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common custom to strike the measure with a rod to

ATLAS OF EPOCAS. make the top even when filled. The meaning therefore is“ measure justly, weigh correctly."

Coventry, July 30, 1852. If you think this trifle of any importance, you can

SIR,—In reply to your correspondent T. WE's eninsert it in your next.

quiry respecting an “ Atlas of Epochs” (in your Current From your obedient servant,

Notes for this Month), I beg to inform him that he will H. I. R. find the most satisfactory information in the following

work, “ The Historical Atlas by EDWARD QUIN, Esq.

M.A., of Oxford and Lincoln's Inn." It contains 21 NOTES ON YOUR Notes, MR. G. W.

highly finished coloured maps, with letter-press illustraMR. WILLIS,—P. 61, (July 1852), “ The Rhyme," on tions. As suggested, they are all upon the same scale, Will Wakelin's Token cannot be well understood with- and point out in succession from the Creation to the out hearing the vernacular pronunciation of the town's present time, the progress of geographical discovery, the name, as it is shortened a syllable UCHETOR," the rise and fall of states and empires, and the political accent on the first syllable, and the final e very indis- changes through which they have passed. It forms a tinct; the rhyme, however, is even then a poor one. well condensed epitome of history, the value of which to

I. B. a student can hardly be over-estimated. The last edi

tion (the 4th) is the largest and most complete, It is AUTOMATON CHESS PLAYER.

published in imperial 4to. price £3. 10s. half bound.

I am, Sir, yours truly, Sir,- In Natural Magic, by Sir D. Brewster, pub- Mr. Willis.

H. 0. lished in the Family Library, there is a long account of the Automaton, with eleven woodcuts shewing the position of the person concealed, pages 269—282, fig.

ENGRAVED PORTRAIT. 66–76.

MR. WILLIS,—There is an engraving occasionally to I remain yours most truly,

be met with of a lady, three-quarter length, standing Mr. Willis.

JAMES BLADON. beside a fountain. Can any of your contributors tell me

where this engraving is to be obtained, and from whose August 10th.

painting it is a copy? I should be further pleased to

know who it is a portrait of, and if the original painting Sir, —You are entirely in error in what you have is in existence. Any information on these points will stated about your namesake's pamphlet on the subject oblige yours truly, of the Automaton Chess Player-this I can assure you

RATIARM H. GRISTNER. of, and I should like to know who could possibly have

Starcourt, July 20th, 1852. made such a strange communication to you. Mr. Willis.

S. T. A.

New EDITION OF SHAKESPEARE !! G. W. thinks that he can readily satisfy his Correspondent that he and not G. W. is ENTIRELY in error.

Cambridge, 6th July.

Sir,—The paragraph in the last number of your ENQUIRY.

Monthly Current Notes (No. XIX.) respecting Mr. Edward Street, August 1, 1852.

Halliwell's projected edition of Shakespeare has created SIR,-Can any of your readers kindly inform me carried out in the spirit in which it is designed, as I

much attention amongst Shakespearean Students, and if who was the author of " A Narrative of Political and presume Mr. H. intends to give everything of any

value Military Transactions of British India ?" excuse the culled from the long and very tedious list of Shaketrouble.

Yours truly,

speariana, besides his own Collections, the work, espe

cially with Mr. Fairholt's illustrations, must form the A. F. P. K.

most noble tribute to the Poet's memory which has ever G. W. has heard the Authorship attributed to a gentle been produced. man now mentally deceased. If so, the enquiry is a painful Allow me, however, to ask through your columns

the name of the unique tract which cost Mr. H. up

wards of £60., and which appears oddly enough, to ATLAS OF EPOCHS.

have escaped the research of Mr. J. P. Collier, the Edinburgh, 9th August, 1852.

learned V. P. of the Society of Antiquaries? I think The Atlas “T. W." is in search of is “ Quin's His- Mr. Halliwell should have given us this information in

his prospectus. torical Atlas," published about 1835.

Mr. Willis.

C. R. K. Mr. Willis.

T. B. J..

one.

HOLOGRAPH AND AUTOGRAPH.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
August 2nd, 1852.

