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asserted, in the appendix to the Life and so comes upon them very boldly of Archbishop Sharp, to have desert- with his party of some eight or nine ed the church, and followed after field horses, among whom Philip Garret, a conventicles long previous to the desperate English tinker, was chief. Bishop's murder, “glorying,” accord- Garret alights, and perceiving a man ing to the writer,“ to be reputed standing in the door of the house, one of the most furious zealots, and fires upon him, but misses him ; upstoutest champions * of the phanatick on which one out of the chamber fires party in Fife; for which he was de- upon Garret, being at that time in nounced, and intercommuned.” In the court of the house; the shot the year 1677, he was attacked by a pierced Garret's shoulder, and made party sent out to apprehend him, in him fall. Carstaires fired in at anohis own house, the details of which ther door, and pierced the leg of a affray are thus given by the Reverend man in the house ; but upon this, all Mr James Kirkton in his History of within horsed, and chased Carstaires the Church of Scotland. “ Another and his party, though no more blood accident, at this time, helped to in was shed, only Kincaill's horse was flame the displeasure of our gover- shott, and Garrett received some more nours, and that was this: Captain blows with a sword, but his life was Carstaires was at that time very bussie spared. This action, upon Carstaires's in the east end of Fyffe ; the Lady information, was reckoned resistance Colvill he chased out of her own and rebellion. All present, because house, and by constraining her to lie they appeared not when called, were upon the mountains, broke the poor denunced rebells, and some who were ladie's health ; William Sherthumb he not present, were denunced with the laid in prison, but the doores were rest, as it was very frequently done; opened, and he set free. But the but this was charged upon the whole poor people of that country who were party.' conventiclers, knew not what to doe; It may be remarked, that Kirkton so some dozen of them mett at Kin- mistakes one Garret for the infamous loch, the house of John Balfour, a English tinker Scarlet, who, after ridbold man, who was himself present, ing as one of Mr John Welch's body and with him Alexander Hamilton of guard, was suspected to have been Kincaill, a most irreconcileable enemy concerned in the barbarous murder of to the bishops, also Robert Hamilton, two soldiers at Newmills ; t and that younger son to Sir Robert Hamilton the Tory account of this fracas states of Preston, a man who had very lately Balfour to have removed his wife and changed his character, and of a loose children out of the house, expecting youth became a high strained zealot; the attack, for which he was well prebut a man lie was who made a great pared both with fire-arms and men. deal more noise than ever he did busi The next traces we find of him are ness, and some countreymen more. in desperate consultations with his Of these Carstaires gets intelligence, accomplices respecting the castigation
of one Bailie Carnichael, I who was It may perhaps be suspected, from the burgh, and made Sheriff-depute of
brought over by Sharp from Edinfollowing account, that Burley's prowess Fite under Rothes, for the purpose of had been tried in scenes of strife some years enforcing the grievous penalties enbefore his more public appearances.
acted against the Presbyterians. The Accompt for John Balfour, portioner of barbarous murder of the Archbishop, Kinloch, Januar 9, 1674.
which occurred soon afterwards, has It. ane cordiall julep wth L.03 10 00 been so fully and frequently deIt. to yourself ane glister 01 10 00 scribed and expatiated upon, that Ii. to your self the lyk glister 01 10 00
it is unnecessary to rehearse again It the cordial julep as before 03 10 00 the particulars of that transaction. It. ane water for your eye 00 00 00 It. for plasters and oyels to your houd
03 06 00 Kirkton's History of the Church of It. for my oūne panes going out
Scotland, edited by C. Kirkpatrick Sharpe, seuerall tymes ; and my ser
Esq. pp. 380 and 38). vand's attendance
20 00 00 + See Russell's account of Sharp's mur
der, p. 454. Sūma is L.33 12 00 # See Russell
Burley is well known to have been Balfour, the son, was then served heir one of the chief agents in the assas to his father, and commenced a prosination.
