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on the corpse, knew nothing of the identity of Sterne till CHRISTMAS TREE.—The contributor of the excellent

The Early Signification of the Christmas body, and the intimation that it was the corpse of the Tree,” Current Notes, p. 1, inight have added that the author of Tristram Shandy was only made known to sigillaria are still manufactured at Rome, and used him by his friend after the dissection was effected, hence under the name of Agnus Dei. They consist in oval the care in retaining his skeleton. Qu. Is it now at cakes of wax of various sizes from one inch to six or Cambridge ?

seven inches broad, and are uniformly an eighth of an It may be asked, why Sterne's widow or daughter inch thick. The figure of a lamb is stamped on one did not interfere the circumstances could only be side, emblematic of our blessed Lord, and on the other known when all was over, and their poverty would have side is the image of some saint, most commonly St. prevented any interposition on their part; unhappily, Mary the Virgin, or St. John Baptist. These wax too, they had long been estranged, and were absent medallions are in great numbers consecrated by the when he died in London. No sooner was he dead than Pope alone, every seventh year of his pontificate, with a his widow, to raiser means, sold his books to Todd and ceremonial of the greatest pomp and intricacy, in which Sotheran, booksellers at York, and their shop-catalogne, there are many ablutions with blessed water, and printed in 1768, ostentatiously announced in the title, it anointings with the holy chrism. contained “ the library of Laurence Sterne, M.A, Pre

Liverpool, March 19.

T. A, T. C. bendary of York, and author of Tristram Shandy.'"

Sterne, in the antobiography, as printed, notices his amusements at Sutton were - books, painting, fiddling,

CURIOUS FacT ABOUT THE WORD CARPET. — The and shooting;" for fiddling read fishing, he was no word “carpet” contains the following FIFTY-FOUR musician,

other words !
Carp, verb. Are



Carp, subst. Acre


ELIZABETH, Duchess of Orleans, in one of her letters Car


Tap relates, that during her abode in Paris, Christina, the Care Apt

Part Tape abdicated Queen of Sweden, who was as peculiarly Cart Art, subst.


Tar eccentric in her nightdress as she was in almost every Cap

Art, verb.

Tare, verb. thing else, and instead of some display of elegancy in Cape At


Tare, subst. her nightcap, made use of a most unseemly linen Caper Ate


Tea wrapper; having spent a restless day in bed, at length Cat


Tear, verb. ordered a band of Italian musicians from the Opera, to Cate Rap

Pera Tear, subst. attend and approach the curtains of the bed, which Crape Rape


Trace were closely drawn, and endeavour to amuse her. Their Crept Rate


Trap attempts were for some time unavailing, until the ex


Prate cellence of one of the singers arrested her attention and Arc


Ear afforded her so much delight, that loudly exclaiming,

FELTHAM. “ Mort Diable! comme il chante bien !" she on the instant suddenly arose, and thrust her strangely attired head from between the curtains, to the astoundment of

CAR OF JUGGERNAUTE DESTROYED. The world. the submissive Italians, who, not hitherto accustomed to known famous Car of Juggernauth of Muhes, near such a mode of royal applause, were struck mute, and, Serampore, so memorable in the idolatrons observances unable to recover their surprise and terror of the object of the Hindoos, was totally destroyed by fire on the before them, were wholly silent for several minutes. night of Monday, February 6th last. The "odekuries,"

or proprietors of Juggernauth, merged in grief, attribute VCRIMDR.-On the reverse of some few of the third the accident to the fury of the god, but for what cause brass coins of Aurelian, is the legend VABALATHVS they are not cognizant. VCRIMDR. Will any reader of Current Notes kindly explain what this word implies ?

