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OF DEBATES IN CONGRESS.
TWENTY-THIRD CONGRESS.... SECOND SESSION.
FROM DECEMBER 1, 1834, TO MARCH 3, 1335.
DEBATES IN THE SENATE.
LIST OF THE SENATORS.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed, on the MAINE-Peleg Sprague, Ether Shepley.
part of the Senate, to join such committee as may be NEW HAMPSHIRE-Samuel Bell, Isaac Hill.
appointed by the House of Representatives, to wait on MASSACHUSETTS-Nathaniel Silsbee, Daniel Web. the President of the United States, and inform him that ster.
quorums of the two Houses have assembled, and that RHODE ISLAND-Nehemiah R. Knight, Asher Robbins. Congress is ready to receive any communication he may CONNECTICUT-Gideon Tomlinson, Nathan Smith.
be pleased to make. The resolution was agreed to. VERMONT--Samuel Prentiss, Benjamin Swift.
Mr. CLAY then moved that the Senate waive bal. NEW YORK--Silas Wright, N. P. Tallmadge.
loting for the committee, and that the presiding officer NEW JERSEY—T. Frelinghuysen, S. L. Southard.
appoint the same; which was agreed to; and Messrs. PENNSYLVANIA--Jas. Buchanan, Samuel McKean.
WHITE and Swift were appointed. DELAWARE--John M. Clayton, Arnold Naudain.
Mr. KNIGHT offered the following resolution, which MARYLAND--Robert II. Goldsborough, Josephi Kent.
lies one day on the table: VIRGINIA--B. W. Leigh, John Tyler.
Resolved, that each Senator be supplied, during the NORTH CAROLINA --Bedford Brown, W. P. Man present session, with three such newspapers, printed gum.
in any of the States, as he may choose: Provided, the SOUTH CAROLINA--J. C. Calhoun, William C. Pres.
same be furnished at the usual rate for the annual charge
of such papers: And provided, also, that if any Senator GEORGIA- Alfred Cuthbert, John P. King.
shall choose to take any newspapers, other than daily KENTUCKY--George M. Bibb, Henry Clay.
papers, he shall be supplied with as many such papers TENNESSEE--Felix Grundy, Hugh L. White.
as shall not exceed the price of three daily papers. OHIO–Thomas Ewing, Thomas Morris.
Mr. GRUNDY, from the Committee on the Post Office LOUISIANA-G. A. Waggaman, Alexander Porter.
and Post Roads, offered the following resolution: INDIANA--Wm. Hendricks, John Tipton.
Resolved, That the 34th rule of the Senate, so far as MISSISSIPPI--George Poindexter, John Black.
respects the Committee on the Post Office and Post ILLINOIS--Elias K. Kane, John M. Robinson.
Roads, be suspended; and that the present Committee ALABAMA--William R. King, Gabriel Moore.
on the Post Office and Post Roads be continued, with MISSOURI--Thomas H. Benton, Lewis F. Linn.
all the powers vested in them, and subject to all the duties enjoined on them, by the resolution of the Sen.
ate of the 28th day of June, 1834. Monday, DECEMBER 1, 1834.
Mr. GRUNDY remarked that the resolution was one At 12 o'clock the Senate was called to order by the which he could find no precedent to sanction. But he VICE President of the United States, Hon. MARTIN offered it at this time, owing to the peculiar situation of VAN BUREN.
the committee. They had been assiduously engaged, A quorum of members being present
for some time past, collecting testimony and other eviMr. WAITE submitted the following motion:
dence connected with their duties, but that they would Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the House of not be ablễ to make a satisfactory report for some time Representatives that a quorum of the Senate is assem.
Some of the witnesses for examination would bled and ready to proceed to business; which was agreed be here tomorrow, and he was therefore desirous that
the Senate should suspend the rule which requires the Mr. WHITE submitted the following resolution:
| standing committees to be balloted for at the commence
On Supplying Senators with Newspapers, &c.
