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fendants. At the time the charge was pre It is a light and elegant structure, ferred, Manchester was much agitated; but and the workmanship has been executed in tranquillity now prevailed throughout the a very masterly style, by Mr Brown, of the county, and a new tone and order of things house of Redpath and Brown, ironmongers, had arisen. That his Majesty's Govern. Edinburgh. ment, therefore, never desirous to prosecute 12.--Civic Rewards.--Yesterday the any of the King's subjects, but in cases Lord Provost and Council of Edinburgh where the public safety demanded it, thought unanimously voted a piece of plate, value it unnecessary to press any thing against the fifty guineas, to Alexander Henderson, Esq. defendants under the present circumstances, first Bailie of the city, in testimony of their and therefore he, Mr Topping, should offer sense of his general active conduct as a no evidence.” - The defendants were ac- Magistrate ; but in particular for the able cordingly acquitted.

and gentlemanly manner in which Mr Child-Stealing.Janet Douglas was this Henderson discharged the duties of Chief day found guilty in the High Court of Magistrate, while the Lord Provost was Justiciary of child-stealing. She had car necessarily absent attending to the interest ried away from Edinburgh a girl about of the city in London. Also a piece of three years of age, on the 12th May last, plate, value one hundred guineas, to Ro. and being pursued by the child's father, bert Jolinston, Esq. Lord Dean of Guild was found near Dunfermline on the 14th. of the city, as a mark of the respect which Sentenced to be hanged at Edinburgh on they entertain of the unremitting attention 15th October.

he has paid to the various duties of his ofHomicide.-Same day Robert Reid, the fice, and for his zealous and never-ceasing associate of Rae in the cruel treatment of efforts to promote the improvement and the little sweep-boy Fraser, (noticed at p: good of the city. 578, in our Number for July,) was found 13.-Inhumanity Reproved. This foreguilty of culpable homicide, and sentenced noon, a boy playing on some rocks near to seven years transportation.

Grantoun, on the Frith of Forth, was sur. Montrose. We have very singular plea- rounded by the tide, and in imminent pesure in communicating to the public the ril; which being observed by some gentlesuccessful issue of the labours of our citi men accidentally passing, they applied to zens, and their committee, for a renovated a carter near them for the use of his horse, constitution of burgh government. The which the fellow inhumanly refused. Some Lord Advocate has acceded to the desires masons working near the spot, coming up, of the community, and has prepared his the party without ceremony took the horre report accordingly for the Privy Council, from the cart without its owner's permiswho, it is confidently expected, will con- sion, and one of the masons having mount. firm his Lordship's recommendation, and ed it, relieved the boy from his perilous will appoint the first day of October for a situation. The result afforded a reproof to poll election, in terms of his Lordship’s re the carter more keen than any language of port-Montrose Review.

reproach or indignation could have convey. 11.-Wilful Fire-ruising. At the Ayr ed—the boy, for whose rescue from death Circuit Court, Margaret Crossan was this he had refused the use of his horse, proved day convicted of setting fire to a barn, byre, to be his own son ! stable, and stackyard, at Carsegowan, 18.— Improvements in Edinburgh.-Wigtonshire, in May last, by which the Creech's Land, in the High Street, was greater part of the premises were consumed, some weeks ago completely levelled with and particularly twelve cows, a bull, and the ground; and yesterday the old jail, three calves, in the byre. It appeared the only part of the old Luckenbooths refrom the evidence that her motive was maining, was begun to be demolished. malice against Mr Mackean, the proprie. The criminal prisoners were removed on tor, who had threatened to put her out of Monday to the new jail on the Caltonhill, her house. She was sentenced to be exe and the debtors, 12 in number, were li. cuted.

berated on Tuesday; their debts having Wire Bridge:-Among the numerous been generously paid by a subscription objects of curiosity which attract the atten

among the inhabitants. The old jail was tion of strangers on the pastoral banks of erected in 1561, but it is supposed part of the Tweed, there are few more worthy of it was older, as the east and west ends notice than a wire bridge lately thrown were erected at different times. over that river, at King's Meadows, about originally destined for the accommodation a mile below Peebles, by Sir John Hay, of Parliament, and the courts of justice, and Baronet. The length of the bridge is about also the confinement of debtors and crimi. 135 feet, the span 110; it is supported nals ; but since 1640, after the Parliaby cast iron pillars, instead of abutments, ment-house was built, it has been used and is perfectly free froin vibration; the solely as a jail. road-way is four feet and a half broad, Fever in Ireland. For several weeks and ten feet from the surface of the wa- past a most alarming typlus fever Iras been

