Imágenes de páginas



“Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[NOVEMBER, 1854.



The works of Pope and his contemporaries are now David HERD, who is characterised by Sir Walter

exciting so much interest, and their literary squabbles Scott, as the editor of “the first classical collection of

becoming developed, it may be well to point out a sinScottish Songs," printed at Edinburgh in 1774, is said

gular passage in the Margravine of Anspach's Memoirs, by Chambers, and other biographers, to have been born

vol. ii, p. 162, where alluding to the Letters of Lady in the parish of St. Cyrus, in Kincardineshire, an

Mary Wortley Montagu, which the Margravine conerroneouis assertion reiterated by all subsequent writers.

sidered to have been chiefly composed by men, addsHe was born at Balmakelly, in the adjoining parish of

Lady Bute, daughter of Lady Mary told her, that Mr. Mary-Kirk, in the olden time named Aberluthnot,*

Walpole and two other wits, friends of his, joined in a where his father was a crofter, or small farmer. The

trio, to divert themselves at the expense of the English following extract from the baptismal register of Mary

public, by composing those letters. Kirk, while it affords satisfactory evidence of the place

Oak House, Pendleton.

F. R. A. of his birth, also discloses the name of his mother.

The allusion is here to the three small volume edition Oct. 23, 1732. This day was baptized David Herd, printed in 1763, 80 scandalous indeed is that publication to lawful son to John Herd and Margaret Low, in Balmakelly, the memory of Lady Montagu, that it has been announced before these witnekses, Lavid and William Herds, both in in booksellers' catalogues, as "the FIRST EDITION, with Balmakelly.

the suppressed passages.” It was the fashion among

persons of high character to fabricate and disseminate The Inquisitiones Speciales, Kincardine, no. 88, shew

falsehood with no unsparing hand; but when it approached that some time before and subsequent to 1655, a por- themselves by another route, or was the emanation of a tion of the lands of Balmakelly, were the property of a more talently gifted hand, as in the instance of the Rowleian person surnamed Low, and though no extant record is Manuscripts by the luckless Chatterton, they could then be known of David Herd being by his mother's affinity branded with infamy, and the hapless adventurer neglected related to the landowners of his native county, there is and contemned, pass to the grave unheeded, the breadless nothing advanced to the contrary. The parties named and inexperienced victim of that delusion which placed a in the retour of service to the lands of Little and Nether mistaken reliance on aristocratic patronage. The distinction Balmakellan, etc., may have been of his mother's an

obtained by the fabrication of the Athenian Letters, by the

Hardwicke family and their friends, all considerable for cestry, and while the fact may be deemed of but little

| their eminence in literature and station in society; while moment, the circumstance, if possible, of establishing

ning it lured Walpole to the establishing his private press ut the descent of Herd's mother from the Lows of Balma

ma- | Strawberry Hill, seems also to have induced the idea of kelly, etc, is not devoid of interest.

himself and associates clubbing their ideas for its emanations. David Herd died at Edinburgh in 1810, and was Yet the writers of the Athenian Letters did not hesitate to buried in the Greyfriar's church-yard, where a stone become fabricators of other papers, than those which passed was placed to his memory. Born in 1732, his age was under the above title. They not only concocted Gazettes but seventy-eight, but in the new edition of Monteith's of the days of Imperial Roine, but they produced "the Theater of Mortality, Glasgow, 1834, Appendix, p. 283, earliest English Newspaper ever printed." The English the inscription from the stone is there printed, and the

re printed, and the Mercurie, 1588, of which several printed specimens are

found in a volume of the Birch Manuscripts, in the British age, in error, stated eighty-six.

Museum, which deceived George Chalmers, of Shakespeare Brechin.


forgery notoriety, and many other magnates in literature ; were the fabrications of the writers of the Athenian Letters,

and printed at the Hardwicke private press. Dr. Birch • John Monteith, in the reign of King Robert the First, being one of the writers. These were then looked on as had the Five merk lands of Balmakelly in exchange for innocuous pastimes by persons pre-eminent for the social certain lands in Argyleshire. Robertson's Index, p. 23.) virtues, but they have served as ignes fatui to mislead perAberluthnot, the old name of the parish of Mary-Kirk, was sons of but slight caution; they have served in the change from a want of local knowledge, designated in the Inquisi of manners to cast reproach upon characters as honourable tions above quoted, Aberbrothick.

in every respect with those of the writers, and in respect Balmakelly lies to the south, within a few minutes walk to the Popean fictions, to bewilder and bewray the historical of the Mary-Kirk railway station.

| course of literary facts.-ED. VOL. IV.