(Dec. 2, 3, 4, 1834.
ment of each session, so far as the same applies to the You, sir, continued Mr. K., (addressing the Committee on the Post Office. He asked the imme, presiding officer,) occupy a station from which you can diate consideration of the resolution; which was agreed observe all that passes. You must have seen every to, and it was then adopted.
day, at 12 o'clock, wben members take out their mail, A message was received from the House of Repre- gentlemen taking out of their covers the Lady's Book, sentatives, by Mr. FANKLIN, their Clerk, stating that or the Mirror, or the Albion, or some fashionable pea quorum of members of that House was present, and riodical, and looking at some new rondo or fashionable that a committee had been appointed to join the Senate overture, and then folding the work up again, and committee, for the purpose of informing the President putting it back on the shoulders of Mr. Barry, in order of the United States that the two Houses were organ.ihat it may be conveyed to their wives, or sweethearts
, ized, and ready to receive his communications.
or friends. And thus it is that the revenue is injured, The Senate then adjourned.
and that the mail stages are improperly burdened. He
could not see any connexion between the power of ConTUESDAY, DECEMBER 2.
gress to make appropriations, and the practice of purMr. Morris, of Ohio, attended to-day, and took bis chasing these periodical publications. The practice of
subscribing for particular books, which had prevailed Mr. WHITE, from the joint committee appointed to for many years, was last session arrested by the Senate. wait on the President of the United States, and inform This was done by the majority, and to that majority the him that quorums of the two Houses of Congress had credit was entirely due; for the party with which he assembled, and were ready to receive any communica- was generally in the habit of acting, bad no power to tion he might be pleased to make, reported that they do either evil or good. had performed the duty assigned them, and that the Mr. K. then moved to lay the resolution on the table; President would, at 12 o'clock this day, make a com
but the motion was negatived. munication to Congress in writing.
The resolution was then agreed to. The annual message of the President of the United Mr. POINDEXTER submitted the following resoluStates was then handed to the Chair, by Mr. Donelson, tion, which was considered and adopted: his private secretary; and after being read,
Resolved, That the 34th rule of the Senate, so far as On motion of Mr. WHITE, 5,000 extra copies of the respects the Committee on Public Lands, be suspended; message, and 1,500 of the accompanying documents, and that the present committee be continued, with all were ordered to be printed for the use of the Senate. the powers vested in them, and subject to all the duties (See Appendix.)
enjoined on them, by the several resolutions of the SenThe resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. Knight,
ate at the last session, relative to frauds in the sale of relative to supplying the Senators with newspapers, was
the public lands.
On motion of Mr. POINDEXTER, Mr. KING, of Georgia, said that, on inquiry, he found
The Senate adjourned. that resolutions, such as the one before the Senate, had been passed by both Houses of Congress for a number of years past, without any interruption to this
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3. constant practice. It seemed, however, that, at one
Mr. Brown, of North Carolina; Mr. TOMLINSON, of period, in the purer days of the republic, this practice Connecticut; and Mr. Sprague, of Maine, attended to: was thought improper, and if it was so then, i: was day, and took their seats. equally so now. He hoped, therefore, that some gen.
The CHAIR communicated the annual report of the tleman who was favorable to the resolution would un- Secretary of the Treasury on the state of the finances; dertake to show what connexion there was between the which, without reading, was, with the accompanying progress of legislation and the purchase of newspapers. documents, ordered to be printed... (See Appendix.) He thought it would be just as easy to show the neces.
