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the Doyenné Boussock enumerated, and hence conclude that the word Nouvelle was appended by M. Jamin merely to designate it as a new variety. Our tree, which bore last year, and from the fruit of which our drawing (fig. 9) was made, was received from Paris in the spring of 1843, under the name of Doyenné Boussock. The variety which the late Mr. Manning described in our Vol VIII. p. 56, as this pear, proved to be the Doyenné gris.

We have previously noticed a tree which has proved to be this pear, (Vol. XII. p. 470,) which was purchased in Boston at an auction of a lot of French fruit trees, and bore for the first time last season : and we have remarked that it is somewhat singular that, among the many new sorts which have, for several years, been imported by our amateurs and nurserymen, the variety should be almost unknown, especially as it proves to be so fine a fruit. It is nearly as large as the Duchesse d'Angouleme, and is even superior to that variety, having a rich, brisk, and vinous flavor, somewhat like the Marie Louise. All we know of its origin is what is stated by Mr. Kenrick, viz., -"new and large ; of superior excellence; ripening at Paris in November, according to M. Jamin, of whom I received the fruit.” (p. 143.) The wood is of a reddish brown, sprinkled with large, round, grayish specks, much resembling the white Doyenné in color, but it is nearly as vigorous as the Beurré Diel, having very prominent buds, and remarkable for its large and thick leaves of a bright glossy green: it is a good bearer, and must rank among the best varieties which have been introduced.

Size, large, about three and a half inches long, and three inches in diameter : Form, obtusely obovate, regular, large at the crown, and tapering little to the stem, where it is very obtuse : Skin, fair, lemon yellow, nearly covered with numerous tracings of bright russet on one side, and regularly dotted with large russet specks on the other : Stem, short, Xbout half an inch, stout, straight, wrinkled, brown, fleshy at the base, and moderately inserted in a large shallow cavity : Eye, medium size, open, little sunk in a moderately deep, open basin; segments of the calyx short, round: Flesh, yellowish white, rather coarse, melting and juicy: Flavor, rich, sprightly, vinous, perfumed and excellent: Core, medium size : Seeds,

small, very slender and long, almost black, mostly abortive. Ripe in October.

Art. V. Descriptions and Engravings of Three New Apples.

By the EDITOR.

HAVING, in our several volumes, described and figured upwards of seventy varieties of pears, embracing many of the newest and most choice kinds, we now intend to devote the same attention to that most valuable fruit, the apple. Having collected together more than two hundred of the best varieties, and upwards of one hundred new American seedlings, and planted out specimen trees, of which several will come into bearing the present year, we shall have the opportunity of describing them from specimens produced under our own eye, and shall be enabled to give all the particulars of growth, productiveness, &c. These, we trust, will prove as interesting and instructive to pomologists as our articles on the pear.

We now commence with the descriptions of three new and superior varieties, one of which has just been introduced to the notice of cultivators. The two first have already been briefly described in our pages, but we have not seen any description of the last. For the very fine specimens of the Red Canada and Northern Spy, we are again indebted to our friends in Western New York, Mr. Bissell of Rochester, who sent us the former, and J. H. Watts of the same city, who forwarded us a bushel of beautiful specimens of the latter. To Mr. Watts also, we are indebted for some account of the Northern Spy, which we have embodied in our description of that apple below. The varieties are as follows:

1. TWENTY OUNCE. Mag. of Hort. Vol. X. p. 210.

Of some collections in New York.

Gov. Seward's,
Twenty Ounce pippin,
Twenty Ounce apple,
Cayuga Red Streak,

Of Cayuga county, New York.

The first knowledge we had of this apple was in the autumn of 1843, when some very fine specimens were presented for exhibition, before the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, by George Howland, Esq., of New Bedford, who procured them from trees on his farm in Cayuga county, New York. From their great beauty, as well as excellence, the committee awarded Mr. Howland a premium, and requested a few scions for distribution among the members, which were duly forwarded for that object. In the spring of 1844, we were fortunate in procuring a small tree of this variety, together

Fig. 10. Twenty Ounce Apple. with several other new apples, selected from the orchards of the west, and the past year it produced two very beautiful specimens, not quite so large as those exhibited by Mr. Howland but of the size shown in our engraving, (fig. 10;) the tree from which they were gathered not being more than four feet high. If proves fully equal to the character we then gave it, and taking all its qualities into consideration, it must rank as one of the finest early winter apples we possess. Where it originated we have no information. The trees appear to be mostly confined to Cayuga county, New York.

Size, large, about three and a half inches deep and four broad: Form, round, regular, slightly ribbed at the base : Skin, fair, smooth, dull .yellowish green in the shade, but nearly covered with bright orange red, in numerous short stripes, mottlings and splashes, and dotted with rather large prominent grayish specks: Stem, short, about half an inch, rather slender, and moderately inserted in a somewhat contracted deep cavity: Eye, medium size, closed, and sunk in a medium sized open basin: Flesh, yellowish white, rather coarse, crisp and tender : Juice, plentiful, pleasantly acid, and high flavored : Core, large and rather open. Ripe in November and keeps till January.

II. NORTHERN Spy. Mag. of Hort. Vol. X. p. 275. In the latter part of May 1844, specimens of the Northern Spy were exhibited at the rooms of the Massachusetts Horti


Fig. 11. Northern Spy Apple. cultural Society, from Messrs. Ellwanger and Barry, of Rochester, New York. This was its first introduction to the notice of Eastern cultivators; it proved to be a fine apple, and trees were much sought after by amateurs and nurserymen. From Rochester, many trees were sent to this vicinity, and the variety is now pretty generally distributed.

We are therefore happy to have the opportunity to give an account of it, and an engraving from some superior specimens recently sent us by J. H. Watts, Esq. of Rochester. A variety possessing such superior qualities is deserving of the most extensive cultivation. It has been stated by some writers in Western New York, that when the trees become old they produce only small and inferior fruit, and that it is only for a few years, when they are in their greatest vigor, that they bear good-sized and sound apples: this has also been contradicted, and we should think that the statement might be rather premature; for the variety is so new that few large orchards can yet exist, and the difference of soil or location may make much difference in regard to the fairness of the product. At any rate, it is a variety well worth cultivation, for in our estimation it is fully equal to any apple we possess, not excepting the Baldwin, the favorite of New England. The following information in regard to its origin, &c. has been communicated by Mr. Watts :

“I take great pleasure in sending you a box of Fruit, known with us as the Northern Spy apple.

My object (this season) has been to introduce it, believing it to be equal to any grown. One of its peculiar properties is that it keeps so well in ordinary seasons: it is in its perfection in April and May, and is then as fresh as a June apple. This year now the past one, all fruit has ripened earlier with us than usual, and consequently many of the Spys are ripe. For a description, and somewhat of its history, I am indebted to the Genesee Farmer, of the year 1845. It originated in the town of East Bloomfield, state of New York, in the orchard of the late Oliver Chapin, and has been known but for some five or six years. The first of the fruit seen in our city, a friend tells me, he discovered in the month of May, 1841, and he was delighted with its appearance and soon discovered its fine flavor, and on inquiry he found that it was a supposed seedling or natural fruit, and it has proved so, and one which has not its superior in our country.

“ Young trees, or those that have carefully been pruned, produce abundant crops, and the fruit is of large size and extremely beautiful.

“The tree is a rapid, upright and handsome grower, wood dark brown, covered with gray-colored specks or dots. Very easily distinguished from any other. Fruit somewhat coniVOL. XIII. —NO. II.


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