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CUCUMBERS.— For the best pair under glass, previous to the first Saturday of June, to Orr N. Town,
.$ 5 00 For the second best do., to D. Crowley,
3 00 CAULIFLOWERS.–For the best and largest, during the season, not less than 3 heads, to A. D. Williams,
5 00 CORN.-For the best and earliest sweet corn, not less than 12 ears, to A. D. Williams,
3 00 CABBAGE.—For the best drumhead cabbage, during the season, not less than 3 heads, to A. D. Williams,
5 00 For the best Savoy cabbage, during the season, not less than 3 heads, to A. D. Williams,
3 00 EGG PLANTS.—The best display, during the season, to Orr N. Town, 5 00 LETTUCE.—For the best 6 heads, before Ist Saturday in July, to Thomas Needham,
3 00 POTATOES.–For the best and earliest peck, previous to August 1, to A. D. Williams,
3 00 Peas.-For the best and earliest peck in June, to F. W. Macondry, 3 00 RHUBARB.–For the largest and best, previous to the first Saturday in July, not less than 12 stalks, to Josiah Lovett,
5 00 Squashes.-For the best pure Canada squashes, not less than 6 in number, to A. D. Williams,
5 00 TOMATOES.–For the best and earliest, not less than 1 dozen, to A. D. Williams,
5 00 VEGETABLES.—For the best display and greatest variety, at the
weekly exhibitions, during the season, to A. D. Williams, 10 00 For the second best do., to F. W. Macondry,
5 00 For the best display and greatest variety, at the annual exhibition, to A. D. Williams,
10 00 For the second best do., to F. W. Macondray,
. 7 00 CELERY.-For the best and largest blanched, not less than 6 roots, to A. D. Williams,
5 00 GRATUITIES. To J. L. L. F. Warren, for a wreath of corn, 12 varieties,
3 00 To E. Wight, for variety of squashes,
2 00 To William Quant, for early Tomatoes,
3 00 To J. Hovey, for six heads of Lettuce,
2 00 To Thomas Needham, for a display of early cucumbers,
$ 124 00
Exhibited.-Fruit: From the Hon. J. S. Cabot, fine specimens of the Beurré d' Aremberg, Winter Nelis and Columbia pears. From Josiah Lovett, very fine Chaumontel, Le Curé, Passe Colmar, Beurré d'Aremberg and Glout Morceau pears. From Messrs. Hovey & Co., Cross pear and Baldwin and R. I. Greening apples. From S. R. Johnson, fine Dix and Beurré Diel pears, and a variety called the Urbaniste, probably not true. From S. Walker, Baldwin, R. I. Greening and Nonsuch apples. From Dr. Hedge, Cambridge, Easter Beurré pears. From A. D. Williams, R. I. Greening, Baldwin, Winter Sweet Greening and Pearmain apples. From George Walsh, Baldwin and Hubbardston Nonsuch apples, and fine Easter Beurré pears. From John Dudley, Cambridge, Winter Bon Chrétien pears. From John Owen, Isabella and White Risling grapes, and Granny Earle apples, the latter small but good.
Salurday, Jan. 2d, 1847.—The quarterly stated meeting of the Society was held to-day-the president in the chair.
Parker Barnes declined serving on the Flower Committee, and W. B. Richards was elected to fill the vacancy. The Finance Committee made their annual Report, as follows :Receipts during the year, from all sources,
$ 3,346 34 Expenditures during the year, .
$3,286 76 Balance in the Treasury,
$3,346 34 The Committee reported the property of the Society, including the New Hall, to be valued at $ 42,035, the only debt being a mortgage of $15,000, payable in 1848.
On motion of S. Walker, it was voted, that a gold pencil case, pen and inkstand, or any other articles to the amount of $50, be presented to Dr. E. Wight, for his long and faithful services as Secretary of the Society.Messrs. S. Walker, C. M. IIovey and E. M. Richards, were chosen a committee to procure the same.
An amendment to section XX of the by-laws, was proposed by S. Walker, and entered upon the records ; the amendment strikes out all after the word “them” in the 23d line.
The following persons were elected honorary and corresponding members of the Society.
Honorary.-Baron Justis Liebig, Geissen, Prof. Lindley, London, Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen, New Jersey, Col. T. H. Perkins, Boston, J. P. Cushing, Esq., Watertown, Judge Davis, Boston, Josiah Bradlee, Esq., Boston, S. H. Smith, Esq., Providence, Dr. Israel Munson, New Haven.