[ocr errors]


translate the Argonautics of Apollonius Rhodius for

eighty pounds; and at a subsequent date, his brother, In December, 1835, a number of original Contracts Dr. Joseph WARTON, assigned for two hundred pounds between the Dodsleys and various authors, editors, and his Essay on the Life and Writings of Pope, in two translators, were sold by Mr. Evans, in Pall Mall, and volumes, octavo. the following notices are from memoranda taken at the William MELMOTI, April 30, 1755, received for his time by the writer.

translation of Cicero's Familiar Letters six hundred January 16, 1741, WILLIAM WHITEHEAD, subse-pounds, and for his Lælius one hundred pounds.quently poet laureate, received ten guineas in full, for a HAMPTON this year received for his translation of Polypoem entitled, The Dangers of Writing Verse. WILLIAM bius, two hundred and fifty guineas. GUTHRIE, the historian, contracted to translate Ricco Mason, the biographer of Gray, has erroneously ooni on the Theatres, compile the index, and all complete, asserted the poet never received any emolument for his for ten pounds, sixteen shillings.

writings. THOMAS GRAY on June 29, 1757, assigned EDWARD YOUNG, D.D., on January 26, 1744-5, for his Two Odes, the Power of Poetry, and the Bard, for the sixth part of his Night Thoughts, called the Infidel forty guineas, reserving the right to reprint them in Reclaimed, received fifty guineas; and on November any edition of his works. Gray's assignment sold for 24, 1753, received a further sum of fifty guineas, which eight guineas. with one hundred and ten guineas already received, was Burke's early history as an author was long involved in ful discharge of the five first parts or nights of a in much obscurity, arising from the mystery he had poem entitled Night Thoughts. Dr. Young assigned on himself thrown over his movements. His first published Feb. 19, 1755, his Centaur not Fabulous, with the plate production was entitled, Natural Society Vindicated, used as a frontispiece, for two hundred pounds, which and was written in Lord Bolingbroke's style, to evince Robert Dodsley was to pay six months after date. his aptitude at the manner deemed difficult of that cele

John WESLEY, the founder of the Methodists, and brated statesman. The receipt of six pounds, professed who constantly carried in his breast a crucifix, ac- to be " for the use of the Author of Natural Society knowledged to having pirated in his Collection of Poems Vindicated ;" five hundred copies were to be printed of the copy-right of some portions of Dr. Young's Night the first edition ; if it reached a second edition, the Thoughts, and some productions of Mrs. Rowe; for author was to receive six guineas more. As Burke has these he consented to make restitution, by agreeing on nowhere alluded to his History of the European SettleFebruary 8, 1744, to pay fifty pounds.

ments in America, and omitted it himself in the collected Dr. S. JOHNSON, the lexicographer, assigned his edition of his works, it became a controverted point as to translation of the Tenth Satire of Juvenal, on Nov. 28, who was the author, but which doubt was here eluci1748, for fifty guineas; the author reserving to himself dated, by his assignment of the work to Dodsley, the right of printing an edition. This document sold | January 5, 1757. for seven guineas. Johnson's autograph Account of his ! Burke, on February 18, following, assigned his Essay Tour in France, 1775, which Malone presented to on the Sublime and Beautiful for twenty guineas; and James Boswell, July 21, 1787, and produced at Boswell, if a third edition, ten guineas more. Mr. Young the Shakespeare editor's sale, ten guineas, was here sold purchased this document for five pounds. for twenty pounds.

April 24, 1758, Burke contracted with Dodsley to January 11, 1749, ROBERT PALTOCK, of Clement's write the Annual Register ; or, a Retrospect of Men Inn, assigned to Dodsley the manuscript of the Life and and Things, in the manner of Millar's Kalendar, in Adventures of Peter Wilkins, a Cornishman; for the octavo, each volume for every year, not to contain less first edition, twenty guineas, twelve copies of the book, than thirty sheets, nor more than thirty-four, for one and the cuts, or copper plates engraved for the prints. hundred pounds per volume, and to have all books and Dodsley printed but that edition, and popular as the pamphlets found him ; Dodsley, if dissatisfied, was to book has ever been, all the circumstances as to the give three months notice. This contract produced six author were unknown, till the appearance of this con- guineas. Apparently Burke's connection with the Annual tract.