E. H.

ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. A correspondent, Current

Notes, vol. iv. p. 3, cites an old author to prove the parish of St. George's, Hanover Square, having been lately electric telegraph not a new idea ; there is also a curious robbed of several dead bodies, a watch was placed there, foreshadowing of it in Job xxxviii. 35, “Canst thou Sunday night last, the 26th, some villains found means to send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee,

W. W. B. steal out another dead body, and carried off the dog." Here we are ? Under these circumstances, the corpse of a peer, or an author, was of no consequence to persons who were commissioned, or knew where to dispose of a subject; it was

The Third Volume of Willis's Current Notes, is now forwarded to its destination, and no questions asked, as to published, price Three Sallings, in eloth boards. what cognomen while living the clay-cold-clod had borne. A few copies of the prior Volumes, remain.

No. XLI.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE,

(MAY, 1854.



Without wishing to derogate from the merited Tue Oath which Edward the First, sonne of kinge literary celebrity of Mons. Guizot, or to question his Henry, tooke when he was anointed kinge of England, by critical acumen, I must still refuse him the honour of the hands of Robert Kelwarby, a prior and Archbishop having pronounced the final verdict in the cause of Canterberry, on St. Magnus the Martir's day (Au- Gauden v. King Charles the First. All that the emigust 19) in the church of Westminster, where hee was nent French writer has done is to confirm an opinion Crowned in the presence of the lords and nobles of all that competent judges had long since arrived at, and England, anno 1274.

upon which all well-read men are now pretty well I EDWARD, sonne and heire to kinge Henry, professe, agreed--that Gauden was the author of the Eikon. protest and prommise before God and his angells, from this

In 1821, Sir James Mackintosh declared the famous time forward to keepe withoutt respect, the law, justice and controversy of the Icon Basiliké to be at length depease, vnto the holy church of God, and the people subject cided; and Archdeacon Todd, in his “Life of Bryan vnto me, so farre forth as wee can deuise by the counsell of Walton, by producing Gauden's correspondence with our leige and loyall ministers; also to exhibitt condigne and the Earl of Bristol, has placed for ever beyond a doubt canonicall honour vnto the Bishopps of God's church, to the fact of the Bishop of Exeter having been the author preserue inuiolably whatsoeuer hath beene bestowed by of the “ Kingly Portraiture." Emperors and Kings vppon the church comitted vnto Them, and to yeelde due honnor vnto abbotts, and the Lord’s Gauden, the majority of historical inquirers had pro

Even before the publication of the private letters of vessells accordinge to the aduise of our lieges, etc. So helpe nounced the Eikon to be spurious; the only writers of mee God, and the holy Gospells of the Lord.

great acuteness who maintained the contrary opinion, With the exception of substituting 'the' for 'ye,' the such as Hume and Warburton, did so in a tone that orthography has otherwise been retained.

neither showed a desire others should believe, or that King Henry the Third died on the feast of St. Edmund they had a firm conviction in their own minds. the Confessor, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 1272 ; so that King Milton, so early as 1650, in his ' Iconoclastes,' quesEdward the First, who was then abroad, was not crowned tioned its genuineness. Godwin and Lilly were alike till nearly two years subsequently. The Close Rolls of convinced of its spuriousness. Gauden, at the Restorathe second year of his reign attest the fact of his return tion, in 1660, laid claim to the authorship, and in letters to England, -“ Memorandum quod Edwardus Rex to Lord Charcellor Clarendon, asked for promotion in Angliæ applicuit apud Dover' die Jovis proxima post the Church, on the ground of the great service he had festum Sancti Petri ad vincula (August 2nd] 1274, et done to the memory of the late king. So far from this die Dominica post festum Assumptionis beatæ Mariæ claim having been disputed, it was acknowledged by his proximo sequente (August 19th] solempniter coronat' preferment from the vicarage of Barking to the fuit in ecclesia beati Petri Westm' anno Domini supra- Bishopric of Exeter. Nor does the proof depend upon dicto, et anno regni ejusdem Regis Edwardi secundo.”- the fact alone; it is confirmed by a series of letters Rot. Claus. 2 Edw. I., m. 5. The arrival of Edward in addressed to Clarendon and the Duke of York, and by England is erroneously stated by Matthew of Westmin- a Memorial to King Charles the Second, in which ster, p. 407, to have been on the 25th of July; but by Gauden, on the score of the eminent services he had Wikes, p. 101, and in the Annals of Waverley, p. 229, rendered, again asks to be nominated to the see of Worthe true date is correctly recorded.

