« AnteriorContinuar »
pale amber, tender, and partially adhering to the stone: Juice, very abundant, subacid, rich and good : Stone, rather small, roundish. Ripe the beginning of August.
The tree is of vigorous growth, with the foliage of the Duke cherries, but with branches of a very spreading habit. The fruit is also generally borne in pairs, and not on forked stems, which will at once distinguish it from the Late Duke.
Arr. IV. On the Propagation of Stove and Greenhouse Er
otics : in a Series of Letters. By JAMES KENNEDY, Gardener to S. T. Jones, Staten Island, New York.
Letter VI. Propagation by Root Divisions. This is a mode often resorted to in increasing those kinds of exotics that will not produce seed, or propagate readily by any other means. But it could not be carried out extensively, unless the propagator possesses the acquisition of a conservatory to supply his wants. And even then, the greatest care should be taken, not to approach too near, or to injure the parent plants. However, let as large pieces as possible be procured, and potted off separately, using that compost in which the parent plant is found to flourish best. It is useless to remark that the pots ought to be proportioned to the size of the roots. In potting, let their points be a little above the surface, (say an inch); aster potting, let them have a sprinkling of water to settle the soil round them, when they must be plunged, up to the rims in a previously prepared hot-bed; but not too hot, nor containing much rank steam. A little air should be given in the middle of the day, and regularly shaded by means of mats when the sun is powerful. As soon as they have taken fresh root, and the tops begin to produce leaves, let them be removed, and hardened off gradually to their respective departments.
There are many species of that most interesting and ornamental genus Acacia, which can only be increased by this means, as Acàcia decipiens, Sophòra falcàta, &c. &c.
LETTER VII. Propagation by Leaves.
This is a mode of propagation which has become quite as common, and fully as successful, as propagation by cuttings; and, indeed, I consider it the easiest and most successful mode of increasing such exotics as gesneras, gloxinias, Hoya car nòsa, &c. &c.
The state most favorable for rooting leaves, is when they have completed about three parts of their growth. Let the leaves of the desired kinds be taken off close to the stem, and inserted into pots, such as were recommended for cuttings, prepared in the same manner. The whole of the leaf-stalk and about half an inch of the leaf should be covered, and laid in a slanting direction, when they should have a sprinkling of water, the bell-glasses put on, and removed to the propagatinghouse, or a previously prepared hot-bed, where, if kept uniformly moist, warm, and the bell-glasses regularly wiped inside every morning, they will soon strike root; but care must be taken to shade them in bright sun-shine, in order to prevent excessive perspiration until they emit roots; after which they may be fully exposed to the light. Should any happen to damp off, let them be immediately removed, otherwise, they might endanger the whole. As soon as the leaves begin to push young shoots, the glasses may be taken off and the pots removed to a dry shed, there to remain for a few days previous to their being potted off.
Staten Island, N. Y., August, 1847.
Art. V. Floricultural and Botanical Notices of New and
Beautiful Plants figured in Foreign Periodicals; with Descriptions of those recently introduced to, or originated in, American Gardens.
Schubertia graveolens.—This new and handsome climber, already noticed, (Vol. XII. p. 430,) with flowers greatly resembling the beautiful Stephanotus, is now coming into bloom in our collection. The flowers appear in clusters, are pure white, and very fragrant. It is a most desirable greenhouse climber.
New Phloxes. Some fine additions to this elegant family of hardy garden perennials have been recently introduced, principally from the Belgian and French collections. A few years ago none but self-colored sorts were to be seen, but now we have them edged, pencilled, striped, marbled and shaded, of almost every tint and hue. Some of the new ones are remarkably beautiful and distinct, and among them may be named the following Standard of Perfection, with two colored flowers, each petal half white and half pale blue, of fine form, and disposed in magnificent pyramids : Goethe, white, flamed with pale lilac, beautiful : Eclipse, blush, shaded at the edges of the petals with deep purplish rose, flower large and handsome: Fleur de Marie, white, with distinct violet eye: Annais Chauviere, white, with a distinct purple eye: Speculum, white, slightly mottled with pink, the flowers disposed in spikes.
Many others have been introduced and will yet flower, but owing to the weakness of imported plants, not so strong as another year. Charles, Blanc de Neuilly, Nymphæa alba, Kermesina, Eil de Lynx, Princess Marianne, and some others, have flowered superbly this year; and are all fine additions to this most brilliant of our autumnal flowers.
23. IMPATIENS PLALYPE’TALA Lindl. Flat-petaled Balsamine.
(Balsaminaceæ.) A greenhouse plant ; growing two feet hish ; with violet-colored flowers ; appearing in winter ; a native of Java ; increased by cuttings and seeds; cultivated in rich soil. Flore des Serres, pl.
