Imágenes de páginas

Patrick preaching to the varmint,' when, according to | TURNER AND THE APPRECIATION OF MODERN ART. an Irish rhymester,

An extraordinary value appears of late to be placed The toads went pop, the frogs went hop

on the productions of this Modern English Artist, and Slap dash into the water;

there seems to be an increasing anxiety among collectors And the snakes committed suicide,

to possess one or more of his paintings. Turner painted To save themselves from slaughter,

for Mr. John Broadhurst, now of Campden Hill, KenConfirming, too, by the view in the back ground the sington, the three well known pictures, Sheerness, or fact, that

as it is otherwise named, the Guardship at the Nore; He built a church in Dublin town,

the Harbour of Dieppe in 1826; and the Cologne, with And on it put a steeple ;

boats full of figures, on the Rhine, the tower of St. is also found on a Dublin trader's token-Richard For the first, Turner is said to have received three

Martin's Church seen above the City-walls, in 1827. Greenwood, Merchant, High Street, Dublin ; engraved hundred guineas; and for each of the latter, four hunin Snelling's second additional plate to Simon, fig. 7.

dred guineas. This unlucky contre-tems seems to place it before 1679, the latest date that Dr. Smith has noticed on any other him to send them for sale in July, 1828, to Mr. Phillips,

Some distaste on the part of Mr. Broadhurst, induced Dublin token ; otherwise the probability would be, the in Bond Street, at whose rooms they were bought in now named St. Patrick's penee and halfpence were for seven hundred pounds. The proprietor not caring struck during the seige of Limerick, at the Mint then about their retention, was disposed to let them go at controlled by Walter Plunkett, with the re-struck gun- that sum, - and directed his agents, Messrs. Harris, money sixpences, designated Hibernias, 1691. On the Pearce and Biggs, No. 31, Conduit Street, to effect the Ecce Grex pieces, the shield bearing three castles or sale ; advertisements appeared, and while Lord Wharntowers, has induced the presumption they were struck cliffe was hesitating, Mr. Wadmore, then of Chapel at Dublin, but the same device, the three castles, is Street, Edgeware Road, became the purchaser on Au, upon several of the Limerick trading tokens, of which gust 2nd in that year, of the three pictures for 7001. none are dated later than 1679.



since Mr. Wadınore was desirous of disMr. Lindsay, in his View of the Coinage of Ireland, has placed these pieces to the reign of Charles the First; posing of the Dieppe and the Cologne for eight hundred this the writer imagines has arisen from the deficiency guineas, giving as a reason his wish to occupy their of a due consideration of the general appearance of the space with smaller pictures, the proffer was not accoins ; it is true, the brass introduced on the copper of pictures by old Masters and modern English artists

cepted; and since his decease, Mr. Wadmore's collection blank is found on the farthings of that King, and again on the pewter Irish money of James the Second, 6th inst. "The Cologne produced two thousand guineas,

was sold by Messrs. Christie and Manson on the 5th and 1690, but as no record is extant directing the addition and the Dieppe, 1850 guineas; both bought for Mr. of the brass on any intermediate pieces, the finding it on Naylor of Liverpool; and the Sheerness

, possibly the all the St. Patrick's halfpence, seems to appropriate best picture of the three, 1530 guineas, bought for Mr. them to the period of the fallen monarch.

Foster of Birmingham.

