Imágenes de páginas


sition parfaite de l'année." (Le Chou-king, by Gaubil, SIR, -With your permission, I will make a few ob- p. 7.).. Yao lived 2357 years B. c. In Egypt, Osiris servations on the “Arms of the Isle of Man." There

was killed by Typhon the 17th of the month Paophi; is neither difficulty nor mystery; yet it seems to puzzle this was formerly the Autumnal Equinox ; the reign of

Typhon then commences, and continues till the Vernal September number, and also in that of March, is a Equinox, when the death of Osiris is avenged by Horus; symbol of the year of three seasons generated by the and the evil introduced by Typhon is repaired.' This is sun; Capricorn being put in to indicate the month in a space of six months, and constituted one season ; viz., which the sun begins his upward course, viz, on the Winter. Autumn was unknown to the ancients; what 25th of December; it is in fact the same thing as the we now call Autumn was what they called Wirter ; and tripod of Apollo, and will therefore mean the same.

it lasted six months. I believe originally they had However strange it may appear, nearly all nations ori- only two seasons, the reign of the good and the bad ginally had but three seasons, and the tripod was the principle, each beginning and ending at the equinoxes. symbol. Gebelin gives the best account of it. “Ce At a later period, the death of Osiris was transferred trépied auquel présidoit Apollon, n'est pas un trépied to the 17th of the month Athyr, and, as I conjecture, ordinaire : c'est l'année à trois saisons, suivant les to make room for Serapis, the representative of the Orientaux, qui marchoit ainsi à trois pieds : aussi Sun, at the Autumnal Equinox. Plutarch states that faisoit-on des calendriers à trois jambes, qui partoient Ptolemy the Saviour, in consequence of a dream introd'un mème centre et formoient une espèce de roue ; sur

duced the statue of Serapis into Alexandria ; this must chaque jambe étoit le détail d'une saison ou de quatre have been about 300 B. c. Is this the date of the mois de l'année," &c. (Vol. 1, p. 185.) The Chinese introduction of Autumn in Egypt? A history of Autumn also had it : "On assure que le plus ancien simulacre and Serapis would be deeply interesting, if written religieux que les Chinois ayent fabriqué, a été un tré by a person of erudition; it would be found so interpied.”. (Pauw, Recherches

, Vol. 2, page 210.) The woven with the doctrines of Christianity as would fill Egyptians also had three seasons : "On divisait l'année the public inind with astonishment. en trois époques principales ou trois saisons.” (Dupuis,

With respect to the legend (in March No.), it is easy Origine des Constellations.) The ancient Greeks had to explain. The sun at the top of the mountain (viz., only three seasons, Eunomia, Dike, and Eirene (Taylor's Summer Solstice) in descending to the bottom (viz.. Notes on Pausanias). Hesiod, Apollodorus, and Diodorus Winter Solstice) arrives at Capricorn, and of course is Siculus only mention three. (Montfaucon.) On this changed into a goat, then ascending, and arriving at account Minerva was called tpiroyéveia, because she Aries, he becomes a sheep. Personify the sun, and changed her nature three times a year, in Spring, Sum- the legend is beautifully true. This allegory is still mer, and Winter. All the Northern nations had only used in the New Testament. (Matt. xxv. 32, 33.) three seasons; for Freja is described in the Edda as To feel the full force of the allusion in Scripture, it is having sometimes a black, sometimes a green, and some necessary to bear in mind that the goat is in the region times a white dress. Freja corresponds to Minerva, or

of darkness, and the sheep in the region of light. Isis. Bailly was unable to account for all nations hav

“ Top of the Mountain." ing three seasons, except on the supposition that it

Osiris triumphant on his throne. originally came from the North. “En descendant à

Suminer Solstice. des latitudes moins boréales, vers le 790 où la nuit n'est plus que de 4 mois, on trouveroit peut-être l'origine de ces années singulières, et de la révolution solaire par

EMPIRE OF OSIRIS tagée en trois saisons. Dans nos climats l'astronomie n'offre aucun moyen de faire ce partage de l'année, il Typhon trium- SUMMER

