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LITHOGRAPHY.—Your Correspondent, Mr. Cole, is SIR, — Many years ago, when there was a mania for very much mistaken (“. Current Notes," for February, making Gum Seals, originating (with me, at least,) | pression in Lithography in England, although it may be

p. 12) in supposing that he possesses the very first imfrom reading of “Lord Oldborough's” seal in “ Patron- from Ackerman's press, and is certainly a curiosity. age," by Miss Edgeworth, I had a wax impression given if Mr. Cole will turn to the second article in the me of Mary Queen of Scots' diamond ring, and its his

• Foreign Review," No. VII. p. 47, he may find that tory, which was shewn with it at a sale in London, I think, Lithography was practised in England so early as 1802, in 1817. I send you the account and seal, with the and was introduced into France about 1807. copy I made in gum. If it may tend to elucidate

AN ARTIST. what your Correspondent, R. B. (“Current Notes," for February, p. 16) wishes to know, I shall be glad. If it is useless, you can destroy my letter. M. C. S.

MR. MEADLEY. Feb. 28th, 1852.

March 4, 1852. “ 1817, June. The original diamond ring of Mary SIR,-Can


tell me anything respecting a Queen of Scots, upon which are engraved the arms of G. W. Meadley of Bishop Wearmouth, Sunderland ? England, Scotland, and Ireland, quartered, and wbich was I believe he was author of some two or three works produced in evidence at the trial of the unfortunate Mary, published by Baldwin and Cradock many years since. as a proof of her pretensions to the Crown of England,

Yours truly, was in possession of the late Mr. Blachford, a Lord of the

H. K. Admiralty, at the time of his death." The history of this fatal ring is curious : it descended from Mary to her grandson, Charles the First, who gave it, on the scaffold, to

SHOVEL BOARD. Archbishop Juxon, for his son, Charles the Second, who, in his troubles, pawned it in Holland for £300, when it

New York, was bought by Governor Yale, and sold at his sale for

14th January, 1852. £320, supposed to the Pretender. Afterwards it caine

SIR,-It may possibly be amusing to some of your into possession of the Earl of llay, Duke of Argyll,

and antiquarian friends to know that we have a game in use probably from him to the family of Mr. Blachford, at the here, which I never saw or heard of in England, except sale of whose effects it was said to have been purchased for in Shakspere's “ Merry Wives of Windsor.” I allude the Prince Regent."

to Shovel-board, and I can assure you a capital game it

is, requiring an eye as quick, and a hand and arm as * Barrington Pope Blachford, Esq. M.P. was appointed a Lord of the Admiralty on the 23rd August, 1814. He steady, and much stronger, than billiards, which it somedied 14th May, 1816.

G. W.

what resembles. If you wish it described with the rules of the game, say the word and I'm your man.

SS. R. J. W. B. (F. S. A.) writes—“In answer to your cor

Mr. Willis. respondent R. B. (“ Current Notes,” February) I beg to remind him, that the attendants who shew Holyrood G. W. will be glad to receive the information so Palace offer for sale to the visitors a Tassie facsimile kindly offered by his Correspondent. impression seal of "Queen Mary's Signet ring." I myself purchased one last summer, and on looking to the box in which it is enclosed, I find it is stated to be the Church of the Virgin Mary, occurs the following in

LATIN AND ITALIAN INSCRIPTION.- At Savona, on copied from that " in the collection of the late Earl of Buchan." I know not whether the collection alluded to scription :has been dispersed or not. However, if this fact be not

IN MARE IRATO, IN TORBIDA PROCELLA, already familiar to R. B. it may afford him some clue

Invoco TE, NOSTRA BENIGNA STELLA. in his enquiry. I add an impression from the Seal, Each of the words are both Latin and Italian. which exactly tallies with the one engraved in Cur

A. A. rent Notes.'

MONOGRAM.—The allusion made by your CorresponRING OF MARY QUEEN OF Scots.

dent C., in your “ Current Notes” for February last, Sir-Having noticed your correspondent R. B.'s p. 11, to my relative Lord Glenelg's signature, reminds communication respecting the above curious relic, I me that the letters of the following singular lines, if beg to state that I also possess a facsimile of the same read backwards, will be found the same as if read in the engraved upon crystal, an impression of which I enclose usual manner. for your inspection. I believe the original is in Her

Signa te, signa, temere me tangis et angis
Majesty's collection at Windsor Castle.

