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But we need not recapitulate all the various subjects which have filled the pages of the Magazine, as a reference to any volume will be the best evidence of what has been accomplished. Neither will our readers wish us to make any new promises of what we intend to offer in the coming volume. Already have we added many pages to the present one; and we may here say, that the number will be increased hereafter, so as to enable us to better accommodate our many and kind correspondents, in every part of the country. Our FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE, we are happy to state, has been extended, and our facilities for obtaining the earliest information of new fruits, flowers, and trees, greatly increased. LANDSCAPE GARDENING AND ARBORICULTURE will continue to receive particular attention; and notices and descriptions of select trees and shrubs, for the guidance of gentlemen forming suburban residences, will be occasionally given, as well as engravings of some of the more rare kinds. In RURAL ARCHITECTURE we shall offer designs of select villas, specimens of which have appeared in previous volumes. An IMPORTANT FEATURE has been added to the Miscellaneous Department, by which a page or two in each number will be devoted to correspondents and readers who may be desirous of asking any questions relative to any department of Gardening. The Monthly CALENDAR OF HortiCULTURAL OPERATIONS will also be more full and complete.

The first number of the New Volume will be issued on the first of January, 1847. It will be printed in the same superior style, on the finest paper, and will be embellished by an increased number of engravings, forming a volume of nearly 600 pages, at $3 a year in advance.

Subscriptions for the Magazine received, and specimens of the work seen at the Bookstores of C. C. Little and James Brown, James Munroe & Co., Jordan & Co., and at the Seedstore of the publishers, Hovey & Co., Boston; at the office of the publishers, Saxton & Miles, Broadway, New York, and J. M. Thorburn & Co., John street, and of the following agents in other cities:-D. Landreth & Co. and R. Buist, Philadelphia ; J. F. Callan, Washington, D. C.; J. R. Cotting, Milledgeville, Ga.; G. C. Daniels, Providence, R. I.; George Lapping & Co., Louisville, Ky. ; J. F. Shores, Portsmouth, N. H.; F. Putnam, Salem Mass.; R. Sinclair, Jr. & Co., Baltimore ; Dr. B. K. Bliss, Springfield, Mass.; F. Trowbridge & Co., New Haven, Conn.; Ely & Campbell, Cincinnati, Ohio; Dr. J. Douglas, Quebec, L. C.; J. W. Bissell, and J. H. Watts, Rochester, N. Y.

Boston, Nov. 28th, 1846.

Advertising Sheet of the Mag. of Horticulture.




OFFER FOR SALE 1000 GRAPE VINES IN POTS, Raised from eyes, from 2 feet to 4 feet high, and sufficiently strong for planting out the ensuing spring, suitable for Graperies, Greenhouses, &c., comprising the following varieties, true to name : some of them new, rare and valuable. Black Hamburgh

* Muscat of Alexandria *Black Hamburgh, Wilmot's (new) * Muscat Blanc Hatif (new and fine) *Black Hamburgh, No. 16, (new *Muscat, Tottenham Park and fine)

*Muscat, Austrian (new) Black July, (Early)

Muscadine, Royal Black Prince

*Macready's Early White, (very Chasselas, Red

early and sweet) Chasselas, White

Pitmaston White Cluster Chasselas, Golden

St. Peter's, Black, (keeps well) Esperione

* St. Peter's, West's, (new and fine) Frankendale

Sweet Water Frontignan, White

Syrian (large clusters) Frontignan, Grizzly

White Nice (large clusters) Frontignan, Red

White Malvaise Frontignan, Black

Zinfindal (superior) Lombardy

1* Poonah (very large and late.) Prices 75 cents each, or $6 per dozen, except those marked (*), which are $ 1 each.

I 30 other new varieties are under cultivation and will be offered for sale in the fall of 1847. Plants carefully packed for safe transportation to all parts of the country.

HOVEY & CO. Boston, Jan. 1, 1847,


On the 1st of May, 1847, will be published,


Cheshunt, Herts., England. This work will be published in ten or twelve Half-crown monthly parts ; each part will contain a colored plate of some new or popular Rose, executed by the most eminent artists. The text will also be liberally illustrated by Wood Engravings, to elucidate particular operations necessary to be observed in the cultivation of this popular Flower.

Prospectuses are now ready and may be had from Messrs. Sherwood & Co., 23 Paternoster Row, London, or of Hovey & Co., Boston, U.S. A.

JAN. 1, 1847,


Advertising Sheet of the Mag. of Horticulture.


HO VEY & Co.,

CAMBRIDGE NURSERIES, NEAR BOSTON, MASS. RESPECTFULLY invite the attention of amateur cultivators to their immense collection of Fruits, embracing every variety to be obtained in Europe, selections of which were made from the English, Scotch and Continental nurseries, in the autumn of 1844, during a personal visit, and other new and rare kinds since received from their established correspondents in London, Paris and Brussels. No pains or expense have been spared to render their collection unequalled in the Pomological department, both in extent and variety; and specimen trees of every kind are planted out, thus affording an opportunity to inspect the fruit as the trees are yearly coming into bearing.

