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No. XXXIX.]

“ Takes note of what is done.
By note to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[MARCH, 1854.

centuries, is still tenantable, and has been recently enELINOUR RUMMING.

larged.* Late in the fifteenth century, there lived at Leatherhead, anciently Leddrede, in Surrey, an alewife of some distinction, and whom Skelton the poet in The Tunnyng of Elynour Rumminge, has conferred lasting celebrity. The tunning or brewing of Elinor Rumming, would seem to have been one of Skelton's most popular productions, and is an admirable specimen of his talent for the low burlesque,-a description of a real alewife, and of the various gossips who throng to her for liquor, as if under the influence of some potent spell. As Mr. Dyce justly observes,—" if few compositions of the kind have more coarseness or extravagance, there are few that have greater animation, or are of a richer humour."

Dallaway in his Lethereum, states, that “when the Court of Henry VIII. was held at Nonsuch, about six miles distant, the laureate Skelton, with other courtiers, oft-times resorted to Leatherhead for the diversion of fishing in the river Mole, and were made welcome at

No mention of her death occurs, as that happened no the cabaret of Elinour Rummyng.” Whether the late doubt, before the introduction of parish registers; but Vicar of Leatherhead, based this assertion on tradition or Dallaway conjectured that persons of the ale-wife's family otherwise, it is as a matter of fact undeserving the

were long after resident in the parish, as he found the slightest consideration. When Skelton wrote " the Tunning" is not clearly defined, but he died in Sanc- name of Rumming in the burial register under the tuary, at Westminster, June 21, 1529, more than ten years 1663 and 1669. years prior to that monarch's having possession of Cud- Skelton's Poems, printed in 1571, is a rude woodcut of

Brayley states that on the title-page of an edition of dington, or had commenced the building of the palace, an old ill-favoured woman holding at arın’s length, in since denominated Nonsuch.

Skelton is supposed to have been born about 1460, either hand, a leathern pot or black jack, with the inand probably “ The tunnyng of Elinour Rumminge

"; scriptionwas written sometime about 1500, if not before. He

When Skelton wore the laurel crown, describes Elinor as “ugly faire, and well worne in age,"

My Ale put all the Ale-wives down.' wearing a huke or cloak of Lincoln green, that had been

Where that edition is extant, it is highly desirable to hers, he believed, more than forty years. She wore know; it seems to be unknown to the editor of Skelton's also a “furred flocket, and grey russet rocket," the former works; nor does any earlier woodcut of Elynour

Ruma loose garment, with large sleeves ; the latter, a gar. ming appear to be extant than that attached to Rand's ment with or without sleeves, that sometimes was made edition, 1624, 4to., where she is represented as holding to reach to the ground; or was otherwise much shorter, in either hand as described, two black earthen pots, and open at the sides. Her kyrtel or petticoat was of which were common in the 'ale-houses of that period Bristow red;

and long after. That some earlier edition of the six

teenth century, presented a similar portrait of Elinour With clothes vpon her hed,

Rumming is not to be doubted, it is the original of
That wey a sowe of led,

Mother RED CAP, and wherever the sign so designated
Wrythen in wonder wyse,
After the Sarasyns gyse.

has been painted, the figure as in Rand's edition, has

been the prototype. The gear in saracyn gyse' about Skelton notices she “dwelt on a hyll," her cabaret was her head, being painted as a conical red cap or hat. on a rising ground contiguous to the old bridge that • The illustration shows the house, as it appeared in the crossed the Mole. Her domicile was a small timber spring of 1845; since which time the doorway has been built house, with low rooms and over-hanging chambers, removed, and other alterations made. It is now known by and although much altered in the course of several the sign of the Running Horse.

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VOL. IV.

D

In Bacchus Bountie, by Philip Foulface of Aleford, servants, at Henslow's Theatre, the Rose on the BankStudent in good Felloship, 1593, 4to., Skelton is mis- side, in December, 1597 ; and in the inventory of the named as "Anthony Skelton," and there is a cursory dresses and properties mentioned as belonging to that mention of “ Tom Tipsay, an English Tapster, wel nere Theatre, March 10th, 1598-9, is noticed — choaked with a marveilous drie heat, which of late he

Item, j syne (one sign] for Mother Red Cap. had got by lifting ouerlong at old Mother Red Caps."