Vernal equinox devient naturel sous le parallèle de 79 où le soleil,


Line of separainvisible pendant 4 mois, s'élévant sur l'horison vers le Autumnal equi

tion of goats pole dans un pareil intervalle, et employant le même Death of Osiris.


and sheep. temps à redescendre, divise l'année en trois saisons."

phant. (Bailly, Histoire de l'Astronomie, page 104.) Again,

Death of Ty· Mais les années de quatre mois sont plus singulières.

phon. Nous n'ignorons pas que les anciens auteurs nous disent, qu'il n'y avoit autrefois que trois saisons à l'année qui par conséquent étoient de quatre mois." (Page 158.) Though all nations had only three seasons once, yet they all had four subsequently. The Chinese appear to Diagram illustrating years of two, three, and four seasons ; have been the first who used four seasons. “ L'Em

also the legend of Mona, and Matt. xxv. 31, 32, 33. pereur (Yao) appella Hi et Ho, et leur dit: remarquez une période de 366 jours ; l'intercalation d'une lune et With respect to the Magi, the star at each leg does la détermination des quatre saisons servent à la dispo- not represent them, but the Sun, the generator of each




Winter Solstice, Birth of Horus. " The Plain below."

leg or season; the man's face also is the sun. The CURIOSITIES OF EARLY PerioDICAL LITERATURE. three stars called Magi are the three stars of Orion's

The Punch of the Commonwealth. belt: their names are Magalat, Galgalat, and Saraim. They have been called Magi and Kings from time debted to the psalm-singing days of the Commonwealth

It is not a little remarkable that we should be inimmemorial.

Hloping the above will settle the question of the for the first English periodical devoted to fun and satire. “ Arms of the Isle of Man,"

On the 8th of April, 1652, under the very nose of his

Highness the Protector, was published the first number of
I am, yours respectfully,

“ Mercurius Democritus, or a true and Perfect Noctur. Holbeach, Nov. 11th, 1852.

nall, communicating many strange Wonders, out of the World in the Moon, the Antipodes, Muggy-land, Tenebris,

Fary-land, Green-land, and other adjacent countries. Pub. BERMONDSEY TOKENS.

lished for the Right Understanding of all the Mad-merry I HAVE much pleasure in communicating, through People of Great Bedlam.”

The size is the usual small 4to. of the journals of the you, to your Correspondent, R. T. S. (“ Current Notes” for September, No. xxi. p. 76), what information I pos- period, and its matter consists of sarcastic comments sess (scanty though it be) about Bermondsey Tokens. I upon passing events, together with a plentiful sprinkbelieve only two are known of that locality, struck of broad humour, but the wit, if wit it can be called, is

ling of fictitious intelligence, narrated with a deal during the eighteenth century; and both were issued by Thomas Keys, the proprietor of the Spa Gardens. Their of so gross a nature, that I fear your lively contemporary devices are

would scarcely feel complimented by the assimilation

conveyed in the heading. Here and there, however, I No. 1. Ob. Two keys, and between them, T. K. in

can pick out a paragraph which will give the readers monogram.

of Current Noles an idea of the literary ware which Legend — " Bermondsey Spa Gardens."

amused their ancestors of the Commonwealth. R. A group of musical instruments, and in the centre

Blake and Van Tromp are blazing away in the of them a flaming heart : date “ 1789.”

Channel, and the hits at the Dutch are consequently No. 2. Ob. Inscription across the field; “T. Keys, numerous, and appear to “take.” Bermondsey Spa Gardens, 1796"

“There is a fresh-water sea-man lately come sick home R. Similar to that of No. 1.

from the navy, saith that the Dutch Fleet lies so heavy on It will be observed that there is an interval of seven many of the seamen's stomachs since the last engagement, years between the two dates. My impression is, that that their breaths smell of nothing ever since but pickled these pieces were not tokens at all, from their not having herrings." the word “ Token " or " Halfpenny" upon them, and not

