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PREFACE.

-0-0-0This volume, like its predessessors, requires a few general remarks by way of preface, and calls to our mind the words of Quintilian that " this business has more of labor in it than of show." So of a preface, the reader of a book expects a few words as to what the book contains, or why it is published. Hence we say that the subjects of the volume are of a great variety, more liberally extended than those limited to the seven liberal sciences. There is a cause for all things, but it is not always easy to give the reason for the effect, and rise and explain. However, we coatinue to ask questions, and never received the desired answers to all; so with many of our contributors. There is always a good supply in hand. Every questioner is especially interested in something of interest to himself, or herself.

What is earth, sexton ? A place to dig graves.
What is earth, rich man ? A place to work slaves.
What is earth, grey beard? A place to grow old.
What is earth, miser ? A place to dig gold.
What is earth, school boy ? A place for my play.
What is earth, maiden ? A place to be gay.
What is earth, seamstress? A place where I weep.
What is earth, sluggard ? A place for to sleep.
What is earth, soldier? A place for a battle.
What is earth, herdsman ? A. place to raise cattle.
What is earth, widow ? A place of true sorrow.
What is earth, tradesman ? I'll tell you tomorrow.
What is earth, sick man? 'Tis nothing to me.
What is earth, sailor ? My home is the sea.
What is earth, statesman? A place to win fame.
What is earth, author? I'll write there my name.
What is earth, monarch? For my realm 'tis given.
What is earth, Christian ? The gateway of heaven.

S. C. & L. M. Gould. MANCHESTER, N. H., December, 1888.

VOLUME V, 1888.

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A in Sanskrit words, 6.

Feast of asses, 156.

Abstain from beans," 204.

Feasts, movable and immovable, 138.
Achilles' Shield, description, 188.

February, moonless month, 91.
Alwato, Andrews's, 77.

Fessennine verses, 161.

Anagrams, 49, 50.

Foretellers of storms, 184.

Ancient symbol of the sun, 90.

Formulæ for plane triangles, 70.

Ancient Word, Swedenborg's, 190.

Fowl vocabulary, 63.

Animal magnetism, Mesmer's code, 138. Franklin and his son, 88.

Apocalypse of the apocrypha, 195.

*Franklin's letter to Strahan, 72, 95.

Arkansas, pronunciation, 201.
Ass's broken leg, legend of, 84.
Asteroids, Table of, 8, 65, 206.

God is a circle, etc., 36.

Observations on, 14,

Goose-hare swan, 79.

Names, 14.

Gnosticism, 161.

Athens, maiden, sentence from, 15.

Great eater, 178.

Atmospheric phenomena, 133.

Great Pyramid, salient points, 161.

Greek Fire, 161.

Banbury Cross, 208.

Gypsies, 6.

Barchocab, 205.

Bangh-naugh-claugh-paugh, 6.

Benediction of St. Patrick, 12.

Hampshire, (New), meaning of, 141.

Bengough, pronunciation, 50.

Hanseatic League, 179.
Biblia Sacra Nova, 197.

Hassan and Hossein, annual mourniug, 176.
Biblical Canon, 2.

Hebrew, Israelite, Jew, difference, 1.
Bibliography, cyclometry, quadratures, 106-124.

Hiawatha's arrows, 210.

Euclid, editions of, 142.

Hindu cosmogony, 149.

Mathematical publications, 213. Hogshead, derivation, 45.

N. H. Registers, 23.

Hundreds, 160.

Notes and Queries, 164.

Human body, height and growth, 192.

Blasphemy of Abner Kneeland, 94.

Hyeronimus, game, 88.

Blizzard, word, 136.

Bohome's wheel of birth, 55.

Ice-cream, first mentioned, 15.

Brahan Seer, 196.

Il faut que j'y songe encore, 195.

“ By the Eternal," 192.

Immortality, mathematical proof, 25, 63, 73.

Israelite, Jew, Hebrew, difference, 1.

Calliope, musical machine, 187.

Carrying coals to Newcastle, 207.

Cherubim, order, 207.

Jenner, Dr. Edward, 175.

Chemical elements, discovery, 40.

Jerks, manifestations, 88.

names, 89.

Jesus never laughed, 179.

Chess, origin and history, 165.

Jesus wept tour times, 78.

Cheyne, Dr., to Dr. Wynter, 90.