Corresponding.-Prof. Asa Gray, Cambridge, E. N. Hosford, Albany, Rev. Henry Colman, Rev. H. W. Beecher, Indianapolis, A. B. Allen, N. York, L. Tucker, Albany, T. Rivers, Sawbridgeworth, Eng., M. Laffay, Paris, R. Buist, Philadelphia, J. B. Russell, Cincinnati, Dr. William D. Brinkle, Philadelphia, Capt. James P. Gerry, U. S. N., Hon. George Lunt, Newburyport, E. Beck, Esq., London, C. Mackintosh, Dalkeith, Scotland, Joseph Paxton, Chatsworth, Eng., R. Glendenning, Chiswick, London.
Adjourned one week, to January 9th.
Saturday, Jan. 9th.-An adjourned meeting of the Society was held today,—the President in the chair.
The Executive Committee reported, that, as there was no Decorating Committee appointed, and as 8200 has been appropriated for that purpose, the apportionments be altered as follows :- $ 650 to Flower Committee :
$ 550 to the Fruit Committee, and $150 to the Vegetable Committee, and the report was accepted.
The committee chosen to settle with the Mount Auburn Cemetery, reported that they had duly attended to the same, and had received from the Treasurer of that Association, the sum of $3,233 41, being one fourth of the net proceeds, the proportion belonging to the Society.
It was voted that the Lowell medal should be of the same valuation as the Appleton medal, and the Committee on medals were authorized and instructed to procure suitable dies for the purpose.
It was voted that the sum of $300 be placed at the disposal of the Library Committee for the increase of the Library, and that said committee report a list of books which it is desirable to purchase ; also, voted to authorize the committee to appoint a Librarian with a salary of $ 50 per
Voted to invest $ 2500 of the amount received from Mt. Auburn, for paying the debt of the Society.
Exhibited.-Fruit: From J. Pinneo, Hanover, N. H., a variety of apples, viz: Twenty ounce (fine,) Jewett's fine red, Nonsuch, Sweet Pearmain, Golden Pippin, (?) Lebanon Sweet, Erie Sweet, Dexter and Lebanon Sour; several of them very good.
Adjourned two weeks, to January 23d.
Saturday, Jan. 23d.-An adjourned meeting of the Society was held today-the President in the Chair.
The Executive Committee reported the list of premiums for the present year, which was accepted and placed in the hands of the publishing committee.
The Executive Committee also offered a resolution upon the subject of Prospective Premiums, which was accepted; and the resolution was placed in the hands of the Committee for establishing premiums, who made a report as follows:
Prospective premiums for objects to be originated subsequent to A. D. 1846, and which, after a trial of five years, shall be deemed equal or superior, in quality and other characteristics, to any now extant. For the best seedling Pear, the Society's large gold medal,
$60 For the best seedling Apple, the Society's large gold medal,
60 For the best seedling Hardy Grape, the Society's large gold medal, 60 For the best seedling Plum, the Appleton gold medal,
40 For the best seedling Cherry, the Lowell gold medal,
40 For the best seedling Strawberry, the LYMAN plate,
50 For the best seedling Raspberry, the Lyman plate,
50 For the best seedling Hardy Rose, the Society's large gold medal, 60 For the best seedling Camellia, the Society's large gold medal,
60 For the best seedling Azalea indica, the LOWELL gold medal,
40 For the best seedling Tree Pæony, the ETON gold medal,
40 For the best seedling Herbaceous Peony, LOWELL gold medal,
40 For the best seedling Potato, the Society's large gold medal,
60 The Report was accepted, and ordered to be published. Adjourned two weeks, to February 6th.
(Want of room compels us to omit the premiums offered for 1847 till our next number.]
Exhibited.-Fruit: From the President of the Society, Nonsuch apples and fine Easter Beurré pears; also a variety of apples received from various sources, among which were the Æsopus Spitzemberg (very fine,) Winter Pennock (poor,) Fall Harvey, in good preservation, but flavor indifferent. Messrs. Hovey & Co. exhibited Baldwin apples, and Bergamotte de Parthenay pears; also handsome Northern Spy apples received from J. H. Watts, Esq., Rochester, New York, which the committee pronounced very fine.
ART. III. Answers to Correspondents. We now resume our answers 10 correspondents, and shall endeavor hereafter not to allow so long a space to occur again.