Register ceased with the volume for 1762, as with these COLLEY CIBBER, the hero of Pope's Dunciad, assigned papers was a receipt in full for fifty guineas for that his memorable Apology for fifty guineas, March 24, year. Dodsley's Annual Register, 1768, and onwards, 1750. Dodsley's edition was in two duodecimo volumes, was conducted by Thomas English, and the receipts printed in 1756. Cibber, then poet laureate, died in shewed he was paid 1401. per volume. Burke's receipt, 1757. SUSANNAH CIBBER, the wife of his ill-fated dated May 26, 1791, proved he received from James son Theophilus, sold the copyright of her Comedy, The Dodsley, as the profits of his Reflections on the RevoOracle, in One Act, for thirty guineas, April 1, 1752 ; lution in France, published as a thin five shilling volume and on March 24, 1753, the inimitable Kitty CLIVE in octavo, ONE THOUSAND FOUNDS! No author ever disposed of her Rehearsal, or Bays in Petticoats, for received so much on the sale of any sin,ilar work! On twenty guineas.

Nov. 25, in the same year, Walker King received for the copyrights of Burke's Letter to a Member of the his Miscellaneous Pieces relating to the Chinese, in two National Assembly, and his Appeal from the New to volumes, duodecimo. He received June 10, 1761, fifty the Old Whigs, on his secession from Fox's party, three pounds in full, for his Chinese history, entitled Hanhundred pounds. The writer, at the time, made a note Kiou Choaan; on the same day, ten guineas for his (see Owen's preface to Burke's Thoughts on a Regicide Chinese Proverbs, Chinese Poetry, and Argument of Peace, 1796, 8vo.); it has doubtless some reference, but the Chinese Play; and ten more guineas on account of the Thoughts are not now at hand.

the first edition of his version of Solomon's Song. LAURENCE STERNE received from Dodsley, May 19, March 25, 1763, he received ten guineas, as a first 1760, for the first two volumes of Tristram Shandy, and payment for his Runic Poetry, and on the same day, for the first two volumes of the Sermons of Mr. Yorick, twenty guineas on account of his Miscellaneous Pieces, four hundred and fifty pounds! an astounding sum, contracted for in May, 1761. A third edition of Percy's when it is recollected that Sterne in all gaiety of heart Reliques was required in 1775, and on March 7, in that proffered the first volume of Shandy to Dodsley for fifty year, Dodsley agreed to pay him forty pounds, at the pounds, and it was then by him rejected. Further, end of five years from the time Percy should complete Dodsley on the same day contracted to pay Sterne for the work at press; the edition was one of a thousand the third and fourth volumes of Shandy 3807. six months copies, but in consideration of Dodsley being permitted after the work was completed at press. These two to print 1500 copies, he relinquished to Percy, as his documents at the sale produced seven guineas.

property in future, the copper-plates employed in that Among these papers was also an interesting letter to edition. Percy not to republish the work till all the Dodsley, from Sterne's Eugenius, John Hall Stevenson, 1500 copies were sold; Dodsley at the same time waived the vivacious author of Crazy Tales, proffering the the original restriction, that Percy was not to compile manuscript of the second part of his Fables, on the or print a fourth volume. same terms he had formerly given the first, namely | March 31, 1763, OLIVER GOLDSMITH contracted with gratis!