Mr. POINDEXTER submiited the following resolusary connexion between the purchase of newspapers for tions: the use of the members and the purchase of ihe last
Resolved, that the Commissioner of the General Land Waverley novel, or one of Mrs. Radcliff's works. It
Office be directed to communicate to the Senate a list of was perfectly true that the daily newspapers might con
the purchasers of the public lands at the land office in tain interesting speculations on political subjects. They Columbus and Chocshuma, in the State of Mississippi, did, and so did the writings of Voltaire, Bolingbroke, specifying
the name of each original purchaser, and of and other political writers. It was also true that they the assignee or assignees to whom the certificate of pur; contained (some of them) the proceedings of Congress,
chase may have been endorsed; the quantity of land but they did not necessarily contain them. They were purchased by each; and the price per acre for each perfectly independent of every branch of the Govern- tract, respectively, between the 1st day of October, ment, and bad no possible connexion with their opera
1833, and the 1st day of January, 1834. tions. Admitting, said Mr. K., the power on the part
Resolved, That the said Commissioner be directed to of the Senate to subscribe for these papers
, was there report to the Senate the aggregate number of acres of no such thing as expediency to be considered? What the public lands offered at public sale, by proclamation he wished to impress on the minds of every legislator, of the President of the United States, at each of the 2nd every officer of the Government, was, that power land offices in the State of Mississippi, from the 1st day ought not to be exercised merely because it was pos- of January, 1833, up to the present time. sessed. There was not a more unprofitable expenditure
After transacting some other business, than that for the purchase of newspapers for the mem
The Senate adjourned. bers. It had been said that the publications were useful; but how far useful? He would make an application that would be understood. Was there a member
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4. of this or of the other House, who had made sufficient Mr. Leigh, of Virginia, attended to-day, and took his progress in political knowledge to qualify him for his seat. station, that did not subscribe for more papers than he The following message was received from the Presi. had time to read? He answered that there was not one. dent of the United States by Mr. Doxelson, his secThe expenditure, therefore, would be entirely a useless retary:
Dec. 8-11, 1834.]
Bequest of Gen. Lafayette--Branch Bank Drafts--Standing Committees.
To the Senate of the United States:
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 9. I transmit to Congress a communication addressed to
A message was received from the House of Represen. me, by Mr. George Washington Lafayette, accompany: tatives, by Mr. Franklin, their Clerk, stating that the ing a copy of the Declaration of Independence, engraved House had passed joint résolutions for the appointment Congress, to be placed in their library, as a last tribute appointment of two chaplains, of different religious de. of respect, patriotic love, and affection for his adopted nominations, to serve alternately in each House; both of country.
which resolutions having been concurred in, the Senate I have a mournful satisfaction in transmitting this pre-proceeded to ballot for three members of the Joint Comcious bequest of that great and good man, who, through mittee on the Library, to serve on their part; and a long life, under many vicissitudes, and in both hemis- Messrs. ROBBINS,'POINDEXTER, and BIBB, were chosen. pheres, sustained the principles of civil liberty asserted Mr. WEBSTER, in pursuance of notice given, asked in that memorable declaration, and who, from his youth and obtained leave, and introduced a bill to provide for to the last moment of his life, cherished for our beloved the satisfaction of the claims of American citizens for country the most generous attachment.
spoliations committed on their commerce by the French, ANDREW JACKSON. prior to the year 1800; and the bill having been read the DECEMBER 4, 1834.
first and second time, was referred to a select committee
appointed by ballot, consisting of Messrs. WEBSTER, [7the letter enclosed in the abore. ]
Grundy, PRENTISS, Preston, and SHEPLEY.
Paris, June 15, 1834. After disposing of some other businessSIR: A great misfortune has given me more than one
The Senate adjourned. solemn and important duty to fulfil, and the ardent desire of accomplishing with fidelity my father's last will
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 10. emboldens me to claim the patronage of the President of Mr. Preston, of South Carolina, attended to-day, and the United States, and his benevolent intervention, took his seat. when I am obliged respectfully and mournfully to ad. The resolution offered by Mr. SOUTHARD, relative to dress the Senate and Representatives of a whole nation. the appointment of the standing committees, was taken
Our for ever beloved parent possessed a.copperplate, up, and, on motion of Mr. SOUTHARD, amended so as to on which was inscribed the first engraved copy of the fix the appointment of the committees for to-morrow, American Declaration of Independence, and his last in- at one o'clock, and carried without a division. tention, in departing this world, was that the precious
BANK UNITED STATES BRANCH DRAFTS. plate should be presented to the Congress of the United States, to be deposited in their library, as a last tribute The following resolution, submitted yesterday by Mr. of respect, patriotic love, and affection for his adopted Berton, was taken up for consideration: country.
Resolved, that the Secretary of the Treasury be di. Will it be permitted to me, a faithful disciple of that rected to communicate to the Senate any correspondence American school, whose principles are so admirably ex- with the Bank of the United States on the subject of the posed in that immortal declaration, to hope that you, sir, branch drafts, and dividends withheld, not heretofore would do me the honor to communicate this letter to communicated. Also, to inform the Senate whether the both Houses of Congress, at the same time that, in the directors on the part of the Government have been rename of his afflicted family, you would present to them fused access to the books and accounts of the institution. my venerated father's gift.