In the same sale were three pictures by Thomas INOCULATION.- Condamine was a strenuous urger of

Webster, R.A., all painted within the last twenty years ; the benefits to be derived from inoculation ; " Determine the • Il Penseroso, a man seated in the stocks; the for yourselves,” said he, “ but remember, that nature Dirty Boy,' a beautiful composition of four figures; and takes one in ten, while art may lose one in a thousand." The last represented the artist seated, sketching the

the third, Sketching from Nature,' painted in 1837.

portrait of a peasant, in a red cap, an old woman at a CARPET WORDS.-Amused with the "curious fact fireplace, and three peasants near" a window, the scene about the word Carpet,” Current Notes, p. 32, we send in reality representing the artist's home, and being the the following as additional words, not noticed by portraits of himself, his father, mother, and sister. "The FELTHAM.

first sold for 250 guineas; the second, for 330 guineas; Capt Ape, subst. Rapt, subst. Petar and the third, for 340 guineas; yet Mr. Wadmore Caret Aper Rat

Taper, subst.

obtained them from the now duly appreciated Royal AcaCater Apert Pacer Taper, adj. demician at thirty guineas each. Such is the result of Crate Apter

Taper, verb.

a just discrimination, and an opportune patronage of
Rapt, verb

the painters of our day. Pater is as good English as FELTHAM'S “ Pera." [This is being peracute on Feltham's adoption of the word.- Ed.]

ERRATA.- Page 26, col. 2, line 5, for Edinburgh ReCork, April 29. ELIZA AND MARY N.

view, read Blackwood's Magazine. Page 29, for cotters,

read collers. The thirty Latin words would be acceptable.—ED.

Ape, verb




No. XLII.]

" Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[JUNE, 1854.


FIRST ENGLISH VISIT TO HERACLEA. FAMIANUS STRADA, in his Prolusiones Academicæ, a The following letter, as it affords much interesting series of poetical pieces, written in the names and styles detail relative to the condition of Heraclea, or Herof several of the more eminent Latin poets, printed at culaneum, is also evidence of the earliest date when any Cologne in 1625, refers to an incident so remarkable, of our countrymen ventured within its ruins. that Addison, in the 119th number of the Guardian,

“Naples, May 12, 1730. 1713, makes it a subject of particular notice. The pas

The same day I accompanied my friend to a sage is in these words :

village called Resina, about six miles from this city, Strada, in the person of Lucretius, gives an account of a and three miles from the foot of Mount Vesuvius. The chimerical correspondence between two friends, by the occasion was this : Dr. Hay, an elderly gentleman, help of a certain loadstone; which had such virtue in it, who had several times made the tour of Italy, and who that if it touched two several needles, when one of the had resided here, from London, nine years, told us one needles so touched began to move, the other, though at evening in conversation, that in this village called Renever so great a distance, moved at the same time and in sina, within a court-yard, was a well nearly one hundred the same manner. He tells us, that the two friends, being feet deep, and that just at the surface of the water was each of them possessed of one of these needles, made a kind of dial-plate, inscribing it with the four-and-twenty letters,

an entrance into a city, or large town, where we might in the same manner as the hours of the day are marked

see streets, palaces, and part of an amphitheatre. You upon the ordinary dial-plate. They then fixed one of the may imagine how this was received by us, who had needles on each of these plates, in such a manner that it never heard the least mention of such a discovery, and could move round without impediment, so as to touch any how improbable to us it must have appeared. Dr. Hay, of the four-and-twenty letters. Upon their separating however, insisted on the truth of it, and informed us, from one another into distant countries, they agreed to that about fifteen years since, happening to lodge at withdraw themselves punctually into their closets at a Portici, near, or within half a mile of the said village, certain hour of the day, and to converse with one another and being curious in searching after antiquities, he by means of this their invention. Accordingly, when they found workmen employed by the Duke de Boufflers, were some hundred miles asunder, each of them shut him, who had accidentally made this discovery, and that self up in his closet at the time appointed, and

immediately everything at that time being made commodious, he, cast his eye upon his dial-plate. If he had a mind to write Dr. Hay, had the curiosity to descend by a ladder of any thing to his friend, he directed his needle to letter that formed the words which he had occasion for, ropes, but did not venture himself among the ruins.* making a little pause at the end of every word or sentence

