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coffers; and the officers all their ill.got- of cannon, ammunition, and other military ten pelf, chiefly derived from plunder and arbitrary contributions. Thus have the Letters from Buenos Ayres, of the 6th agents of Ferdinand themselves prepared July, state, that it was there reported, and for the patriots all the elements necessary fully believed, that, after several friendly to form a respectable navy and army. conferences between the officers of the inWe have also received bulletins of two

surgent and royalist armies in Upper Peru, actions between the royalist and indepen-an armistice had been concluded, and the dent troops in Upper Peru and Chili, in preliminaries agreed upon, of a treaty of both of which the latter were signally suc union and co-operation in shaking off the cessful. The first was an attack by Gene- yoke of the mother country. ral Belgrano, commander of the Buenos Ayres troops, upon the town of Tanja, ly, ing on the road to Potosi, which, by a ra

WEST INDIES. pid march across the desert, he came upon Letters from Barbadoes state, that the by surprise, and, after some severe fight- Patriot privateers swarm in such numbers ing, the place surrendered. The other ac in the West Indies, that it is dangerous tion took place near Conception, one of for any vessels to cross the Atlantic, espethe most southern points of Chili

. Sup. cially if they are laden with specie. So posing the independent force to be weake formidable are they now become, that Porened, by their having detached troops a to Rico is completely blockaded by them, gainst Lima, the royalists here commenced and no vessel can approach that place with an attack; but were routed with the loss any degree of security.

BRITISH CHRONICLE.

SEPTEMBER.

her other children, of whom she has seve 9.-This day, John Jeffrey, mate of the ral, did not immediately attend to the rePrince Edward revenue cutter, was brought quest of the letter, and yesterday the boy to trial in Edinburgh, on an indictment, was sent off to Edinburgh, a distance of 21 charging him with having landed a party miles, in a cart, in charge only of a lad an of the crew of the said cutter on the island bout his own age. The feelings of the of Arran, in the month of March last, in poor woman may be conceived, when, upsearch of smuggled whisky, part of which on going to lift her son from the cart, she he seized, and that he commanded his found him a corpse. party to fire upon the people who assem Suicide-On Sunday, at Langloan, a bled on that occasion, by which two men young woman, married only about ten and one woman were mortally wounded, months since, put a period to her existence and died soon after. After an impartial whilst her husband and some of her relas investigation, from which it clearly appear- tions were at church getting their child ed that the conduct of Mr Jeffrey, who had baptized. It is not easy to describe the been distinguished for firmness and for. husband's feelings when he found his wiie, bearance, was occasioned solely by the vio- whom he had lately left, lifeless and bloody, lence and outrage of a misguided multi- lying beneath the bed with a razor in her tude, and was absolutely necessary to de- hand, with which she had done thé frightfend the lives of those who were under his ful act. She was much respected about command, the jury, with the entire ap- the place, and lived with her husband in probation of the Court, returned an una- the closest amity. nimous verdict of Not Guilty.

19.-New Coinage.--It appears from 13.-Grouse Shooting. The Marquis an official account, that the total amount of Huntly's party has shot this season up- of new coin, consigned to various parts of wards of 1100 brace of grouse ; and not the kingdom, including Guernsey, Jersey, withstanding the very wet weather, the and the Isle of Mann, was L. 2,902,830, Marquis of Tavistock shot in three days 28. for which there had been received 40, 45, and 51 brace.

L. 2,588,466, 6s. in old coin ; 16.Melancholy Event.--A boy about L. 195,005, 13s. 8d. in new coin return

years of age, servant to a farmer near ed. The balance is completed by a sum Peebles, having been taken ill, his master received in notes, and by L. 20,567, 2s. wrote to the mother, a widow, residing in Ild. retained for expences.

The issues Edinburgh, on Saturday, to come out and for the London stations amounted to take him home ; but the poor woman,

ei- L. 160,000; that to London

bankers to ther not apprehending immediate danger, L. 72,000. or froin a difficulty of getting away from The late coinage of sovereigns, half

xn

and

VOL. I.

crowns, shillings, and sixpences, is to be tional number of naval officers to be his followed by a large issue of half-sovereigns Royal Highness's Aides-de-Camp, which and crowns, which are now in a forward honour is to be considered a step of prostate of preparation. We understand also motion in the same way as it is understood that a new coinage of copper, on a very in the army, when an officer was appointed extensive scalc, is determined on; and Aide-de-Camp to the King. that necessary measures have already been 26.-Losses at Sea.-AU the exertions adopted for carrying it into execution. used to bring off the ship Fairy of Dun