C. E. communication on Earl St. Vincent's Motto, Mr.

Crofton Croker's on Daniel O'Rourke, “ K's' on Franks SIR,—I am rather sorry that “ Johnson by Todd," and Franking, and “Walker, Jun.” in type, but must (see Current Notes for last month, p. 58) did not con- stand over. R. B. New York, 7th August, received, re. tinue his explanation of the two words “Holograph” and gret his accident. Mr. Squier will return by steamer of the “ Autograph,” making his stop at the former; for the 25th, and will certainly take news up to 21st. L. B. inlatter derived from the

Latin signifies "Writing, entirely troduced yesterday. The artist out of town. in one hand.” Now, where is the difference between the two words?

Literary and Brientific Obituary. A manuscript page of an author's work is Holograph BURDAKIN, James, Rev. M.A. Hebrew Scholar. (Camas well as Autograph, without any necessity for a sig- bridge Examiner). Elmsett, Suffolk. 20th June. nature; the former word, however, being very pedantic. CLARKE, Mary Ann, Mrs. Novelist, Political Pamphle

According to his version, the various interesting sales terer and Courtezan. (In 1813 this woman was tried of Messrs. Puttick, Sotheby, and others, should be for libel before Lord Ellenborough, who not hearing called, “ Sales of Holograph Letters," most of the lots her answer repeated the question, “ Under whose probeing entirely written and signed by celebrated cha- tection are you now living, madam ?” “ I had hoped racters.

under Lord Ellenborough's, was the memorable reply. Like your querist, the “Young country collector of

Nine months' imprisonment followed this piece of witty MS." (see C. N. for June last, p. 55), 'I also much

wicked impertinence to the Bench.) Boulogne. 21st wish rightly to understand it.

June. Aged 74.
Yours truly,

CULLIMORE, Isaac, M.R.S.L. Egyptian and Assyrian Mr. Willis.

E.

Antiquary. Clapham. 12th April. Aged 61.
D'ORSAY, Alfred (Count), Artist. Rue Viile l'Evêque,

Paris. 4th August. Aged 53.
LETTRES CAERAKEESIENNES.

Feuchères. Sculptor. Paris. 7th June.

GRANGER, Thomas Colpitts, Legal writer, (M.P. for Edinb. 14th July, 1852.

Durham, Q. C. and Recorder of Hull). York. 5th SIR,—I will be glad if

August. Aged 58. any

of your correspondents can inform me who was the author of " Lettres Chera- HARRIS, Miss. Authoress of " From Oxford to Rome.” keesiennes,” par Rufus, un Sauvage Européen, Rome HISSINGER, Wilhelm. Geologist, (48 years Member of

24th June. Query Mrs. ? 1760.

the Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, and several I have been informed that these “Lettres" were times its President. The Patron of Berzelius). Aged written by Voltaire, but do not find them mentioned in

86. any list of his works.

JOHANNOT, Tony. Artist. Paris. 4th August. Aged Yours respectfully,

49. Mr. Willis.

LANGSDORFF, George Frederick (Baron de). Botanist and

Traveller. Friburg, Grand Duchy of Baden. Aged Hone's HISTORY OF PARODY.

78.

LENNIE, William. Works on Education. Edinburgh. Liverpool, 3rd August, 1852.

20th July. Aged 73. SIR, -I find advertisements issued by Hone at the Manson, William. (Firm of Messrs. Christie and Manson, back of some of his political pamphlets, announcing a

Auctioneers of Pictures, &c. King Street, St. James's.) History of Parody, compiled by himself. Was such a No.5, Portugal Street, Grosvenor Square. 19th June. work ever executed ?

Aged 46.
Your obedient servant,

RAMPOLD, Doctor. Anatomist. Eslingen, Bavaria. Mr. Willis.

M. L.

MURDERED 29th July.
SAVAGE, James. Architect and Engineer. (Designer of

St. Luke's Church, Chelsea, where his remains were THE VETERANS OF THE ROYAL AND ANTIQUARIAN interred on the 12th May.) 7th May. Aged 74. SOCIETIES.

SCROPE, William. Works on Deer Stalking and Salmon In the Royal, there are five Fellows alive, who were TROMSON, Thomas, M.D.F.R.S. Science.

Fishing. 13, Belgrave Square. 21st July. Aged 81.

