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THE

FRUITS OF AMERICA,

BY C. M. HOVEY,

EDITOR OF THE MAGAZINE OF HORTICULTURE.

CONTAINING RICHLY COLORED ENGRAVINGS,

ACCOMPANIED WITH THE WOOD AND FOLIAGE, OF ALL THE CHOICEST

FRUITS CULTIVATED IN THE UNITED STATES.

from Paintings from Nature, made expressly for this work,

BY W. SHARP,

CHROMOLITHED AND RETOUCHED UNDER HIS DIRECTION.

THE LETTER PRESS TO CONTAIN A FULL DESCRIPTION OF THE FRUITS, THE HABIT
OF GROWTH OF THE TREES, COLOR OF THE WOOD, AND FORM OF THE
LEAVES : THE SYNONYMS UNDER WHICH EACH VARIETY IS KNOWN,
THE ORIGIN AND PERIOD OF INTRODUCTION, AND ALL OTHER

PARTICULARS OF IMPORTANCE TO THE POMOLOGIST.

The Work will appear in Royal Octavo Numbers, (uniform with Audubon's Birds of America,) and will contain four plates each, with Eight Pages of letter-press, on the finest paper, and in beautiful type; the Original Paintings executed by that distinguished artist, W. SHARP, chromolithed and retouched under his eye. The text will give all the Synonyms under which each variety is known, its origin, when to be ascertained, its period of introduction, with an accurate description of the Habit of the Tree, Wood, Leaves, Flowers, and Fruit, the Period of Ripening, and all other particulars worthy of note. The whole, with a few exceptions in the early numbers, from Specimen Trees in the extensive collection of the Author, where their comparative merits, in the same soil and locality, can be correctly estimated.

The Plates will not be numbered or paged, but left with a blank No., so that each Class of Fruit may be bound up by itself, arranged alphabetically, according to the season of ripening, or in any other way, when the Work is completed, or together as issued, at the option of Subscribers. Twelve Numbers will complete a Volume, which will be furnished with a Title Page and Index. A list of Subscribers will accompany each Volume.

The First Number was issued in APRIL, 1847, and the succeed

ing Numbers will appear on the First of every alternate month. No. I contained the following varieties of fruits :

BEURRE D'AREMBERG PEAR,
Glout Morceau PEAR,
Van Mons LEON LE Clerc Pear,

Baldwin Apple.
No. II will appear in July, and will contain the following:-

VICOMPTE DE SPOELBERCH Pear,
Winter Nelis Pear,
SIELLE PEAR,

NorthERN SPY APPLE.
No. III will appear in August, and will contain the following :-

Swan's ORANGE PEAR,
May BIGARREAU Cherry,
Hover's SEEDLING STRAWBERRY,
Boston PinE STRAWBERRY.

TERMS OF SUBSORIPTION: In Royal Octavo, richly colored, at $1 per number, payable on delivery. A limited number of impressions in Imperial quarto, very

highly finished, $2 per number.

BOSTON: PUBLISHED BY C. C. LITTLE AND J. BROWN, 112, WASHINGTON STREET;

HOVEY & CO., 7, MERCHANTS Row,

NEW YORK:
D. APPLETON & Co., 200 BROADWAY.

PHILADELPHIA:
G. S. APPLETON, CHESTNUT STREET.

LONDON:
WILLIAM SMITH, 113, FLEET STREET.

AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION.

LYCEUM BUILDING, NO. 561 BROADWAYNEAR PRINCE STREET,

NEW YORK.

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RECORDING SECRETARY.

A. P. Halsey, Esq., Bank of New York.
CORRESPONDING SECRETARY.
ANDREW H. GREEN, Esq.

R. OGDEN DOREMUS, Esq.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. LUTHER BRADISH,

WM. COVENTRY H. WADDELL, Tu. FRELINGHUYSEN,

ex officio.

ARCHIBALD RUSSELL, James Lenox,

SHEPHERD KNAPP, R. L. Peli, Chairman,

R. K. DELAFIELD, Col. EDWARD CLARK,

D. P. GARDNER, Secretary.

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PREMIUM LIST FOR THE EXHIBITION

ON THE 15TH SEPTEMBER, 1817.
This Exhibition will remain open Tro Days, (the 15th and 16th).
BOUQUETS.
For the second best do. do.

$3

best 6 varieties-parti-color'd, Premiums to be awarded by a Committee

second best do. do. of Ladies.

largest and finest display,. For the best pair of Parlor Bouquets, $3

best Seedling-selt colored, second best,

2

best Seedling-parti-colored, 5 best pair of Hand Bouquets, 3 best display of Cut Flowers, second best,

second best do. do.
best Basket of Flowers,

3 GREENHOUSE PLANTS.
second best,
2 For the best twelve,

5 FLOWERS.

VEGETABLES. JUDGES.—Messrs. N. J. Becar, Brook- JUDGES.—Messrs. Gouverneur Morris, Jyn; Edgar Hicks, Brooklyn; T. M. Westchester ; Francis Briell, Jersey City; Carpenter, New York; Dr. Wm. W. Valk, J. W. Cudlipp and D. Holden, BloomingFlushing ; Peter B. Mead, New York. dale; James Mathewson, Morrisania. DAHLIAS.