Jew, Hebrew, Israelite, difference, 1.

Christmas, how the English keep, 75.

Junius, letters of, 41.

Cicerones, 160.

Claims of descendants, 93.

King Cole, 209.

Coincidences, arithmetical, 102.

King Lemuel, 208-

Collection of N. H. Registers, 23.

King Ramirez, 159.

Constants, logarithmic, 101.

Kyrie eleeson, 74.

Council of Nicæa, 2.

Crescent, symbol of Mohammedans, 177, 208. Last Supper, order of apostles, 182.

Croaker Pieces by J. R. Drake, 38.

Last will, ola Parr's, 79.

Cubits, length of 132.

Last words of the anarchists, 35.

Cut a Dido, 35.

Legend of ass's broken leg, 84.

Cyclometry, 97.

Legend of Euclid, 83.

Letters of Junius, 41, 207.

Decimals (707) of pi, 101, 120.

Literary ingenuity, 33.

of 81, the digits, 146.

Locomotive Emperor, 4.

Definitions, 81.

Logarithms of digits, (except 8), 39.

De Morgan's, (A.) cyclometers, 126, 127. Lunar Society, 5.

Deucalion, word, 93.

Dies Ire, Latin text and translation, 66.

Digits to equal 10 , 39.

Macrocosm and Microcosm, 156, 194, 204.

Djafar, 6.

Mad Poet, 87.

Dodekaphylon, 12 tribes, apostles, 150.

Magic Lantern, history, 61.

Double consciousness, 36.

Magic square for 1888, 39.

Dragoons, 157.

Maiden, Athens, sentence from, 15.

Manufacturing, Manchester, N. H., 76.

Earth, lopsided planet, 82.

Mathematical fallacy, 7.

Earthquakes, famous, 187.

Matter, speculations concerning, 57.

Either and Neither, 4.

Measures, palm, foot, cubit, rod, chain, 193.

Enoch, or train up, translation, 78.

Mnemonical secrets, 143.

Equations, simultaneous, 17.

Moabite Stone, translation, 45, 46.

Essay on man, poet's, Mosaic poem 85, 86. Mosaic poem, essay on man, 85, 86.

Expressions, area of plane triangles, 70. Model newspaper, description, 51.

Euclid, legend of, 83.

Montucla's (J. E.) cyclometers, 100.

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Monument to Hank Monk, 82,

Sayings of Seven Sages of Greece, 202. Moonless month, February, 91.

Secret knowledge, tive keys, 195. Motive power of the world, 15.

Secret Symbols of the Rosicrucians, 145. Musical scale, demonstration, 156.

Shamrock, 6. Muisic of the spheres, 155.

Sic vos non vobis, 179. “My Grandmother's Élm," poem, 93.

Signs of Rain," 175.

Simultaneous equations, 17.
New Hampshire Registers, collection, 23. Smaragdine Tablet, translations, 44.
Nicæa, Council of, 2.

Solar equations, 131.

Songs of a nation, 6. Oath of Hypocrates, 89.

Sonnet on eating fruit-pie, 64. Odd as Dick's hat-band, 54.

Sound on the goose, 207. Old Parr's last will, 79.

Southcott, Joanna, 140.
Order of the cherubim. 207.

Southcotters, 140.
Origin colored bottles, druggists' signs, 95. Spcculations concerning matter, 57.
Or er of the Sacred Heart, 184.

Spelling reform ip Congress, 136.
Origin of things, 186.

Sublime, Master's Degree, 85. Origin of the “Beggar's Opera," 200.

Sum and product of two numbers are equal, 206. Palindrome, 33.

Tables of Stone, size and weight, 150. Paternoster Row, London, 167, 204.

Terms used talking to animals, 69. Pelasgi, Pelasgos. 36, 87.

Thebes, 192. Periodicity, 25, 63, 73.

Three dippers, 159. Petrified bodies, 38.

Three Impostors, 209. Pharaon, gaine, 204.

Three kinge, in Orion, 37. Phenomena, atmospheric, 133.

Three successive eights, (1888,) 60. Phyllotaxis, law of, 155.

Tonal System, Nystrom's, 77. Pi, (a) values of; comparison, 125.

Tower in Siloam, 91. Piscataquog, meaning of, 141.

Triangle controversy, 157. Plane triangles, area expressions, 70.

