The Spanish Dependencies in South America: An Introduction to the History of Their Civilisation, Volumen2

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Smith, Elder & Company, 1914
 

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Página 97 - Reconociendo que todas las haciendas que donamos a este colegio las hemos recibido de este reino, y era un genero de justicia y agradecimiento retornarselo todo para que se criasen personas nobles en las letras, tan grandes que mereciesen de justicia las garnachas y las prebendas con todas las demas mercedas de su Majestad
Página 370 - ... interests of the others. The governors, or corregidors, were accustomed to assume much power in the municipal governments of the cities where they resided. This was a direct interference with the autonomy of the cabildo, or ayuntamiento, or the local organization under whatever name it was formed. The laws of the Indies, in keeping with their regard for details in general, prescribed the forms * to be observed in founding a town.
Página 355 - Esta es la justicia del Rey nuestro señor mandada a hacer por el Excmo. señor don Phe. Ricardos The. General de los Exercs de Su Majestad su Govr. y Capn. General desta Prova. de Caracas con Francisco León, amo de esta casa por pertinaz, rebelde y traidor a la Real Corona y por ello reo. Que se derribe y siembre de sal pa. perpetua memoria su infa.
Página 207 - In keeping with this power, the bull of Julius II, concerning the patronage, conceded primarily that in the regions discovered, or which in the future might be discovered, no churches, monasteries, or pious places might be established without the consent of the king. It conceded also the power to present suitable persons for the metropolitan churches and the other cathedrals 1 The bull of Alexander VI, May 4, 1493 ; Peschel, Die Theilung der Erde unter Papst Alexander VI and Julius II, 13-15. In...
Página 345 - Compañía ; pues siendo una heredad inculta, abandonada y desierta para España, era sin embargo un rico patrimonio para los Holandeses, que estaban apoderados y hechos dueños fraudulentamente de todo su comercio ; y esto con una especie de tolerancia, que parecía formal consentimiento, no menos doloroso que inevitable en aquel tiempo, tan contrario a los intereses de la Nación".
Página 409 - ... These expectations constitute an important force in the growth of the character of the community. The colonists of the New World became mentally unlike their kindred who remained in Europe, partly because their minds were dominated by expectations peculiar to the emigrant and partly because in their new environment their minds embraced hopes and expectations which had no influence on the members of the Old World communities. Under the influence of different expectations, furthermore, the characters...
Página 370 - Indies, in keeping with their regard for details in general, prescribed the forms to be observed in founding a town. In the English colonies of America the town grew up to meet the needs of the inhabitants of the country ; but in the Spanish colonies the population of the country grew to meet the needs of the towns. The primary plan of the English colonist was to live on the land, and to derive his support from its cultivation. . The primary plan of the Spanish colonist was to live in the town, and...
Página 390 - ... suffered from cold both without and within the carts. " What surprised and confounded me was to see how the Indians and mestizos stood it ; for almost all of the drivers were of these classes. Generally they wore no stockings or shoes ; they slept in their clothes, either on the ground on a hide hi the open air, or sitting in their seats." "For food they killed in the afternoon one of the animals that had been driven along with the caravan for this purpose. Each person took the part he wished,...
Página 412 - ... social affairs. In the Spanish colonies there was thus no religious liberty to give countenance and support to political liberty. The preservation in the Spanish colonies of the ecclesiastical traditions of southern Europe sanctified the spirit of absolutism, which the Church represented. It made it difficult for the colonists to conceive of public power except as an emanation from a superior independent authority, and against this preconception the idea of a government by the people made only...

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