And again a short time afterbeing made “ payable” anywhere. They were probably

“ The Dutch have lately devised a stratagem to keep used as checks, or tickets of admission; and they are their harbours from freezing, by placing in every haven a of such extremely coarse workmanship as to favour the fire ship that's so hot that it thawes the ice faster than it idea that they were struck by a common blacksmith.

freezeth." According to Lysons, the Spa was not discovered Lilly also is fair game. until 1770, but Keys was proprietor of the gardens in “ Will. Lilly hath put in Bayle, and hath his liberty on 1765. In 1778, he obtained a license for music, and condition that he will make the aspect of Mars and Saturn gradually introduced a variety of amusements similar to to be more milde, and for his penance to take the Carter's those which prevailed at Vauxhall. Probably they Whip and jerk the Beares three times round about the very much resembled those now so popular at the Surrey pole, and after this to be put again into his primer and to Zoological Gardens, for Keys, though a self-taught learn to forsake the devil and all his works." artist, produced a representation of the siege of Gibral- The unfortunate star-gazer appears to have excited tar which covered several acres of ground, and which the wrath of Mercurius in no small degrees seems to have been the prototype of Mr. Danson's scenic number in which he is not roughly handled. paintings at the Surrey Zoological Gardens. The Spa, Here is anotherwhich was chalybeate, never had much repute, and “Mr. Lilly hath been missing certain days ; some think does not appear to have been resorted to for purposes of he hath made away bimself; others affirm that he is me. health.

tamorphosed into an owle, that sings by daylight and writes There are several small Bermondsey tokens of the all night in a hollow tree; others say he was overtook by seventeenth century,* but they are of little interest, and an old lame shepherd in the Zodiac, mounted on the the question of R. S. seems only to apply to those of Dragon tail,” etc. Keys's time.

The polemical spirit of the times is lashed with a free B. N. hand, but the extreme coarseness of the satire renders

it unfit for your columns. In one number it is recorded See “ Akerman's Tradesmen's Tokens, current in that London between 1648 and 1672.

* To-morrow is a great dispute at the Bare-garden be.

-scarce a

tween a Presbyterian Chamber-maid, who hath challenged

Joseph AsaBURY. an Independent Fish-woman, to dispute with her about the point of Predestination."

“ A THEATRICAL Amateur” is informed that Joseph A discussion which probably came off at a time men

Ashbury was born in London, in 1638. He was of good tioned further on, “ when 3 tydes flow'd in the New family; his father married a near relative of Sir Walter River , and a quire of Mermaids heard to sing wonder- Raleigh. He was educated at Eton, and subsequently

through the interest of his friends obtained a pair of fully sweetly by Jack Adams of Clerkenwell." with much interesting matter in these columns, where administration, and was one of the officers who seized The lover of folk-lore and popular customs will meet colours in the army under the Duke of Ormond. He

went over to Ireland in the last year of Cromwell's the manners of the period are more faithfully, and Dublin Castle, when Governor Jones was made prisoner, vividly depicted than in any other with which I am and secured in behalf of Charles II. When the Duke acquainted, always excepting the daguerreotypes of " the of Ormond became Lord Lieutenant, he was appointed curious Mr. Pepys." From the following it would appear that the rites of St. Valentine were not formerly the influence of the Duke, was made Master of the.

one of the gentlemen of his retinue, and in 1682, through confined to pen and paper.

Revels. He married twice; his first wife was a sister A young gentlewoman, casting her apron over her face, of Richards, the eminent actor; and his second a Miss because she should see nobody till she came to her sweet. Darling, a clergyman's daughter, by whom he had heart's bedside, on Valentine's morning, was met withal in several children. Joseph Ashbury was perhaps the best the street by another spark, who claiming her for his actor of his day. Chetwood, who knew him in the Valentine, and offering to salute her, she denied to uncover her lips, whereupon he kissed her apron, which another

latter part of his career, says


person, figure, and seeing him, and laughing at him, he told him he was but a

manner in Don Quixote were inimitable. Another fool to laugh at him, for the gentlewoman's lips tasted favourite character was Careless, in “ The Committee." sweetest when strained through her apron !" (No. 85.)