cester, the infirmities of Duppa promising a speedy vacancy in that great bishopric. A letter from Sir

Edward Nicholas, Secretary of State, is still extant, in Vane. It is an extraordinary fact that the attainder which, besides expressing his belief that Gauden was of the celebrated Sir Henry Vanc, convicted of high the author of Eikon, he allows no doubt to remain on treason, in “ keeping King Charles the Second, out of the mind of any one, that King Charles the Second possession of the Government, and levying war against was of the same opinion. Clarendon, in a letter to his Majesty," on June 6, 1662, and executed on Tower Gauden, dated March 16, 1661, fully admits his knowHill, on the 14th following, has never been reversed, ledge of the secret; and Bishop Burnet says he was though his son was created a Baron, his great-grand- surprised to hear from the Duke of York, that “the son, à Viscount and Earl; and his great-great-great- book was not of his father's writing — he said Dr. grandson a Marquess.

Gauden wrote it."



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I am well aware there are assertors who state that MICHEL ANGELO. Current Notes, vol. iii. p. 78.the Icon was taken in the king's cabinet at Naseby, B. asks, In what collection or gallery is deposited the but their evidence is at best second hand; two of the design or sketch by this master, called L'Anima most known among them are, the Earl of Manchester Damnata ?" and William Prynne. I have not spoken of Mrs. The drawing, formerly in Sir Joshua Reynolds's colGauden's narrative, in which she supports, at great lection, though not mentioned by Duppa, appears to have length and with much truth, the claims of her husband been a design or study for the cartoon of the Last Judgto the authorship of the work; neither have I alluded ment, or for one of the compositions intended for the to the discrepancies and improbable statements of Wag- Sistine Chapel at Rome, if the original intention of staffe, all of which, strange to say, have been incorpo- decorating the side walls, by paintings from the designs rated with Dr. Wordsworth's ingenious defence of the of Michel Angelo had been carried into effect. It was king's claim.

Both are fully treated on by Lady engraved, in 1816, by William Sharp, and entitled Theresa Lewis, in ber“ Lives from the Clarendon “ EVIL;" with the quotation from Psalm xxxvii. 13, Gallery,” and by Sir James Mackintosh in his Critical He seeth that his day is coming." Examination of Dr. Wordsworth's “ Who wrote Icon Most of Sharp's drawings and prints he bequeathed Basilikè?" The curious in this matter may consult to his housekeeper, Mrs. Akenhead, upon whose death, with profit a note of Laing's on this subject, in his at Twickenham, they fell to her sister, from whom History of Scotland ; Todd's Life of Bryan Walton; Shirley, the printseller in Goswell-street, purchased Mr. B. II. Bright's Analysis of Prayers by Gauden; and the whole privately. Among them was the Michel a pamphlet by Gauden's curate, Walker, on the part he Angelo drawing, that, with several proofs of Sharp's sustained in the work.

JAMES LANDELLS. print and other engravings, were sold by Shirley to the

late Martin Colnaghi, for fifty guineas. From him, Nicholas MANN.-Over the entrance to the chapel the drawing that obtained the approbation of Duroveray at the Charter House is the following inscription, refer- and other competent judges as an unquestionable proring to the Master, of whom, in Current Notes, vol. iii. duction of Michel Angelo, passed into the collection of p. 97, there are some interesting particulars, but whose William Conyngham, Esq., of Kemp Town, Brighton ; memory is not in the highest estimation.

where it is believed to be still remaining.