“ In our way thither we called at the house of an to avoid confusion. The friend in the meanwhile saw his English gentleman, who accompanied us, but being own sympathetic needle moving of itself to every letter somewhat late, and the seeming impossibility of the which that of his correspondent pointed at. By this means they talked together across a whole continent, and conveyed • The city of Heraclea, that was founded sixty years their thoughts to one another in an instant over cities or before the siege of Troy, after enduring for 1420 years, mountains, seas or deserts.

was destroyed by an earthquake and an eruption from Substituting a set of connecting wires for the load- Mount Vesuvius, in the first year of the Emperor Titus, on stone" of the above paragraph, you have here the whole August 24th, A.D. 79. Partial discoveries of stone, some

short time before 1684, induced other researches, which working of the electric telegraph as realised in modern led to further results in 1689 ; but the discovery referred times, shadowed forth in the fancies of a poet, more to, by Dr. Hay, was in 1711, by the Prince D'Elbæuf, not than two hundred years ago ; thus confirming the saying the Duke de Boufflers; and most interesting particulars of the wise man, “there is no new thing under the are embodied in the Marquis de Venuti's account of the sun."

discovery by him of the ancient theatre at Heraclea in Brechin.


1738. This account notices facts quite confirmatory of the letter; nothing, however, is known to the Editor, of

T. E., whose initials are attached to the original. Of WORLIDGE.-The Gems from the Antique, which bear Venuti's volume, dated Brixiæ, die xvi. Martii 1748, there the name of Thomas Worlidge, were principally etched win, jún., at the Rose, in Paternoster Row, 1750, 8vo., but

is a translation by Wickes Skurray, printed for R. Baldby George Powle, then an apprentice to that artist.

is now excessively difficult to procure.




thing having almost persuaded them the Doctor had | were flat like tiles, and between them was very little deceived them, my friends seemed inclined to leave the mortar. There were others almost as thick as English affair on that footing, but, having a more ardent bricks, and in another place was the ancient opus reticuriosity, I told them, that as we were within a mile of culatum. the place, it would be a pity not to have it in our power “ In some places the pavement was of marble, in large either to confirm or to confute the account ; 80, with slabs, and in others, it was every way exactly as it is much persuasion, away we went.

made now.

There was in some places a sort of plaster, When we arrived at the spot, it proved to be a well half an inch thick, remaining on the brick. Many in a yard belonging to a nest of miserable houses, and pieces of wood burned to a coal, and which cut like a being Sunday, every one was idle, so that we had at piece of clay, was observable in places; and there were least a hundred men, women, and children surrounding the remains of an earthen trough, that, I presume,

You may imagine how surprising it was to them served to carry water. I found two capitals of the to see ten well-dressed foreigners entering their yard, Corinthian order, and, of the same order, one very fine and hovering about their well. I enquired about the capital of a pilaster, with an entire case about it, fifteen truth of the story, and was answered that, about fifteen inches in diameter. Also a large slab of marble, years ago, the Duke de Boufflers had employed men to imposts, and window-stools of marble, which remained dig, and that they had found not only many fine in the same situation as they stood originally; a large statues, part of which I saw, but also immense riches. piece of a second and third faccia, of the Corinthian Upon this, I ordered a rope to be procured to let me order, of white marble; a pillar of red marble; a stairdown, but, as we were all taken for a parcel of mad- case of ten steps of stone, one foot deep, and two feet men, I was little regarded. The people, however, per- wide, besides vast quantities of bricks and marble conceiving we were in earnest, procured us a rope, with fusedly jumbled together. which we measured the depth of the well, and found it “I observed that the tops and sides of this ruin are just ninety-one feet.

either of bricks and pieces of marble in ruins, or else of * Who should go down first was the question, when I a sort of loam or clay, that, to me, is sufficient evidence told them I would; but the general opinion being that this city was swallowed up by an earthquake, and not a stranger could not find the place, we, with much by an eruption from Mount Vesuvius, for if it had I difficulty, hired a man who had been down some time should doubtless have seen some of the calcined matter; since to cleanse the well, to go first, in order to receive besides, how preposterous it is for any one to imagine