Româ tibi subito motibus ibit amor.
I am, Sir, respectfully yours,

A. A. 15, Park Road, Stockwell.

J. G. P. Bombay, July 16th, 1851.




America, and were exhibiting in New York. However, for the

information of those who are curious upon this subject, G. W.'s Mr. Butterworth (7, Fleet Street) requests the atten- correspondent C. F. D. has most kindly forwarded tion of the readers of G. Wo's “ Current Notes to the ABOUT THOSE Aztic BIPEDS," an extract from the New York distressing case of the Widow of the late Rev. George Herald, which will be forwarded in the proper quarter. Crabb, whose death was recorded in the Literary and

To G. W.'s AMERICAN CORRESPONDENTS what can he say? Scientific Obituary of last month (p. 16).

beyond sincerely acknowledging his gratitude for the favour of This highly respectable lady was, at the age of 80, their communications, and at once declaring his belief in the left perfectly destitute, had it not been for the sum of Great Seu Serpent, so voluminous, so overwhelming and really £60 immediately forwarded for her relief by the Royal

so important has been his Catch from the U.S. Literary Fund. Some friends have since subscribed power to devote to Current Monthly Notes for the current

It would literally occupy the space that he will have it in his about the same amount, and Mr. Butterworth's benevo- year; and he scarcely knows how to proceed in the task of lent object is to raise a sum sufficient to purchase an American Selection. annuity of £50 per annum for Mrs. Crabb— as the

G. W. however cannot deny himself the pleasure of acknow“ relict of one who has laboured for nearly half a ledging these Catches respecting Niebuhr and Daniel Webster century in the preparation of works of standard useful- -"Lord Mahon versus Franklin" is importantbut must stand

over. So must the Sermon of Dr. Adams of Boston upon the death of Professor Stuart (see “ Current Notesfor Feb.p. 16)

Dickens' American Notes,” with Laura Bridgman and LongTo CORRESPONDENTS.

fellow's Evangeline, appears to be a twaddlish puffSmarter G. W. fears that he has been taken for a conjuror, and have come into G, W.'s possession. With Lady Byron'ssay

American verses than Sare's tribute to Jenny Lind Goldschmidt that a serious conspiracy has been organised against him ings and doingsat Southampton, on board the American by his esteemed Correspondents (to whose commands he Frigate, G. W. is quite as well informed as any American Newsis always happy to respond) and the Post Office. But paper paragraph writer from the " Oriental Hotel" there, can be

. how is he to get on? He can only in the way of busi- The Memory of James Fennimore Cooper is as dear to the ness gratefully acknowledge the favours conferred on Literature of both countries as that of Thomas Moore must be. him- execute orders-and do his best to reply in the But alas, their names can only be recorded in the Literary smallest type and space in his power-one column; and and Scientific Obituary" of G. W.'s “ Current Notes," almost, with four woodcuts, which would more than occupy it it is sad to think, in jurta position. Morris's“ Yankee Doodle"

G. W. must take in hand next month. without the illustrative letter-press, being before his eyes.

Acta SANCTORUM received after going to press. For these obvious reasons

Auspice Teucro. (18th March) cannot, according to his request be inserted, as received too late.

Literary and ärientific Obituary. S. S. will find in the Piazza upon enquiry a communication and facsimile most politely forwarded by Mr. Cole, in reply to Bentley, Joseph Clayton. Engraver and Painter. Syda note headed AUTOGRAPHIC BIOGRAPHY,” in C. N. for

enham. 9th October, 1851. Aged 42. Feb. p. 15.

BLACKWOOD, Robert. Publisher, (Firm of Blackwood and G. S. B. Gainsborough. Thanked : his communication will

Sons, Edinburgh). 14th February. probably appear next month.

