Caroas a body, could ever have protracted the session, lina, Clark of Kentucky, Clayton, Clendennin, Condict, and remained here, for the sordid inotive sup- Conner, Creighton, Culpeper, Davenport, Gold, Gros posed. The comforts of home would hasten them venor, Hardin, Henderson, Hopkinson, Hulbert, Irving away if nothing else. In North Carolina, said of New York, Jackson, Jeweti, Johnson of Kentucky. Mr. G., from an ill-judged parsimony, the mem- Kent, Kerr of Virginia, King of Massachusetts, King bers were not allowed sufficient compensation 10 of North Carolina, Law, Lovett, Marsh, Mayrant, defray their expenses, and the effect was that the McLean of Kentucky, McLean of Ohio, Middleton, public business was hurried through improperly. Milnor, Moore, Moseley, Nelson of Massachusetts

, He denied that the compensation of members by Newton, Noyes, Ormsby, Parris, Pickens, Pickering.

Pitkin, Randolph, Reed, Robertson, Sergeant, Savage, an annual stipend would accord with the genius of our Government; and advocated the per diem Sharpe, Sheffey, Smith of Pennsylvania, Smith of

Maryland, Stearns, Sturges, Taggart, Tallmadge, Tate, mode, as preferable in every view which he could Taul, Taylor of South Carolina, Thomas, Throop, take of the subject.

Ward of Massachusetts, Ward of New York, Webster, Mr. Yancey said he would vote with his col. Wendover, Wheaton, Thomas Wilson, Woodward, league, (Mr. Gaston,) but for a very different rea Wright, and Yates. son. He thought the compensation, and had al- NĂY8—Messrs. Adgate, Baer, Barbour, Bassett, ways thought it , inadequate. A member ought to Bateman, Bennett

, Blount, Boss, Burnside, Cannon, have enough to compensate him for his services to Cilley, Clopton, Comstock, Crawford, Crocheron, Cuthhis constituents and country. If the motion made bert, Darlington, Desha, Edwards, Forney, Forsyth, yesterday to postpone the operation of the bill to the Gaston, Glasgow, Goldsborough, Goodwyn, Griffin, next Congress bad prevailed, he would have been Hale, Hall, Hammond, Hawes, Herbert, Huger, Hunwilling to vote for two thousand dollars instead of gerford, Ingham, Johnson of Virginia, Langdon, Lewis, fifteen hundred. He was not afraid of despatching Love, Lowndes, Lumpkin, Lyle, Lyon, Maclay, Mapublic business too fast, and he believed the pro- son, McCoy, Piper, Root, Ross, smith of Virginia, posed measure would produce that effect more than Southard, Stanford, Strong, Taylor of New York, Tel ihe previous question. Fix a salary, said he, and fair, Townsend, Tucker, Vose, Wallace, Ward of New remove all obstacles to attention in the House, and Jersey, Whiteside, Wilcox, Wilde, Wilkin, Williams,

Willoughby, William Wilson, and Yancey. business would be greatly facilitated. Mr. Y. repeated tbat, if not applied to the present Congress, he would support the bill, convinced that it was

SATURDAY, March 9. proper. He repelled the possible imputation of Mr. Lowndes, from the Committee of Ways voling from an over-nice conscience-he impuled and Means, reported a bill to repeal the act entilo none the desire to run after an unworthy poputled "An act io provide additional revenues for larity, and he should not incur such a suspicion defraying the expenses of Government and mainhimself.

Taiving the public credit, by laying duties on louseMr. Colpeper said, that believing with his hold furniture, and un gold and silver watches ;" colleague (Mr. Yancey) that the measure was which was read iwice, aad committed to the

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