A drama entitled Mother Red Car, written by Early in the seventeenth century, was the sign of the Anthony Munday and Michael Drayton, was performed Mother Red Cap at Holloway, beyond Islington ; a by the Earl of Nottingham, the Lord High Admiral's token was issued from the house in the reign of Charles

the Second ; there was also the Mother Red Cap at

Kentish Town, that gave rise to a rival sign, nearly opThe portrait of Elinour Rumming was long a great posite, named Mother Black Cap; both still houses of desiderata with the illuetrators of Granger; till George considerable notoriety. Taylor the Water-poet in his Steevens in 1794, learning a copy of Rand's edition was in Ribble Rabble of Gossips, observes :the library of Lincoln Cathedral, induced Dean Kaye to “ To conclude the businesse, Martha protests shee will bring the volume to London, and allow Richardson the

neuer trust Tomasin againe while she lives, because she printseller, to publish a facsimile. The European Magao promised to meet her at Pimlico, and bring her neighbour zine, then edited by Isaac Reed, in May of that year,con - Bethya, but came not, neverthelesse Faith went to Mother tained

Red Caps, and by the way, met with Joyce, who very Verses with the following motto, meant to have been kindly batled her penny with her at a fat pig. subjoined to a copy from a scarce portrait of Elinour Rumming, lately published by Mr. Richardson, of Castle Street, Hoxton, the Mother Red Cap would appear to have been

As the Pimlico here alluded to was at Hogsden, now Leicester Square.

that at Holloway: Ne sit ancillæ tibi amor pudori

Later, the author of Whimsies: or a New Cast of
Xanthia Phoceu! prius insolentem

Characters, 1631, duod., describing a sign-painter,
Serva Briseis niveo colore.
Movit Acbillem.

says, –

He bestowes his pencile on an aged piece of canvas in a Morit Ajacem Telamone natum

sooty ale-house, where Mother Red Cap must be set out in Forma captivæ dominum Tecmessæ ;

her colours. Here he and his barmy hostess draw both Arsit Atrides medio in triumpho

together, but not in like nature, she in Ale, he in Oyle: but Virgine rapta.

her commoditie of which he means to have his full share, HORACE, when his work is done, goes better downe. If she aspires

to the conceite of a signe, and desire to have her birch-pole ELEONORA REDIVIVA.

pulled downe, he will supply her with one.
To seek this nymph among the glorious dead,
Tird with his search on earth, is Gulston fled ?

FREDERICK TIE Grear's OLD BREECHES.
Still for these charms enamour'd MUSGRAVE sighs,
To clasp these beauties ardent BINDLEY dies.

This monarch greatly elevated the character and For these, while yet unstag'd to public view,

fame of Prussia, mainly by his alliance with England, Impatient BRAND o'er half the kingdom flew; that enabled him successfully to withstand the world These, while their bright ideas round him play, arrayed in arms against him. He died at Berlin about From classic WESTON force the Roman lay:

2 o'clock in the morning, August 17, 1786, in his seventyOft too, my STORER, heaven heard thee swear, fifth year. Economical and sparing in all that related Not Gallia's murder'd Queen was half so fair :

to himself, his wardrobe on bis demise presented nothing A New Europa,' cries the exulting BULL,

of any particular value. Among his linen were found My Granger now, I thank the gods, is full :'

but eleven shirts! and his clothes given by his successor Even CRACHERODE's self, whom passions rarely move, At this soft shrine has deign'd to whisper love.

to the late king's pages, were sold by them to some Jews Haste then, ye swains, who Rumming's form adore,

for 402 rix-dollars. They in their turn realized an Possess your Elinour, and sigh no more.

enormous profit, not by the excellence of the regal habi

liments, or the quantity, but from the generally expressed Steevens subscribed W. R. to these lines, but he was the ardour of many persons to possess something that had author ; Richardson had no predilection for versification. been the property or pertained to Frederick the Great.

The Lincoln volume contained other extremely rare tracts, More than four thousand rix-dollars were admitted to that Dr. Dibdin subsequently contrired, by exchanging for have been realised in this resale, and among the purhis own books, to obtain, and break up ; he then printed a Catalogue entitled the Lincolne Nosegaye, the impressions late into the field, and there remaining but an old much

chasers, an old lady, maiden or not is not stated; coming limited to, with him a favourite number, thirty-six copies ; and sold the whole to distinguished collectors. Heber pur

worn pair of breeches, joyously carried them off at the chiased Rand's quarto edition of Elinour Rumming; it is now price of two hundred rix-dollars ! When Frederick in the library of Mr. George Daniel, of Canonbury Square, William shall be gathered to his fathers, will any one Isington.

care to possess aught that he may leave behind ?