22.-Burns's' Monument-Charles For- dee, of 245 tons, lately stranded in the Orkbes, Esq. M. P. has most handsomely neys, have failed ; and no hopes now retransmitted twenty guineas towards the main of the safety of the new brig Apollo, erection of the monument at the birth of 160 tons, Captain Patrick, supposed to place of the bard, and the secretary to the Irave foundered, with all her crew, off Mesubscribers has also received a liberal sub- mel, where some of the crew's trunks have scription of twenty guineas from the Glas- been washed on shore. These vessels, togow Argyle Lodge, and five guineas from gether with the new ship Latona, 330 John Campbell, Esq. formerly representa- tons ; Concord, 174 tons ; Lord Wellingtive in Parliament for the burghs of Ayr, ton, 160 tons; and new brig, Peace, 150 Irvine, &c.

tons make a loss to Dundee of 1209 tons 24.-Asscssed Taxes. Letters have just of shipping within a few months. been circulated by Government to the sur Erpences of the Laro.---Five hundred veyors of taxes, directing a general survey and fifty-six causes were entered for trial on of houses and windows within their re the last English northern circuit. Sup. spective districts, it being expected that a posing the costs on each of these to amount considerable increase in the revenue will be to L. 100, which is a low estimate, the obtained thereby, a large number not hav- total expence incurred by the suitors is ing been hitherto brought under assess- L. 55,600 for one half-year's law. ment.

27. Bank of England. The Gazette Emigration to America.-Number of of Tuesday the 23d contains the important emigrants that have sailed from the port of notification, that the Bank of England will Belfast for America, from the 17th of be ready, after the 1st of October, to pay March to the 21st of August inclusive : cash for such of its notes, of every descripFor Philadelphia, 252;

New York, 331 ; tion, as are dated prior to the 1st of Ja. Norfolk, 40;--Baltimore, 251 ;-St An nuary in the present year. This is a madrews, 252 ;-Quebec, 1023.-Total, terial step to the complete resumption of 2149.

cash payments; and in the present state of 25.Bigamy.The wife of Joseph the currency, indeed, it does not appear Rae, chimney-sweep, lately convicted and that the Bank can incur any hazard by transported for cruel usage to his boy, paying in cash. brought a complaint before the Police Court, We understand the Bank intend calm Edinburgh, against a man and his wife for ling in the whole of the L. I and L. 2 an assault.' She had only one witness (a notes at the conclusion of the present year, chimney-sweep) to prove her case, who, in so that at the commencement of 1818, the the course of his examination, turned out smallest bank-note in circulation will be to be her husband, having married her for L. 5. since her first husband Rae was transport Supply of Water to Edinburgh. Among ed, and that, too, in the knowledge of her the improvements and useful works, now previous marriage. The magistrate ore in progress in this city, we are happy to dered both man and woman to be detain- observe, from the necessary parliamentary ed, and sent to the sheriff, on the charge notice of a bill for that purpose, that the of bigamy

inhabitants are likely soon to have an addi. The Navy.--The keel of the Portland, tional supply of water. The sources frorn 60, has been laid down at Plymouth, to which that supply is to be drawn are the be built on the plan of the largest Ameri- Black Spring in the parish of Penicuik, can frigates. Two brigs of war, to be calls and the Crawley Spring in the parish of ed the Falcon and Frolic, have also lately Glencorse, both near the base of the Pentbeen ordered to be built at the new dock. land Hills. From the acknowledged talents yard, Pembroke, in addition to the follow- and practical abilities of the gentleman uning ships now building, and ordered to be der whose superintendence the requisite sur built, at that yard, viz. Building--Belle- veys and levels have been taken, (James isle, 74 guns; Fisgard, 46 guns ; and Jardine, Esq. Civil Engineer,) the public Melampus, 46 guns. Ordered to be built may confidently look forward to an abinNereus, 46 guns; Hamadryad, 46 guns; dant supply of this indispensable article. and two revenue cutters.