The fellow descending about eighty feet, landed, that there should have been matter enough in the and then we sent him down a number of torches, after mountain to cover a city eighty feet in thickness ! which Mr. Blackhall, a young gentleman, went down; “The ruins are very intricate, insomuch that we lost after him your humble servant, and next Mr. Atwell, our way, and found ourselves in a real labyrinth; the a member of the Royal Society, and my Lord Cooper's* further we went, the more we were embarrassed, so governor, but no others of our party would venture that our guide began to stamp and roar with fear; and down. I must own they had, on their side, good indeed it was not very agreeable, for the place being reason, for the very look of it is terrible indeed.

damp, our torches would not burn without a number of “ After we were all three down, we went in pursuit them being put together, and as the place was close, of discovery, and found a number of ruinated houses, and the weather hot, we were nearly suffocated. I with their several passages, doors, etc., which appeared don't know what apprehensions my comrades had, but I to us like a town fallen in by the undermining it. In thought our friends above, when they saw we did not some places the pilasters, which were of marble, and quickly return, would have sent down after us, and as others of brick, remained upright, and others were I did not know at what distance we were from the reversed. I measured one pilaster of brick that was entrance, I was not certain of escaping suffocation ; for two feet nine inches wide, and another piece of brick- had our lights been extinguished, we were in such a work above thirteen feet long. Some of the bricks prodigious sweat, the damp would have been certain

death to us. However, after having rambled nearly Anthony Ashley Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury, and from thence were, by the people of the upper region,

half an hour, we felt the air, arrived at the entrance, died at Naples, Feb. 15, 1712-13, and was succeeded by hauled up, all covered with dust and sweat, and were his only son, of the same name, the fourth Earl, the person received, one after another, with a loud huzza, as if we here alluded to. He died May 21, 1771. Mr. C. Sturges, in a letter to Granger, dated Ealing,

were risen from the dead. July 12, 1773, writes

“We are the first Englishmen that ever made the Have you a print of Dr. Atwell, engraved by Faber, descent, and indeed I would have made it even at the before he was in orders? I suppose you know he travelled cost of a considerable sum. Next week I shall go down with the late Lord Cowper?"

alone, to fetch up some things I observed there, and The print referred to must have been an anonymous which I did not think proper to take before. private plate, unknown to Bromley or Noble, nor has it fallen under the writer's cognizance.

Yours, T. E.”

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The sixth and concluding chapter is wholly occupied The recent case of the rejection of these Anglo-Saxon in defining the attributes of the Wendic Berstuck, or Antiquities by the Trustees of the British Museum, is one

Waldschrat, here shown, of the latest and strongest evidences of the great mischief a bronze figure, with runic arising from the absurd constitution of the present board inscriptions, one of the of management. Of its incompetency there are nume

Rhetra idols, discovered rous instances, and Parliament must soon be awakened at Prilwitz, at no great to the necessity of reconstructing it upon a more rational distance from the Baltic and systematic basis. This opinion will be conclusively Sea, between the years adopted by any person who may peruse Mr. C. Roacħ 1687 and 1697, and now Smith's most eloquent and forcible exposé of all the cir- extant in the collection of cumstances attending the proffer of this unrivalled col- the Grand Duke of Mecklection by the executors of the late Dr. Faussett, for the lenberg Strelitz. Mr. enriching of our National Museum, at so low an amount Douce has already noticed of cost, that dealers in such articles would gladly have this and the other idols become the purchasers at the price named. Mr. Smith's

as having been originally statement is embodied in the recently issued fourth por- placed in the temple of tion of his Collectanea Antiqua, but as there has been Radegast, at Rhetra, that considerable interest excited by the result of this un

was wholly destroyed in toward affair, many applications for the paper exclusively the time of Charlemagne.* relating to the Faussett Antiquities have been made to