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Messiah, being significant, I shall explain only what GRAVE OF HAMLET AT ELSINORE.

applies to the present purpose. The ladder-like figure Many objects of interest present themselves to the of six bars beneath Capricorn, contains four spaces, cach stranger at Elsinore. Among them, more particularly, containing or representing beyond doubt, five days; thus are the fortress, and the garden of Marienslust, where the five spaces indicate twenty-five days. Above Capriis to be seen what is traditionally said to be the grave corn, precisely over the termination of the fifth space, is of Hamlet. Yet, the interior of the fortress con

the symbol of the obedient son with power : the crestains nothing remarkable; and the grave is a mis- cent before his head, to denote the predicted time; and nomer ; for Hamlet lived, reigned, died, and was buried in front of the whole is a priest receiving or acknowledgin Jutland. As the earlier chronicles relate, being ing his belief in the certain accomplishment and truth apprised of the conspiracy against his life by his step of the first revelation given to mankind. father and mother, he feigned imbecility of mind, and

Referring to the Oriental Zodiac, Asiatic Researches, in a retaliatory revenge, destroyed thein in their house, vol. ii. p. 303 ; as their year began in Aries, or March, by blocking up the doors, and setting fire to it. Hamlet Capricorn is consequently the sign of December. It is then reigned in quiet, maintained his dignity respectably, named Macar, and one of its significations is “the God and died a natural death. Those who have wept over of Love." The eighteenth figure in Macar's lunar manthe sorrows of Ophelia, as portrayed by England's dra- sion, called Jyeshtha, p. 293, has in the fish-like tail of matic bard, may be relieved by the assurance, that the Capricorn, three stars, which deserve particular attenwhole is a fiction by Shakespeare, and that nowhere, tion. These three stars form an equilateral triangle, in near Elsinore, is there any brook, with willows, in which a dark circle, intended to portray the womb of time; and Ophelia could have perished.

the inner concentric circle of Jjeshtha is light, typifying The grave of Hainlet, as shewn in Denmark, is about birth; the entrance into this world, or the nativity of a stone's throw distance at the back of the mansion of our Saviour. Marienslust. The sea is seen between a continous clump

That the very day of his nativity should have been of trees planted in a circle, and the grave is noted by foretold, may be considered as improbable, but is it more some scattered square stones of small size, which appear surprising than that the very year 4000 should have to have once served for a cenotaph, and stand on a knoll been predicted (leaving four years for purity of life in or rising mound covered and surrounded by beech trees. Paradise, that may be shewn to be probable)? or is it Nothing of their history is known, they seem to be little more surprising, than that the wise men from the East respected or thought about by the towns-people of Elsi- should arrive at Bethlehem at the very period of time nore; but pious and romantic pilgrims from another foretold the event would happen? fatherland, have borne off considerable portions as relics,

It appears, therefore, the star that conducted the and a few years will probably witness their total disper- Magi finally settled over the sacred manger of the Mession.

M.

siah on the 25th of Decenıber ; that in the symbolic tail of Capricorn (December), was contained three stars

typifying a Tri-une God, and answering to J. o. ε. in CuristuAS-Day.-In Current Notes, vol. iv. p. 12, the belief in the revelation, made to our first parents,

the tail of our Capricorn; and that by the priesthood, the remark that “ December 25th was fixed on, as more likely than any other to be the correct day, in the ab, den wisdom” of God.

was kept secret, and held as “ a mystery, even the hid sence of any specific information as to the exact period,”

T. R. BROWN. being quite new to me, I will attempt to fix the date.

Vicarage, Southwick, March 6. Spanheim, in his fifth Dissertation “ de Capricorno in Nummis,” exhibits the reverse of a small brass coin of Agosta, so named in honour of Augustus, on which Capricorn is depicted holding in front a globe, and in the field behind, a star.* This star, I presume to have been Notes, vol. iv., p. 14, will find this subject more fully

SONGS OF DEGREES.—Your Querist, S. S., Current the same, that preceded the Magi to the birth-place of treated, in Roberts Clavis Bibliorum, 1665, folio; in our Saviour. Landseer, Sabean Researches, p. 288, presents a re

the Preface to the CXXth and following Psalms. markable signet, that, at p. 290, he describes as “the

Goodnestone,

M. H. LLOYD, Capricorn of the Babylonian Zodiac, the mechanical Wingham, Kent, Feb. 25.

Merviniensis. figure beneath being an early and rude attempt to shew, by means of measured degrees, that portion of the zodiac, that was occupied by the stars of Capricorn." Referring

HewING BLOCKS WITH RAZORS. Who made use of to a portion of the vignette, almost every line in these this expression, or where is it to be found ? F. A. early representations, which relate to the coming of the

To endeavour to work upon the vulgar with fine sense, * Dissertationes de Præstantia et Usu Numism. Antiquo- is like attempting to hew blocks with a razor. Lond. 17:7. fol. vol. 1. p. 240.