DOANE, A. S. Dr. Health Officer, (Author and TransNewspaper paragraphs of the nature referred to (about Shakspere) seldom require contradiction; but G. W.'s corres- KEATE, Rev. John, D.D. Many years Head Master of

lator of Medical Works). New York. 27th January. pondent, as he has kindly mentioned the name of an accomplished Prelate, will perhaps name that of the stupid News- KIRK, Rev. John, D.D. Thenlogy, “The Faith of Ca

Eton College. Hartley Westpall, Hants. 5th Feb. paper in which the paragruph originally appeared, or the more stupid Newspapers into which such a paragraph could have been Laroche, Benjamin. Translator of Shakspere and Byron.

tholics,” &c. Lichfield. 20th December, 1851. copied ? X.'s "extraordinary" communication about

Paris, (lately). Aged 54.

LEES, Rev. Sir Harcourt, Bart. Political Writer. Blackordinary Storywas duly received. It reminds G. W. of an Old Bailey piece of evidence in the case of a man who stole Moore, Thomas. Poet. Sloperton Cottage, Wiltshire.

rock, Dublin. 7th February. Aged 75. not a joke, but a pair of boots that were hanging outside of a shop in Holborn ; when followed and apprehended he uttempted

25th February. Aged 72. to excuse himself by saying he had taken them as a joke. The NewELL, Rev. Robert Hasell, (Rector of Little Hormead, question in consequence by the Counsel was, And pray how far

Herts). Author of three Illustrated works, “ On the did he carry the joke?About forty yards—the reply.

locality of Goldsmith's Deserted Village,' Now G. W.'s correspondent admits upon X.'s statement

Scenery of Wales,” and “ The Zoology of the English

Poets." having currently curried the joke from Lincoln's Inn Fields to

31st January. Aged 73. Covent Garden, and he only wishes that X, would take it back OXBERRY, William H. Actor. Author of Dramatic again, without the interest, with some of Rogers's lust Notes. Chronology and Dramas. 28th February. Aged 44.

Mr. Foss, Surgeon, &c., Stockton-on-Tees, 9th March. PARANT, S. B. Painter on Porcelain and Ivory. Paris, Thanked. In“ Current Notesfor last month no such asser- (lately). Aged 54. tion was made as the discovery of a City of Pigmies," although Thompson, W. C. Natural History. London. 17th it was stated that two dwarfs had been brought from Central February. Aged 47.

a most extra

" The


No. XVI.]

“ I will make a prief of it in my Note-Book."-SHAKSPERE.

[APRIL, 1852.



In compliance with the wish very generally expressed by G. Wi's Subscribers and Correspondents, particularly

by S. E. (Current Notes" for March, p. 22,) G. W G. Willis gratefully acknowledges the various interest- has collected the titles of the chief Archæological publica. ing documents and letters he has received. He is anxious tions in England, and in France and Germany. The that it should be perfectly understood that he is not the former he believes to be nearly correct, but the latter is author of any statement, representation, or opinion, that necessarily very imperfect, with the exception of the may appear in his “Current Notes," which are merely selec- North of France. Very few foreign Antiquarian publications from communications made to him in the course of tions find their way to this country, as reference to the his business, and which appear to him to merit attention. libraries of the British Museum and the Society of Every statement therefore is open to correction or discus

Antiquaries will prove. sion, and the writers of the several paragraphs should be considered as alone responsible for their assertions. Al. PUBLICATIONS OF ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETIES, ETC. IN though many notes have hitherto appeared anonymously,

ENGLAND AND IN FRANCE. or with initial letters, yet wherever a serious contradiction “ Archæologia” of the Society of Antiquaries of London. is involved, G. Willis trusts that his Correspondents will Part I. Vol. XXXIV. 4to. 1851. Half a volume pubfeel the necessity of allowing him to make use of their lished yearly. names when properly required.