Mr. TYLER presumed that no gentleman could have In craving such an important favor, sir, the son of any objection to the passage the resolution; it was General Lafayette—the adopted grandson of Washing- desirable that the information should be obtained. But ton-knows, and shall never forget, that he would be he felt that it was due to the Committee on Finance to come unworthy of it, if he was ever to cease to be a say, that if the honorable gentleman who offered the French and American patriot.
resolution had waited a few days, the necessity of subWith the utmost respect, I am, sir,
mitting it would have been entirely obviated. The subYour devoted and obedient servant, ject of it had attracted the attention of the committee.
GEORGE W. LAFAYETTE. It was of considerable importance, and in a few days a To the PRESIDENT of the United States.
full report would be made on the subject by the com
mittee. The resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. Poixdex.
Mr. BENTON observed that, under the circumstanTER was considered and adopted. The Senate then adjourned to Monday.
ces, he had no objection that the resolution lie on the table; and made a motion to that effect, which prevailed.
Several bills were taken up in Committee of the MONDAY, DECEMBER 8.
Whole, and some other business of minor importance Messrs. WEBSTER, of Massachusetts; WAGGAMAN, of gone through with; when, Louisiana; PRENTISS, of Vermont; Kirg, of Alabama; and On motion of Mr. KING, the Senate proceeded to Claytos, of Delaware, appeared and took their seats. the consideration of executive business.
The CHAIR communicated the credentials of the hon- When the doors were opened,
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 11.
STANDING COMMITTEES. of bills, &c.,
In pursuance of the resolution passed yesterday, the Mr. SOUTHARD submitted the following resolution, Senate proceeded 10 ballot for its standing committees; which was laid on the table:
and the ballots resulted in the choice of the following Resolved, that the Senate will, on Wednesday next, gentlemen, to serve for the present session: proceed to the appointment of the standing committees. Foreign Relations.-Mr. Clay, chairman; Messrs. King, The Senate adjourned.
of Georgia, Mangum, Sprague, Tallmadge.
General Lafuyelle--Resolution of Condolence.
(Dec. 15, 1834.
Committee on Finance. – Mr. Webster, chairman; pressing their sensibility on the intelligence of the death Messrs. Wright, Tyler, Mangum, Ewing.
of General Lafayette, were communicated, in compliCommitlee on Commerce. -- Mr. Silsbee, chairman; ance with their will, to George Washington Lafayette, Messrs. King, of Alabama, Waggaman, Sprague, and the other members of the family of that illustrious Wright.
man. By their request, I now present the heartfelt acCommittee on Manufactures.-Mr. Frelinghuysen, knowledgment of the surviving descendants of our bechairman; Messrs. Morris, Knight, Prentiss, Tyler. loved friend, for that highly valued proof of the sym
Committee on Agriculture. — Mr. Brown, chairman; pathy of the United States. Messrs. Kent, Swift, Robinson, Morris.
ANDREW JACKSON. Committee on Military Affairs.-- Mr. Benton, chair- WASHington, December 10, 1834. man; Messrs. Tipton, Preston, King, of Alabama, Clay.
Washington, June 27, 1834. Commillee on Militia.-Mr. Robinson, chairman;
To GEORGE WASHINGTON LAFAYETTE, and the other Messrs. Hendricks, McKean, Waggaman, Swift.
members of the family of the late General Lafayette: Committee on Naral Affairs. - Mr. Southard, chair- In compliance with the will of Congress, I transmit to man; Messrs. Robbins, Tallmadge, Bibb, Black. you the joint resolutions of the two Houses, unanimously
Committee on Public Lands.-- [The Committee on the expressing the sensibility with which they received the Public Lands of the last session was continued for the intelligence of the death of “General Lafayette, the present session, by a unanimous The members friend of the United States, the friend of Washington, consist of Messrs. Poindexter, chairman; Moore, Pren and the friend of liberty;" and I also assure you of the tiss, McKean, and Clay.]
condolence of this whole nation in the irreparable beLand Committee on Private Land Claims.- Mr. Black, chair. reavement which by that event you have sustained. man; Messrs. Kane, Naudain, Porter, Shepley.
