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Colmar, Wilkinson, Winter Nelis, Marie Louise, Foster's St. Michael, Bon Chrétien Fondante, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Beurré Diel, Frederic of Wurtemberg, and Williams's Bon Chrétien pears --the two last named varieties were borne on trees two years from the bud this year ; Coe's Golden Drop plums; Cranberries, common variety grown on sandy garden soil ; Old Mixon Freestone, Yellow Alberge, Late Yellow Rare Ripe, Incomparable, Crawford's Early, Melocoton, Red Cheeked Melocoton, President, and Orange peaches ; Black, Baldwin, Stroat, Murphey, Brabant Bellfleur, Cumberland Spice, Roxbury Russet, Belmont, Fall Pippin, Court of Wyck, American Summer Pearmain, Maiden's Blush, Summer Calville, R. I. Greening, Cable’s Gilliflower, Gravenstein, and Alexander apples ; Orange quinces.

E. Cable, Red Cheeked Melocoton, Admirable Cling, Cable's Late Melocoton, Cable's Pineapple Cling, Old Newington Cling, Powell's Yellow, Morris's White, Cable's Early Melocoton peaches; Late Purple plums; Williams's Bon Chrétien, Seckel, St. Michael, Duchesse of Berry, Napoleon, Wilkinson, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Green Sylvange, Beurré Diel, Easter Beurré, Beurré d'Aremberg, and Capsheaf pears ; Maiden's Blush, Fall Pippin, Sweet Russet, Autumn Sweet Bough, American Summer Pearmain, English Codlin, R. I. Greening, Æsopus Spitzenburg, Ortley Pippin, Stroat, Hampshire Greening, Jonathan, Richfield Nonsuch, Fameuse, Peck's Pleasant, Goble Russet, Roxbury Russet, Winter Russet, Hub. Nonsuch, Belmont, Baldwin, Dutch Pippin, Moore's Sweeting, Swaar, Smoke House, Gilliflower, Yellow Bellfieur, Alexander, and Seekno-farther apples. William Case, Beurré Gris, Bergamotte Cadette, White Doyenné, Beurré Van Marum, Virgoulouse, and Compte de Lamy pears; Baldwin, Court of Wyck, R. I. Greening, Roxbury Russet, Cumberland Spice, Brabant Bellfeur, Swaar, Black, and Royal Pearmain apples ; Cable’s Melocoton, Red Cheeked Melocoton, Prince's Paragon, Morris's White, Yellow Rare Ripe of Downing, Golden Rare Ripe, Case's Red Rare Ripe, Newington Cling, and President peaches ; Isabella grapes, and two other varieties unknown. A variety of fruits were also contributed by other individuals.

Flowers.-There was a very fine show, according to the report, especially of dahlias, the principal exhibitors of which, were McIntosh & Co., who showed fifty-nine varieties of roses, and a quantity of dahlias. Elliott & Co. exhibited upwards of eighty varieties of roses.

The annual meeting of the society for the election of officers took place, and the following gentlemen were chosen :

President, George Hoadly ; 1st Vice President, J. P. Kirtland, 2d, C. D. Brayton, 3d, W. D. Beaty, 4th, William Case ; Corresponding Secretary, J. F. Hanks; Recording Secretary, J. Houghton ; Treasurer, H. F. Brayton; Librarian, Benjamin Stair ; Committee on Synonymes, J. P. Kirtland, G. Hoadly, F. R. Elliott, A. McIntosh, E. Cable ; Trees and Shrubs, Hoadly, Houghton, Case; Finance and Library, Payne, Younglove, Brown; Entomology, Kirtland, Beaty, Hanks; Manures, Case, Cassels, Kirtland.-( Cleveland Herald.)


Pears in the Southern States. I have nothing to write you worth a place in your journal, of which I am sorry. As to fruits, the St. Germain is the only pear that I have had since the Summer Thorn and Messire Jeans have gone out. All my other varieties, as the Winter Bon Chrétien and Virgoulouse, being cracked and gritty, except a few from a dwarf tree, the fruit of which resembles the Bon Chrétien in shape and size, but is, I think, rather more mealy and not so good ; but this may be from its being upon quince root. My St. Germain trees have borne a full crop, and the fruit is very fine in size. I weighed one to-day that weighed a pound and an ounce. The season has been of the worst for fruit that I have ever known; and trees that will bear in such a season deserve a place in every garden, in my opinion.—I remain yours, respectfully, Robert Chisholm, Beaufort, November 1, 1847.


ART. IV. Massachusells Horlicultural Society.


bella grapes.

Saturday, Oclober 23d.Exhibited.-FLOWERS : From Messrs. Hovey & Co., a fine plant of Sèdum Siebòldii, and six hand bouquets.