It was

SOCIETY.

naging in Ireland ; scarcely any part of the years past been much distinguished as country being free from it. This wide and having furnished plans for the best new rapid extension of the disease has been ef- gardens, which have lately been formed in fected by hordes of beggars traversing the the neighbourhood of Edinburgh, particuisland in every direction ; who, pressed by larly that of Prestonhall, formed by the famine, rush into every house the aspect late Sir John Callender ; that at Calderof which affords the hope of relief, and the house, where much was done, by our sinsame breath that thanks the owner for his cerely lamented fellow member, the late charity, blasts the hand that bestows it, Lord Torphichen ; and that at Dalmeny and spreads desolation through his family. Park, the seat of the Earl of Rosebery, -We have noticed in our obituary the where a garden is at present forming in a death of Judge Osborne, and several other style that will do honour to Scotland. Mr gentlemen of worth and talents, who have Hay is also favourably known to you, by fallen victims to this malady ; but we are the plan which he lately presented to our glad to observe, from the latest Irish papers, society, for an experimental garden at that its virulence has considerably abated. Edinburgh, and for which our gold medal

was deservedly awarded to him.

From three such intelligent and discern. CALEDONIAN HORTICULTURAL ing surveyors, your council cannot help

entertaining very sanguine expectations. It On Tuesday last, the 9th of September, is indeed true, that, of late, horticulture, as a quarterly meeting of the Caledonian well as agriculture, has made a more rapid Horticultural Society was beld in the progress in Scotland than perhaps in any hall of the Royal College of Physicians of other nation in Europe. But, for the comEdinburgh, the Right Hon. the Earl of mencement of our knowledge in gardening, Wemyss in the Chair. The following re we were much indebted to our continental port from the Council was read to the So- neighbours, and particularly to the Dutch. ciety :

Not many centuries have elapsed, since, Report to the Caledonian Horticultural So from them, we derived not only our best

ciety, respecting the intended Survey of seeds, roots, and fruits, but even some of the present state of Horticulture in Hol our most common esculent vegetables. land, Flanders, and the north of France. History informs us, that, in the days of Sptember 9, 1817.

Malcolm Canmore, who reigned in ScotYour Council have the satisfaction of be- land about the end of the eleventh century, ing able to inform you, that the horticul. even the common garden lettuce, which tural survey of the Netherlands, which was then appeared only as a rare dainty on the recommended to the society two years ago, royal table, was entirely imported from by Sir John Sinclair, is now carrying into Holland, and was not at that time cultiexecution.

vated in Scotland. The subscription which was set on foot Since that period, indeed, such has been some months ago, for raising one hundred the progress of horticulture in Scotland, guineas, with the view of defraying the un- that we can now produce from gardens in avoidable expence of this survey, had made the environs of Edinburgh, a dessert of such progress, that your council had no fruits, which, for variety of kind, and hesitation in making an offer of that sum delicacy of favour, cannot be excelled, to three gentlemen, who were, in their opi. and, perhaps, hardly equalled, on the face nion, in every respect well qualified for the of the globe. This, your annual festival office, to assist in defraying their necessary of Pomona has repeatedly demonstrated ; expences.

and we contidently trust, that, notwithstandThe three gentlemen, who, at our re ing the present backward season, the comquest, have undertaken this important du- petition of this day will afford additional ty, are first, Mr Patrick Neill, secretary to proof of the skill of our operative gardenthe society, whom we consider as one of ers. the most distinguished scientific gardeners Great, however, as our progress has among the class of amateurs in Britain, and been, much yet remains to be discovered, whose excellent writings on horticultural for in arts and sciences human invention subjects do him very great honour. The has no bounds; and by the intelligent and second is Mr James M‘Donald, who has discerning philosopher, useful discoveries been for many years gardener to his Grace have often been derived from observing the the Duke of Buccleuch, at Dalkeith Park, procedure even of the most ignorant laand who has enriched your memoirs by bourer. many useful practical observations, parti Your council need not, therefore, state cularly on the improved culture of currants, to you the expectations which they enter. onions, and other culinary vegetables, and tain from the present horticultural survey who is justly esteemed one of the best prac. of the Netherlands. The abilities of the tical gårdeners in Scotland. And the men, whom they have induced to underthird is Mr John Hay, who has for several take this survey, are not unequal to the