Dean Swift.

rum.

A QUERY?—“Do you think it will answer ?" said a

NUMISMATA HELLENICA. thrifty lady about purchasing a second-hand dumb waiter.

UNDER this title has been published. A Catalogue of Yes, certainly, Madam,” replied the broker, “ without Greek Coins, collected by William Martin Leake, a question !"

F.R.S., one of the Vice-Presidents of the Royal Society

of Literature.' CURIOUS SIGN BOARDS IN SOMERSETSHIRE.

This volume adds more to the assistance of the student

in the history of Greece, than any other work that has I THINK Mr. Warne's explanation of the Case is preceded it, and proffers much to the numismatist that altered,' Current Notes, p. 13, is the correct one; but may in vain be sought for elsewhere. Its range embraces, I am not satisfied, that my suggestion respecting the as far as found practicable, descriptions and notices of Pall Inn, having been the ‘resting-place for the corpse on Greek coins, the productions of all the countries, over its way to its last home,’ is not the true origin of the which the monetary art and excellence of Greece exname? I have received a letter offering a very inge- tended ; and of every age, from the earliest known spenious solution of the difficulty that considering it still a cimens, to the reign of Gallienus, a space of eight hunvexata questio, and having obtained permission, I take dred years. To render more clearly its value and imthe liberty of transcribing

portance, the following retrospective notices are subBridport, Feb. 25.

mitted. Dear Sir,- I have just seen in Willis's Current Notes

But from their monuments, scarcely any thing is of this month, your note about the sign of the inn at Yeovil, known of Egypt and Assyria. The kingdom of the I am' satisfied you are on the wrong scent. The true origin, Pharaohs was not available to the historical researches I doubt not, must have been the adjacent church having of the Greeks, until after its subjugation by the Babybeen anciently dedicated to St. Mary, this inn was then lonians and the Persians; nothing even of its history probably a sort of religious out-house appurtenant, perhaps remained, save its monuments, in the time of the Ptolea refectory, where the jolly priors and monks experimentally mies, with two or three confused lists of regal names, studied their anti-dry-rot specifics, and when fuddled, are and but a single date, that rested on a recognized basis. likely to have irreverently toasted their patroness, as Poll, The monuments of Assyria have their interpretation which word is now corrupted to Pall. In this same way, I

solely in the Old Testament; in like manner, so really believe, that Pall Mall in the Metropolis, was so named in honour of the two first class Beauties of King great has been the destruction of Greek literature by Charles's days, of the same name, but commonly distin- the ravages of barbarism, bigotry and ignorance, that guished as Poll and Moll. Indeed, I have often wondered of the immense number of Greek writings anciently colthat the elegant dandies of the Athenæum, and the United lected in the libraries of Egypt, Greece and Italy, but Service, have not yet refined their street nomenclature by little remains, and scarcely any contemporaneous of the altering Pall Mall to . The Two Marys.' Pray forgive this events related. It is, therefore, not at all surprising an riquarian speculation.

that when the hydrographical outline of the ancient F. G. FLIGHT.

countries was but very partially known ; when the inteAlthough Mr. Flight further states that he considers rior was almost a blank on the map; when scarcely any my notion as rather appalling, I confess that the old of the supposed sites of celebrated cities had been exadage of

plored, the most diligent study of the printed authorities A man convinced against his will,

elicited little more than a history of Athens, giving rise Is of the same opinion still ;

to a commonly received opinion, that the glory of Greece somewhat applies to me, and I shall be glad of any monumental evidence, have greatly enlarged, corrected

was of short duration ; but geographical knowledge and further ideas on the subject.

and improved the history of Greece; not so much in its DORCHESTER, March 13.

JOHN GARLAND.

annals, as in the far more important and instructive • The Editor distinctly disavows all or any such hetero- details of a great nation : its manners and institutions ; doxical antiquarian notions, and the best apology is that its proficiency in art and science; and particularly in like the burden of Count Bellino's song

proving the vast extent of the influence of those quali- 'tis but Fancy's sketch!

ties, which rendered the Greeks superior to every other Who Mr. Flight's two first class Beauties were, are shrouded ancient race. We may admit without disparagement in conjecture, but supposing one of the Two Marys,' to to the Greeks, that excepting the two Persian wars, have been Mary Davis; it is surprising, that in his anxiety there is little their annals more edifying than in meto award such saint-like honours to two of the commonly diæval or modern history, but the real glory of Greece is distinguished' frail sisterhood, he did not, with the same propriety and truth assert Moldavia, one of the principalities to be estimated by the extent and duration of its lannow in dispute, was also so named in national respect to guage. A collection of Greek coins is sufficient evidence the meretricious Moll Davis ? The etymological derivation that the customs or institutions, which were certainly is doubtless equally correct, but, as Willis's Current Notes, the cause and consequence of Greek civilization, lasted have the honour of being extensively known and read by more than a thousand years, and extended over countries many of the members of the Atheneum and the United and peoples from Spain to India ; proving, at the same Service Clubs, a passing repudiation is sufficient.