20,000 Pear trees, on both the quince and pear, are now ready for sale; and in addition to the established and well known sorts, the following very rare kinds are now offered,-several of them for the first time in the country.

PEARS. LANGELIER's BEURRE.—Raised or introduced to notice by M. Langelier, who first introduced Van Mons Leon le Clerc. He describes it “perfectly melting, ripe in January, larger than the Napoleon, trees very vigorous, and one of the best flavored in cultivation, otherwise it would not be recommended by him." The original trees cost one guinea each, and fine young trees are now offered at $2 each.

JERSEY GRATIOLI.—Described by Mr. Thompson to have a "melting flesh, like honey, exceedingly rich; in its decay, not becoming mealy or insipid, but still retains its honied nature: ripe in October.” Highly esteemed in Jersey, where it is considered the “finest pear ever met with.” Fine trees, $2 each.

VICOMPTE DE SPOELBERCH.—Raised by Van Mons, and described by himself as one of his finest seedlings. $1 each.

Eriscopal.—Raised by M. Bougere, near Lyons: a highly recommended, very late pear: May to June. $1 each.

ill's Fall BUTTER.-Originated in Ohio. Fruit medium size, with a white, highly perfumed, buttery flesh. $1 each.

Hull.–An American seedling of high reputation. Fruit exhibited in 1843. Ripening in September. $1 each.

LOCKE.—A first rate American pear, ripening in November and Deceinber. $) each.

Oliver's RUSSET.-Another fine American seedling, exhibited in 1843, and pronounced “equal in flavor to the Seckel.” Ripe in October. #1 each.

DONMORE, Knight's Monarch, Van Mons LEON LE CLERC, SIEULLE, STONE, (of Ohio,) &c., with other VERY NEw kinds. Trees of various size from $1 to $2 each.

APPLES. BROADWELL.-A very superior sweet apple, large and handsome, keeping till May. 50 cts. each.

ORNE.- A very fine early apple, yellow and excellent, coming in just before the Porter. 50 cte. each.

NORTHERN Spy.-A large and superior apple, keeping till May. 50 cts.

LINCOLN.—A new fruit from Maine, ripe before the Porter; of medium size, yellow, and of superior quality. 50 cts.



JANUARY, 1847.


Art. I. A Retrospective View of the Progress of Horticulture

in the United States during the year 1846. By the Editor.

It has not been our good fortune, since our first annual summary of Horticultural Improvement, in 1838, to record such a general interest and wide spreading taste in Horticultural and Rural pursuits, as at the present period. The rapid changes in national prosperity from 1835 to 1845, a period of ten years, were attended with equally great fluctuations in the tastes and pursuits of large classes of the community, and until the last year or two, it can scarcely be said that a rapidly progressing zeal has been manifested in Horticultural and Rural occupations.

But a better day seems to be dawning : alive to the important benefits which result from a more thorough knowledge of the art of cultivation, we find a more active interest taken in every thing which relates to gardening. He who possesses a spot of ground, even if his taste has not been cultivated sufficiently to fully appreciate it, feels it no less his duty than his pride to go forward in the march of improvement, and plant trees, either for profit or ornament, that they may be valuable at a future day, if not at the present moment. It is not an individual taste which impels the public now, but a general coöperation to carry out improvements which have too long been left neglected or abandoned. Such a state of prosperity is cheering to every cultivator, and it should be the aim of all interested in a pursuit so conducive to the morals and happiness of a people, to encourage and foster so laudable a zeal. VOL. XIII. NO, I.


The yearly advancement in an art like gardening must be necessarily limited: improvements constantly arise, but there are few startling discoveries, or wonderful achievements, to record. Science is always unfolding something new to the cultivator, but experience only will confirm the value or importance of innovations upon established rules and systems. The old routine of practice is not to be thrown aside at once; neither should customs be pertinaciously adhered to which had their origin at an early period, and have become part and parcel of our knowledge. But the cultivator who would aim to excel, must make himself familiar with all the principles of the art; continual study and research, united with observation and experience, will then enable him to attain the most satisfactory and successful results.

The season of 1846 has been throughout New England as dry, or drier than the three previous dry ones of '43, '44 and '45; that is, there has been less rain during the summer of 1846, than during that of 1845; yet vegetation has gone on as if the season had been nearly an average one as regards moisture; trees have made a most remarkable growth; crops have been generally exceedingly good; there was a good yield of grass, and the fruit crop was far above an average

All this, however, has taken place in the absence of actual rain; but if we could know exactly the atmospheric moisture, we should find that it has been very much greater than in 1845; there has been a constant succession of cloudy, misty and hazy weather throughout the summer and fall, which has so far prevented evaporation, that what rain has fallen has had the greatest effect.

The winter of 1845 and 1846 was considerably colder than that of 1843 and 1844. It commenced very early in the west; large quantities of snow fell; and a series of severe frosts injured all kinds of roots and plants, killing many, which had stood out for years, quite down to the ground. January was tolerably mild, with one heavy drifting snow which, however, nearly disappeared the latter part of the month. February was a cold and stormy month, with two drifting snows, and good sleighing the whole month; the thermometer indicating 60 below zero. March, on the contrary, was a month of more than ordinarily mild weather, the


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