"Train up a child," etc., 78. Poetry and projectiles, 210.

Tradition on sneezing, 178. Poem, disputed authorship, 92.

" Truth like a torch," etc., 45. Poem on India, 177.

Twelve angles, apostles, prophets, tribes, 151. Polarization of light, 193.

Twelve disciples, 194.
Portraits of Christ, 36.
Potter Christ, 178.

Umbrella, history, 32.
Probability of marrying, 195.

Unpunctuating Dobson, 144.
Proportions, integral, for value of pi, 129.
Proverbs about the wind, 147.

Values of pi, comparison, 125.
Gaelic, 183.

Vatican, 6.
Chinese, 186.

“ Vestiges of Civilization," author, 33.
Pseudo-Jonathan, -Athanasius, -Daniel, -Sibyl, Visible Speech, Bell's, 77.
-Daphne, - Matthew, -Orpheus, Smerdis, 37 38. Visona, Merton's, 78.

Volapük, universal language, 47, 76.
Quadratures of the circle, 97.
Queer names, 79.

War of 1812-1814, pamphlet on, 145, 178.
Quinquarticular controversy, 204.

Warsaw-Warsau, etc, 65.

Way, St. James's, 54. Rambam, 177.

Wheel of birth, Bohæme's, 55. Rectifications of the circle, 97.

Women as actresses, 200.
Religious card-player, 181.

Wynter, Dr., to Dr. Cheyne, 90.
Rosicrucians, 36.
Secret Symbols of, 145

Yggrasil, 190.
Saint James's Way, 54.
Saint Patrick's benediction, 92.

Zem Zem, the well, 94.
Sayings of Jesus Christ, 34.

Zounds, 207.

UNANSWERED QUESTIONS.
Page 16-Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 8 9; 11, 12. Page 148-Nos. 7, 8.
Page 56—Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5.

Page 163-Nos. 8, 9.
Page 68—Nos. 2. 5, 6, 7, 8. Page 180—Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9,
Page 69—Nos. 1, 5, 9.

II, 12. Page 88—Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4.

Page 211-Nos. 1-14. Page 96-Nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, II, Page 212—Nos. 1-11.

12, 13, 14.

Names and Noms de Plumes of Contributors.

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17, 70.

59, 68.

Admirer, 180. Agnostic, 163.

A. H., 207. A. L. G., 16. Alpha, 211, 212. Anderson, John, 92, 148, 180. A. P. A., 210. A. W., 88, 91, 148, 191, 192, 195, 205.

Bengough, Thos., 16. Bolton, H. C., 5, 60, 62. Boyd, Wm., 54. Burleson, B. F.,

Burns, Sarah E., 148. Bystander, A, 206.

Cabot, Charles, 16. Chalcas, 96, 178.
Caxton, 176, 207. Chivist, A. R., 56. Clark,
G. S., 163. Coleman, William Emmette, 4.
Concord, 88. Cutts, Alex,, 44.
Damon, 184. David, 95, 96.

D. B. T., 180. Dipper, Daniel, 148. Djafar, 16, 56, 82. Drury, D. M.,95, 180, 211.

E., 87. E. A., 56. E. B., 16. Englishman, 148. Eno., 148.

Enoch, 163. Foster, Fenlon, 163.

G. A., 201. G. F. K., 163. Goodwin, Samuel F., 156.

H., 148. Hager, John S., 66. Hamilton, 146.

Hamilton, A., 68. Heath, Seth, 15. Herbert, 180. Hierongmous, 83. Holden, Lewis G., 69. Hannah, 212 . Howard, Wellington, 69, 94, 163. H. W. H., 147, 175.

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1. B., 68. Ieyes, L. E., 96. Inquirer II, 35, 161, 163, 211.

Jacob, 148, 180. J. B, P., 90. Jerome, 163. Joel, 212. Jonathan, 68, 96, 148, 168, 180, 188, 210, Joseph F., 96.

Waggoner, M. O., 56, 88. Webster, N. B., 133, 210.

White, Geo. J., 148. Wilder, A., 1, 5, 6, 36, 87,93, 161, 190, 192, 194, 206, 208.

Wood, H. A., 39.
X., 212.

X. Y. Z., 148.

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About 300 questions remain unanswered, as questions asked in the first volumes are answered in successive volumes. The 575 unsanwered questions include the 25 asked in the December No. of this volume.

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