Dodsley to write a Chronological History of the Lives of The contracts with the Rev. Thomas PERCY, after Eminent Persons in Great Britain and Ireland, in wards Bishop of Dromore, in reference to his Reliques octavo volumes to range with the Universal History, of Ancient English Poetry, were highly interesting. each volume to comprise thirty-five sheets, at three The original agreement, dated May 22, 1761, stated guineas per sheet. The work from some cause, probably the sum of one hundred guineas as the remuneration the inadequacy of the remuneration, was abandoned. for three volumes in duodecimo, “ to contain all I shall Goldsmith' in the summer of this year resided in ever print of this work." It appears, however, that no lodgings, possibly for seclusion, in Canonbury Tower, more than the first two volumes were then ready, for | Islington, but if with intent to the compilation of these these he was to have seventy pounds, and if a third Lives, the distance from all book depositories must soon volume was afterwards completed, the purchase-money have convinced him of its absurdity. Goldsmith's agreefor that volume was to be thirty-five pounds ; "and in ment sold for seven pounds ten shillings. case any accident should prevent my compleating the Goldsmith, described as then residing in chambers on said work, after I have received any part of the aforesaid the Library Staircase, in the Inner Temple, Oct. 31, sum, I hereby declare that my folio manuscript, from 1764, assigned to Dodsley and Newbery, for ten guineas, which most of the said ballads are extracted, does in his Oratorio of the Captivity. This drama remained that case become the property of the said James Dodsley, unpublished, till a rough draft in manuscript being or of his executors, to indemnify him for such disburse- found in Heber's library he forwarded it to Washington ment." Percy received March 25, 1763, 1001. 3s. 10 d. Irving, for his Paris edition of Goldsmith's works. Here in part of the one hundred guineas for the copyright of was a clear transcript, but showing in almost every line the Ancient Songs and Ballads; and the residue, the sedulous care of the poet's amendments. The 4l. 16s. 14d, was on March 26, 1765, paid in completion manuscript was purchased by Mr. Murray for 251. 10s. of the above contract. Allusion is here made solely to One of Goldsmith's earliest literary labours was his Percy's editorial remuneration, another contract, which Essay on Polite Learning, printed in 1759 ; of this there the writer has seen, but not with these papers, was to was a second edition in 1774; for revising the former this effect : Dodsley was to pay Percy for the Collections one for the press, and prefixing his name, Dodsley paid he had made for the work, the folio manuscript ex- him five guineas. The receipt for that sum, three cepted, the sum of one hundred pounds ; this will ex- lines, in Goldsmith's writing, sold for three pounds five plain wly under certain contingencies, that excepted shillings. manuscript was to become the property of Dodsley, the John COLLET, an artist of considerable power, and deficiency of the materials therein contained would whose works are frequently ascribed to Hogarth, asunder any other editor render the whole imperfect, to signed his Chit Chat, Nov. 6, 1764, for twenty guineas. the injury of the publisher, and the exigency was prv- CHRISTOPHER, or as more familiarly known by his vided for in the agreement of May 22, 1761. The contemporaries, Kit SMART, received August 4, 1764, Reliques were published in 1765.

ten guineas, for his translation of Phædrus. Tuomas Percy, on May 23, 1761, contracted with Dodsley for SHERIDAN, father of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, forty guineas, on Nov. 7, 1766, for his Lectures on Elocution. I

HORACE WALPOLE, afterwards Lord Orford, received
January 23, 1768, one hundred pounds, for his Historic

The Issue Roll, Easter 1391, 14 Rich, II. shows that Doubts respecting King Richard the Third ; and the by Writ of Privy Seal among the mandates of this term, Rev. Joseph Spence, whom Walpole designated “ a neat ten pounds were paid to the Clerks of the parish churches silver penny in literature," was paid for his celebrated

and to divers other Clerks in the City of London, which Polymetis, two hundred pounds.

the King commanded to be paid them of his gift, on Mrs. CHARLOTTE LENNOX, received on Feb. 17, 1774,

account of the play of the Passion of our Lord, and the for her translation of Madame La Vallieré's Meditations,

Creation of the World, by them performed at Skynnertwenty-five pounds. Joun BERKENHOUT, M.D. for

Prenuour M.D. for well after the feast of St. Bartholomew last past. the first volume of his Biographia Literaria, in quarto, a work now of no consideration, received September 26, 1776, 2001.; and in the following year, SOAME JENYNS,

VARIETIES OF LITERATURE. was paid the enormous sum of 2501. for his puerile emanation entitled, Evidences of Christianity.