In complying with the request of Congress, I cannot Commitlee on Indian Affairs. — Mr. White, chairman; omit the occasion of offering you my own condolence in Messrs. Tipton, Smith, Swift, Frelinghuysen.
the great loss you have sustained, and of expressing my Committee on Claims. - Mr. Bell, chairman; Messrs.
admiration of the eminent virtues of the distinguished Tipton, Naudain, Brown, Shepley.
patriot, whom it has pleased Providence to remove to Committee on the Judiciary.- Mr. Clayton, chairman; his high reward. Messrs. Preston, Bell, Smith, Leigh.
I also pray you to be persuaded that your individual Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.—[The welfare and prosperity will always be with me objects of Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads of the last that solicitude which the illustrious services of the great session was continued for the present session, by a reso
friend and benefactor of my country are calculated to lution passed unanimously. The members consist of awaken. Messrs. Grundy, chairman; Ewing, Robinson, Knight,
ANDREW JACKSON, Southard.]
President of the United States. Committee on Pensions.- Mr. Tomlinson, chairman;
LA GRANGE, October 21, 1834. Messrs. Tallmadge, McKean, Prentiss, Preston. Committee on Roads and Canals. -Mr. Hendricks,
Sir: The resolution of Congress, communicated to chairman; Messrs. Kent, Robinson, Robbins, McKean.
me by your honored favor of the 27th of June, that Committee on the District of Columbia. -- Mr. Tyler, glorious testimony of American national affection for my chairman; Messrs. Kent, Bibb, Southard, Tomlinson.
beloved and venerated father, has been received by bis Committee on Revolutionary Claims.--Mr. Moore, and, give me leave to say, filial gratitude.
family with the deepest sense of the most respectful, chairman; Messrs. Smith, White, Leigh, Frelinghuysen. Committee to Audit and Report the Contingent Expen.
And now, sir, that we experience the benefits of such ses of the Senate.—Mr. Knight, chairman; Messrs. Tom
a high and soothing sympathy, we find ourselves called linson, Morris.
to the honor of addressing to the people and Congress
of the United States our heartfelt and dutiful thanks. Committee on Engrossed Bills.- Mr. Shepley, chairman; Messrs. Robinson, Morris.
Sir, you were the friend of my father, and the kind let. On motions of the several chairmen of the standing be for us a sufficient authorization to our claiming once
ter which accompanied the precious message seems to committees just appointed, the different parts of the President's message were appropriately referred.
more your honorable assistance, for the accomplishment The Senate adjourned over to Monday next.
of a duty dear to our hearts.
We most fervently wish that the homage of our ever
lasting devotion to a nation, whose tears have deigned MONDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1834.
to mingle with ours, should be offered to both Houses The following Senators appeared and took their seats, of Congress. Transmitted by you, sir, that homage viz: from South Carolina, Mr. Calhoun; from Louisi- shall be rendered acceptable; and we earnestly pray ana, Mr. PouTER; from Mississippi, Mr. Black; from you, sir, to present it in our name. Our gratitude shall Missouri, Mr. Linn.
be for ever adequate to the obligation. Also, James Buchanan, elected a Senator from Penn- The resolution which so powerfully honors my father's sylvania, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resigna. memory shall be deposited, as a most sacred family proption of Mr. WILKINS, appeared, was qualified, and tookerty, in that room of mourning where once his son and his seat.
grandsons used to receive, with avidity, from him, lesMr. BENTON presented a certificate of the election sons of patriotism and active love of liberty: there, the of Mr. Linn, as a Senator from the State of Missouri. daily contemplation of it will more and more impress
Both these gentlemen accordingly took the customary their minds with that encouraging conviction, that the oath.
affection and esteem of a free nation is the most desiraLAFAYETTE.
ble reward that can be obtained upon earth. The following message wa received fro the Presi.
With the utmost respect, sir, I have the honor to be dent of the United States:
Your devoted and obedient servant,
GEORGE W. LAFAYETTE. To the Senale of the United Stales:
After disposing of several bills, petitions, &c. The joint resolutions of Congress, unanimously ex- The CHAIR communicated a report from the Com