secution against Lord Lindores for his After the murder, Burley and his intromissions with the estate. friends rambled about for a few days, In 1694 David married the daughavoiding observation, and then joined ter of — Russell, Esq. of Kettle, the insurgents at Drumclog.* There by which marriage he obtained the esbe behaved with great bravery, and tates of Bankton and Kettle. He was is made the hero of a ballad de- succeeded by his eldest son, William, scriptive of that skirmish, to be who died without issue about 1736, found in the Border Minstrelsy. On and left the estates to his brother disarming one of the Duke of Ha- Henry. Barbara Balfour,t the daughmilton's servants, who had been in ter of Henry, was married to the faa the action, he desired the man, as ther of the present Colonel J. Balfour it is said, to tell his master he would Wemyss of Wemyss Hall, in the retain, till nieeting, the pistols which county of Fife. he had taken from him.
His character, as given by his biowards, when the Duke asked his man grapher in the Scots Worthies, is, what he was like ? he told him he “That although he was by some recka was a little man, squint-eyed, and of one none of the most religious, yet he a very fierce aspect; the Duke said, was always zealous and honest-hearted, be knew who it was, and withal pray- courageous in every enterprise, and a ed that he might never see his face, brave soldier, seldom any escuping that for if he should, he was sure he would came into his hunds." not live long." + At the affair of The following description of his perBothwell Bridge, Burley displayed son is given in the trial of Hackstoun his wonted courage ; and received a of Rathillet, whose sister Barbara he wound, which occasioned him to exclaim, “ The devil cut off his hands
· Notwithstanding the appellation of that gave it." His conduct prior and portioner, the estate of this distinguished subsequent to that fatal conflict, is person appears to have corresponded with partly narrated in a letter subjoined, From an original tack between Lord Lin
the rank and antiquity of his family. addressed to James Ure of Shirgar- dores and Patrick and Alexander Thomtoun, whose sufferings in the cause of sons, dated 19th October 1685, it appears presbytery are rccorded by Wodrow. § that the rent of four-eighteen parts of kinBurley's letter, now first published loch was 4 chalders and 13 bolls of bear from the original MS. bears no di- and oats, 4 dozen of hens, and L.100 Scots rection, but a passage respecting the in money. What proportion this bore to affair of “ Humiliation,” so much de- Burley's estate we have not the means of bated by the insurgents, compared ascertaining, but lands possessed by other
tenants are mentioned in the same lease. with one in Russell, ll ascertains to whom it was written. The reader The cess paid for the whole of John Bal
four's will find in Russell many circum- May 1657, according to receipts signed by
part of Kinloch, from May 1656 to stances respecting Burley's motions the collector, David Walker, amounted to after the rout at Bothwell Bridge, L. 56, Is. 4d. Scots. which concluded in a flight to Hol. + This lady is still alive, and in perfect land, where he was not very cordially health. Colonel Wemyss's father succeedentreated by his fellow refugees, being ed, in right of his wife, to the estates of debarred from the sacrament of the Kinloch, Bankton, and King's Kettle. The Lord's Supper. Heappears to have resid- former he sold to the family of the present ed chieflywith his uncle, John Hay, who possessor, Andrew Thomson, Esq. became an eminent bookseller in Hol
# To this highly respectable gentleman, land. When the Prince of Orange un
now the lineal representative of Balfour of dertook his descent, Burley received a
Burley, we are happy to oyn ourselves in. commission as a cavalry officer, but public, as well as for the principal facts
debted for the papers here laid before the died on the passage. His property had above stated, which he has communicated been confiscated, and given to Lord with a liberality that demands our warmest Lindores. After the Revolution, the acknowledgments
. Colonel Wemyss, in his act of attainder was reversed. David communication to us, says with a genuine
Scottish spirit, “ I am too proud of my * Russel + Scots Worthies, p. 552. great progenitor to refuse my name to his
Wodrow. S Vol. II. p. 260. P. 461. life, or my hand to his defence.”