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task ; and the kingdom of Scotland does our request, engaged in this survey, we not, perhaps, at present, contain three men hope the society will not object to the sum better qualified for such an undertaking of fifty guineas to each of the three, to aid We confidently trust, that no horticultural in defraying the charges of the journey ; knowledge worth importing, from improved and, we trust, that a subscription of a varieties of the most common culinary ve single guinea each, from such of our memgetables, to plans of orchards, gardens, and bers as may wish to encourage this underconservatories, on the most extended scale, taking, will be fully sufficient to cover that will escape their discernment.

We are

expence, without in any degree encroaching not, therefore, without hopes, that this on the ordinary funds of the society, al. survey will do honour to our society, and ready pledged for other useful purposes. be materially beneficial to Scotland. Nay, We cannot conclude this report withwe even flatter ourselves with the expecta- out mentioning to the society, the very lition, that, by the publication of future beral conduct of his Grace the Duke of volumes of the memoirs of our society, the Buccleuch on this occasion, both by the benefits resulting from it may in some de manner in which he has granted leave of gree be extended to every corner of the ci- absence to Mr M‘Donald, and by the invilized world.

troductions which he has furnished to the Your council regret much, that the state continent, for promoting the success of our of our funds does not permit us to bestow survey. even an adequate pecuniary indemnifica. Respecting the progress made by our tion on those gentlemen who have under- surveyors, we can only at present inform taken this important mission.

the society, that they were safely landed at have hitherto been allowed to offer them is Ostend soon after leaving Edinburgh; and, one hundred guineas, to aid in defraying we trust, that at our next quarterly meettheir necessary expences. This sum we ing, they will be present in this room, to were authorized by a former meeting to give you a report of the success with which offer, for the expence of two of our mem their survey has been attended. bers; but, as three gentlemen have, at

All we

L

BRITISH LEGISLATION.

Acts passed in the 57th Year of the Reign of George III. or in the Fifth Session oy the

Fifth Parliament of the United Kingdom.

CAP. X. To regulate the Vessels carry or command of such ship or vessel, preing Passengers from the United Kingdom vious to his leaving the said port, shall and to certain of his Majesty's Colonies in North is hereby required to deliver to the said America.-March 17.

collector and comptroller or other principal From and after the passing of this act, no officer of his Majesty's customs at the said ship or vessel shall sail with passengers port, a list containing the number of the from any port or place in the United said passengers, with their names, ages, and Kingdom to any port or place in Upper or descriptions, and the places to which they Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Bruns. are to be respectively conveyed; and, upon wick, Cape Breton, or Prince Edward's the arrival of such ship or vessel at either Island, unless the master or other person of the aforesaid colonies, the said master or having or taking the charge or command of other person, having or taking the charge every such ship or vessel, and the owner or or command of such ship or vessel, shall deOwners thereof, shall, before the sailing of liver the aforesaid copy of the list to the such ship or vessel from any port or place governor of such place or other person act. as aforesaid, enter into security by bonding for him, or to the naval officer or chief to his Majesty, his heirs and successors, in officer of the customs at the port of arrival, the penalty of five hundred pounds, with or to the ncarest justice of the peace, who condition that there shall not be taken on shall be required to examine the passenboard any such ship or vessel any more gers within twenty-four hours after their such passengers than are hereinafter per arrival. mitted and allowed, and that every passen Penalty on taking more passengers than ger, if alive, shall be landed at the port or the number allowed, L. 50. place to which such passenger shall have Passengers to be apportioned according contracted to be conveyed : and the master to the tonnage of the vessel in the proporor other person having or taking the charge tion of one adult person, or of three children

under fourteen years of age, for every one his Majesty's land service, he or they shall, ton and a half of the burden of such ship within four days, but not sooner than or vessel.