“ Vetusta Monumenta" of the same Society ; suspended

for some five or six years, folio

“Proceedings of," in 8vo. published for the Fellows, THE ANCIENT HEBREW HARP.

quarterly, Vol. II. No. 29, 1852. Sir,- In Kitto's Biblical Cyclopædia, vol. 2. p. 373, we

Catalogue of the Kerrich Collection of Roman Coins,

8vo. 1852. find the following coin, on which is engraved an ancient “Archæologia Æliana” of the Society of Antiquaries of harp surrounded by the letters,

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Vol. IV. Part 1, 4to. 1846. 以 Filth Chtr Úhl,

This work has been suspended since 1846. which

Archæologia Scotica of the Society of Antiquaries of may be construed thus :

Scotland, suspended for many years, or, it may be The Felatan CITHARA Of Puri'

said, defunct; it extends only to Part II. Vol. IV. After referring the readers 1833. of “ Current Notes” to the Journal of the British Archæological Association, Vol. " London Encyclopædia," word VII. 8vo. complete, 1852.

Falasha, and Prichard's Phy- Archæological Journal of the Archæological Institute, sical History of Mankind, vol. 1, “ On the Races of Vol. VIII. 8vo. complete, 1852. People in the Interior of Africa,” let us have recourse to (Vol. 1 of this work was compiled chiefly by Members Etymology for a further elucidation of this singular coin, of the Association, and records the Proceedings of and the Semi-Jewish tribe whose name it bears.

the original institution before the secession and forFelatah.-Hebrew zoba phalat, which by comparison mation of the Institute.) with its cognates signifies, to separate from, retire into, Sussex Archæological Collections, published by the (another country); and with its affix no ba phalatah, Sussex Archæological Society, Vol. IV. 8vo. 1851. or Felatah, signifying evasio, liberatio, residuum, 8c. | Original Papers, published by the Norfolk and

Cithara.- Greek Kitapa. Hebrew and Chaldee 700 Norwich Archæological Society, Vol. III. Part 3. chatar, a stick, (plectrum), to beat with a stick ; there- 8vo. 1852. fore the instrument cannot be the yiiy asor, decachor- Proceedings of the Bury and West Suffolk Archæolodon; but properly, I think, the harp or lyre that was gical Institute, established 1848, Vol. I. Part 5. 8vo. beaten with the plectrum.

1851. Pul.--Hebrew by phul, or Pul, (Isaiah lxvi. 19.) Proceedings and Papers of the Historic Society of “ AFRICA, ea pars quce apud Fesam.

Lancashire and Cheshire, Vol. II. Part 1. 8vo. 1851. Such is the value of rightly interpreting the ancient“ Archæologia Cambriensis," and Journal of the Camcoins of various nations.

brian Archæological Association, Vol. III. (new Yours truly,

series) Part 2. 1852.

T. R. BROWN. Journal of the Chester and Cheshire Architectural Southwick, Oundle, March 27th, 1852.

Archæological Society, Vol. I. Part 1. 8vo. 1850.

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Proceedings of the Kilkenny Archæological Society? duction, and a good Index. As a book of reference, it Museum of Classical Antiquities, Part I. Vol. II. 8vo. is absolutely necessary for all public libraries.

1852. Collectanea Antiqua (by C. Roach Smith,) Part IX.

THE ORIGIN OF YANKEE DOODLE. The “TranVol. II. 8vo. 1852.

script,” (American paper), of 28th February last, conReliquiæ Antiquæ Eboracenses, (by W. Bowman,) tains the following pungent verses respecting Part II. 4to. Leeds, 1852.

The ORIGIN OF YANKEE DUODLE, Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Numismatic


WRITERS, BY GEORGE P. MORRIS, ESQ. There are numerous other local Societies in England, but as they have never printed any proceedings they

Once on a time old Johnny Bull,

Flew in a raging fury, can scarcely be regarded as more than nominally

And swore that Jonathan should have
Archæological Societies.

No trials, sir, by jury :

That no elections should be held,

Across the briny waters : Society of Antiquaries of France, Proceedings, (Bul- “And now,” says he, “ I'll tax the tea letin Monumental), 8vo. annually to 1851.

