Trade in Classical Antiquity
Cambridge University Press, 2007 M04 19
Historians have long argued about the place of trade in classical antiquity: was it the life-blood of a complex, Mediterranean-wide economic system, or a thin veneer on the surface of an underdeveloped agrarian society? Trade underpinned the growth of Athenian and Roman power, helping to supply armies and cities. It furnished the goods that ancient elites needed to maintain their dominance - and yet, those same elites generally regarded trade and traders as a threat to social order. Trade, like the patterns of consumption that determined its development, was implicated in wider debates about politics, morality and the state of society, just as the expansion of trade in the modern world is presented both as the answer to global poverty and as an instrument of exploitation and cultural imperialism. This 2007 book explores the nature and importance of ancient trade, considering its ecological and cultural significance as well as its economic aspects.
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Ecology and economics
Commodities and consumption
Institutions and infrastructure
Markets merchants and morality
The limits of ancient globalisation
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activity amphorae ancient economy ancient trade Athenian Athens basic behaviour beneﬁt Campanian cargo Carthaginians century bce certainly citizens city of Rome classical antiquity coinage coins commoditisation conﬁned consumers contract costs created demand drachmae economic elite emphasise evidence example exchange expensive farmers ﬁnance ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst ﬁrst place ﬁsh Garnsey Gaul grain Greek harvest Horden Horden and Purcell important inﬂuence institutions involved Italy less limited loans luxury Lysias Mediterranean merchants modern modernisers Morley Muziris objects offered ofﬁcials one’s patterns of consumption Pliny political population port possible potential pottery practices primitivists production proﬁt proﬁtable quantities redistribution reﬂect regions risk role Roman Empire Roman law Roman period Rome self-sufﬁciency sell ship shipowners signiﬁcant slave social society sources speciﬁc state’s stipulatio structures sufﬁcient supply surplus surplus production systems of distribution Tchernia Tebtunis trafﬁc transaction transport voyage wealth wine wool
Página 8 - The problem remains. Why was the victorious advance of capitalism stopped? Why was machinery not invented? Why were the business systems not perfected? Why were the primal forces of primitive economy not overcome? They were gradually disappearing; why did they not disappear completely?