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FINE

SCARLET GERANIUMS.

HOVEY & Co.

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Offer for sale the following very fine varieties of Scarlet Geraniums, some of which are exceedingly rare and beautiful. They have been selected from the most showy kinds in English collections, and all of them beautiful for turning out into the border, or planting in circles upon the lawn, where, from the brilliancy of their flowers, they form the showiest objects of the garden.

The following are the varieties :-
Ingram's Dwarf,

50 Smith's Scarlet Prize, 371 King, 50 Huntsman,

75 Mallason's, No. 1, 25 Nimrod,

75 Mallason's, No. 2, 25 Tom Thumb,

1 50 Tom THUMB is a most remarkable variety, attaining only to the height of 6 or 8 inches, with small foliage, but with fine large clusters of brilliant scarlet flowers, which rise on strong stems, high above the leaves. Only a few plants of this variety are for sale.

Plants packed carefully, for safe transportation to all parts of the country.

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W. H. WHITELEY,

22 WATER STREET, BOSTON.

Patent Boilers for heating Hothouses and Conservatories, &c., by Circulation of Hot Water in either Cast Iron or Copper Pipes. The Advertiser has been practically engaged in warming and heating by Hot Water, in England, and possesses a knowledge of the most approved mode of constructing the necessary Apparatus. He solicits the attention of Gentlemen and Practical Gardeners to inspect his Patent Boiler and Furnace, and gives reference to the following Gentlemen who have them in use.

Messrs. Hovey & Co, Cambridge, Mass.
Mr. Quant, Gardener to T. Perkins, Esq.
NAHUM STETSON, Esq., Bridgewater,
Mr. NEEDHAM, Gardener to P. H. Mather, Esq.,

Brighton.

GRAPE VINES FOR GRAPERIES.

HOVEY & CO.

OFFER FOR SALE

1000 GRAPE VINES IN POTS, Raised from eyes, from 2 feet to 4 feet high, and sufficiently strong for planting out the ensuing spring, suitable for Graperies, Greenhouses, &c., comprising the following varieties, true to name : some of them new, rare and valuable. Black Hamburgh

*Muscat of Alexandria *Black Hamburgh, Wilmot's (new) *Muscat Blanc Hatif (new and fine) *Black Hamburgh, No. 16, (new *Muscat, Tottenham Park and fine)

*Muscat, Austrian (new) Black July, (Early)

Muscadine, Royal Black Prince

* Macready's Early White, (very Chasselas, Red

early and sweet) Chasselas, White

Pitmaston White Cluster Chasselas, Golden

St. Peter's, Black, (keeps well) Esperione

*St. Peter's, West's, (new and fine) Frankendale

Sweet Water Frontignan, White

Syrian (large clusters) Frontignan, Grizzly

White Nice (large clusters) Frontignan, Red

White Malvaise 1 rontignan, Black

Zinfindal (superior) Lombardy

* Poonah (very large and late.) Prices 75 cents each, or $6 per dozen, except those marked (*), which are $ 1 each.

30 uther new varieties are under cultivation and will be offered for sale in the fall of 1847.

Plants carefully packed for safe transportation to all parts of the country. Boston, Jan. 1, 1847.

HOVEY & Co.

THE TRUE FASTOLFF RASPBERRY.

HOVEY & Co. INFORM their friends, and the Horticultural world, that they are now enabled to supply fine roots of this superb new raspberry, unequalled both for its size and richness of flavor. The original planis were received from Messrs. Youell & Co. who first introduced this variety to notice, and who have received two prizes from the London Society for its superior qualities. It was also fruited by Messrs. H. & Co.,

the past year, and proved fully equal to the reputation it had acquired in England.

The plants are strong, healthy, and in the best condition, and will be sent to any part of the country on the following terms :Packages containing 25 plants,

$ 5 00 Packages containing 12 plants,

3 00 Single plants, each,

25 No charge for packing. Also a fine stock of the Franconia Raspberry, at $ 10 per hundred or $ 1 50 per dozen. The trade supplied on liberal terms.

August 1st, 1846.

OF

HORTICULTURE.

MAY, 1847,

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

ART. I. On the Cultivation of the Arrow Root in the United

States as an Article of Commerce. By Dr. A. MITCHELL, of Portland, Me. In a Letter to Hon. H. A. S. Dearborn. Communicated by Gen. Dearborn.

DEAR SIR.-I enclose you a letter from Doct. Mitchell of Portland, one of our most distinguished naturalists, with a small package of seeds of the Arrow Root.

I hope you will make an experiment in cultivating that valuable plant, although it is of a southern clime. If it is brought forward in a hotbed, it is possible you may mature the plant.