These springs, we are informed, will furnisk The Prince Regent, it is said, has sig- an addition equal in quantity to four times nified his intention of appointing an addi- the present supply; and the water, it is be

lieved, particularly that of the BlackSpring, of Aberdeen, the members of the Town is much purer than any derived from the Council, who have affixed their signatures present sources.

to this paper, cannot allow themselves to Old Bailey.-On Friday the 19th, Mary retire from office, without expressing their Chambers was tried for the murder of John sincere and unqualified regret that their Chambers, her husband. The deceased, endeavours to lighten and remove the pubwhen in a drunken state, struck his wife lic burdens have failed of that successful on the head with a stick, because she at- result which they have so earnestly desired ; tempted to prevent his sending for more li- and that they are compelled to leave the quor : she happened to have a knife in her affairs of the burgh in a state of embarrasshand at the moment, and with it struck ment, which, as it has been a source of him the deadly blow. The jury found her much vexation and distress to themselves, guilty of Manslaughter. She was decent- must still prove one of considerable diffily dressed in mourning, and during the culty to those who may be destined to sucwhole trial exhibited the sincerest sorrow ceed them, unless immediate steps are taken for her situation : she shed tears all the to redeem the credit of the corporation. time, and was assisted from the bar in a In justice to themselves, however, they are State of great agitation. She has been sen- desirous to place upon record their sentitenced to one month's imprisonment. ments and opinions in reference to some of

Death from Fright. Lately a labour. the various topics arising out of the embaring woman at South Acre, Norfolk, after rassments of the city treasury. This has toiling some time in a field, laid herself become the more necessary, from their havdown to rest : whilst she was sleeping, a ing discovered, that, in their efforts for the toad fixed itself upon her breast; on awak- restoration of the public confidence, their ing, she was so much frightened that she motions have been misconstructed and perdied immediately.

verted, and their proposals and plans reArbroath. At a meeting of the Incor- ceived with a degree of prejudice and disporations of Arbroath, on Tuesday the 16th trust, which they will be bold enough to instant, they unanimously came to the re- say, their personal and private characters solution of petitioning the Magistrates to ad- were sufficient to invalidate and disprove. mit them and the burgesses to a participa- Be this as it may, they are aware that the tion in the right of electing the Town sincerity of their intentions can be known Council.

but by few, and may be doubted of by 29.Aberdeen.-On Saturday the 13th, many; and, therefore, they here reiterate the adjourned meeting of the burgesses of their decided opinion, that the present mode Aberdeen took place, (see p. 181, last num- of election of the Town Council, and maber,) when several resolutions were entered nagement of the town's affairs, are radiinto. Among others, it was resolved to op-cally defective and improvident, tending to pose the bill to be brought into Parliament give to any individual or party, who may for imposing an assessment on the trade and be so inclined, an excessive and unnatural heritage of the burgh to pay its debts; preponderance, and to foster and encourage that the Magistrates have no power to a system of secrecy and concealment, under grant any alteration in the set of the burgh; which the most upright and best intentioned but that the burgesses might, in due time, Magistrates may not be able to acquire find it necessary to apply to the

King in that thorough knowledge of the situation Council for such an alteration in the set as of the burgh which is requisite for the due would restore public confidence among the administration of its affairs. The sub

scribers are therefore of opinion, that some On Wednesday the 24th, the old coun. change ought to be effected in the manner cil, according to custom, proceeded to choose of electing the Council, and an effectual their successors ; but the majority of those control given to the citizens over the exelected, when summoned to attend for the penditure of the town's office-bearers. The election of office-bearers, immediately sent extent of this change it is not for them to in a refusal to assume office. The old determine; they would only at this time council accordingly nominated the office. urge the necessity of it. In the history of bearers, which was protested against by the every well regulated government, they reConvener and Trades Councillors, who recognise the happy effects of those salutary fused to vote on the occasion. Charles For. checks, which can alone restrain public offi. bes, Esq. of Auchmedden, M. P. was chosen cers in the

execution of their duties, whe. Provost, but has declined acceptance ; and ther holding political or local jurisdictions ; the consequence of these proceedings must and to the absence of such checks in the be the disfranchisement of the burgh. constitution of this burgh, do the subscrib

Previous to retiring from office, the old ing members of the Town Council ascribe council circulated the following extraor the heavy calamity which has befallen it

, dinary declaration :-“ Council Chamber, To the system solely is it owing; for, with Aberdeen, Sept. 19, 1817. Looking to the regard to the individuals who have preceded present calamitous situation of the burgle them in the administration of that system,

citizens.