The admirers of Michel Angelo, and collectors of Attende paulum quisquis es Subtus jacet

Sharp's engravings, will probably be pleased to know, Nicolaus Mann.

that desirable original impressions can be obtained of Olim Magister, nunc remistus pulvere,

Mr. Halsted, 108, New Bond Street,
Quis ille, vel quid egerit bene ant secus
In vita, omitte quæritare, scit Deus.
Monere maluit hoc quod ad te pertinet:

AWAKENING MALLET. Current Notes, vol. iv. p. 31.
Bene universis tu fac et fieri velis,

-Surely the assertion from Bingham, that this was Semper benigni Patris omnium memor.

the practice before the invention of bells, must be inSic si paratus huc intres, precibus tuis

correct? Bells of gold are noticed in Exodus xxviii. Cælum patebit, ipse quum stabus reus

33, 34. In Zechariah xiv. 20 mention is made of "the Die suprema, sub tremondo Judice

bells of the horses;' and bells were used for sacred and Ratione vitæ reddita laudaberis.

profane purposes in ancient Greece and Rome, though

they do not appear to have been used by the Christians BIBLICAL VARIATIONS.—In the Bishops' Bible, com- before the time of Paulinus, about A.D. 400. J. DE B. monly called Parker's Bible, 1573, folio; now an unauthorized translation, Proverbs x. 93, is thus given, “A

STRULDBRUGS. Current Notes, p. 30.-See the Tenth fool doeth wickedly, and maketh but a sport of it.” This

, Chapter of Gulliver's Voyage to Laputa, for Dean Swift's in several editions of the authorized version, is variously particular description of that class of immortals. rendered.

In the edition printed by Thomas Newcome, 1699, it is thus, “ It is as a sport to a fool to do mischief."

STERNE. Current Notes, p. 32.-I am sorry that I The Cambridge stereotyped dateless edition is the same.

can give you no information respecting the skeleton of Mark and Charles Kerr's royal quarto, and the folio Laurence Sterne, said to be preserved in our Anatomical editions of 1793 ; Blair and Bruce's editions of 1813 Museum. There is no record of any such object. and 1821; and Eyre and Strachan's, 1816, read, “ It

Cambridge, April 22.

WM. CLARK, M.D. is sport to a fool, to do mischief."

Charles Bill's editions, 1698; Mark and Charles LIONS IN THE Tower.— The following may interest Kerr's, 1795; the duodecimo of 1799, with Cannes' some readers of Current Notes.

J. O. H. Notes; and the Blair and Bruce's, of 1816, read, “It Likewise in that Tower (of London) although in separate is a sport."

small houses, made of wood, are kept six lions and lionesses, Other instances may possibly be observed by your two of which are each upwards of a hundred years old. — correspondents.

P, T.

Frederich, Duke of Wirtemberg, I'ravels in England, 1592. SHAKESPEARE AND Ben Jonson. — Ben Jonson's Thomas Percy, subsequently created Baron Poynings, comedies, founded upon system, or what the age termed and passed to his heirs. James Howard, Earl of Sufhumours, by which was implied factitious and affected folk, in 1641 sold it, with all the manorial rights, to characters, superinduced on that which was common to Humphrey Weld, Esq., from whom the property has the rest of their race, in spite of acute satire, deep scho- descended to Joseph Weld, Esq., of Lulworth Castle, larship, and strong sense, do not now afford general the brother of the late Cardinal Weld. pleasure, but are confined to the closet of the antiquary,

The abbey dedicated to the whose studies have assured him the personages depicted

Virgin Mary has long been by the dramatist were once, though they are now so

in ruins; even in 1733, when no longer, portraits of existing nature, while Shakespeare

the brothers Buck drew and drew his characters for all ages, and will live for ever.

engraved the view of the re

mains of the abbey church ; SHAKESPEARE's Plays are being translated into the

they consisted of no more Magyar dialect, by the Hungarian poet Vorosmarty.

than five large semicircular King Lear already appears in that version, to be fol

arches, supported by six maslowed by Romeo and Juliet, and King Richard the

sive round pillars and four

windows. All that is now Third.

seen are the walls, varying

from two or three feet to ten “SEMEL INSANIVIMUS OMNES."-In what author are

feet in height, covered with these words to be found ?