(Regius admitted previous to the commencement of the present Professor of Chemistry in the University of Glasgow, Century. Rogers, the Poet, is one of these five F.R.S.'s.

and President of the Glasgow Philosophical Society.) In the Antiquaries there are no less than seven old Kilmun, Argyleshire. 2nd August. Aged 80. boys alive this day (5th August, 1852), and Rogers is Vincent, John Painter. Surgeon of St. Bartholomew's also one of these, and the second in recorded seniority. Hospital. Woodlands Manor, Wortham, Kent. Yours, Mr. Willis,

17th July. Aged 75. F. R. ASS. Wulfsberg, Niels. Journalist. (Chief Keeper of the

Archives of Norway). Aged 67.

B. G.

FOR THE MONTH.

No. XXI.]

“I will make a prief of it in my Note-Book."-SHAKSPERE.

[SEPTEMBER, 1852.

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.

without throwing her a-back (which is a very awkward G. Willis gratefully acknowledges the various interest- trouble) * Very well Thus," or in other words no higher.

predicament to be placed in, and gives a vast deal of ing documents and letters he has received. He is anxious The word “ Dice” is of late years more commonly used, that it should be perfectly understood that he is not the but I think the old term best.

C. A., Ř.N. author of any statement, representation, or opinion, that may appear in his “Current Notes," which are merely selec. Dear Sir, -The above more clearly explains the tions from communications made to him in the course of motto “ Thus," in reference to which I troubled you his business, and which appear to him to merit attention. with a letter yesterday. Every statement therefore is open to correction or discus

C. E. sion, and the writers of the several paragraphs should be considered as alone responsible for their assertions. Al

DANIEL O’ROURKE. though many notes have hitherto appeared anonymously, or with initial letters, yet wherever a serious contradiction SIR,- As I perceive from your Current Notes that is involved, G. Willis trusts that his Correspondents will there is some discussion going on respecting the story feel the necessity of allowing him to make use of their of Daniel O'Rourke, with which my name has been names when properly required.

mixed up, I will confide to you all that I know re

specting the origin of that popular story. MOTTO OF THE EARL ST. VINCENT.

The primitive idea, which makes children cry for the seal and motto chosen by Earl St. Vincent, and the ex: have longed after what Milton calls DEAR SIR,—I have no motive in sending you the moon, is the foundation of it-at least of its principal

incident, the flight on the eagle. In all times, people planation thereof, beyond that of presuming you would feel interested in the subject as a matter of general in- “ Imagined lands and regions in the moon," formation. I have neither a desire nor an objection to and it was only natural that poets should seize upon the the subject, in any shape you please, appearing in the fancy of flying to that island in the sky. Indeed the late “ Current Notes.'

Mr. Moore told me, that Daniel O'Rourke, odd as it “ Thus,” in nautical phrase, is understood to signify may seem, suggested to him the idea of those beautiful straight forward, or right a head, and the orders given words to the steersman when he must not deviate from the

“Oh! had we some bright little Isle of our own," point, but proceed straight forward, thus. Lord St. Vincent was celebrated for his straightforward conduct; which he has in the fifth Number of his Irish Melodie upon all occasions he spoke his sentiments freely, and adapted to the air of Sheela na Guira. Bishop Wilkin won all hearts by the plain manly, straightforward seriously estimated the probabilities of getting to the dealing both with officers and men under his command. moon; but balloons have proved what mathematicians The motto, therefore, chosen for him by his sister, when had before calculated, that the project of the learned the Admiral was raised to the Peerage, was deemed bishop is but a dream, and fit only for the poets. appropriate, and after the general fashion of mottos, had

Tales of flights to the moon exist in the Sanscrit, a double meaning. In the Peerage a fanciful derivation which appears to be the original language of fable; and is given, attempting to prove that the word thus stands for from thence this conceit has spread throughout the frankincense, and frankincense for religion. Depend upon literature of the East and of Greece. In the popular it, however, that I have given you the true history, as legends of all countries where large birds abound, flights related to me by the lady who inherits his Lordship's

upon eagle-back are common, and seem to have given name, and on whom are entailed the estate at Ches- rise to the more classical fancy of winged horses, and hunt, granted, I think, by Parliament to the Earl St. therefore Daniel O'Rourke was no misnomer for the Vincent ; of that I am not quite sure, but as to the recent winner of the Derby. origin of the motto and its significance, you may rely To modern Europe, the idea of soaring to the moon, on this statement of your obliged, &c.