In the advertisement to a very excellent work, enShenstone's friend and biographer, the Rev. RICHARD

titled Varieties of Literature from Foreign Literary GRAVES, of Claverton, was paid January 2, 1779, twenty

Journals and Original Manuscripts, now just published, pounds for his translation of Columella ; and on June 20,

printed for J. Debrett, Piccadilly, 1795, 2 vols. 8vo. we 1780, for the Sorrows of Werter, he received forty pounds.

are told, “With regard to this particular collection, it Dodsley's note states that although this sum was in

has been made, and will be carried on, at no small full, yet Mr. Graves was afterwards paid as much more

expense of labour and time." as made it two hundred pounds! The name of the

I have seen in Catalogues the work ascribed to translator of this once highly popular work, was until

D'Israeli, but this cannot be correct, for the subjects of this discovery unknown.

various articles, and the style of them, are the very reIsaac Reed was paid April 1, 1780, the residue of verse of any thing he ever produced. one hundred pounds, due to him for editing the edition Permit me to enquire who was the editor or comin that year of Dodsley's Old Plays, in twelve volumes ; |

umse piler of these volumes, and whether he carried out his originally printed in 1744, under the editorial care of promise of continuing them, and if so, when and under of Thomas Coxeter. Reed was the anonymous collector what title?

F. R. A. of the four volumes known as Pearch's Collection of

There is nothing to militate against the late Mr. Isaac Poems, Pearch being the publisher. The copyright | D’Israeli being the editor of the volumes under notice; he was subsequently assigned to Dodsley, who on November was then a literary projector, and of his early literary 13, 1781, paid Reed fifty pounds for his notes on Robert career, little or nothing is known to the public. The Dodsley's collection of Poems, then republished ; and a writer believes the appropriation to be correct, but as the further sum of twenty pounds, Sept. 8, 1782, for re work wholly failed of public notice, it was not continued. editing Pearch's Collection, reprinted as an appendix

A small portion, or possibly but one or two articles, were to Dodsley's.

all that was contributed by Mr. D’Israeli, the others were JOSEP GILBERT COOPER, received for his Letters

| contributed by Pratt, Mavor, and other literary friends. concerning Taste; in books, etc., twenty-four pounds. THOMAS BLACKWELL, for the first two volumes of his Court of Augustus, printed in quarto, now utterly neg PETER PINDAR.- The following is from the Doctor's lected, 5001. The continuation, or Third Volume was autograph, addressed to Mr. Walker, bookseller, Paterwritten by John Mills. Professor Duncan agreed for a noster-row, translation of Plutarch's Lives, for 6001. CHRISTOPHER SIR,— As it is Quarter-day to-morrow I shall send Anstey, for his very popular and humourous poem, the for my Quarter's annuity, for which the Bearer will give New Bath Guide, 2501. ; and C. HOME, for his Chro- a Receipt. nological Abridgement of the History of England, a single June 24, 1803,

I am, etc. octavo volume, a compilation now in no estimation, 1501. Delancey Place, 8,

J. Wolcot.
Camden Town.
What was the Doctor's Annuity ?

J. P.


SCHILLER. The house at Weimar in which Schiller lived, though small and considerably dilapidated, was THOMAS CHRISTOPHER Banks, author of the Dorpurchased at public auction, June 29, 1847, for 5025 mant and Extinct Baronage of England, printed in dollars, (10051. sterling,) by the Corporation of that 1807, and other Genealogical works, “ Baronet of Nova town, being nearly double the amount of its value. Scotia, and Knight of the Holy Order of St. John of

Jerusalem," died at Greenwich, Sept. 30, in his 90th


| Ury, where the following inscription denotes the place BARCLAY OF URY.

of sepulture of the Apologist and his wife: Captain Barclay Allardice, who died on May 1st

THE GRAVE OF last, was claimant and representative of the Earldom of

ROBERT BARCLAY OF VRIE, Airth and Menteith, being descended from Lady Mary

AUTHOR OF THE APOLOGIE FOR THE QUAKERS; Graham, wife of Sir John Allardice of that Ilk, in the


COLONEL DAVID BARCLAY OF URIE, Mearns, granddaughter of the last Earl of Airth and

AND KATHERIN DAUGHTER OF THE FIRST Menteith, and was thus the seventeenth in lineal suc

SIR ROBERT GORDON, OF GORDONSTON.* cession from Robert the Second, King of Scotland ; his

HE WAS BORN DECEMBER 23RD, 1648 ; ancestor being David, Earl of Strathern, eldest son of

AND DIED OCTOBER 3RD, 1690. that monarch, by Euphemia Ross.