Polmaise Heating.–J. C.-We intend to give a full account of this method of heating as soon as we can find room : a great deal has been said in its praise in the English papers, and from a small apparatus which we have erected in one of our houses on the plan, we think much more favorably of it than formerly. A few years ago we tried to heat a small house, with a furnace, in the same way that dwellings are warmed; but the furnace was not of sufficient power, or properly constructed, and we erected a common furnace with flues, in its place. Since the principles of Polmaise have been so ably elucidated, we have pulled down the old one, and erected another, combining that system with the common flue, and we find it to work so well, that we should recommend it to the attention of amateurs for further trial. We shall offer some facts which we think will show its economy over flues or hot water.
ACHIMENES Picta.—An Amateur.—This most beautiful species first flowered here in our collection in the Summer of 1845, and subsequently found its way into many choice collections of plants ; it is the most brilliant of the tribe, and is as easily cultivated as either of the other species. The little corms or tubers should now be potted in a soil of leaf mould and peat, with little sand, and placed in a hotbed or very warm place in the greenhouse, where they will soon begin to grow. When they have made four or five leaves, they may be potted off singly into small pots, or in shallow pans, eight inches broad, five or seven plants in each ; in this way, they flourish well, and make a splendid show; give a good drainage. We shall endearor to offer an article on this tribe soon.
SCARLET PELARGONIUMS.—X.-Many of the new kinds are a great improvement upon the old ones; the following comprise six new and choice varieties : King, Ingram's Dwarf, Mallason's No. 1, Mallason's No. 2, Nimrod and Huntsman. They are all profuse flowerers, and of dwarf habit.
Japan Lilies.-I. W. J.-We shall endeavor to comply with your wishes, and should probably have done so before, had we not misplaced a drawing, taken from a superb specimen last summer, which we intended should accompany our article; our plants last season were the admiration of all, some of them producing sixty flowers. In the mean time we advise planting in a compost of leaf mould and peat in equal parts, with a small quantity of sand.
THE BEST VARIETIES OF APPLES, Pears, CHERRIES AND PLUMS.-S. D. Redfield. The earliest and best four summer APPLES are the Early Harvest, Bough, Red Astrachan and Williams's Favorite: the best four Fall,
Porter, Gravenstein, Fall Pippin and Lyscom : the best four Winter, Baldwin, R. I. Greening, Russet and Northern Spy. The earliest and best three summer PEARS, are the Citron des Carmes, Jargonelle and Bloodgood : the best three Fall, Williams's Bon Chrétien (Bartlett,) Louise Bonne de Jersey, Paradise d'Automne: the best four Winter, Beurré d'Aremberg, Winter Nelis and Glout Morceau. The two earliest and best CHERRIES, are the Maydake and Black Tartarian : the two best late, Downer's late Red and Sweet Montmorency. The two earliest and best PLUMS, Bradshaw's and Green Gage: the two latest and best, Jefferson and Coe's late Red. In giving these names, we should remark that there are many others equally deserving of the same rank. The Strawberry grape is a very good native variety, quite new, but well worth cultivation.
Mildew ON GRAPES IN VINERIES.-M. C. Johnson.-Old vines are in no way more subject to mildew than young ones, so far as our experience goes : and we believe this is the opinion of grape-growers generally. How far Mr. Kenrick's views are correct in relation to trailing on or near the ground, we have no knowledge, as we do not think the experiment has been tried here. We do not doubt ourselves, but that a trellis over an inclined plane paved with brick or stone would be highly advantageous and greatly promote ripening as well as check mildew, from the greater humidity which they would enjoy. In an account of a very successful mode of cultivation of the grape in houses without heat, which we gave in a previous volume, (IX, p. 86) the excellence of the fruit was in a great degree attributed to the paved floors, which were watered when they became heated by the sun, and thus gave off an abundance of moisture of a genial temperature. Probably paving in the open air would have a similar effect; and by watering induce a humidity which would check the mildew. We hope our correspondent will try this mode, and we should be glad to know the result. The objection of Mr. Johnson is a good one, viz:—that the flowers as well as fruit might suffer from the effects of heavy rains : to obviate this, the distance of the trellis from the pavement should be increased. In the vineyards of France, the vines are trained to stakes about three feet high, but we gathered very fine fruit within one foot of the ground—and the crop, so far as we observed, was exceedingly good-satisfactory results can only be arrived at by actual experiment.
PLANTS.-L. P. Hopkins.--As you invite questions from your subscribers, I propose the following :
1. Should Gloxinias and Gesneras be kept absolutely without water during the winter, and allowed to die down to the ground?