C. E.

was, I believe, introduced by Ariosto in his whimsical P.S. The term Thus, in naval phraseology, is that account of Astolpho's Journey in quest of the brains of when a ship is sailing on the wind or close to the wind. Orlando. That a very intimate acquaintance with both The Quartermaster who stands up on the weather side the literature and music of Italy was cultivated, from the of the quarter deck, calls out to the helmsman when he beginning to nearly the close of the last century, in has brought the ship as close to the wind as is possible Ireland is sufficiently proved by the Memoirs of Lord

VOL. II.

K

Charlemont, the works of Mr. Cooper Walker, &c. and

FRANKS AND FRANKING. it may not be saying too much to add, that the Italian

August 3, 1852. language was at that period more familiarly known, and

SIR,-With reference to " A Modern Collector" and consequently the works of Italian writers were more the his enquiry respecting franks and franking in your May subject of ordinary conversation among a certain circle number, page 38, 1 have been hoping to find some in Dublin, than they ever have been among any corres- notice taken by one at least of the very numerous colponding circle in London.

lectors there are of such, some of whom, doubtless, have When this is kept in mind, Daniel O'Rourke, who on

gathered information as to origin, &c. his eagle sits

As I could never see the interest in forming such a " as stiff

collection, I have contented myself by keeping in one As Sir Astolpho on his hippogriff,"

volume those of really eminent characters, or possessing appears to be only a free and jocular Irish parody interest from their antiquity. on Ariosto. My friend, Mr. Prior, in the second edition of his simile of Sir Isaac Newton's thirteen interesting letters

Tracing them back as far as I can, I come to the facLife of Burke, has attributed—I know not on what to John Covell, D.D. rescued from oblivion by Mr. authority—the invention of Daniel O'Rourke to a Mr. Dawson Turner, a copy of which he kindly sent me, Doyle, a surgeon, who moved in the very pleasant and these bear date Feb. 3, 1688, at that period with a intellectual society of Dublin, about a century since. Whether he was the author or not can now only be frank, no date was used, being simply, matter of conjecture; but there is a traditionary story

For the of his introduction to Quin, who had expressed a wish to

Rev. Dr. John Covell,

Vicechancellour of the see a specimen of an Irish peasant, which supports Mr. Prior's assertion.

University of

Cambridge. Doyle, dressed in the proper costume of the character

Frank he had to personate, was brought before a merry party, Is. Newton. where Quin in the full tide of humour reigned paramount, according to his custom. The mock rustic acted

I perceive no material alteration until one of Sir his part with becoming awkwardness; but bandied jest

Armine Wodehouse, 1745, for jest with "the huge leviathan."

Mr. Johosh. Postle, "You're a droll fellow, my man,' at last said Quin ;

an Attorney-at-Law, “you remind me of a story I once heard ;" and Quin

in St. Paul's told it accordingly to the delight of the company,

Norwich, “Well then," said Doyle, " your honour reminds me

by way of Yarmouth. of another ; and—" How the connexion was brought

Free about is not related; but Doyle told the story of Daniel

A. Wodehouse. O'Rourke, which was received with shouts of laughter; In 1780 a similar form is used, and I also observe about and it is needless to say the deception was not carried on this period that it was only necessary for the person much longer.

privileged to sign his name with “ Free" at the corner, Whatever the source of the story may have been, it the direction being often written by another. About became orally very popular, and was a particular favour- 1787 the dating with name of place commenced and ite in the South of Ireland. I have been told that it was so continued until it ceased January 9, 1840. printed in a miscellany published somewhere in Scotland The privilege seems to have been greatly abused (when about 1790, but I never aw it in print before my unlimited I believe) for I perceive in an old newspaper version.

of 1795 the following question is asked in the House of One of your Correspondents, A. (March, Notes, p. 18), Commons, “If a Member of Parliament accepts a states that it may be found in Dr. Anderson's “Bee, “salary of £300. per annum for franking the letters of for January 1794, p. 338. Another, W. B. (June, Notes a banking house, is not that selling his freedom ?" I p. 55) in the “ Dundee Repository." And I have no wish some of your Correspondents could give me some doubt of the accuracy of both these statements. In information respecting the franks in Ireland prior to the 1820 it certainly did appear in the most popular of all Union. Scotch miscellanies—Blackwood's Magazine-agreeably

Yours faithfully, versified by the late Mr. Samuel Gosnell of Cork, and Mr. George Willis.