His wife was also a good actress; and having an interestThe editor appears to have been a madcap Royalist, with considerable credit, particularly as Mrs. Pinch

ing person and a winning countenance, acquitted herself always in hot water on account of his vile personalities

. wife, in Wycherly's comedy of “ The Country Wife.” The publication was very irregular, and the tavern

Joseph Ashbury excelled in teaching others the haunters were often left some weeks without their favourite. At such times, we gather from the insinua- Queen when she was Princess Anne; and performed

“ noble art,” and had the honour of instructing the tions of rival journals that Democritus was in durance. the part of Semandra in a play acted at Whitehall by One fine day, however, he yielded up the ghost in earnest, persons of the highest rank. and not long after there came forth a little pamphlet,

He died July 24, 1720, in the 82nd year of his age, now of the most excessive rarity, entitled, A Hue and Cry after Mercurius Democritus.- (yes, O yes, O yes !

retaining his judgment to the last moment of his life.

Another noted actor of that time was Joe Trefusis; If any man, woman, or child, in city or country, can and while I am on the subject, perhaps a few anecdotes tell any tale or tidings of a laughing, merry conceited of him may not be out of place. He was the original fellow, called Mercurius Democritus, who hath been Trapland in “ Love for Love;" and distinguished himlost about ten weeks, and can by no means be found self as a low Comedian, and was famous for dancing an or heard of, let them bring word to the crier or awkward country clown. It seems he was very fond of bearer hereof, and they shall be well rewarded for their fishing, and on one occasion was enjoying his usual pains."

After giving a humorous description of a poor author sport on the banks of the Liffey, when some friends of that era- which, by the way, presents a sad similarity ed to see them safe on board, and gave his fishing-rod

were on the point of embarking for England - Joe wishto that of one of the present the writer winds up with to a friend on shore to take care of till his return; howa pathetic “sonnet,” relating his quest after his friend, ever, he was prevailed upon by his companions to acwhom he purports to have found where few of your company them to London, where he arrived with his readers would care to follow him,

fishing clothes upon his back, not a second shirt, and " To Wood Street Counter then I came,

only a few shillings in his pocket. His companions left Where in a darksome cell

him at London, and a noted actor, named Wilks, found I called Democritus by name,

him gazing at the Dial in the square of Covent Garden. Who cry'd out I'm in hell.

He hardly

knew him at first, but by his particular gait, On Cerberus I then did Ay,

which was beyond all imitation. When he asked him For to redeem my friend,

how he came there and in that plight, “ Hum ! ha! And then I ceaz'd my hue and cry

why faith, Bobby,” replied Joe, “I only came from And so I made

Dublin to see what a clock it was at Covent Garden !" An End."

However, Wilks supplied him with money and clothes,
and sent him back to Ireland.

Yours, &c.
British Museum, Nov. 1852. A BOOKWORM.

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THOMAS GENT. In reviewing-I mean looking over your "Current

Can any of your Correspondents furnish me with a Notes," I perceive frequent allusions to poor Theodore complete list of the works published by Thomas Gent, Hook, some of them dull enough, but I do not re- Printer, of York, during the last century? Chalmers member to have seen in print the following bon mots, to enumerates a few. I notice, however, an error in his the credit of which he is fairly entitled.

biography. He states Gent was born at York, though When leaving a somewhat crowded and miscellaneous in one of his poems, the latter expressly says, party one evening at the same moment with the Duke " In fair Hibernia first I sucked in breath." of Rutland, his Grace's hat had been so carefully de

EBORACENSIS. posited by some obsequious servant as not readily to be discovered. “I wish you would find my hat," said the

“CASTLE CORNET" IN GUERNSEY. Duke, somewhat impatiently. “ And I wish,” said Hook almost in a whisper at the

I am most anxious to learn the exact period of the Duke's ear, “ that you could only find me such another commencement of the erection of Castle Cornet in the (Belvoir-pronounced) Beaver."