they must aver, that they believe their stance took place on Wednesday the 24th, hands to be clean, as their motives have at Hommerton, near Peterborough, in been pure and disinterested. With these Northamptonshire. Mrs Oldham, an old sentiments the subscribers have been long lady of 105 years of age, and the mother impressed, and the experience of the last of a very large family, expired, after a few months has too fatally confirmed their most violent attack of the small-pox. She truth and justice. The time approaches had been often, in the course of her long when they are to retire from this board, life, exposed to the disease, without receive and they therefore feel that they have buting the infection. one other duty to performand that is,

OCTOBEN. earnestly to recommend to their successors 1.---Liverpool.-It appears, by a notice in office to direct their earliest attention to in the Gazette, that Liverpool is to be a renovation of the systein of government lighted with gas, as soon as an act of Par. of this burgh, in all its various bearings, liament can be obtained for that purpose. satisfied, that if such a salutary and satis. Montrose.- His Royal Highness the factory change shall be effected therein, as Prince Regent in Council, has issued a is indispensable to the restoration of public warrant for a poll election of Magistrates confidence, there will not be wanting, among and Council for the burgh of Montrose, the enlightened and public-spirited inhabi- which was to take place on the 13th of this tants of this city, a disposition to go hand month. The Council, as before, is to conin hand with its municipal rulers, (whoever sist of nineteen members fifteen for the they may be,) in carrying bon accord* through Guildry, and four for the Trades. In the all its difficulties.

first year, the whole nineteen are to be elect“ (Signed) Alexander Fraser, Alexander ed by a poll of these two orders of Burgess

Duncan, Alexander Brown, James Milne, es; and then the nineteen, so elected, are Charles Hacket, William Reid, Gavin to choose a Provost, three Bailies, a TreaHadden, James Hadden, C. P. Taylor, surer, and a Master of the Hospital. In A. Simpson, G. Thomson, A. Gillan, subsequent years, the Burgesses are to elect D. Chalmers, J. Cunsley, R. Walker, but ten Councillors,—six for the Guildry, H. Gordon.”

and four for the Trades ; an equal number Curious Adventure. The proprietors of retiring annually, though they may be rethe Majestic steam-boat, of Margate, re- elected if their constituents shall think proceived on board about 200 of their friends per. and customers gratis, on Friday the 26th, Lunatics. It appears by returns from and took them off Calais : they, however, the Scottish Presbyteries, that there are ia made so near the harbour, as to subject the Scotland 3486 Lunatics, including the vessel to the port-duties, (L. 24,) and the Northern Isles and Zetland, but exclusive passengers, being detained, were compelled of 259 parishes from which no returns have to leave a gentleman as hostage for pay- been received. Of the former number ment of that sum. They brought away 2840 are at large ; 649 are confined ; 622 two Frenchmen, whom they took as coun are furious, and 2688 are fatuous ; 965 are ter-hostages. The passengers, &c. expect wholly maintained by relations ; 781 partto pay for their frolic about 15s. per head. ly, 523 wholly, by parishes.

Agricultural Expedition.-Mr Taylor of Incorrigible Offender.- John Young, who Wroxill, about one mile from Godshill, was dismissed from the bar of the JusticiIsle of Wight, took the earliest opportu- ary Court, Glasgow, last week, the crimes nity of getting in his wheat, when quite of theft and housebreaking, of which he ripe and dry, one day last week. He had was accused, having been found " Not it cut in the morning, brought home in Proven,” was next forenoon apprehended the afternoon, the machine at the barn. in the act of carrying away a bundle of door to thrash it, and the thatcher, with yarn from a porter's barrow on the street. his ladder, to thatch his new barn, which Having been locked up in one of the cells was all completed in one day ; growing in of the police office, the wretched man atthe fields in the morning, and the barn tempted to strangle himself, and had nearthatched with the same in the evening. ly effected his purpose, when the involun

Coasting..Vessels intended for the con tary noise which he made brought the veyance of passengers and light goods be keepers into the place. twixt Aberdeen and Leith are now launch. 3.--The cast-iron bridge over the Irwell, ed at Aberdeen, and ready for sca. As from Salford to Strangeways, is so nearly they are intended to sail twice a week, the complete, that the painters are employed communication by sea betwixt these ports upon it. It is of one areh only, of 120 will be rendered very regular and fre. feet span. quent.