had married, and who commanded men; it is treuth they wer so; and if the party which assassinated the Arch- ył they had not ben so fre in shoting bishop, but retired to a little distance, ther wolays nedlesly, I think y* thay and declined to take any share in it. had considerabel provision nf puder “ John Balfour of Kinloch, who is a also. Yeat, if I be not deceaved, I gav laigh broad man, round, ruddie faced, them several piks at Glasko, or at least dark-brown hair, and hade ane brown they got of thos piks y' I took at Glasstoned horse, armed with hulster pis. ko. As to wliat past ye night betwixt tols, and a shabble.” *
Mr Hamilton and you, I know no
thing of it. As to what Mr Duglas LETTER FPOM BALFOUR OF BURLEY had in his sermon, I cannot tel what TO JAMES URE OF SHIRGARTOUN.+ it was; but I judg y' it hath ben soom Sir, March 30, 168 -
reflections on that dreadful supreamaTher cam to my hands a shortsie, which I tak to be his dutay, and (and, as its termed, a trew) relational fa'ful ministers duty, to preach aof y' sad and deplorabel busines,yt fell gainst, yea, tho y' it should ofend such out the other year ; which relation I
persons as you. As to y councel judg, on good grounds, to be yours, of war on the moore, ye did condem tho y', in wisdom, ye conciled your the man, and to his sentenc, and the neam; and I most say, (pardon me in grond therof, I remember y' it was this, sir,) y', if ye had forboren soom proven y' he was sen strik at y' man expressions of your own actings, which with a fork, and the person ye he kiled canot but mak you knowen to al ye was wounded by a fork, so y' he was wer in y' armay, ye had don mor wis- condemed by å weray considerable ly than by screwing them up to such numer of oficers, whereof ye was on as ye hay don, which renders them y' woted him guiltay, tho yť its lik, suspitius of falshood to all who reids after y' he saw soom ministers were for your information. But pardon me, sending him to the civel magistrat, ye sir, to leay this, and com a litel to the he might be punished as a ye other particulars. Ye tel us y' ye cam
was in their judgment; tho y' to me it on the Saboth, with soom wel armed semeth both ye and they wer out of
your deuty, ye in retracting, and they A crooked sword or hanger.-Howell's in desairing us to oun thos usurpers, State Trials, X. 839.
for usurper they ar, be what they wil, + “ The sufferings of the family of ye carays, I should have said pretens James Ure of Shargartoun were likewise to bear ruel in Scotland this day. very considerable during this period. His Yea ther is non of them, from the house was frequently pillaged by parties of greatest to the mienest, ye hath anay soldiers. When he was forfeited after Both- right to ruel, for al are perjured and well, where he behaved with courage, his mensworn blooday wretchis; so it is rents and moveables were all seized, and many times parties were in search for him, cristian should own such as judges, y
to me weray streang ye anay sober but he happily escaped. His mother, a gentlewoman about 70 years of age, was
both by the law of god, and laws of put in prison at Glasgow, where she died, the nation, ar guyltay of death themnotwithstanding all the interest that was
selvs. · But, fearing to griv your low made for her. Meanwhile a hundred spirit, I pass y', and come to what is pound Scots was offered to any who should nixt, which was soom debeats anent a apprehend Shargastoun, dead or alive; but decleration, and its form. I remember he escaped to Ireland, where he continued y' it was desaird that y' y* god moking half a year. Then he ventured home; but draught ye was produced should be was obliged to conceal himself in the fields; altered in thrie or four things, first, so that, during the winter 1684, he lay in ye the third artical of the covenant the wood of Balquhan for several weeks. (yt was insert in it to the ful, tho His lady was apprehended for conversing both against law and reason, we being with her own husband, and carried prisoner to Stirling, with a sucking child at her
no mor bond to him ye hath by act breast, and from thence to Edinburgh, and of parliament rechinded the weray put into the Canongate jail. At last the ground whereon he receaved the managers thought fit to release her. Shar. crown) should be taken away altogegartoun survived his troubles, and lived to ther out of it, or at least ye the forth the unnatural Rebellion 1715, when he might be insert to balenc it, which saw vengeance overtake some of his persecutors."-Crookshanks's History of the • Vide Russell's Narrative of Archbi. Church of Scotland, Vol. II.
shop Sharp's Murder, p. 457.
was against reason denaid, tho ye member yt it was liker a babel then a if the third had been taken away, serious counsel, for al the gentlemen, and the forth insert, it had been mor whether officers or not, behoved to be beseming to such a pertay.