Island of Guernsey. If you or any of your friends can Hook it is well known aided the late Thomas Haynes give it I shall be most happy, and am, Sir, Bayly, the lyrist, " Butterfly Bayly," as he was called

A subscriber to your valuable Current Notes, (the “Grub” Bayly of Ingolsby when found at luncheon

H. R. in Cleveland-row), to dodge his creditors through

London. On his way to Boulogne, where, I think,
Bayly died, his previous pecuniary anxieties had

DECIDEDLY the best and most authentic ghost story seriously affected his health, and Hook prescribed for of the nineteenth century is that related by Mrs. Crowe him a drive upon Putney Heath. Bayly was at this in her Night-side of Nature, and by Mř. Richardson time in or nearly on the verge of the rules of the in his Table Book, of the haunted house at Willington, Bench, but he contrived by going quietly in the dusk near Newcastle-on-Tyne. The names of Mr. Howitt by the Surrey side of the water to reach Hook's cottage and several members of the Society of Friends are at Fulham or Putney unrecognised.

given as vouchers for the truth of the statements, and Here he dined and slept, and in the afternoon of the the whole affair appears to wear a respectable and following day, kind—“a fellow feeling makes us trustworthy aspect.

The details in the works alluded wondrous kind"--good-natured, and generous Hook to are so curious that one naturally wishes to know proposed to drive Bayly through the quiet green lanes something further. Will some of your Tyne-dale corof Roehampton, where Hook asserted there was no respondents say whether the house is still standing, and chance of any unpleasant recognition taking place.

if so are the "noises " still heard ? Has the imposture However, they were recognised in going across

or illusion ever been satisfactorily explained, and who Barnes Common, and Hook whipped on his cab with the are the present occupiers ? Above all I would wish to view of placing his friend in safety before any un- enquire the title and date of the very suspicious “ old pleasant enquiries could be made.

book" in which Mr. Proctor found an account of In endeavouring to make his way towards Richmond former ghostly proceedings on the same spot. An exPark he was stopped by a bar not to be overcome by posure or explanation of this affair would, I have no payment of a toll, for which he tendered a shilling. The doubt, be interesting to many of your correspondents stolid gate-keeper's enquiry was, “ Are you authorized ?" who, like myself, have been puzzled by its seeming

Yes,” said Hook in his own sometimes peculiar and straightforwardness. solemn manner, pointing first to Haynes Bayly and then to himself; “ Authorized enough I promise you."

SIR WILLIAM SEGAR. The gate was flung open with a low bow, the shilling I HAVE somewhere read that Sir William Segar, Aung upon the ground by Hook, who muttered Garter King at Arms, was imprisoned for granting the “ This is the

Royal Arms of Arragon (with a canton of Brabant) to Prince Bally-BUTTERFLY

George Brandon, the common hangman, but it afterwards And I am his Highness's attendant,

becoming evident that he had been imposed upon, he HOOK-AM-SNIVEE.”

was released. Does any authority exist for this stateAnother and more respectful bow.


Yours, &c. Hark ye, old man," said Hook drawing up, “ Mind

HERALDICUS. who you let through this gate. We are going upon Hippopotimus business express, and should any one

WASHINGTON -Milton, enquire after us, you can explain the matter to him

Who was the Washington to whom Toland ascribes clearly, very clearly to him. You now know who we the translation of Milton's celebrated Defence of the are. Good morning;” and so Hook drove off trium- English People? Was he an ancestor of the famous phantly,

American liberator?

S. W. R.

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ANCIENT CHAIR.-On looking over your “ Current

Hone's HISTORY OF PARODY. Notes," I find in January, July, August, and December, Hone's History of Parody, which your cor

1851, several woodcuts respondent (M. L.) enquired about in your August of chairs. I have an number, [xx. p. 72.] is one of those projected books ancient one in my never completed by the projector. Hone advertized it possession, of very dark shortly after his famous trials, finding that the curious mahogany; the carving collections he had made on the subject of Parody, and of the arms, eagles' which he used for his defence, would be a good nucleus heads, as also the claw for such a work. Soon after his death his collections legs, being very bold

were sold, (at Southgate's, Feb. 25, 1843) and I subjoin and spirited; the co- the description of four lots from the Sale Catalogue, as lumns at the back are specimens of his gatherings on the subject :chaste. As the chair

