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It would fill up too much of a letter to describe and name them all, requiring some three or four sheets at least. I think them all an acquisition to any nursery, and will send you grafts this spring, or young trees in the fall, if you desire, of every kind that is new and valuable. I will give you the outline of two of the apples, with descriptions taken from the fruit, which is correct and warranted.
Early Pennock.—It is the largest and handsomest apple of its season I have ever seen, ripening from the 1st to the 10th of August; a good eating fruit, and first-rate for cooking. [Having already, by the kindness of Mr. Humrickhouse, given an engraving of this fine variety, (XII., p. 472,) we omit it here. -Ed.]
American White Winter Calville.—This apple (fig. 13,) was propagated by taking sprouts from a seedling tree in the
Fig. 13. American White Winter Caloille. orchard of Mr. Dan'l Miller, of La Fayette township, Coshocton County, Ohio. The size is large, sometimes equalling that of the largest yellow Belleflower, to which it bears some resemblance, as it also does to the “Belmont or Waxen or Gate,” sometimes flat, mostly round or oblong, tapering somewhat to the eye, with broad ribs ; skin thin, delicate, of a VOL. XIII, NO. III.
waxen and glossy appearance, pale straw color, without a blush; seeds plump and oval; stem from half to three quarters of an inch long, small, and set in a deep pointed and ribbed cavity. Calyx small and closed; in a moderate sized basin, shallower at one end than the other : flesh white, tender, juicy and fine grained, possessing a delicate aroma; and although it comes into eating early in November, it will keep till March or even April, retaining its flavor well. The tree is a fine, strong and upright grower in the nursery, foliage peculiar, of a bright rich green, and very glossy.
Hart's Orange Sweeting is also very fine.
Red Pearmain is a very large, oblong fruit, handsomely striped with red, and excecdingly fine for eating at this season-a very superior fruit.
The Zoar Large Green is a seedling from Zoar, and is a very fine winter fruit, keeping till April. I have seen them weighing one pound. They are brighter than the Rhode Island Greening, and a much larger fruit.
The Zoar Beauty and Flat Pear are also seedlings of Zoar, and well worthy of a place in every orchard.
Bimeless Seedling Plum (the superintendent at Zoar) is in size between the Green Gage and Imperial Gage, an uncommon bearer and superior fruit in flavor. The original tree, now about eighteen years old, stands in front of his mansion house, and bears plentifully every year, and has never been injured in the least by the curculio.
Silvan's Yellow Gage, a seedling of the same place, named after their nurseryman, (Mr. Silvan,) is a plum of superior merit.
Beauty of Zoar Pcach, Silvan's Seedling, and Zoar Late Yellow, are seedling Peaches from Zoar, also Smoothstone. The first and last named I have seen in bearing. They are handsome and good.
Winesburgh Large Yellow is a very large and fine peach, a seedling from Winesburgh in Holmes County, and very excellent.
Graven's Red Cheek Cling is a seedling of the same county, bore this season. It is a large and handsome fruit, very desirable.
Beltzar and Beltzar's Early Rareripe originated in Coshocton County, are fine early varieties, ripening from 1st to 10th of August.
Fahnestock's Seedling No. 1, and Fahnestock's Mammoth Yellow Cling, two seedlings of my own. I consider them superior, and they shall speak for themselves. The seedling is much larger than the cling: one I had from the tree would not go into a teacup, and measured larger in circumference than any peach I have ever heard of. We have some other fine seedling peaches. Also a plum called the Imhoof Gage, raised from a seed of the Green gage: it is rather oblong, and nearly as large again as the Green gage, possessing all its qualities. I would describe more to you, but space will not allow.
There is a decided improvement in the taste of the people here, and particularly in Columbus and Chilicothe. Our agricultural paper has done much, and will do more, for the advancement of the interest of all nurserymen and horticulturists.
Lancaster, Ohio, January, 1847.