tiine, that the Greeks constantly maintained that innate

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feeling and habit of the race, that in all ages is the Anciently the rites of St. John Baptist were observed, foundation of national freedom; namely, the system of when it was the custom to turn or roll a wheel about, separate communities, each conducting its own internal in signification of the sun's annual course, or the sun concerns, whether as an independent state, or as member then occupying the highest place in the zodiac, was of a federation under a dominant republic; or as form- about descending. Many years since, a merry-andrew, ing part of the dominion of a Macedonian king, or of a to attract young men and maides to his stage-play, Roman emperor, Nor are the Greeks, as evidenced by advertised he would on Midsummer-day, being the annitheir proceedings at this hour, deteriorated in their habi- versary of the nativity of St. John Baptist, 'on the tude or inherent recognition of the ancient system even cucke-stool at Harleston,' among other extraordinary under Turkish vassalage.

antics, The coins of Greece are indisputably, beyond all com

• Take a ride round the sunne, parison, the most numerous of Greek monuments, and it

From the heaven should cumm.' is but reasonable to believe that if the German writers

His performance was to have been on the boarded of the last century possessed our present information on stage over the the geography and monuments of Greece, most of their water; and the extravagant theories would never have been promul- sun alluded to gated ; hence the Numismata Hellenica has been ren

was simply the dered as conducive as possible to the illustration of the wheel, as here geography, art, mythology and history of ancient Greece, shewn, used for and as a volume of reference, commends itself to the the lowering the notice of all numismatists and scholars, and should be cuck-stool, with found in all collegiate, public, and provincial town libra- the scold, into ries.

the water, and in
raising it ; but
from its very

deMerit is often an obstacle to fortune and success, and cayed state, in the reason is, it always produces two bad effects-envy the midst of his and fear. Envy in those who cannot rise to the same feats, the framedegree of perfection; and fear in those who are estab- work gave way, lished, and who dread, that by advancing a man pos- and he was imsessed of more abilities or more attainments than them- mersed in the selves, they may be supplanted.

mud and water,
creating no small degree of diversion and uproar amid

many hundreds of spectators. This was the last ducking Nell GWYNNE. Among the curiosities dispersed at effected from the old constructed stage, as what remained the sale of the Duchess of Portland's Museum, in May of the timber work was" afterwards removed, and the 1786, No. 1119, was an emerald and gold enamelled water enclosed within palings; but even then some insmelling bottle, formerly the property of Nell Gwynne." voluntary duckings took effect. A boy shambling on Bought by Jones, a jeweller, for 71. 10s.

the rails of the cuck-stool water, fell over, and was plunged in head foremost. Saturated in the water,

mud and duckweed, he at length got out, and scampered CUCKING OR DUCKING STOOLS IN NORFOLK.

off homeward, screaming aloud. The mother hearing

her boy, ran to his assistance, and as she approached, BLOMEFIELD, referring to the fact that St. George's said, — Ther ber donunt make such a noyze, yew carnt Gild had a tenement in Norwich, which they sometimes be twe thankd-full to Gaud, that yew ar eut.' To which used as a Gildhall, adds, they had also customs at Fyve young hopeful replied, — . Spoże thu-n Ime too too Brigge Stathe, and were obliged to find a Coke-stool than-k-um fur put-ting me in-mar'nt make a noize ! there. From the Court book, he further notices two The pales or railings have since in their turn been instances of the use of the Cucke-stool.*

taken away, and the present wall as an enclosure built. 1562. A woman for whoredom to ryde on a cart, with

Yarmouth.

Wa paper in her hand, and tynklyd with a bason; and so at one o'clock to be had to the cokyng-stool, and ducked in

SUPERSTITION is the spleen of the soul. the water.

Dean Swift. 1597. Margaret Grove, a common skould, to be carried with a bason rung before her to the Cucke-stool, at Fye. bridge, and there to be three times ducked.

VERNON. Current Notes, vol. iii. p. 91. Admiral Vernon took PORTO BELLO, with six men-of-war, on

Nov. 22, 1739. A print illustrative of this event was • History of Norfolk, 1741, fol. p. 739.

published April 25, 1740.

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