M. H.

ivy and wild plants of many The line occurs in an eclogue of Mantuanus, an Italian

kinds; the plan of the conpoet, entitled, “de Honesto Amore;” and when complete

ventual buildings may, notis,

withstanding, be now accu“Id commune malum, semel insanivimus omnes,"

rately traced. Quem Deus vult perdere prius dementat.

Leland notices that many This is a literal version of a Greek iambic, in one of

families of distinction, inter the fragments of Euripides. The purity of the verb

alia the Newburghs, and " demento" has been questioned, but it is used by

the Poyntses of Sutton, had Apuleius.

here their sepulture; and

many tombs yet remain, deseISABELLA COLOUR.—In an old inventory of some

crated and exposed to the ladies dresses of the seventeenth century, occurs ' satin

atmosphere; the arms, deof Isabella collour.' What does this imply?

vices, and inscriptions, for the M. H.

most part illegible. Among The Infanta Isabella, daughter of Philip the Second of

these is one with a flat stone Spain, was married to the Archduke Albert, to whom passed

on the ground, the cross raised with her the sovereignty of the Low Countries, as a dowry.

in relief as here represented; In 1601, Ostend, then beld by the Protestants, or heretics,

but no inscription or clue to as they were termed, was besieged by the Archduke, when lead to the discovery of whom in memory it was placed his consort Isabella, who accompanied him in this expedi

there. tion, believing in the immediate power of the force employed, made a vow, that till the place was taken, she

I do not know the meaning of this, and thinking it would not change her clothing. Contrary, however, to all might induce some useful information on the subject, as calculation, the defence was maintained for three years, well as interesting to your readers, forward it to “ Curand Ostend was then with difficulty reduced ; during this rent Notes" for publication. time her highness's linen had acquired a hue, which from

JOHN GARLAND, the sanctity of the vow, and the superstition of Roman Dorchester, May 1. Memb. Werner. Club, etc. Catholics, obtained admiration, and was adopted as a fashion at court, under the name of Isabella colour ;' a yellow or

On referring to the very interesting volume by the Rev. soiled buff, better imagined than described.

Edward L. Cutts, on the Sepulchral Slabs and Crosses of the
Middle Ages, printed in 1849, p. 17, it is there stated, “No

raised slabs remain of so great antiquity as some of the MONUMENTAL SLAB, AT BINDON ABBEY, DORSETSHIRE. incised cross slabs,” and among the illustrations, pl. xliv., BINDON ABBEY, situated about half a mile from a stone bearing a cross, the top part being of a similar

ulets or rings, not cut Wool, a village twelve miles from Dorchester, and five design with the above, but the from Wareham, although comparatively a spot but

little through, is represented as being extant at Dorchester in

Oxfordshire, and attributed to the thirteenth century; yet known, is most interesting to the antiquary. The the Bindon 'slab may be possibly a century more recent, as abbey, founded in 1172, by Robert de Newburgh, was a monumental stone, with a similarly leafed shaft, now reof the Cistercian order. On the suppression of religious maining at Bilborough, Notts., see pl. lviii., is there placed houses, it was granted, in 1540-41, 32 Hen. VIII., to to the fourteenth century.

relic of the martyr, they tore off his clothes in fragments, ASSASSINATION OF KOTZEBUE.

cut the hair from his head, dipped their kerchiefs in his MAY 19, 1820, will be long memorable in German blood, and evinced every possible demonstration of their history. Augustus Kotzebue, after the war of 1813, regret and sorrow at his fate. To this day, these relics was accused, as a hireling partisan, of devoting his are preserved with religious veneration, and the name of literary abilities to the subversion of the liberties of Sand, the avenger of his country's wrongs, in the Germany in favour of Russia ; and, like most persons per person of the Russian traitor Kotzebue, but slumbers, to verted to wrong, he, notwithstanding frequent warnings, awaken throughout Germany a direful vengeance on their persisted; and accordingly, havir g become obnoxious to oppressors. many of the secret associations then prevalent, was in most of them denounced. In one, that had the appellation of DOES THE ANT PROVIDE FOR WINTER? the Tugensbund, or Coalition of Virtue, his death, in 1817, was determined, yet some time elapsed before the