ALSO OF HIS WIFE, The Allardices are a very old family in the north of CHRISTIAN, DAUGHTER OF GILBERT MOLLISON, Scotland. The name of “ Allardus clericus” appearing

MERCHANT IN ABERDEEN. in charters relating to that district so early as 1170,*

SHE WAS BORN ANNO 1647, The family terminated in an only daughter, who married

AND DIED FEBRUARY 14, 1723. Robert Barclay, of Ury, in 1776, by which marriage he

The Barclay estate at Ury was sold by public auction succeeded to her patrimony, and in consequence assumed

in August last, to Alexander Baird, Esq. of Gartsberrie, the additional patronymic of Allardice. She was mother

for 120,0001. being, exclusive of the value of the manof the late Capt. Barclay Allardice, who was born on

sion-house and game, at the present rental, estimated August 25, 1779. The Barclays of Scotland were a branch of the great

at twenty-seven and a half years' purchase.

Brechin. family of Berkeley, in Gloucestershire, of which, one

A. J. son, Walter, had the grant of the barony of INVERKEILLOR, in Angus, from William the Lion; and another son, Humphrey, was settled by the same king, among

POLYANTHEA. – H. Martin, a Correspondent in the Gaelic people of the Mearns. Berkeley of Red

Notes and Queries, vol. 10, p. 326, asks, by whom was castle, or Inver-Keillor, was the first lay-chamberlain

the “ Polyanthea: a Collection of Interesting Fragments, of Scotland, and leaving a daughter, his sole heiress,

etc." compiled? The compiler was Charles Henry she married Ingleram de Baliol, Lord of Harcourt,

Wilson, a native of Ireland, characterised as a man of whence the introduction of the Baliols into Scotland,

inexhaustible wit and humour, as well as that of being and the grandson of Berkeley's heiress, by his wife

well versed in Antiquities, and the Literature of the Doruagilla, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Allan,

Gothic, Scandinavian, and Celtic Nations. Several Lord of Galloway,t was father of John Baliol, King of

other works proceeded from his pen, such as, The WanScotland.

dering Islander, Brookiana, etc. all anonymously, as he Although the castle and a portion of the lands of

would not suffer his name to appear upon any of them. Allardice are still held by Captain Barclay's heirs, the

He died May 12, 1808. See Gentleman's Magazine, original Barclay estates in Mearnshire have long since

vol. lxxviii. p. 469. passed to other owners. That of Ury was acquired so

The Polyanthea is a most amusing work, and has not recently as 1648, when it was purchased by Colonel

been sufficiently appreciated, and what is somewhat David Barclay, father of Robert Barclay, author of the

remarkable, the same book has appeared under two celebrated Apology for the Quakers. Those gentlemen

different titles. My copy is, Anecdotes of Eminent and many of their descendants, including the late Capt.

Persons, comprising also many interesting Literary Robert Barclay Allardice, were interred in the family

Fragments, Biographical Sketches, etc. London, 1804, vault, at a short distance from the mansion-house of

8vo. 2 vols.
Oak House, Pendleton,

F. R. A.

• Registrum de Aberbrothoc, p. 38. The Memorials of Katherine, the wife of Colonel David Barclay, was the the Ancient Barons, Magnates, etc. of Angus and Mearns, second daughter of the Hon. Robert Gordon, of Gordonsnow preparing for publication, will contain an account of toun, second son of Alexander, fifteenth Earl of Sutherthe Allardices of that Ilk.

land. He was one of the gentlemen of the Bed Chamber + Crawfurd's Officers of State, p. 253. In the Appendix to Kings James the First and Charles the First, Viceto Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. ii. pp. 245-251, is embodied a Chamberlain, one of the Lords of the Privy Council, and long account of the Barclays of Ury. A Genealogical Ac- Premier Baronet of Nova Scotia, created May 28, 1625; count of the Barclays of Urie, by Robert Barclay, son of and author of the Genealogical History of the Earldom of the Apologist, wus printed at Aberdeen, in 1740, in 8vo. Sutherland. The curious library formed by him, between for private distribution among the relatives and friends of 1610 and 1650, was sold by auction in London, by the the family. It was reprinted in 1821, 8vo.

late John Geo. Cochrane, in March 1816.

« AnteriorContinuar »