For the best peck of Potatoes, 82 For the best 12 varieties—self-colored, $5

second best do.

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For the best peck of Sweet Potatoes, For the best 4 bunches, white, any va. raised within 30 miles south

rieties,

$3 of New York,

$2

second best, second best-same limitation, 1

APPLES. best 25 Onions,

For the best 12 Autumn, one or inore best 6 heads of Cabbage, .

sorts, second best 6,.

secoud best do. best 6 heads of Red Cab.

best 12 Winter, do. bage,

second best do. best 12 Blood Bects,

finest and greatest display, best 12 Carrots, best 6 heads' of Endive

named,

second best do,
blanched,
best 6 heads of Cardoon, :

best Seedling never before ex.
hibited,

5 best 6 stalks of Celery

PEARS.
blanched,
second best 6 do. do.

For the best 12 Autumn, one or more best 12 roots of Salsity,

sorts, best pair of Egg Plants,

second best do. second best do.

best 12 Winter, do. best half-peck Tomatoes,

second best do. best 12 pods of Okra,

largest and finest collectionbest 12 Parsnips,

named, best 12 Turnips,

second best do. best 3 heads Brocoli,

best Seedling never before exbest heads of Cauliflower,.

hibited, . best display of Vegetables, .

PEACHES.

For the best 12 Freestones, one or more FRUITS.

sorts, second best

do.
JUDGES.-Messrs. Wm. T. McCoun,
New York; Charles Downing. Newburgh;

best 12 Clingstones, do.
second best

do. J. Hayes, Newark; William Kelly, Rhine

largest and finest collectionbeck; R. B. Parsons, Flushing.

named, GRAPES raised in the

second best

do. air.

open For the best 3 bunches, black, any for

best Seedling never before exeign varieties,

hibited, second best,

3

PLUMS. best 3 bunches, while, do. 5 For the best two dozen, one or more second best,

3

sorts, best 6 bunches, Isabella, 2

second best do. second best,

1

largest and finest collectionbest 6 bunches Catawba,

named, second best,

second best best 6 bunches any other na

best Seedling never before extive variety,

bibited, Raised under glass without artificial heat.

QUINCES. For the best 4 bunches, black, any va

For the best twelve, rieties,

$5

second best do., second best,

3

WATERMELONS.
best 4 buuches, while, any va- For the best pair,
rieties,

5
second best do.

1 second best,

3

MUSKMELONS. Raised under glass with artificial hcat.

For the best three, For the best 4 bunches, black, any va

second best do.

1 rieties,

3

CRANBERRIES. second best,

2 For the best 2 quarts cultivated, Strangers bringing choice plants, &c., to the city from a distance are notified that they will be taken care of by Mr. James Horo, 562 Broadway, who will also furnish circulars containing the regulations, &c., to post-paid applications.

Persons intending to exhibit flowers, fruits, or vegetables are particularly requested to notify Mr. Hogg, by mail or otherwise, in order that arrangements may be made for the proper exhibition of their specimens.

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Art. I. List of Tropical Plants which may be acclimated in

the Southern States. By DR. A. MITCHELL : in a Letter to Hon. H. A. S. DEARBORN. Communicated by Gen. Dearborn.

Dear Sir,—Yours of the 18th was duly received, and its contents, as usual, perused with pleasure. I will here remark, that, agreeably to your wishes, and in observance of the rules of punctuality, I had previously requested Dr. Henry Bacon, of St. Mary's, Geo., to give me a full history of the mode of culture of the Arrow Root in that region. And as this matter is connected exclusively with our present desires to show the success in the acclimation of tropical plants, in our country, it becomes necessary to show the difference in the mode of culture and soils, comparably with that of the West India Islands. As you well know that a competent knowledge of the physical causes which affect the growth and nutrition of plants points out the more obvious means of insuring success, when I receive from Dr. B. the communication on this subject, a full detail shall be immediately enclosed to you.

It is my opinion, that all plants, however opposite the zones in which they exist, can be transplanted and acclimated with success, if the natural order of those plants can be specified and detected as an inhabitant, indigenously growing in the respective and opposite latitudes, where there are existing proofs of such facts.

We will here subjoin a list of those plants that can be cultivated with success in Florida, and gradually introduced ; some of them, I am well aware, have been cultivated to a VOL. XIII.-NO, VII.

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