Fruits.-From the President of the Society, Marie Louise, Ananas, Parasille, Napoleon, and Bezi de la Motte, and Jacquemont pears : the Ananas was pronounced excellent : also Seedling St. Germain pears raised by Gov. Edwards, and received from New Haven. From Messrs. Hovey & Co., Vicompte de Spoelberch, Figue de Naples, Passe Colmar, Beurré Crapaud, Bezi Montigny, and Beurré d'Aremberg pears; also Swan's Orange and Reid's Seedling, received from western New York: the Committee pronounced the Vicompte de Spoelberch fine. From S. Walker, Eyewood, Urbaniste, and Leon le Clerc pears ; Eyewood proves to be excellent. From J. Washburn, fine Orange and Portugal quinces, and Isa

From J. Stickney, Madotte pears of indifferent quality. From Miss Jones, Boston, Doyenné blanc pears, very fine: fine specimens of the same pear were received from E. J. Long, and from a garden in McLean street. From S. A. Walker, fine Brown Beurré, Roi de Wurtemberg, and Louise Bonne de Jersey pears. From George Newhall, Fulton, Seckel and Urbaniste pears, all fine. From Hon. J. S. Cabot, specimens of the Monarch pear, which proved to be very indifferent : this was from a tree received from Messrs. Hovey & Co., and is the fourth variety which has been received for the Monarch from England. It was not the Monarch of Mr. Thompson, though it may be the Monarch of Mr. Knight; so many errors have been made in regard to this variety, that some cultivators doubt the existence of the original pear of Mr. Knight.

Oct. 301h. Exhibited.-Fruit: From the President of the Society,Duchesse d'Angouleme pears, very handsome. From J. F. Allen, Syrian, Zinfindal, Wilmot's No. 16, Black Hamburgh, and White Nice grapes; also the Ropes and Verte longue d'Automne pears. From Jos. Stickney, handsome Beurré Diel and Surpasse Virgoulouse pears. From O. Johnson, a basket of Duchesse d'Angouleme pears, containing seventy-seven large specimens, the produce of an espalier tree, covering a space five feet high and nine feet broad. From John Gordon, Easter Beurré pears, fine. Quinces from John Washburn and Samuel Pond.

From A. H. Ernst, Cincinnati, Ohio, Winter Orange, Sieulle, and Beurré Diel pears ; also, Newtown Spitzenberg Kaighn's Spitzenberg, Yellow Bellflower, Wine Sap, Rambo, Pryor’s Red, Milan, Gennetting, Newtown Pippin, Roxbury Russett, (received under the name of Putnam Russet,) and White Pippin apples; the Pryor's Red bears so close a resemblance to the old Pearmain, that we are inclined to think it the same variety, only produced in fine condition in the soil and climate of the West. From S. W. Cole, Doyenné Blanc, and Louise Bonne de Jersey pears ; also, Holden Pippin, Western, Leland Pippin, Magnolia, and Bourrassa apples, the latter fine. From S. D. Pardee, New Haven, Seedling pears raised in that city and called the New Haven Beauty, flavor indifferent. From Cheever Newhall, Oliver's Russet pears, which the committee remark, “sustains its previous reputation.” From Messrs. Hovey & Co., Doyenné Gris, Doyenné Santelete, Vicompte de Spoelberch, and Arbori

crite (?) pears.

November 6th. Exhibited.-Fruits : From Messrs. Hovey & Co., Escelentissima, Vicompte de Spoelberch, and Belle Héloise pears. From E. M. Richards, Urbaniste pears, from a tree on the quince, fine. From J. S. Sleeper, Belle Héloise pears. From S. Walker, Beurré Duval and Figue pears, both excellent. From W. Stearns, Salem, specimens of the Lawrence pears, which were delicious.

Nov. 13th. Exhibited.-Fruits: From J. F. Allen, Emerald, Winter Nelis, Jervis (?), Brugmansbirne (inferior), Chaumontel and Glout Morceau pears. From Dr. J. C. Warren, Beurré Diel pears, very fine. From T. Needham, Frankindale, Syrian, Black Hamburgh, St. Peters, and Muscat of

Alexandria grapes.

November 201h. Exhibited.-Fruits : From S. Walker, Verte Longue d'Automne, Beurré Rance, good; Sabine, good ; Figue, fine ; Duchesse d'Angouleme, fine ; Beurré Diel, fine ; Vicar of Winkfield ; this variety fully sustains its reputation ; the specimens were fine and the quality ex. cellent. From Mrs. Battell, of Norfolk, Conn., the Torrington Pounder apple, the specimens were large and fine, quality not first rate. From Joseph Burnett, Southboro', Flushing Spitzenburg (?) and Belden Sweet apples; the specimens were handsome, but only of fair quality. From John Owen, two apples without names, and Messire Jean pear. From Messrs. Hovey & Co., Esperine pear, past eating. From W. A. Smith, Macedon, Wayne Co., N. Y., fine specimens of an apple called the Watermelon, a description of which will be found in a preceding page.