Of all his sons and daughters." Society of Antiquaries of Normandy (Caen) Mémoires,

Then down he sat in burly state, 2. Série, 9e Vol. 4to. (Vol. XIX of the Collection,) 1852.

And blustered like a grandee, Society of Antiquaries of Picardy (Amiens) Vol. XI.

And in derision made a tune 8vo. 1851.

Called “Yankee Doodle dandy." Society of Antiquaries of the West (Poitiers), Vol.

" Yankee Doodle''--these are facts — XVIII. 8vo. 1848.

" Yankee doodle dandy : Society of Antiquaries of the Morini (St. Omer), Vol.

“My son of wax, your tea I 'll taxVIII. 8vo. 1850.

- Yankee doodle dandy." Society of Emulation of Abbeville, Vol. VI. 8vo. 1851.

John sent the tea from o'er the sea Société E'duenne des Lettres, Sciences et Arts, (Autun),

With heavy duties rated; Vol. II. 8vo. 1849.

But whether hyson or bohea, Society for Historical Researches, etc. of the Grand

I never heard it stated. Duchy of Luxembourg, Vol. III. 4to. 1847.

Then Jonathan to pout began

He laid a strong embargo, Revue Numismatique (quarterly), commenced in 1836,

I'll drink no tea, by Jove !" so he 8vo. This work is very valuable, not only for the

Threw overboard the cargo. excellent papers it contains, but also for the numerous

Then Johnny sent a regiment, illustrations. Edited by MM. E. Cartier and de la

Big words and looks to bandy, Saussaye.

Whose martial band, when near the land, Revue Archéologique (quarterly), commenced in 1844.

Play'd “Yankee doodle dandy." 8vo. Leleux, Paris-Curt, London. Also a valuable

“ Yankee doodle-keep it up! periodical.

" Yankee doodle dandy! Annalen des Vereins für Nassauische Alterthumskunde

" I'll poison with a tax your cup, und Geschichtsforschung (Wiesbaden), 8 vols. 8vo.

“ Yankee doodle 1850.

A long war then they had, in which Zeitschrift des Vereins zur Erforschung der Rheinischen

John was at last defeatedGeschichte u. Alterthümer in Mainz, (Mayence), in

And “Yankee doodle" was the march 8vo, and 4to. 1850.

To which his troops retreated. Jahrbücher des Vereins von Alterthumsfreunden im

Cute Jonathan, to see them fly, Rheinlande, No. XVI. 8vo. 1851. Bonn.

Could not restrain his laughter : Geschichte der vormaligen freien adeligen Benedictiner

“ That tune," says he, “suits to a T, Abtei Sunnesheim von Karl Wilhelmi, from 1831 to

I'll sing it ever after." 1851, in 8vo. Sinsheim.

Old Johnny's face, to his disgrace, Most of these German publications are in thin yearly

Was flushed with beer and brandy, volumes without indices.

E'en while he swore to sing no more,


“ Yankee doodle--ho! ha! he! the United Kingdom, as existing in 1847, have been

“ Yankee doodle dandyclassified in an 8vo. volume of 307 pages, by the Rev.

We kept the tune, but not the tea, Dr. Hume, to which those who quire information

“ Yankee doodle dandy." respecting their Origin, History, Objects, and Constitu

I've told you now the origin tion, are referred. It contains full details as to Mem

Of this most lively ditty, bership, Fees, their published Works, Notices of their

Which Johnny Bull dislikes as “dull Periods and Places of Meeting, with a General Intro

And stupid !”—what a pity!

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With “ Hail Columbia !” it is


armed, and still worse clothed, and very deficient in tactics, In chorus full and hearty

La Fayette adds: Lord Stirling, more courageous than On land and main, we breathe the strain, judicious, another General who was often intoxicated, and John made for his tea-party.

Greene, whose talents were only then known to his inNo matter how we rhyme the words,

timate friends, commanded as Major Generals.' The other The music speaks them bandy,

General here referred to was Stephen, who was cashiered not And where's the fair can't sing the air,

long after on that very ground, for his misbehaviour at the Of “ Yankee doodle dandy!”