twenty-four hours, after such enlisting reEvery such ship or vessel shall be fur. spectively, be carried or go with some officer, nished, at the time of her departure to non-commissioned officer, or private soldier, commence the voyage, with at least twelve belonging to the recruiting party by which Weeks' supply of good and wholesome wa he shall be enlisted, or with the person emter, so as to furnish a supply of five pints ployed on the recruiting service with whom of water per day for every such passenger, he shall have enlisted, before some justice exclusive of the crew ; and the said supply of the peace of any county, riding, city, or of water shall be stowed below the deck; place, or chief magistrate of any city, or and every such ship or vessel shall also be town corporate residing or being next to furnished with such a supply of provisions or in the vicinity of the place, and acting as will afford an allowance for every such for the division or district where such perpassenger, exclusive of the crew, during the son or persons shall have been enlisted, said period of twelve weeks, of one pound and not being an officer in the army, and of bread or biscuit, and one pound of beef, before such justice or chief magistrate he or three quarters of a pound of pork, per or they shall be at liberty to declare his day, and also two pounds of flour, three or their dissent to such enlisting; and, upon pounds of oatmeal, or three pounds of peas such declaration, and returning the enlistor pearl barley, and half a pound of buttering money, and also each person so dissentweekly; the weekly allowance to commence ing paying the sum of twenty shillings for on the day the vessel puts to sea.

the charges expended or laid out upon him, The master or other person having or together with such full rate allowed by law taking the charge or command of any ship for the subsistence or diet and small beer or vessel failing to give out the allowance furnished to such recruit subsequent to the of provisions and water herein-before speci- period of his having been enlisted, such fied, shall forfeit the sum of ten pounds of person or persons so enlisting shall be forthlawful money for each and every such ne with discharged and set at liberty in the glect and omission.

presence of such justice or chief magistrate. Abstract of Act to be exposed in the ves CAP. XIII. For the regulating of his sel, on penalty of L. 10.

Majesty's Royal Marine Forces while on All penalties and forfeitures to be incur- Shore.- March 21. red under this Act, shall and may be re CAP. XIV. To indemnify such Persons covered in a summary way, on the oath of in the United Kingdom as have omitted to one or more witness or witnesses, before any qualify themselves for Offices and Employone or more of his Majesty's justice or jus- ments, and for extending the Time limited tices of the peace.

for those purposes respectively, until the CAP. XI. To facilitate the Progress of 25th day of March 1818; and to permit Business in the Court of King's Bench in such Persons in Grcat Britain as have Westminster Hall. March 17.

omitted to make and file affidavits of the It shall and may be lawful for any one Erccution of Indentures of Clerks to At. of the judges of the Court of King's Bench tornies and Solicitors, to make and file the at Westminster, when occasion shall so re same on or before the first day of Hilary quire, to sit apart from the other judges of Term 1818. -March 21. the same Court, in some place in or near CAP. XV. To continue, until the 5th to Westminster Hall, for the business of day of July 1818, an Act of the 46th year adding and justifying special bail in causes of his present Majesty for granting an addepending in the same Court, whilst others ditional Bounty on the Exportation of the of the judges of the same Court are at the Silk Manufactures of Great Britain. same time proceeding in the dispatch of March 2). the other business of the same Court in CAP. XVI. For raising the Sum of bank, in its usual place of sitting.

Eighteen Millions, by Exchequer Bills, for Cap. XII. For punishing Mutiny and the Service of the ycar 1817.-March 29. Desertion ; and for the better Payment The Bank of England may advance of the Army and their Quarters.—March £12,000,000 on the credit of this Act, 21.

notwithstanding the act 5 and 6 Gul. and The number of forces are to be 121,035. Mariæ. -Deserters may be transported ; and re Cap. XVII. To repeal, during the Con. turning before expiration of the term li- tinuance of Peace, so much of an Act of the mited shall suffer death. A deserter en 9th year of his present Majesty as prohibits listed for a limited term may be sentenced the Exportation of Pig and Bar Iron and to serve for life, &c. and be adjudged to certain Naval Stores, unless the Pre-emption other forfeitures. Persons receiving enlist- thereof be offered to the Commissioners of his ing money deemed to be enlisted.-But, Majesty's Navy.—March 29. when and as often as any person or persons CAP. XVIII. To facilitate the hearing shall be enlisted as a soldier or solliers in and determining of suits in equity in his

Majesty's Court of Exchequer at West. Upon evidence on oath that any place so minster.March 29.

licensed is commonly used for the purpose On account of the great increase in the of delivering lectures of a seditious or improceedings on the Common Law side in moral tendency, justices may adjudge the the Court of Exchequer, the Chief Baron licence to be forfeited. Lectures delivered is empowered to hear and determine suits at the universities, inns of court, Gresham in equity, subject to an appeal to the House College, the College of the East India of Lords.