Nov. 27th. Exhibited.-Fruits: From the President of the Society the following new pears were presented, viz: Doyenné Boussock ; these specimens were different from all others which have been exhibited under this name; Doyenné Nerckman, Buerré d'Elberg. From E. M. Richards, specimens of the Minister apple: this apple sustains its reputation as one of the best. From Samuel Walker, Passe Colmar, Vicar of Winkfield, Beurré d'Aremberg, Glout Morceau, and Beurré Rance pears. The specimens of the Beurré Rance were the best ever exhibited at the hall of the society, but still they were not equal to the character given by Mr. Thompson in the London Horticultural Society's Catalogue.

(For want of room, the business transactions at the meetings during the month are postponed till our next.]





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Grape Vines will require to be pruned this month, and the vines put in order for the winter. After they are properly pruned, all the old bark should be very carefully peeled off, and, if there is any danger of insects, the shoots, both old and new, should be brushed with the composition heretofore recommended for both trees and vines, viz., clay, cowdung, and sulphur, made of the consistence of paint, and put on with a brush : after this, the vines should be laid horizontally along the front wall, where they will be in less danger of injury than upon the trellis. In cold houses, after the vines are pruned, they may be laid down, and covered with strawy manure, or mats. Vines in the open air of foreign kinds should be protected; and Isabella, and other native vines, have a thorough pruning.

Strawberry beds should be slightly protected with a thin covering of manure, leaves, or straw, if not already done.

Fruit trees, especially such as have been recently planted, should have at least a barrow of manure placed in a heap over the roots : this will prevent their being thrown out of the ground.

Curranls and raspberries should receive the same protection as fruit trees.

Pear stocks should be taken up and laid in, in a dry soil, where they will keep safely.

Fruil trees of all kinds should be looked to now, and such as have their labels defaced replaced with new ones : care should also be taken that the wires do not girdle the branches.

Scions of trees for grafting may be cut now, and placed in earth in a cool cellar.

Apple stocks for root-grafting during the winter, should be taken up now, and laid in, covering them with straw, so that they can be taken into the house, and grafted, as leisure will permit, from February to April.


Chrysanthemums, as soon as done flowering, should be cut down, and placed away in a cold frame, or in a cool cellar exposed to the light.



Camellias will now begin to flower, and will be the showiest objects in the conservatory : but they should be in the best order. If the leaves are dusty, let them be carefully washed with a sponge: after this, tie them up to sticks, and top-dress the soil. See that they are well watered.

Pelargoniums will now begin to need more attention. Let the pots be placed in a good situation, near to the light and air. Now is the time to pinch off such shoots as are growing freely, and to cut out weak ones : if they require it, the branches should be tied down to make them dwarf and bushy : water sparingly now, as they should be got into as hardy a state as possible : the leaves should feel quite stiff, and rustle under the hand. Have a good lot of soil in readiness to shift next month.

Ranunculuses and anemonies, potted now, will flower well in the spring.

Roses should all be pruned, if not already done. Such as are intended for early blooming should be freely syringed, until the buds are all broken : water carefully, until they are well established. Cuttings of such sorts, as the stock is limited, may be put in now. Tender sorts in the open ground should be protected before frost, with manure, tan, sawdust, or dry moss.

Verbenas growing freely should be shifted into larger pots.

Azaleas will still require careful watering. Hardy sorts may be taken up and potted, and brought into the conservatory for successive blooming : they force well.

Oxalises will now begin to bloom, and should be removed to a light shelf in the greenhouse, and liberally watered.

Calceolarias should now be potted off from the seed pans, and older plants shifted into the next size.

Schizanthuses should now have another shift into the next size.
Cinerarias should now be repotted.
Heliotropes should be brought in for a succession.
Nemophilas will now begin to bloom, and should be shisted into larger pots.

Victoria stocks should be kept in a light and airy place, and rather sparingly watered. This will make them strong and stocky.

Carnations, now brought into the greenhouse, will flower finely in February and March.

Hyacinths in pots may now be brought into the greenhouse or parlor for early blooming: bulbs may now be potted for a succession.

Japan lily seeds may be sown now, and the pans placed in a half shady situation.

Sedum Sieboldii.—Plants of this fine autumnal flower, now done blooming, may be placed in a cold frame.

Achimenes of various sorts may now be placed in pans, in a warm situation, in order to start them for early blooming in March and April ; the little tubers may be put in quite thick.

Greenhouse plants should now be thoroughly cleansed of all insects. Smoke often for the green fly. Fumigate with sulphur for the red spider, and wash off carefully all scales or mealy bags. Tie, stake up, topdress, and keep the pots clean by occasional washings.



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