A new and charming species of the Balsam, which, in our climate, will probably succeed as an annual, and become a great ornament to our gardens. Unlike the other species, the petals are quite flat, and the flowers appear in clusters at the axils of the leaves. It is of the easiest cultivation in any good rich soil. (Flore des Serres, April.) 24. LESCHENA'ULTIA ARCUA TA De Vriese. Drooping Lesche
naultia, (Goodenidcece.) A greenhouse plant; growing one foot high; with yellow and crimson flowers ; appearing in spring ; a native of Swan River ; increased by cuttings ; cultivated iu peal, leaf mould, abu sand. Flore des Serres, pl. 219. 1847.
Another most brilliant species of this fine tribe, with large yellow flowers, with the centre petals tipped with deep crimson, and very showy from the contrast of colors. The habit is more robust than the L. formòsa, and the flowers are produced in the same profusion as in that species. It is a native of Swan River, and requires the same treatment as formosa. (Flore des Serres, foc., April.)
25. IxoʻRA SALICIFOLIA De Cand. Willow-leaved Ixora.
(Cinchonàceo.) A stove plant ; growing two feet high ; with bright rose-colored flowers ; appearing in spring ; a native of Java ; increased by cuttings ; cultivated in peal, loun, and sand. Flore des Serres, pl. 217. 1817.
This is one of the prettiest of this family, which, we regret to say, is very little known in our collections, though the old I. cuccinea has been introduced many years. I. salicifolia has very long and narrow leaves, and the flowers, which at first are of a bright nankeen, change, as they open, to a rose vermilion. The corymbs are ample, and, by the variety of tints, form a showy object. Introduced into the collection of Van Houtte from Java, where it first flowered in March last. It requires the same treatment as the I. coccinea. (Flore des Serres, April.)
26. Glox[NIA TEUCHLERI (hybrid) Hort. Teuchler's Gloxinia.
(Gesnerácee.) A greenhouse plant; growing a foot hizh ; with blue and scarlet Mowers ; appearing all summer ; a hybrid ; increased by cuttings ; cultivated in peat, leaf mould, and loam. Flore des Serres, ul. 20. 1817
This is one of the most magnificent hybrids which has been produced, having the ground color of the old G. rubra, and distinctly marked with large bands or stripes of deep blue, of the color of G. caulescens. It is said to have been obtained from seed by M. Teuchler, of Bohemia, between the G. caulescens and rubra, the flowers being the size of the former. Recently, many amateurs have visited the garden of Van Houtte to see it in flower, doubting the remarkable coloring which has been given in the plate. We hope soon to see it in our collections. (Flore des Serres, April.)
Hard-bracted Lily. (Lili
27. L'ILIUM CALLO'SUM Zucc.
dcee.) A greenhouse bulb ; growing two feet high ; with scarlet flowers ; appearing in summer ; a native of Japan ; increased by otiseis ; cultivated in peut, leaf mould, and loum. Flore des Serres, pl. 230. 1547.
A very delicate species of lily, with linear, grass-like leaves, and small scarlet flowers, having two bracts, terminated in a small roundish hardened point. It is a native of Japan, and was found by Siebold at an elevation of one or two thousand feet above the sea, where it grew in abundance in a volcanic soil. It is a very pretty addition to the lily tribe, flowering as it does at the same time of the larger Japan kinds. It is cultivated in the same manner. (Flore des Serres, May.)
28. HE'NFREYA SCA'ndens Lindl. Climbing Henfreya. (Acan
thàcea.) A greenhouse plant ; growing three or four feet high ; with white and rose-colored lowers : D pearing in spring ; increased by cuttings; cultivated in peat, loam, and sand. Flore des Serres,
pl. 231. 1847.
A beautiful species of a new genus, remarkable for its climbing habit, -unusual in this family,-its beautiful foliage, and terminal clusters of large white flowers, tinted with rose. Its native country is not given; but it flowered in Eugland last spring in the collection of Mr. Knight, and a medal was awarded by the London Horticultural Society for a fine specimen. It is increased by cuttings, and grown in a rich light soil. (Flore des Serres, May.)
29. CE REUS GRANDIFLO RO-SPECIOSISSIMUS MAYNARDII Nob. May
nard's Cereus.. (Cactaceae). A greenhouse plant ; growing four feet high; with orange scarlet flowers; appearing in spring; an English hybrid ; increased by cuttings; grown in rich soil. Flore des Serres, pl. 233, I817.
Many attempts have been made to produce new varieties of the cereus, between grandiflòrus and speciosissimus; but we are not aware of any successful accomplishment of the object, except the plant now under notice. It has been thought that some singularly fine kinds might be the result of the union of these two. The specimen before us is certainly very showy; having a stem similar to the grandiflòrus, and flowers somewhat like it in form, but of a deep orange scarlet shade : the pale tint of the former having neutralized the rich violet hue of the speciosissimus. The flower has two rows of numerous petals, the outer ones standing erect, and the inner ones with the ends curved in ward. Their diameter is 9 to 10 inches.
This variety was produced from the seed of speciosíssimus, impregnated with grandiflorus, by Mr. Keynes, gardener to Viscount Maynard. It is of vigorous habit, flowers freely