The author hints the him; and that distinguished antiquary, determined to conjecture, that from the comply with the eager call thus spontaneously expressed, many concurring points has printed it separately. A copy has been forwarded in the classic and northern to the writer; and applications should be addressed to mythologies, a very proMr. Smith, 5, Liverpool-street, Bishopsgate-street,

bable derivation of the whose courtesy will doubtless be as cheerfully shown on

Roman name of Satyr, this, as on many other occasions.

that neither themselves The Faussett Manuscripts descriptive of this highly nor their latest elucidators have satisfactorily solved, interesting and valuable collection, deposited at Liver- might be readily deduced from the Asa-Tyr of the pool, now never to enrich this metropolis, are under the Edda, as a satyr. From the Runic characters Su, or arrangement and editorial supervision of Mr. C. Roach Zu, on this bronze, and considered as the first syllable Smith, for immediate publication.

of the well-known high title of Zu-pan, Dr. Belí

, by a Anti-High ART.

very copious discussion, based on notices in the early rhyming chronicles, and the language of the olden day,

aims at the establishing this figure as representing the SHAKESPEARE's Puck ELUCIDATED.

classical satyr, the Pan of the ancients, and hence the Dr. Bell, in his Shakespeare's Puck and his Goodfellows. So the Fairy, in Shakespeare's Mid

origin and nature of our Puck divinities and Robin Folkslore, illustrated, more especially from the Earliest summer Night's Dream, asks the ElfinRites of Northern Europe, and the Wends," a volume unpublished, or rather "sold only by the Anthor,” has

“ Either I mistake your shape and making quite, most deeply and learnedly defined the etymology and

Or else you are that shrewd and koavish sprite traces of the northern German Peze, spirits which were Called Robin Goodfellow: are you not he?" in every respect like our own Robin Goodfellow,* “famoused in every old woman's chronicle," and has

Act ii. sc. 1. also shewn that the Devonshire and Scottish Pixies are a regular plural from the German Puchs. “ Füchs,

The volume is replete with much to interest the and similar words made by the regular forms of Teu- archæological reader; much that unveils many pastonic grammar, their plural as Füchse, and their femi- sages of surpassing interest in our ballad lore, and nines. Füchsin, this latter we have transferred to our characters familiar in our nursery tales, the objects of dictionaries exactly as pronounced at Dresden or Leipzig; mises many more conformities in other particulars of

wonderment in our childhood ; and as the author proVixen, a she fox : so by analogy, Püchs makes its the classic myths with the Tales of the Edda, as well as plural as Püchse, phonically Pixie."

with our own vernacular superstitions, we sincerely wish • Dr. Bell, at p. 188, refers to Ben Jonson's Pranks of he may obtain sufficient encouragement to a speedy Puck, the old ballad with the laughing burden, “ Ho, ho, production of the second volume. ho!” As this merry ditty was certainly well known in 1587, or before, Ben Jonson, who was born in 1574, has but little chance of being considered the author.

* Archeologia, 1827, vol. xxi. p. 86.

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SPANISH FUNERAL Customs. – Will any of your Lilly appears to have been early imbued with the belief numerous correspondents kindly inform me, from what of the virtues of the hazel rod; but in one instance seems Spanish poet the following lines are translated, and to have been baffled in the solution. He relates the folwhether that most beautiful of old English customs, the lowing adventure, as an accident, and as something strewing flowers over the graves of the dead, is, or was, remarkable’ that happened to him late in 1634. a national custom also in Spain, as the lines would intimate ?

