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with which these experiments have been detailed will induce all who may have rare seeds placed in their hands to test their vegetative powers. Has our correspondent tried the boiling process on rose seeds, which often require a long period to vegetate, especially if not sown as soon as gathered ? We might name other kinds which are found difficult to make grow: but the hints here given are sufficient to induce all lovers of plants to institute experiments.-Ed.

Art. III. Additional Remarks on the Northern Spy Apple.

By J. H. Watts, Esq., Rochester, N. Y.

AMONGST the strange things of the day, I find a very strong prejudice existing against the endeavors to introduce the Northern Spy apple ;--not that it is not a superior fruit, but that the tree is not a fruitful bearer. Now in a country where fruit is so abundant of other kinds, suppose our Spy trees are not as prolific, does that militate against them entirely ? Surely not; and, as I have interested myself much in favor of the fruit, and not so much in the tree, I think it my duty to give you the particulars. You will find them in the copy of a letter which has been furnished me, and which I transcribe for your use :

“Mr. Oliver C. Chapin, of East Bloomfield, N. Y., says, under date of the 20th January, 1847,—that the first Northern Spy apple trees were raised from seeds brought from the Northwest part of Connecticut, about the year 1800, by Elijah Taylor. The original tree was set in an orchard by Heman Chapin, and some sprouts from it were taken up by Roswell Humphrey, and by him the fruit was first raised(an honor, by the way, equal and more so than that he had commanded-large armies)—as the original tree died before bearing." "I believe there are nine of the trees first set out by Humphrey now living, and they are rather larger than the other trees in the orchard will average, of the same age, and treated in all respects the same.” 6. The trees have a handsome, upright top, are tolerably thrifty, and no indications of

being short-lived."

They bear well every year, and a portion of the apples are as good as any that we have, and, under favorable circumstances, will keep till June." "I have no means of ascertaining the quantities raised, but should guess that four or five hundred bushels were raised annually in the north part of this town, and a few in oiher places.”

“The only objection that I know of to them is, that a large proportion of the fruit is small and scrubby, and of little value, being more unequal, in size and flavor, than most others."

Mr. Chapin does not say that the apple was called the Northern Spy, in Connecticut. As you have correspondence, no doubt, with growers of fruit in that region, you will do well to learn more about it there, if you can.

You will see that the culture of the fruit has been mostly confined to the region it was first produced in, although it is fast wending its way west, and, generally, more or less all over the United States, as scions have been sent in every direction. Those I have had were raised fourteen miles east of Rochester, and, the season past, a gentleman within two miles of Rochester has raised some ten bushels, said to be very fine. As I am not a grower of fruit to sell, nor of trees, I cannot be said to be prejudiced for that purpose, but I agree with almost every one, that it is the best fruit of the apple kind I have ever seen, and hope to live to see it as plenty as other fruits which are now grown here in such abundance. I trust your patience will not be exhausted. The facts about the Northern Spy are what I have been seeking to find, and they are at your service.

I may have some other suggestions to make to you hereafter. Rochester, N. Y., January 22, 1847.

Art. IV. Some Account of the Cooper Apple and its History.


You request me, Mr. Editor, to send you a drawing, together with the history, &c., of the “Cooper apple." I can furnish you with the history but not the drawing. When I had the opportunity, last fall, from a specimen sent me by Rev. C. Springer, to have made a drawing, I neglected to do

so, for reasons which will appear in what follows, and because I supposed it would undoubtedly be recognized by Mr. Downing, to whom specimens were likewise sent by Mr. Springer, as an old acquaintance. I now regret it, since, had I done so, I could have complied with your request.

The Cooper is, indeed, a most superior apple. If you transcribe in full Mr. Manning's description of the “Drap d'Or,” (as I hope you will do in a note to this,) and add to it, as Mr. Kenrick has done, that its season extends through November, you will .have a complete description of the Cooper. Indeed, I believe them to be identical, though the one specimen sent me by Mr. Springer was not enough to enable me to come to that as a settled conclusion. Nor would I hastily, in any case, pronounce upon the identity of fruits.

The Cooper apple, like the Putnam,-should I not rather say Roxbury Russet,-was brought from New England by the emigrants who settled the “Ohio Company's Purchase,' and founded Marietta, in company with the Rhode Island Greening and other sorts. It is contained in the original list of the varieties so brought out, now in the possession of William Rufus Putnam, as appears by the statement of Mr. Bateham, Editor of the Ohio Cultivator, in an article published in the number of his paper of the date of 1st. August, 1846, and which, on Mr. Bateham's authority, I take to be undoubtedly genuine. As that list is valuable for reference, and will be better preserved for that purpose in your Magazine, I have thought proper to subjoin it.