At a special assembly of the Corporation Small-Pox.-An extraordinary circum- of Norwich, on Saturday the 28th ult. a

piece of plate, value twenty-five guineas,

was voted to Dr Rigby and his lady, as a * The town's motto.

memento of the birth of their four children;

(see p. 192, last number ;) the event is to be alone. Dublin appears is free from the recorded in the city books, and inscribed infection. with the names of the children on the 8. Scottish Criminal Courts. The plate.

number of criminals tried at the different 4.-October Meeting. The annual meet- circuit towns in Scotland has this year been ing for the counties of Aberdeen, Forfar, uncommonly great. Nine persons have Kincardine, and Banff, commenced at Aber- received sentence of transportation for vadeen, on Tuesday the 30th ult. and was at- rious periods at Glasgow, one at Ayr, four tended by a very numerous and highly at Dumfries, one at Jedburgh, six at Perth, respectable assemblage of the nobility and two at Aberdeen, and two at Inverness. A gentry. The crowded ordinaries and balls number have received sentence of imprison. at Anderson's and Dempster's alternately ment; several are to be banished Scotland ; were distinguished by a brilliant display of others are outlawed for not appearing ; and beauty and fashion.

some difficult cases have been remitted for Melancholy Shipwreck. The ship Lau- trial to the High Court of Justiciary at E. taro, which sailed from Greenock on the dinburgh. No less than 13 persons (two 24th August, bound to Charleston, South of whom are females) are at present under Carolina, sprung a leak and foundered at sentence of death in Scotland, viz.-three sea on the 10th September. She had on in Glasgow, four in Edinburgh, (three of board 47 souls, of which 27 (25 passengers whom are to be executed in Greenock), and two sailors) were lost. The remain- four in Ayr, and two in Perth. ing part of the crew, captain, and passen Explosion of a Gunpowder Manu. gers, took to the boats, two in number. factory. About twenty minutes before The jolly boat bilged, and the crew were seven, in the morning of Friday the 3d all obliged to make for the long boat. In instant, the corning-house of the gunpowthis unfortunate situation they were picked der works, belonging to John Hall, Esq. up by the ship Jesse from Dumfries to St at Ore, near Faversham, containing about John's, and had she not arrived at that mo- 12 barrels of powder, blew up with a trement, they must have all perished. mendous explosion, levelling instantly

6.-Novel kind of Ovicide. Last week, every part of the building to its foundain a gentleman's park in the Upper Ward tion, and spreading the massy timbers in of Lanarkshire, a sheep was found great every direction. Three men employed ly mangled, supposed by a dog. The fol. therein were literally blown to pieces. The lowing day another sheep was discovered sound of the explosion was heard for nearseverely lacerated, and on the third morn- ly ten miles. ing it was found that the ears were torn Inland Navigation. A meeting was off from a third victim. Next night, a held on Friday at Carlisle, to take into conwatch being set, the depredator was detect- sideration the propriety of cutting a canal ed. This was no other than a small High- between that city and the West Sea; the land poney, which was caught in the act of Paight Honourable the Earl of Lonsdale laying hold with his teeth on a fourth was in the chair, and opened the business member of the flock, and tossing it out of in a neat speech ; Sir James Graham, Bart. wantonness, after the manner of a greyhound of Edmund Castle, and Mr Curwen, spoke, with a defenceless maukin.

and were very sensible of the great adThe King's Health...On Saturday the vantage the measure would be to Carlisle quarterly meeting of the Queen's Coun- in particular. A resolution for a farther cil was held at Windor Castle. The whole survey was passed. Every person who subof the five physicians were in attendance; scribed five guineas towards it to be enand the result of their report was the fol titled to take shares hereafter. lowing, exhibited yesterday at St James's The preliminary subscription for the Palace :-“ Windsor Castle, October 4. canal to connect the Eastern and Western His Majesty continues to enjoy a good Seas is already filled up in Northumber. state of bodily health, and has been very land. The gentlemen of that county intend composed through the last month, but to prosecute it as far as Hexham. without any diminution of his disorder." The whole sum for the completion of

Fever in Ireland.-We regret to find, the Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal by a proclamation of the Irish Government, has now been subscribed. A large part of that the contagious disorder in Ireland has the tract has been surveyed to the westward now reached such a height, as to render a of Edinburgh ; and the work will begin as committee necessary to receive applications soon as the ground is cleared of the present from various districts, which require pecu- crops. niary aid in their exertions for the relief of Herring Fishing.–The herring fishery the sick poor. The town of Sligo has suf- this year is exceedingly favourable. On fered more than any other part of Ireland the Isle of Man coast,

and also on the west from the disorder. It is stated that out of a of Scotland, some boats have been known population of 15,000, upwards of 1000 per- to take, at two or three draughts, what wons have fallen victims to it in that town produced L. 50.

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