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Amsterdam, but the Sweeds call it New Sweed Land's stream.
When the Sweeds the first time made their voyage into this country, it seemed to them so pleasant, and where they first landed, which was at Cape Inlop, and when they set their feet a shore they called the place Paradise Point.
By Cape Hinlopen there groweth Indian corn very plenty. Betwixt Murder creek and Wolfe creek there groweth a multitude of mulberries, cypress, and cedar trees, two or three fathom thick, there is also curious meadows. In the Wolfe creek there is curious black clay, and when it is well tempered it will make good ink, and it is good to paint with, for it is very black; there is likewise blew clay, when the said clay is well tempered it serves for blew
paint. By Spinnel Point, when the south wind blows, the shore there will be drove full with sea spinnels, who of themselves are not able to get into the sea again; they are as big as turtles, and they have almost such houses over them, but of the yellow horn they have many feet, and their tails are half a yard long, as a three edged saw, with which one may saw off the hardest tree that is. When they are well boiled and dressed, they tast as good as great crabs, who come up from the sea upon the shore. And in Amke creek there is extraordinary good blew clay.
At Christiana creek is the fort Christiana built, and behind that a little town laid out by the ingenier, Peter Lindstrom, and afterwards built and settled, but afterwards ruined by the Dutch. The said Christiana creek is deep and navigable, and it runs far in the country, and is upon both sides, and as well as up to Menajackse creek, good land both to sew and plant, and there groweth_several sorts of rare trees. In its recommendation I cannot well find words to explain my self about its fertility, so that it may well be called a land that flowg with milk and honey.
At Christiana there groweth abundance of grapes, and the Sweeds have at a time found there a vine with grapes which was two yards thick, which thickness neither before or since hath been seen or heard of.
By Tenna Kong's shore, is gummi, gutta, when that is tempered, then is she so good as gelb ocker, but in the said country they use to colour drest skins with it; and upon the said place there groweth abundance of walnut and chesnut-trees, and sassafrax-trees, which smell exceeding well. Upon the south side of Tenna Kong Island there is an insea where there is abundance of fowles.
Foglesand is a white little island that is drye in the sommer time.
In Huiskakimensi sippus or creek, and at Hickory island there is red clay, when that is dryed, pounded and well tempered, they may use it instead of Cinnabar.
In Swapeksisko, or white clay creek, there is very good white clay, when it is dry and well tempered it is as good as white lead.
From Grape Vine Point up unto Nittabakonk, groweth abundance of white, brown, and red grapes.
From Nejakue and unto Poenpissings creek, there is no land settled or cultivated either by the Christians or Indians, and it seems to be fertile land; and by the river side there is no opposition with sholes or teed marshes to hinder the passage to the shore, only the shore is stony.
From Sippaessing and unto Nyeck's creek is very good land, as there is at Sippaessing, only it doth not stretch so far into the country, but only in
acrook round the creek, and there is good pastur
age for cattle.
Over against Poaetquessingh there useth a sort of fish there with long great teeth, which the Indians call manitto, that is, the devil: he plungeth in the water very much, and spouts the water up as a whale, and the same sort is not seen or found elsewhere in the river. : In Merckatz creek grows wild hopps, and over against Plom Point grows beech, plum-trees, mulberry-trees, and chesnut-trees.
About Wickons Sippus, or Pike Creek, grows much peaches and grapes, and in the meadows callamus roots.
Against Sippaessing, and about Mehanbickan, there grows abundance of white, black, and red oak.
By Shankhickan groweth winter oak, whose leaves set upon the trees all winter, and do not fall off before the spring.
About the Fall of Alumingh grows walnut, chesnut, peach, mulberry-trees, and several sorts of plum-trees and grapes, hemp and hopps abundance. In this river grows a sort that they call callibashes, and grow upon vines, and run along the ground. They are shaped as a pear in figure. Some are as big as a great pumpion, and some so little as a little snuf" box; they are yellow, smooth, and thin as glass, bard and tough as horn. If they chance to fall upon the floor they will not split to pieces. Within they are full of seed like unto pumpion-seed: when they are taken out, then one gets a good vessel for several uses. If one would saw them in two, they will make funnels, cups, and dishes; and for the rarity's sake one may top them with silver. A parcel of them is so big that they will hold a gallon or more.
The map of those American parts which is hereunto annexed is of the ingenieur Pieter Lindstrom made at large four yards long, and two yards broad; and was set up in the king's great hall at Stockholm in the year 1696, when King Charles the XI. of glorious memory. And upon the humble address that the Sweeds in Pensylvania and the territories made unto his majesty for ministers and books, his majesty was graciously pleased to send them ministers and books, and also he was graciously pleased and caused to be printed several hundreds of chatechisms which my grand father, Doctor John Campanius Holm, formerly minister, had translated into the American speech, and it was concluded, and like to send the map of New Sweed Land.
As concerning the time when this country is and was settled by the Sweeds and cultivated, which was done in the great heroe's time, in glorious memory, King Gustavus Adolphụs' reign, who amongst his so many troubles and cares that he had for his subjects and the whole kingdom, he thought it necessary, together with his council, to settle a colony in America, and a company there. to advance trade abroad as well as at home. Moreover there was an eminent merchant, by name Wilhelm Useling, he much applauded this country, what for a fruitful, fertil land this was, abounding with all necessaries for man's life, and there should be erected there a West-India Company, and the said Useling did his utmost endeavour to promote it, and through his means it was put in agitation, that a West-India Company was put on foot, and a contract was made which the said Useling was the contriver of, and it was in Dutch, but afterwards translated into Sweeds by Erico Scrodero, anno 1626, in which he perswades the Sweedish nation with many substantial reasons and arguments for to settle a colony inz America. And the chiefest are as followeth :
1. That the christian religion by that means should
be planted amongst the heathens. 2. That his majesty would enlarge his dominions, and enrich the treasury, and lessen the publick duties.
3. That it would be much advantage to the publick, and a great ease for them. Besides what benefit every one would reap thereby, which the said Useling hath made proposition of, how and which way it should be put in execution, and how that the Sweeds they had as good convenience and plenty of many merchandizes, shipping and tradesmen as any nation in Europe, and then he concludes with these following words: If every good subject would, according to his ability, without delay distribute to put this in execution, not one to stay for another, but who should be the first, then there should be no want of money, and the kingdom through the Lord's mercy should have another eye, prosperity and encrease of wealth, than it hath had hitherto. The publick taxes would be lessened, and what contribution hereafter shall be wanting will be easy to discharge, and in process of time every industrious body will thrive. And lastly, it would greatly tend to the honour of God his and man's salvation and wellfare, and to his majesty's service for the good of the kingdom, and very beneficial to the whole pubTick in general.
In consideration of what is specified, his majesty Gustavus caused his proclamations to be issued out, dated Stockholm, the 2d of July, anno 1626, and all in general both high and low were exhorted to contribute to this company, and the follow ing year 1627, at the general assembly then held at Stockholm, it was also then confirmed by his