MODEŘN naturalists assert that ants do not in summer casting of lots was effected, as to whose hand the perpe- store up corn for their winter food. In Insect Architration of the deed shouid be committed. The chance tecture, published by the Society for the Diffusion of fell to Charles Frederick Sand, a young man then about Useful Knowledge, it is said — twenty-four years of age, of an ardent temperament, Gould disproved most satisfactorily the ancient fable of and anxious to avenge his country of one whose prin- ants storing up corn for winter provision, no species of ants ciples had excited so much hatred.

ever eating grain, or feeding in winter upon any thing.. Sand set out from Jena on March 9, 1819, and on the 23rd arrived at Mannheim, where at an inn he Hebrew naturalist

The very reverse of this is expressly stated by the conversed with a country curate, till about five o'clock, at which hour, having resolved to perform his mission, wise : which having no guide, overseer, or ruler, provideth

Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be he parted from the divine, and presented himself at her meat in the summer, and gathereth her food in the Kotzebue's door. He was admitted by a servant, who harvest.—Proverbs ri. 6, 7, 8. conducted him to an apartment, with the assurance his master would shortly make his appearance. Kotzebue,

Againon entering the room, was by Sand stabbed repeatedly, The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their and he fell a corpse. A crowd was almost immediately meat in the summer.- Proverbs xxx. 25. collected, and Sand quietly passed into the street, The reading of the Vulgate is similar in meaning to kneeled down, and in an energetic tone, exclaimed the authorised version, in both of these passages. With “ It is I who am the murderer! May all traitors thus such very strong authority in favour of “ the ancient perish!" Then, with uplifted eyes, with much fervency, fable,” it does not seem wise to relinquish it, unless continued—“ I thank thee, O God! for thy assistance some other consistent meaning can be put upon the in this work !"

Scripture texts. Having thus avowed himself the murderer of Kotzebue, Query, Does the word rendered ant in the English, he bared his breast, and with the same weapon, inflicted and formica in the Vulgate, really mean the insect a severe stab. In his hand was a paper, containing now known by that name? these words: • Sentence of death against Kotzebue, It is worth noticing that Saint Chrysostom, in his executed 23rd of March, 1819;" and in his bosom was Eighth Homily, on Philippians, speaks of the ant as a secreted a riband, with an inscription purporting that good provider; and that such, during the middle ages, Kotzebue had been condemned to death two years was the constant belief. before. Sand survived, but, as usual, his trial was

EDWARD PEACOCK. delayed more than twelve months, when, at length, sen- Bottesford Moors, Kirton in Lindsay. tence of death was passed on him, and his execution fixed at eight o'clock in the morning of May 19, 1820. The authorities seem to have been apprised that a Your correspondent should have imitated the ant, the rescue would be attempted, and that many of his least possible industry would have convinced him that friends would then arrive at Mannheim. At six o'clock, Solomon never alluded to winter provisions, but to the when all was mournfully silent, Sand was led forth tó activity of that insect during summer. So that the execution. He seemed calm and collected, his coun- wisest of men " said nothing on the subject that could tenance void of fear; he appeared composed in mind, be “disproved by modern naturalists."

The and wholly resigned to his fate. He held a rose, that passages in Proverbs simply say, “ The ant prohe frequently raised, and seemingly enjoyed its refresh- videth her own meat in the summer, gathereth her own ing fragrance. The execution was hastened, and at the food in the harvest,” vi. 8. “The ants are a people not moment the executioner held forth the severed head of strong, yet they prepare their own meat in the sumSand, his friends poured in from Heidelberg, and rush- mer,” xxx. 25, while the sluggard sleeps away his time, ing to the scaffold, it was soon in their possession, and expects others to toil and labour for him. Exasperated at his death, and eager to secure some Wybunbury, Nantwich.


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