“ K." pot improbably touched up by the late Doctor Maginn ; but, as usual with poems in ottava rima, considerably dilated by humourous and sometimes highly poetical

HOLOGRAPI AND AUTOGRAPT. digressions.

July 30, 1852.
I remain, Sir, your humble servant,
T. CROFTON CROKER.

SIR, -I cannot altogether agree with the two last 3, Gloucester Road, Old Brompton.

explanations of “ Johnson by Todd's” reply, and must Mr. Willis.

beg to differ as to a letter only signed, being an auto

A.

graph letter : as there can be but little doubt that it is It were far better to call any thing by an intelligible the Holograph or Autograph of two persons, the writer name, but sound, I suppose, is a species of fashion, and of the letter and the party signing:

Autograph is more learned and grand than Signature, To explain myself more clearly, let me ask, is it hence its adoption. wrong to call a letter written entirely by our Queen, and

Your obedient Servant, signed by her, an autograph ?

Mr. Willis. I should much like to have seen G. W. C.'s communication, which you have not inserted, it might have AuthoR OF A NARRATIVE OF POLITICAL AND Milithrown additional light upon a subject I have often heard TARY TRANSACTIONS OF BRITISH INDIA. discussed, and always ending in the two words being considered synonymous.

August 27th, 1852. Yours,

SIR, -With respect to A. F. P. K.'s question, (CurTo Mr. Willis.

WALKER, Jun. rent Notes for this month, p. 71), I have a portrait in

the Crowquill style, dated 1838, which I have long been (In compliance with this wish, G. W. appends G.W.C.'s puzzled to make out; it has a facsimile thus : communication.)

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Manchester, July 5th, 1852. SIR,—The “ Young Country Collector of MSS.” is informed that “ Holograph” means a deed executed, or written wholly by the grantor's own hand. It is derived from the two Greek words—ődos whole, and ypáow and author of that work underneath : if you can let to write. I am, Sir, yours, &c.

me know, I should be obliged. Mr. Willis.

A. G. W. C.

Mr. Willis.
AUTOGRAPI, APOGRAPH, AND HOLOGRAPH.

ENGRAVED PORTRAIT.
August 27, 1852.

Albany Road, Camberwell, SIR, -Your Correspondent E. (Current Notes, Au

August 28th, 1852. gust, p. 72) is incorrect in stating that Autograph is derived from the Latin, and signifies “ Writing entirely

SIR, -Amongst my portraits I have one after the in one hand.” It is derived from the two Greek words pen and ink style, I preavtos and ypaow, and means, the signature, or original

sume from some of the magawriting of a person (in contradistinction to 6 · Apograph,

zines, with this signature a copy.") There is an evident difference between the

affixed : can you enlighten

me? two terms. In using the word Autograph there is a vagueness, an uncertainty; I do not necessarily express

Yours, very obediently, whether the deed is partially or wholly in the writer's Mr. Willis.

J. C. own hand. In employing the word Holograph there can be no doubt on the subject. Hence it is a term made use of in Scottish law.

ALCHEMISTS.
Yours, &c.

Edinb. August 19th, 1852. Mr. Willis.

JOANSON BY TODD. Dear SIR,-Your Correspondent, “ A Customer and

an Alchemist,” (Current Notes for July, p. 64) who SIGNATURE COLLECTORS.

wishes to find a list of Alchemical books, will see a list Great Russell Street, Aug. 27.

of 731 different works on that subject, in a work pubSIR, --With some degree of interest have I read the lished in London in 1815, entitled, “ The Lives of Alletters which appeared in your entertaining publication chemystical Philosophers.” upon the words " Holograph and Autograph.

There was a collection of the works of the early The “ Young Country Collector of MSS.” has given Alchemists made by. Lazarus Zetznerus, bookseller at the fraternity of " Autograph Collectors” a bone

to pick Strasbourg, and published in 1713 in 5 thick vols. 8vo. with respect to their hobby, for the words have the

This work contains about 200 treatises on the Phisame signification, and “ Johnson by Todd” was hasty losopher's stone, and is well worth the inspection of those with his conclusions.

curious about Alchemical matters. My object in now writing is simply to put this

If the above references will be of any use to your

question: is not a Collector of MS. the real Autograph or Correspondent, I will be very glad. Holograph Collector? the other is a mere Collector of

I remain, yours truly, Signatures, and by that name ought to be called.

Mr. Willis.

J. S.

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