"List of Apple Grafts received from Connecticut in 1796 : 1. Putnam Russet,

13. Striped Sweeting, 2. Seek-no-Further,

14. Honey Greening, 3. Early Chandler,

15. Kent Pippin, 4. Late Chandler,

16. COOPER APPLE, 5. Gilliflower (red), 6. Pound Royal,

17. Striped Gilliflower, 7. Natural (Seedling,)

18. Black Gilliflower, 8. Rhode Island Greening,

19. Prolific Beauty, 9. Yellow Greening,

20. Queening, 10. Golden Pippin,

21. English Pearmain, 11. Long Island Pippin, 22. Green Pippin, 12. Tallman's Sweeting, 23. Spitzenberg.

Having received, some time since, a letter from Mr. Springer, informing me of his communication to Mr. Downing, touching the Cooper, and some others of our varieties, I immediately wrote to him, referring him to the foregoing list in proof that it is not an Ohio fruit. I also, about the same time, mentioned the same fact to the Hon. James Matthews, another of Mr. Downing's correspondents. And I requested both of them, that, in writing again to Mr. Downing, they should call his attention to it, and obtain from him his opinion, as he had seen the fruit, if it is not the "Fall Harvey," the “ Dyer,” or the “Drap d’Or.” This they will doubtless do.

I have already stated my opinion that the Cooper apple is the “Drap d'Or” of Coxe, but by no means affirming such to be the case.

Coshocton, January 27, 1847.

We trust our friends and correspondents in the West will not suppose we wish to detract in the least from the merit which attaches to their fertile soil, in the production of new seedling fruits, in endeavoring to show that many of those which are supposed natives, are only well known eastern kinds which were carried into their region by the early settlers of the country from New England. There are undoubtedly hundreds of seedling apples of great excellence now in existence in their nurseries and orchards, and we soon expect to see great additions to our catalogues, especially from Ohio; but as several supposed native fruits have proved not to be so, it may be well to proceed cautiously in identifying many of the kinds which are yearly brought into notice, that confusion may not grow out of hasty conclusions. Our excellent correspondent, Mr. Ernst, whose exertions have been so signally important in detecting native seedlings, and bringing them to the notice of cultivators, thought we were hasty in our remarks when we stated that the " Detroit, Putnam russet and other apples had proved to be Eastern varieties;" but we believe now, that even some of those whose dictum was supposed to be authority, admit what we showed to be the fact, (Vol. XII., p. 141,) that the Putnam Russet and Roxbury Russet are identical.

After seeing the notice of the Cooper apple in the Ohio Cultivator, we requested Mr. Humrickhouse, on whose good judgment we could rely, to inquire into the history of that variety, and, if possible, to send us an engraving, and, as the result of his inquiry, we are enabled to offer the above excellent paper, which every cultivator, we are sure, will join with us in saying, has an important bearing on the question of the seedling origin of the Cooper apple. Mr. Humrickhouse has shown that it was originally carried from Connecticut; but as we believe there is no apple known under the name of Cooper in Eastern collections, it is very reasonable to conjecture that it may be known under some other name. For the present, we shall only add Mr. Manning's description of the Drap d'Or, alluded to by our correspondent, and leave the subject to be taken up again when we have an opportunity to examine the fruit.

Drap d’OR.—A large, flat apple, of a bright, but pale yellow color, covered all over with small black pips (never with a red check); the flesh is tender, very light and pleasant; the growth of the tree is large and spreading; it bears well, and should be found in every good collection. Ripe in September and October. This is the true Drap d'Or of Core and Ronald, but not of Duhamel.Manning's Book of Fruits, p. 48.

ABT. V. Notice of some New Seedling Fruits of the West,

with a Description and Engraving of the American White Winter Calville Apple. By A. FAHNESTOCK, Lancaster, Ohio.

I HAVE some choice native apples of great merit, amongst which are the Early Pennock, American White Winter Calville, Crimson Nonpareil, Belle de Witt, Hart's Orange Sweeting, Red Pearmain, Baldhill, Early Summer Red Streak, Hocking Seedling, Hooker, Large Late, Large Vandevere and Zoar Large Green, &c. These apples are not in any nursery that I know of, except one, in Ohio, besides my own. I have also a new Nectarine raised by Mr. Baker, supposed to have come from the seed of a peach; it has fruited but once, and is very fine, also some new plums and pears, peaches, &c.

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