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Mode of Revising the Constitution. 61. When experience shall point out the necessity of amending this constitution, and a majority of all the members elected to each houses the ger eral assembly shall, within the first twenty days of their stutta annud, session, concur in passing a law, specifying the alterations tended to be made, for taking the sense of the good pegritet s as to the necessity and expediency of calling a correntin the duty of the several returning officers, at the
Alexander Porter, jr.
M. L. Reynaud.
· Relating to the public lands of the United States, and the lands of
non-resident proprietors, citizens of said states, within the territory of Orleans.
Be it ordained, by the representatives of the people of the territory of Orleans, in convention assembled, agreeably to an act of congress, entitled “ An act to enable the people of the territory of Orleans to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union, on an equal footing with the original states, and for other purposes,” that the people inhabiting the said territory do agree and declare, that they do for ever disclaim all right or title to the waste or unappropriated lands lying within the said territory; and that the same shall be and remain at the sole and entire disposition of the United States. .
And be it further ordained, by the authority aforesaid, that each and every tract of land sold by congress, shall be and remain exempt from any tax, laid by the order, or under the authority of the state of Louisiana, whether for state, county, township, parish, or any other purpose whatever, for the term of five years, from and after the respective days of the sales thereof; and that the lands belonging to the citizens of the United States, residing without the said state, shall never be taxed higher than the lands belonging to persons residing therein : and that no taxes shall be imposed on lands the property of the United States.
And be it further ordained, by the authority aforesaid, that this ordinance shall never be revoked, without the consent of the United States in congress assembled, being first obtained for that purpose. By the unanimous order of the convention:
J. POYDRAS, President of the Convention. Eligius FROMENTIN, Secretary to the Convention Done in convention, at New Orleans, this 28th day of January, in the
year of our Lord 1812, and of the independence of the United States the 36th.
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5. Tu bi em LI E TREBA D Ds mmez ol v sumees whateret, ir sufer av ni I w . m. E ODI szy mi or politicz a THE IL en un anmus ex provided in 1 ms EDISITUUL.
6. Pre crzt DIHEET er r VIIE A munissi ns on all sce : rame e s te un TIE R . ha nem
7. Xo iz sual ever be a cumi & ISSUAN1 Ine E * speech, or of the E.
8. lo al pesarnok r inne in die ti to met e en in evidence; a * I shaL EDER: 1 UT be main charma as libellous is trot, and was sultiba wa goas novas an die Fuga able ends, the party sbal de algumad; and the jury stad bave the right to determine the law enê te tacts.
9. That the people stal be secure in their persons, bases pazes ** possessions from unreasonable seizures and searches, and that no war rant to search any place, or to seize any person or thing, så all issue with out describing the place to be searched, and the person or thing to be seized, as nearly as may be, nor without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation.
10. That in all criminal prosecutions the accused hath a right to be heard, by himself or counsel, or both; to domand the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted by the witnesses againal hima to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favour am! in all prosecutions by indictment or information a npoody and publiek by an impartial jury of the county where the ollonce was commi
that he cannot be compelled to give evidence against himself, nor can he be deprived of his life, liberty or property, but by due course of law.
11. No person shall be accused, arrested or detained, except in cases ascertained by law, and according to the form which the same has prescribed; and no person shall be punished hut in virtue of a law established and promulgated prior to the offence, and legally applied.
12. That no person shall, for any indictable offence, be proceeded against criminally by information : except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual, service, or by leave of the court, for misdemeanor in office.
13. No person shall, for the same offence, be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall any person's property be taken or applied to public use without the consent of the legislature, and without just compensation being first made therefor.
14. That all courts shall be open, and every person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person, or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law, and right and justice administered without sale, denial or delay. · 15. That no power of suspending laws shall be exercised, except by the legislature, or its authority.
16. That excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel punishments inflicted.
17. That all prisoners shall before conviction be bailable by sufficient securities, except for capital offences, where the proof is evident, or the presumption great; and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless, when in case of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.
18. That the person of a debtor, when there is not strong presumption of fraud, shall not be detained in prison, after delivering up his estate for the benefit of his creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.
19. No conviction for any offence shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate : The legislature shall pass no bill of attainder, ex post facto law, nor law impairing the obligation of contracts. * 20. No property qualification for eligibility to office, or for the right of suffrage, shall ever be required by law in this state.
21. That the estates of suicides shall descend or vest as in cases of natural death : and if any person shall be killed by casuality, there shall be no forfeiture by reason thereof. · 22. That the citizens have a right in a peaceable manner, to assemble together for their common good, and to apply to those vested with the powers of government for redress of grievances, or other proper pure poses, by petition, address or remonstrance.
23. Every citizen has a right to bear arms in defence of himself and of the state.
24. No standing army shall be kept up without the consent of the legislature; and the military shall in all cases, and at all times, be in strict subordination to the civil power.
25. That no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, or in time of war, but in manner to be prescribed by law.
26. That no hereditary emoluments, privileges or honours, shall ever be granted or conferred in this state.
$1. Esers free E SE TO I see the spars a upwards, bodes CDR e ter es an Shai. have sided in this sate ose pee 1. racing Dr Dra . en the lase ja months within the couT, CUT @ I a un de ces so we shall be deemed a quibed teca. Ani s such çasbei ele ya mbo way happen to be in any county, cty a town ceber than that ar an maidence at the time of an election, or who shall bate remored to as wenty, city or town within four months preceding the election, from any county, city or town, in which he would have been a qualidad elector had he not so removed, may vote for any state or district otäcer or meraber of oon, gress, for whom he could have voted in the county of his residence, or the county, city or town, from which he may have so removed,
2. Electors shall, in all cases, except in those of treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest, during their attendance on elections, and going to and returning from the same.
3. The first election shall be by ballot, and all futuro eloctions, by the people, shall be regulated by law.
4. The legislative power of this state shall be vosted in two distimet branches; the one to be styled “the senate," the other the house of representatives ;” and both together, " the legislature of the wtute of Min