Davy Ramsey, his Majesty's clock-maker, had been inToll not the bell of death for me,

formed there was a great quantity of treasure buried in the When I am dead;

cloyster of Westminster Abbey. He acquaints Williams, Strew not the flow'ry wreath o'er me,

Bishop of London, then Dean, therewith ; the Dean gave On my cold bed:

him liberty to search, with this proviso, that if any was disLet friendship's sacred tear

covered, his church should have a share. Davy Ramsey On my fresh grave appear,

finds out one John Scott, who lived in Pudding-lane, and Gemming with pearls my bier,

had been sometime a page or such like to the Lord Norris ; When I am dead :

and pretended the use of the Mosaical rods, to asist him No dazzling proud array

herein: I was desired to join with him, and consented. Of pageantry display,

One winter's night, David Ramsey, who brought an half My fate to spread.

quartern sack to put the treasure in, with several gentlemen, Leicester.


myself and Scott, entered the cloysters. We played the hazel-rod round about the cloyster; and upon the west side

the rods turned one over another, an argument that the THE DIVINING ROD.

treasure was there. The labourers digged at least six feet Divination by the rod or wand is mentioned in the deep, and then we met with a coffin, but, in regard it was

not heavy, we did not open, which we afterwards much reprophecy of Ezekiel, and in Hosea, iv. 12; the Jews are

pented. reproached with being infected with the like superstition. Not only the Chaldeans used rods for divination, but upon a sudden, so fierce, so high,

so blustering and loud a

From the cloysters we went into the abbey-church, where almost every nation that has pretended to that science wind did rise, there being no wind when we began, that we has practised the same method. Herodotus notices it verily believed the west-end of the church would have fallen as a custom of the Alani, and Tacitus, as among those upon us : our rods would not move at all; the candles and of the old Germans.

torches, all but'one, were extinguished, or burned very Dr. Henry tells us, that after the Anglo-Saxons and dimly. John Scott, my partner, was amazed, looked pale, Danes embraced the Christian religion, the clergy were

and knew not what to think, or do, until I gave directions by the canons* commanded to preach very frequently and command to dismiss the Dæmons, which when done, against diviners, auguries, omens, charms, incantations, all was again quiet, and each man late at night, about and all the filth of the wicked, and dotages of the since be induced to join with any in such like actions.

twelve o'clock, returned unto his lodging. I could never Gentiles.f Yet the vulgar notions still prevalent of the hazel's tendency to indicate the presence of water, coal, many people

being present at the operation ; for there was

The true miscarriage of the business was by reason of so and minerals in the earth, is evidently a vestige of this above thirty, some laughing, others deriding us ; so that if rod divination.

we had not dismissed the Dæmons, I believe most part of The virgula divina, or baculus divinatorius, is a forked the abbey-church had been blown down. Secrecy and inbranch of the white thorn or hazel, cut off in the form telligent operators, with a strong confidence and knowledge of the letter Y; and the method of using it by those of what they are doing, are best for this work. who pretend to discover mines and springs underground, is, the person who bears it, shaftwise to the breast, Butler, in his Hudibras, made Lilly the prototype of walking very slowly over the places where he suspects his Sydrophel

, and appears to allude to this incident in mines or springs may be, the effluvia exhaling from the the couplet metals, or vapoar from the water, makes it dip or incline, and is indicative of a discovery. This is the most lucid

And with his magic rod could sound,

Where hidden treasure could be found. explanation that has been advanced ; a writer in the reign of King James the First, observes —

The belief in the virtues of the white thorn or hazel No man can tell why forked sticks of hazel, (rather than stick still lingers, and recently a Narrative of Practical sticks of other trees, growing upon the very same places) Experiments with the Dowsing Fork, or Divining-rod, are fit to show the places where the veines of gold and silver are; the sticke bending itselfe in the places, at the bottom, Phippen, has been published, fully asserting the discovery

as successfully practised in Somersetshire, by Francis where the same veines are.

by that means of water, coal, and minerals in the

earth. • Johnson's Ecclesiastical Canons, under the year 747, ch, iii.


J. M. G. + History of Great Britain, vol. ii. p. 550. Living Library, or Historical Meditations, 1621, fol.

• Lives of Lilly and Ashmole, edit. 1774, 8vo. pp. 47-48.

p. 283.

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