Battle of Germantown. And as there can scarcely be a doubt " Yankee doodle—firm and true

that this version gives the correct sense of the French ori. “ Yankee doodle dandy

ginal, there is room for apprehension that Lord Mahon is " Yankee doodle, doodle doo !

not only incorrect in giving only a part of a sentence, thus “ Yankee doodle dandy.”

putting into La Fayette's mouth what he never said, but

that even the order of the words has been changed, the LORD MAHON AND GENERAL GREENE AND LA

name of Greene being removed from the end to the beginFAYETTE.-C. F. D. presents his compliments to Mr. ning of the quotation. Upon this point I will add someWillis, and with reference to the fifth paragraph headed thing further, so soon as I can obtain the French original.” Scraps from the United States,” which appeared in

H. H. “Current Notes" for February last, p. 13, forwards him the following communication, which from the initials he Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkinson's rooms, on the 5th of

THE SALE OF ANTIQUITIES, &c. which took place at presumes is from the pen of Mr. Hildreth, the historian: this month, and two following days, although one made

“The fifth and sixth volumes of Lord Mahon's History up by the dealers in such articles, attracted considerable of England from the peace of Utrecht, have for a leading Writing from the English point of view, the proceedings it is said, upwards of twelve hundred pounds. subject the early years of the American Revolutionary War. attention, and many things, if not bought in, realised

considerable prices; the total produce of the sale being, of Parliament and the English side of the story naturally form the foreground of the picture, while the affairs of the well known to Archæologists as Celts, and of which

In the first and third day's sale several lots of articles, colonies themselves—certainly the most interesting as well

the usual apas the most important, not for Americans only, but for all historical students — fall into a distant perspective. The

pearance may American part of Lord Mahon's book is very slight in its

be recognised execution, made up mostly of anecdotes and extracts of

from figures 1 letters, good as illustrations, but hardly as substance ; in

and 2, sold on dicating often but a superficial knowledge on the part of

the average for the writer, and conveying to the reader no distinct or con

about half-anected idea of the American side of the story. With a

crown each. A great show of candour, · My Lord' also evinces through

large quantity out a somewhat anxious desire to depreciate the rebels.'

of antique gems Thus Franklin is pursued with pitiful but persevering ran

- none of any cour, charged with falsehood and duplicity, because he, like

extraordinary most of the other Americans of that day, arrived at the

merit-in mopoint of separation and independence only by gradual

dern setting of steps; because his opinions and views of 1769 and 1775 did not correspond altogether with those of 1795; and

gold, ranged

from about ten because he appears to have spoken—as what was more natural ?-with somewhat more of freedom and with greater

shillings to two dislike of the British connexion among his intimate asso

guineas each. ciates than when addressing himself to the British ministry

There or to British statesmen.

some specimens A curious instance of this sort of spitefulness, which con.

of Irish ring stantly exhibits itself throughout the book, occurs in the case of Gen. Greene, of whom Lord Mahon writes : “ The

sold command of this important post (Brooklyn) was entrusted by

fig. 2.

bought in at Washington to Gen. Greene, an officer of bravery and enter- very high prices ; and some appeared to have been prise, . But of intemperate habits,' and he adds, in a note, tampered with, if not manufactured for the market.

Greene, un général souvent ivre.' These are the words of La Fayette ; Mém. et Corresp. Vol. I. p. 21, ed. 1837." and Roman bronzes. A Winged Victory (Lot 222) was

The second day's sale contained many good Etruscan The edition in the original French here quoted is not at hand, but in that published the same year at New York knocked down at £5. A Lamp with the original chain and London, in England, and like the French edition under for suspension (Lot 238) at £5. 8s. An Etruscan stewauthority of La Fayette's representatives, the entire pas- pan (Lot 256) at £5. 10s. And the Leg of a Roman sage above referred to, reads as follows : After an account Warrior, the foot sandalled (Lot 234) at £7.73. But of the appearance of the American army as first seen by the great object of the day was (Lot 266) a bronze figure La Fayette in the summer of 1777-about 11,000 men, ill of an Archer, which was stated to have been discovered



money, which



fig. 1.


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