Company, or to any society or body incor. CAP. XIX. For the more effectually porated or established by royal charter, or preventing seditious mectings and assem by authority of Parliament, are excepted blies.-March 31.

from the operation of this Act, as well as It is enacted, That no meeting of more lectures delivered by a schoolmaster to the than 50 persons, except county-meetings, youth under his instruction. Prosecutions be held without notice being given by to be commenced within six months after public advertisement, signed by seven the offences. This Act to continue in force housekeepers, in the local newspaper,

till the 24th of July 1818. five days before such meeting. Notice to It shall not be lawful to convene any be given to the clerk of the peace. Meet- meeting of more than 50 persons, within ings held without previous notice to be the distance of one mile from the gate of deemed unlawful assemblies. Persons con Westminster Hall, except such parts of the tinuing assembled contrary to this Act to parish of St Paul's, Covent Garden, as are the number of 12, and not dispersing in within that distance, on any day when one hour after being required to do so by either House of Parliament or the Courts proclamation, to be adjudged guilty of fe- of Law are sitting. lony, without benefit of clergy, and to suf After the passing of this Act, all societies fer death. In case of resistance, justices or clubs calling themselves Spenccans, or are indemnified for the killing or hurting Spencean Philanthropists, and all other soof offenders. Sheriffs-depute in Scotland cieties and clubs professing the same objects have the same powers as magistrates in and doctrines, shall be utterly suppressed England.

and prohibited. Societies taking unlawful It is further enacted, That every house, oaths, or electing committees, delegates, &c. in which any public lecture, discourse, &c. to be deemed unlawful combinations or debate shall be held, on any subject and confederacies within the meaning of whatever, for the purpose of raising or the Act 39 Geo. III. c. 79. collecting money or any other valuable This Act not to extend to Freemasons' thing from the persons admitted, or to lodges ; nor to declaration approved by two which any person shall be admitted by justices ; nor to meetings or societies for ticket or token of any kind, delivered in charitable purposes ; nor to Quakers' meetconsideration of money, unless previously ings. Licences of public houses where licensed, shall be deemed to be disorderly. unlawful clubs are held to be forfeited. Two justices may license places for lectures, Persons not liable to prosecution under this discourses, or debates, for any time not ex Act for having been members of any club ceeding one year, for which licence one previous to the passing of this Act. This shilling, and no more, shall be paid, re Act not to extend to Ireland, and may be vokable at any quarter or general sessions. repealed or altered this session.

APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.

1. CIVIL. Aug. 2.-Lieutenant-General Sir John Murray, Bart. to wear the Royal Sicilian Order of St Januarius.

12.-Henry Allen Johnson, Esq. to wear the insignia of the Military Order of William, bestowed by the King of the Netherlands.

25.--Lieutenant-General F. T. Hammond, to be Chief Equerry to the Prince Regent, in room of Sir B. Bloomfield, promoted.

29.- The Right Hon. John Lord Sommers, to be Lord Lieutenant of Herciordshire, in room of the Earl of Essex, resigned.

Rear-Admiral Sir David Milne, in consideration of his eminent services, to bear the annorial distinctions following, viz.-A cross moline between three mullets, a fortified light-house, there. on a red flag flying, flanked by a battery of three tiers of guns, with a like flag on the dexter, and another battery on the sinister; the whole intended to represent that part of the works defending Algiers, to which his Majesty's ship Impregnable, bearing the flag of the said Rear-Admiral, was opposed on the ever memorable attack; and for the

crest-out of a naval crown a cubit arm, holding the fag of a Rear-Admiral of the Blue, inscribed with the word “ Iinpregnable."

Scpt. 4.- The Duke of Northumberland to be Vice-Admiral of the county, in room of the late Duke his father.

5.-The Principal and Professors of the College of Glasgow unanimously elected Doctor Thomas Thomson, now of London, Lecturer in Chemistry in the University.

12.--The University of Marischal College, Aberdeen, conferred the degree of D.D. on the Rev. James Husband, senior minister of the Associate Congregation, Dunfernuline.

Member Returned to Parliament.
Aug. 25.-W. Parnell, Esq. for the County of
Wicklow, in the room of the Right Hon. G. POR-
sonby, deceased.

II. ECCLESIASTICAL.
Aug. 22.—The Most Noble the Marquis and
Marchioness of Stafford have been pleased to make
the following presentations:

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