You can publish the letter in your Magazine, if you think proper. With sincere esteem, your most obedient servant,

H. A. S. DEARBORN. Hawthorn Cottage, Roxbury, April 5, 1847,

MY DEAR SIR, -I here enclose you a small specimen of the Indian Arrow Root, sent to me by Dr. Henry Bacon, of St. Mary's, (South Georgia). The article was cultivated by him on his plantation in Florida. I will here call your attention to the cultivation of this plant, and briefly state that the success has met the most sanguine wishes of the cultivator, and bids fair to form one of the articles, as an American product of commerce, both for export and import.

The specimen which I send was derived from the root of the (Maránta arundinacea :) there are three species of this genus, viz., the arundinacea, Galánga, comòsa; they are natives of the Indies, a herbaceous and perennial exotic, which VOL. XIII. —NO. V.

19

have been, a long time, cultivated in the West India Islands. The specimen which I send you appears to be the most superior article that I have ever seen of the kind, abounding in an excess of nutritive qualities, and purity of appearance, surpassing that of the West Indies.

An intelligent gentleman, Col. Halloes, and a favorite officer of Bolivar, has the honor, I believe, of being the first cultivator of this plant, on a large scale, in our Union. He was driven from his location in Florida by the Indians, after receiving a severe wound in the head by a rifle-shot; he then removed to Camden County, South Georgia, and entered at once into the cultivation of this plant on a large scale: thus you perceive this plant is gradually becoming acclimated in our country, and I have no doubt but a few years will elapse when we shall find it cultivated with success in latitude 360 north. It grows well in a siliceous soil, on a light sandy loam, resists the drought well, with more certainty of a crop than either cotton or corn.

I will take the pains to enter into a more minute detail of the facts connected with the cultivation of this article, as proven, amount per acre, &c., and have them reported through you in the agricultural department.

The Arrow Root obtains its name from the fact of the Indians using it to extract the virus communicated by their poisoned arrows.

With great esteem, I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, Portland, April 2, 1847.

AUGUSTUS MITCHELL. We acknowledge our indebtedness to General Dearborn for the communication of Dr. Mitchell's Letter, and also for the package of seed accompanying the same, which we shall make a trial of, and report upon its growth at a future time. It will give us great pleasure to publish the intended communication of Dr. Mitchell in relation to the mode of cultivating the Arrow Root, the produce per acre, the process of manufacture, and the probable profit as compared with cotton, corn, or tobacco. Gen. Dearborn deserves the thanks of every friend of agriculture for bringing this subject before the public, and we trust his efforts to introduce a new and important article of commerce will be seconded by every intelligent cultivator.-Ed.

Art. II. Explanations in reference to Two or Three West

ern Apples; with a Note upon a New Variety called the Butler Sweet By T. S HUMRICKHOUSE, Coshocton, Ohio.

I am induced to offer a few additional observations, including a correction or two, upon some items contained in Mr. Fahnestock's article, March number of your Magazine, and in your remarks thereunder, in order to guard against misconceptions, which, if lest unnoticed, might grow out of them.

First :-Hart's Orange Sweeting, or, as it may be better to call it simply, Hart's Sweeting. Scions of this apple were first obtained by me from Mr. Isaac B. Hart, of Tiverton township in this county, in the spring of 1841. On referring to my note-book, I find that, on the 6th day of April, 1841, I grafted, by the method of root-grafting, and placed in the nursery, six trees of it; and that I did not extend its cultivation further till 1845, when having, in the preceding winter, examined and eaten of the fruit from the original tree, I, on the 24th of March of that year, grafted seven more trees of it, by the same method, and planted them in the nursery. One of the last-mentioned trees I sent to you last fall, numbered, if I mistake not, LI. ; and from another of them the scions were taken which I gave to Mr. Mathews, who sent them to Mr. Fahnestock.

The fruit is of a clear yellow; of the size of the Green Newtown Pippin ; nearly round; sweet, juicy, tender, and good ; keeping till April. It is a seedling raised by Mr. Hart, as he informed me.

Second :-Red Pearmain, often called Long Pearmain. This is, in my estimation, a first-rate apple, in this climate, for November and December. It is not, iowever, a seedling of Ohio, but is one of the varieties originally brought to Marietta from Connecticut; and the name of Red or Long Pearmain has obtained for it here from its color and shape. It is the English Pearmain of Mr. Bateham's list.

Third :-American White Winter Calville. This fruit was first offered to the notice of pomologists by myself. I obtained the scions from trees in the orchard of Mrs. Foster, which she had raised from sprouts taken from the tree (since dead)

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