We are happy to give so good an account of the progress of Horticulture in the West, and particularly of the production of such a number of fine varieties of fruit. The Early Pennock seems to be a most valuable early apple, and, from its size and beauty, as well as excellence, worthy a place in every collection. But, in regard to the other variety, described by Mr. Fahnestock as the American White Winter Calville, it may seem somewhat presumptive in us to ask why it is called the American. If we compare the description of the White Winter Calville, of Manning or Lindley, we shall find that it answers almost precisely to that given above by our correspondent. It is an old French variety of much merit, , and may have found its way into Ohio, from some of the early French settlements in the West. Though we would, by no means, pronounce upon a variety, merely upon a description, still we should wish to have good evidenee that it is a seedling before calling it the American White Winter Calville : for it is possible that one description may answer to two apples, though it is not very probable. At any rate, we trust Mr. Fahnestock will send us a tree or some scions, that we may compare the leaf and wood as well as the fruit.
We shall be glad to receive any descriptions or notices of new fruits which our correspondent may find the opportunity to send u3.-Ed.
Art. VI. Pomological Notices : or Notices respecting new and
superior fruits, worthy of general cultivation. Notices of several new apples, peaches and grapes. By the EDITOR.
APPLES. In our last volume (XII. p. 474,) we briefly des. cribed several new apples, which have been lately introduced to cultivation; since that period, however, a few other new sorts have been recommended to us by our correspondents, a few of which we now name :
Hooker.—This is a very fine apple, of which the following account has been sent us by our friend J. W. Bissell, of Rochester, N. Y.
“ The original tree is growing on the farm of the grandfather of my partner, in Windsor, Conn., and was brought to this country by E. B. Strong. The tree grows strongly and bears a great crop, each alternate year : season, December to April. You will notice that the flavor is much like the Seek-no-further, which makes it a very great favorite with women and children; yet, unlike the Seek-no-further, it is first-rate for cooking; the skin is very thick and preserves the fruit well. It is of medium size, with a red skin, and high flavored.”
Hawley.--This is another new apple, not known in the nurseries, but, according to our correspondent, E. W. Leavenworth, Esq., of Syracuse, N. Y., of undoubted merit. He writes us that “it is superior to any apple of the month of October for the table. It has been cultivated by two uncles of mine, in Columbia and Cayuga, for 20 or 30 years past, -one calling it the Hawley, the other, Dows, apple. It is large—as large as the Baldwin-fair, green, becoming partly yellow, tender, juicy and delicious. Hawley and Dows are the names of the men from whom the scions were originally obtained.
Melvin Sweet.-This is the name of a variety considerably
cultivated in Concord, Mass. Our friend Mr. Moore, who sent us some excellent specimens, informs us that it originated in that town, that it is a great bearer, and readily brings 75 cents to $1 a barrel more than the Baldwin. It is an apple of good size, roundish form, with a yellowish green skin, distinctly striped with pale red, and possessing a rich and sugary juice. In eating from November to February.
Granny Earle.—First introduced to notice by E. Phinney, Esq., of Lexington. It is a small apple, of roundish oval form, green skin, striped and splashed with red, with a white, crisp and tender flesh, abundant juice, and high flavored. Ripening from November to January.
Winter Harvey.--A very large conical apple, slightly ribbed, a native of Maine ; skin clear pale yellow : stem very short : flesh, yellowish, firm and tender, juicy and excellent. Ripe in December and keeps till April. Several barrels have been sent to Boston market annually for the last three or four years, and they retail as rapidly as any other kind. Some specimens exhibited March 29, 1815, before the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, were in fine preservation.
The President is the name of a new variety highly recommended by some of our friends in western New York, where the variety is cultivated. We are promised a full account of it ere long
Leland Pippin. This is the name of a variety cultivated in the vicinity of Sherburne, Mass., and takes its name, we believe, from our old friend Deacon Leland, of the Sherburne nursery, who first introduced it to notice. It comes in after the Porter, and is said to be fully equal to that fine variety.
Peaches. The rapidity with which seedling peaches are produced, would lead us to suppose that a greater number of fine varieties might have been raised. But, with few exceptions, the list of fine new ones is exceedingly limited, and but a small number of them equal such foreign kinds as the Noblesse, Grosse Mignonne, Malta, &c. Recently, there has been a greater interest manifested in the production of seedlings, and we may hope soon to see some additions of greater value than many which now fill up the catalogues. The following are new and promise well :