Imágenes de páginas

comprised in the treaty, that it should extend to the territories of the duchess dowager. (1) What treaty is here referred to? Give (either in a

tabulated or a connected form) the evidence for

your opinion.
(2) Who made this treaty, when and why?
(3) Comment on the words in italics.

9. May it please your Highness that it may be enacted by authority, That one Act and Statute made in the first year of the reign of the late king, your Majesty's dear brother, intituled an Act against such persons as shall unreverently speak against the sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ, commonly called the Sacrament of the Altar, and for the receiving thereof under both kinds, and all and every branches, clauses, and sentences therein contained, shall be revived and shall be in full force in such like manner and form as the same was at any time in the first year of the reign of the said late king.

(1) Date this extract, giving your reasons.
(2) Against whom would the revived “Act and Statute"

be directed and why? (3) Why were the words “under both kinds” inserted ?

10. Dear Sir,

It's our duty to sympathise in all mercies; and to praise the Lord together in chastisements or trials, that so we may sorrow together.

Truly England and the Church of God hath had a

great favour from the Lord, in this great Victory given unto us, such as the like never was seen since this War began. It had all the evidences of an absolute Victory obtained by the Lord's blessing upon the Godly Party principally. We never charged but we routed the enemy. The Left Wing, which I commanded, being our own horse, saving a few Scots in our rear, beat all the Prince's horse. God made them as stubble to our swords. We charged their regiments of foot with our horse, and routed all we charged. The particulars I cannot relate now; but I believe of Twenty-thousand the Prince hath not Four-thousand left. Give glory, all the glory, to God.

Suggest occasions on which the above could have been written, with the likely writers. Give your reasons for your choice.

11. Our humble suit then to your majesty is, that of these offences following, some may be removed, some amended, some qualified.

I. In the Church service. That the cross in baptism, interrogatories ministered to infants, confirmation as superfluous, may be taken away. The cap and surplice not urged. That divers terms of priests and absolution and some other used, with the ring in marriage, and such like in the book may be corrected. The longsomeness of service abridged. Church songs and music moderated to better edification: no ministers charged to teach their people to bow at the name of Jesus.

II. Concerning Church Ministers. That none hereafter be admitted to the ministry but able and

sufficient men and those to preach diligently, and especially upon the Lord's day.

(1) Whose suit is this and to whom was it addressed ? .
(2) What results came of its presentation ?
(3) Why was paragraph II inserted ?

Give reasons for your answers.

12. We, your Majesty's most loyal and faithful subjects, the Commons in Parliament assembled do in the first place (as in duty bound) return your Majesty our most humble and hearty thanks for your great care and conduct in suppressing the late rebellion. We further crave leave to acquaint your Majesty that we have with all duty and readiness taken into our consideration your Majesty's gracious Speech to us. And as to that part of it relating to the officers in the army not qualified for their employments, we do, out of our bounden duty, humbly represent to your Majesty that these officers cannot by law be capable of their employments, and that the incapacities they bring upon themselves that way can no way be taken off but by an Act of Parliament.

(1) Date this as accurately as possible, giving reasons. (2) Why were these officers incapable of being employed? (3) What was the result of this remonstrance ?

13. Whereas the Commons of England assembled in Parliament, have by their late Act intituled an Act of the Commons of England assembled in Parliament, for erecting an High Court of Justice for the trying and judging of Charles Stuart, King of England, authorised

and constituted us an High Court of Justice for the trying and judging of the said Charles Stuart for the crimes and treasons in the said Act mentioned; by virtue whereof the said Charles Stuart hath been three several times convented before this High Court where a charge of high treason and other high crimes was, on behalf of the people of England, exhibited against him, and read openly unto him, wherein he was charged, that he, being admitted King of England, and therein trusted with a limited power to govern by, and according to the law of the land, and not otherwise; yet, nevertheless, out of a wicked design to erect and uphold in himself an unlimited and tyrannical power to rule according to his will, and to overthrow the rights and liberties of the people, and to take away the foundations thereof, and of all redress and remedy of misgovernment, which by the fundamental constitutions of this kingdom were reserved on the people's behalf in the right and power of frequent and successive Parliaments; he, for accomplishment of such his designs, and for the protecting of himself and his adherents in his and their wicked practices, to the same end hath traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament, and the people therein represented; and that he hath thereby caused many thousands of the free people of this nation to be slain; and by divisions, parties, and insurrections within this land, by invasions from foreign parts, he hath not only maintained the said war both by sea and land, but also hath renewed, or caused to be renewed, the said war against the Parliament and good people of this nation in this present year 1648; and that he hath for that purpose given his commission to his son the Prince,

and others, whereby, many such as were by the Parliament entrusted and employed for the safety of this nation, being by him or his agents corrupted to the betraying of their trust, have had commission for the continuing and renewing of the war and hostility against the said Parliament and people: and that by the said cruel and unnatural war so levied, continued and renewed, much innocent blood of the free people of this nation hath been spilt, many families undone, the public treasure wasted, trade obstructed and miserably decayed, vast expense and damage to the nation incurred, and many parts of the land spoiled, some of them even to desolation; and that he still continues his commission to his said son, and other rebels and revolters, both English and foreigners, and to the Irish rebels, from whom further invasions of this land are threatened by his procurement and on his behalf; and that all the said wicked designs were still carried on for the advancement and upholding of the personal interest of will, power, and pretended prerogative to himself and his family, against the public interest, common right, liberty, justice and peace of the people of this nation; and that he thereby hath been and is the occasioner, author, and continuer of the said unnatural, cruel and bloody wars, murders, damage [etc.]; whereupon the proceedings and judgment of this court were prayed against him, as a tyrant, traitor, and murderer, and public enemy to the Commonwealth, as by the said charge more fully appeareth.

Now, therefore, upon serious and mature deliberation of the premises, and considerations had of the notoriety of the matters of fact charged upon him as aforesaid, this Court is in judgment and conscience satisfied that

« AnteriorContinuar »