The se- ther, and wot forsuth, and the first cond was ye ther might be a posativ thing was don was y' the Galaway men claus insert in it, declaring against desaired a preses to be chosen ; to the indulgenc, which was also refus- which it was ansered, y' Mr Hamiled, becaus y ther was a general in- ton had always precerled, with ful concluded in it against supremacy, which sent of the officers of the armay; then was a mer desain to blind the peopel it was demanded who wer officers ? and a moking of God. The third to which it was ansered, ye we y' wer was, y' the causes of wreath, aknoledg, with them wer, and y' we wer chosen ment of sin, and ingadgment to deu- pro tempore, and had officiat til now, tays might be insert also, which with but wer wiling to give pleac to any ye difficultay was obtained to be insert deserved it beter, so y' they wold in the clos of it. What was furder don steat the lords quaral aright; and I in it I know not, but I was informed remember y' I said (the Lord knows yf thos yê wer for it did desair y it I spok treuth) y I was satisfied might be read only, and after reading, to hav served as a laqay man unit should be mended to satisfaction or der anay y they should apoint over it were printed; on which terms it me, so that he or they wold steat the semeth y it was condeshended on to Lords quaralaright; butal the anser we be read, on condition y' Mr King and got to ye was a few brawling words and Mr Douglas should red it, which was soom ofselfcomendation from soom men granted, tho basely broken, as was the that might hav held ther peac. The former, and it was read and commenteu nixt thing was the galoway gentlemen on by Mr Hum to the dissatisfaction of desaired that ther ministers might be manay,; and after, contrair to ingadg- brought in, to which we ansered ye ment (as ye hav said), printed with our wer not al ther at y teim, y they out our knowledg. But I shall not stay might be cald with thers, and y' it on al breaches ye fel out, but
was not expedient y' ministers sat in to y councel of war y was at the a council of war, but when necessarly Shaw-head Moore on the Wednesday cald therto, neither had they been
- I most not forget by the by, with us formerlay but when cald ; but y' on the Sabath, on of our ministers tho y' it was also said by us, yt if miwas ---- ed of the pleac when going nisters wer cald, it was fit ye elders to preach by Mr Hum, who y day was cald also, yaet Mr Hume, and had no - - from the armay to preach others with him, rushed in uncald, himstlf, tho he intruded himself, but and asked wher wer ther elders, they now ---- the councel, it was ther knew few or non; tho yť it was anvoted by all, sav your self and Mrsered ye ther wer manay godly elders Carmihael, (I mean James, *) yî ther both of officers and souldiers in the should be a day of humiliation con armay, yeat they wer not permitted to deshended, and -- ther wer four be cald, least I think they should hav ministers and four elders chosen out mised ther desing of owerpowering us to draw up the cases of the fast ; and by wots if they had ben cald. The I am sure ye this was don without a first thing treated on after the minicontradicting wot, sav two only. Lear- sters cam in, was a petitioning the mon desaird it might be delayd - - duke, and a debeating for ye old busiMr Welsh cam, who indeed cam and nes. When y' we saw ył ther was nobrok up al weray shortly ; so y' we thing like to be settled on y' was bepearted from the councel soom of us coming such an armay, we ros and with tears in our eis; and I wish y went out, to the number of eghtein or we had pearted from you that day, it neinten officers; tho ye be pleased to had been beter for us this day then it term ynumer weray few, yeat ther is, and mor for the gloray of God I wer mor y went out then I have said ; anı sur. But I heast to the other coun- and my brother told y he durst not cil of war y was on Saturday, wher wenter his blod in batel with such as the Galuway gentlemen wer; I re- thos wer y stayd behind, seing y
they did so steat the quarel as ye the Son to the Earl of Wigton's cham- Lord was robed by the steating of it. berlain-Proclamation against Rebels,
What ye did after we went out I know June 26, 1679.