Lot 272. Sheet Parodies -A very extensive and is very different from curious collection from the year 1664 to 1820; Book of those figured in your the Acts of the Regent; Bonaparte's Ten Command“ Notes," I have care: ments; The Baker's Chronicle; The Evening Lesson, fully sketched it, and 1742; Book of the Chronicles of the Chief Minister of if you think it worth England, 1745; Old England's Te Deum; Form of Inengraving for such of tercession for the Delivery of John Wilkes; Tryal of the your readers as

are Dog of Heriot's Hospital, 1682, &c.

curious in chairs, pray Lot 274. The Beau's Catechism; Ladies' Catechism; do so, and at my expense.

and a large Collection of Religious and Secular Parodies. G. SLADE BUTLER.

Lot 275. Parodies relating to the Rebellion, 1745 ;

Chronicle of William the Son of George; Lamentations SIR WALTER Scott's FIRST LOVE.

of Charles the Son of James, for the Loss of the Battle In answer to the query of “M. M. P.” in your last of Culloden, &c. number, as to who was Sir Walter Scott's first love,

Lot 276. The Ranelean Religion, with the Liturgy, " the goddess of his idolatry," I beg to say she was a 1750; Sermou to a Congregation of Glass Bottles, Miss Stuart, daughter of Sir John Stuart of Fettercairn, 1715, &c. in the county of Kincardine, one of the Barons of the

No one could have done the book better than Hone; Court of Exchequer. The more favoured suitor was the he had great literary knowledge, and a true appreciation late Sir William Forbes, Bart., the eminent banker.

of humour. Such tracts and broadsides are of the Sir William was a gentleman of a very high caste in greatest rarity; and many years constant search is every sense of the word, highly educated, very hand- requisite to obtain them. Such a book as he proposed some, but shy and diffident. I have not read Lockhart's life since its first publication, but I remember to have to do, would be still both curious and acceptable."

F. W. FAIRHOLT. had the same feeling at the time as “M. M. P.” that

11, Montpelier Square, Brompton. there was unnecessary fastidiousness in suppressing the name of this lady, for I am certain its mention could SMOKING IN THE WEST OF ENGLAND. give no possible offence to her family. When Sir Walter

How was it that for some time after the introduction was overtaken by misfortune, the first of his friends to of tobacco its use was principally confined to the inhabicome to his aid was Sir William. In a letter written tants of the Western and Southern counties? An hitherto at the time, or entry in a diary (I forget which), given unquoted passage, in a curious little book, entitled, by Lockhart, Sir Walter feelingly alludes to the circum

Maggots, or Pieces on several subjects never before stance, that Sir William should be so intertwined with handled," Lond. 1685, places this in a curious light : his fortunes at their most interesting periods.

The West is the Tobacco pipe's chief throne,
North British Daily Mail.

He there like Saxon Monarch reigns alone ;

Wild Irish Bratts, as soon as breath they draw, The BATTLE OF WATERLOO.- In the Courier of

Are dosed with a kind cup of Usquebaugh. Tuesday, June 20th, 1815, a rumour was mentioned of

Discretion bids us learn where'er we can, Napoleon “having been defeated in a great battle near Since wiser brutes have often tutored man; Brussels, on Sunday evening, in which he lost all his Thus Western children, tho' not quite so ripe heavy artillery." The official despatches, it will be recol- As theirs, are wean'd on a Tobacco pipe." lected, did not reach London till midnight on Wednesday. on which a note remarks : “ 'Tis common in some parts Taking into consideration the absence of steam-commu- of the West for children, no higher than their facenication, the circumstance appears totally inexplicable ; peels, to sit working and smoking." (p. 51.) but I should be glad to have any of your correspondents' Can any reader offer any satisfactory explanation of this suggestion. Your classical readers will no doubt call to beyond the mere fact of the preponderance of the custom mind the somewhat similar occurrence related of the among the denizens of Southern and Eastern climates ? battle of Platæa. L. M.

V. T.

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