not, but we wer cald in again, and
being com back, we told y we wer in mistak when ye say y' I was on the y' same judgment we were in when we front with my troop ; I was indead went away. Then your new preces, threic doun befor the enime, wiewing for it semeth ye had chosen on, prest a them, and ready to excheng, a pistol petitioning of the duk, and we having with anay of them, if they had anay refused and desaird (soom at least de com out to me; and I spok with Greinsaired) to know to what purpos, for rig, who told me he was to while with it was not in his pour to grant us anay his troup, and tho I did what was in thing, (as hath appeared to be treuth me to disuad him, yeat while he did sinc) yeat Mr Hum said y' he knew with that forward gentelman ye spok ye he had pour to do, and that he of Mr Carmihel, who at yi teim was waited for our petition ; and treuly mor forthward to flei, than stout to I dout not but Mr Hum's information fight, so y thos two wer they y was good as to the last, for he, no brok the foot y' wer behind them, and question, tampered with his bretheren consequently the whol armay. For my who tampered with the Duck, the in- peart, sir, I shall not say any thing dulged bretheren I men. In end (for as to my ceariag, but this I am sure I heast), it was agraied on yt y peti- of, y' I stayd in the fild til ye and a tion should be read, which was such thousand mor wer making mor us of an on as might hav scared any cristian your spurs then your swords; and in from offering to present it, for it was token of it sir, I brought the marks of al stufed with Malignant Loieltay; my staying, with which you wer not and we having refused it altogether, at leasur at y teim to wait on, unles at lenth ther was a motion mead of ye ye had acedentalay met with the sending on information of our griven- first canon bal, which I am glead ye ces; for drawing of which ther was prevented by your teimus retreat. As four gentelmen, tuo on each seid, and for y' forward gentel man, I am sur four ministers chosen for drawing up if the canon had either hit him or his of it, which after y' they had agreid comerad captain Weir, it behowed to on a drawght, it was ordered to be hav overtaken them, for they wer drawen up, (how honestly it was don I both fled or the canon shot; but the know not, but it semeth ye it was don other captain y' ye say was with yow so with as others things wer don in the morning, was not so wise as ye, with formerly.) So we peartid, and for he ether had not a hors, or forgot was sent to Dunserf with my troup to to tak him, which ye did weray teimguard y' pas, wher I stayed al night, usly. Thus, sir, I hav showen you a til I was cald for the next morning few treuths, and I shal clos with y' and sent to the foord y' is on the east sam ye clos with, to wit, I shal frelay seid of Hamilton, with Bankhead, giv you liv to cal me a lier if ther be who told me y' Mr Hume was gon ought in this account but trueth ; and to the Duk, which indeed wexed I am hopful ytho soom may tak the me much ; so y', Sir, I canot giv anay freedom to do it behind my bak, yeat account of your behaviour at the bridg they wil not neither say it to my teac, in the morning. I hav sen under nor giv it under unles they resolv to your oun hand, which semeth inded run the risk of being proven a lier, to be favorabel enouch to yow, and as which, sir, wil easelay be don, but I unfavorabel of others, as I hear by pas it, and leavs manay thousands of soom y' was ther; but I pas it and frinds, and soom enemeis, to bear come again to my oun peart, (which witnis of the trueth of my cairag y' truely, Sir, I had forborn to speak day, and of your servant, whom ye if ye had not necessitat me to do know so, for I was cald to the mur, and when I cam I had orders to pleac ACCOUNT OF THE RECENT IMPROVEmy troop four pear of buts behind MENT MADE IN BLOCK-PRINTING. the second bragad on the left hand, MR EDITOR, wher they stayed ; and I cam doun The improvement lately made by twis thriec to the boday, but found Mr Savage of London, in this branch few of oficers espesialy of thos of of art, is so remarkable, and gives
it Galoway, with ther troups ; but, as on character so completely novel, that a of them told sinc, they wer busied short view of it will, I hope, be inabout the sending a second petition, teresting to your readers. I shall preso y they had not leasur to be with mise a brief account of its invention ther troups. So, sir, I find you in a and progress to the present time.